Useful AOD Reports & Resources
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10 Minute Naloxone Training (UK)

Sally Kneath, a pharmacist at Swansea Drugs Project, demonstrates their naloxone training on independent trainer and consultant Danny Morris. She shows how q...
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Useful AOD Reports & Resources
A collection of good AOD research and resources
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Cannabis and driving: questions and answers for policymaking (EU)

Cannabis and driving: questions and answers for policymaking (EU) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

With cannabis use and policy evolving internationally, drug-impaired driving has become an increasingly relevant policy issue. This briefing aims to provide those concerned with policy developments in the field of cannabis with a brief overview of current knowledge and the latest developments in the area of driving.

ReGenUC's insight:

New resource from EMCDDA.

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Reducing the standard serving size of alcoholic beverages prompts reductions in alcohol consumption (UK)

Reducing the serving size of alcoholic beverages in the United Kingdom appears to lead to a reduction in alcohol consumption within a single drinking occasion.

ReGenUC's insight:

Study finds 20-30% reduction in single session consumption in lab and real world settings.

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Post opioid overdose outreach by public health and public safety agencies: Exploration of emerging programs in Massachusetts

Opioid overdose is a significant public health problem. Collaborative programs between
local public health and public safety agencies have emerged to connect overdose survivors
and their personal networks with harm reduction and addiction treatment services following
a non-fatal overdose event. This study explored the prevalence of these programs in
Massachusetts and the different ways they have been structured and function.
ReGenUC's insight:

Study highlights the potential impacts of systematic efforts by first-responders to link overdose survivors with harm reduction & support services.

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National opioid pharmacotherapy statistics annual data (NOPSAD) 2017, Opioid pharmacotherapy clients (Aus)

On a snapshot day in 2017, almost 50,000 clients received pharmacotherapy treatment for their opioid dependence at 2,732 dosing points around Australia.As in previous years, methadone was the most common pharmacotherapy drug, with around two-thirds (60%) of clients treated with this drug.

ReGenUC's insight:

AIHW data shows 3% increase in national numbers of pharmacotherapy prescribers in 2017.

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Needle and Syringe Programs in Australia: Peer-led Best Practice

Needle and Syringe Programs in Australia: Peer-led Best Practice | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

The Needle and Syringe Programs in Australia: Peer-led Best Practice report outlines recommendations for peer-led best practice for needle and syringe program (NSP) service delivery in Australia.

ReGenUC's insight:

Based on consultations with peers across Australia on their experiences with different types of NSP outlets, the report recommends that Australia’s NSP system :

  • Provide diversity of options with consistency of experience
  • Ensures that all parts of the system are welcoming and non-judgemental
  • Ensures consistency of equipment across all service types
  • Creates an enabling environment that maximises the widest availability of injecting equipment
  • Positions NSPs as a core part of Australia’s health system
  • Creates pathways for employment of peers and encourage peer-employment outside of primary NSPs, and ensure that peer workers are adequately supported in the workplace
  • Ensures funding allows for flexibility of service delivery
  • Creates greater service awareness and managing expectations
  • Creates consistency in data collection with a focus on collecting what is required.
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Substance Use During Imprisonment in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Substance Use During Imprisonment in Low- and Middle-Income Countries | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
Abstract. Substance use disorders are among the most common health problems of people involved with the criminal justice system. Scaling up addiction services
ReGenUC's insight:

Review provides a reminder that AOD use in prison is not just a problem for wealthy nations. See today's related response to the Victorian Drug Law Reform Inquiry, highlighting the importance of focusing on the needs of prisoners: http://sco.lt/5Gn3AX

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Pathways to Justice–Inquiry into the Incarceration Rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Aus)

Pathways to Justice–Inquiry into the Incarceration Rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (Aus) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

The Report contains 35 recommendations designed to reduce the disproportionate rate of incarceration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and improve community safety.

ReGenUC's insight:

New report from the Australian Law Reform Commission calls for increased investment in prevention and treatment services to reduce rates of reoffending and the economic costs of incarcerating Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

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Bulletin no. 24: Global review of drug checking services operating in 2017

Bulletin no. 24: Global review of drug checking services operating in 2017 | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Drug checking (or 'pill testing') services invite members of the public to anonymously submit psychoactive drug samples for forensic analysis and then provide individualised feedback of results and counselling as appropriate.

ReGenUC's insight:

Nice review by the good folk at DPMP of the service models, methods, limitations and evaluation of drug checking services operating around the world

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Wastewater analysis and drugs — a European multi-city study (Perspectives on drugs)

Wastewater analysis and drugs — a European multi-city study (Perspectives on drugs) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

The findings of the largest European project to date in the emerging science of wastewater analysis are taken up in this ‘Perspective on drugs’. The project in question analysed wastewater in around 60 European cities and towns (hereinafter referred to as ‘cities’) to explore the drug-taking habits of those who live in them. The results provide a valuable snapshot of the drug flow through the cities involved, revealing marked geographical variations.

ReGenUC's insight:

EMCDDA report provides opportunities for trend analysis back to 2011.

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Is recovery from cannabis use problems different from alcohol and other drugs? Results from a national probability-based sample of the United States adult population

Is recovery from cannabis use problems different from alcohol and other drugs? Results from a national probability-based sample of the United States adult population | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

The policy landscape regarding the legal status of cannabis (CAN) in the US and globally is changing rapidly. Research on CAN has lagged behind in many areas, none more so than in understanding how individuals suffering from the broad range of cannabis-related problems resolve those problems, and how their characteristics and problem resolution
pathways are similar to or different from alcohol [ALC] or other drugs [OTH]. Greater
knowledge could inform national policy debates as well as the nature and scope of any additional needed services as CAN population exposure increases.

ReGenUC's insight:

Conclusion: Approximately 2.4 million Americans have resolved a significant cannabis problem. Compared to ALC and OTH, the pattern of findings for CAN suggest similarities but also some notable differences in characteristics and problem resolution pathways particularly regarding earlier problem offset and less use of formal and informal services. Within a shifting policy landscape, research is needed to understand how increases in population exposure and potency may affect the nature and magnitude of differences observed in this preliminary study.

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Medical marijuana laws and adolescent marijuana use in the United States: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Medical marijuana laws and adolescent marijuana use in the United States: A systematic review and meta-analysis | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
To conduct a systematic review and meta‐analysis of studies in order to estimate the effect of US medical marijuana laws (MMLs) on past‐month marijuana use prevalence among adolescents.A total o
ReGenUC's insight:

Review finds no significant changes to young people's cannabis use following introduction of medicinal cannabis legislation.

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Evaluation of California’s ‘Tobacco 21’ law

Introduction California’s law raising the minimum tobacco sales age to 21 went into effect on 9 June 2016. This law, known as ‘Tobacco 21’ or ‘T21’, also expanded the definition of tobacco to include electronic smoking devices. This paper describes the T21 evaluation plan and initial evaluation results.

ReGenUC's insight:

Evaluation finds measure was effective in reducing sales to young people.

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Alcohol and older people: A systematic review of barriers, facilitators and context of drinking in older people and implications for intervention design (UK)

Alcohol and older people: A systematic review of barriers, facilitators and context of drinking in older people and implications for intervention design (UK) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Harmful alcohol consumption in older people has increased and effective approaches to understanding and addressing this societal concern are needed. 

ReGenUC's insight:

UK study highlights the need to recognise the reasons why older people drink (e.g. social interaction) and their capacity to manage their own behaviour when developing policy responses that seek to reduce alcohol related harm.

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Adolescents Who View More Medical Marijuana Advertising Are More Likely to Use Marijuana, Have Positive Views About the Drug (USA)

Adolescents Who View More Medical Marijuana Advertising Are More Likely to Use Marijuana, Have Positive Views About the Drug (USA) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
Adolescents who view more advertising for medical marijuana are more likely to use marijuana, express intentions to use the drug and have more-positive expectations about the substance. An increasing amount of advertising about marijuana may prompt young people to increase their use of the drug.
ReGenUC's insight:

New RAND Corporation study highlights some of the consequences when cannabis becomes a consumer product like any other.

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Longitudinal injecting risk behaviours among people with a history of injecting drug use in an Australian prison setting: The HITS-p study

Longitudinal injecting risk behaviours among people with a history of injecting drug use in an Australian prison setting: The HITS-p study | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
HCV transmission remains high in prisons globally. Understanding injecting risk behaviours
in prisons is crucial to effectively develop and implement HCV prevention programs
in this setting including treatment as prevention.
ReGenUC's insight:

Study finds injecting drug use following imprisonment linked to age. Younger people most likely to engage in risky practices e.g. needle sharing. Some obvious implications here for prison based harm reduction programs and HCV treatment.

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The law on the streets: Evaluating the impact of Mexico’s drug decriminalization reform on drug possession arrests in Tijuana, Mexico

The law on the streets: Evaluating the impact of Mexico’s drug decriminalization reform on drug possession arrests in Tijuana, Mexico | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
In 2009, Mexican Federal Government enacted “narcomenudeo” reforms decriminalizing
possession of small amounts of drugs, delegating prosecution of retail drug sales
to the state courts, and mandating treatment diversion for habitual drug users. There
has been insufficient effort to formally assess the decriminalization policy’s population-level
impact, despite mounting interest in analagous reforms across the globe.
ReGenUC's insight:

Study highlights role of potentially confounding factors (e.g. spikes in drug related arrests during election campaigns) and need for more detailed examination of the impacts of decriminalisation.

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Inquiry into crystal methamphetamine (ice): Final Report (Aus)

Report from the Joint Committee on Law Enforcement

ReGenUC's insight:

The report includes some good recommendations, including increased funding for harm reduction and treatment services, along with ensuring future public awareness campaigns avoid the usual stigmatising presentation of people who use drugs.

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National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program - March 2018 (Aus)

National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program - March 2018 (Aus) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
The National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program is a key initiative in establishing an objective evidence base on illicit drug use.
ReGenUC's insight:

The latest wastewater report and summary findings.

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Impact of alcohol and illicit drug use on the burden of disease and injury in Australia: Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011

Impact of alcohol and illicit drug use on the burden of disease and injury in Australia: Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011 | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

This report quantifies the health impact that alcohol and illicit drug use place on Australia, including as risk factors for other diseases and injuries. It estimates that alcohol and illicit drugs were collectively responsible for 6.7% of Australia’s disease burden in 2011. The report highlights that health inequalities exist, with lower socioeconomic groups and more remote areas generally experiencing higher rates of disease burden due to alcohol and illicit drug use.

ReGenUC's insight:

New AIHW analysis of Aus burden of disease data.

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Tobacco industry strategies undermine government tax policy: evidence from commercial data (UK)

Tobacco industry strategies undermine government tax policy: evidence from commercial data (UK) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Objective Taxation equitably reduces smoking, the leading cause of health inequalities. The tobacco industry (TI) can, however, undermine the public health gains realised from tobacco taxation through its pricing strategies. This study aims to examine contemporary TI pricing strategies in the UK and implications for tobacco tax policy.

ReGenUC's insight:

Lit review and sales data highlight Big Tobacco strategies to keep cigarettes cheap and the need for further tax policy measures to ensure the effectiveness of plain packaging.

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Inquiry into drug law reform (Vic)

The full and summary reports by the Law Reform, Road and Community Safety Committee.

ReGenUC's insight:

The reports have been tabled today. While there's no clear support for decriminalisation in the recommendations, there are some positive measures, including a strong focus on current funding models (where law enforcement gets, by far, the biggest slice of the pie) with view to increasing funding for more cost-effective interventions like treatment and harm reduction services.

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The Death Penalty for Drug Offences

The Death Penalty for Drug Offences | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Our Global Overview series monitors the death penalty for drugs in law and practice worldwide, and also considers critical developments on the issue. Since being launched in 2007, Harm Reduction International's death penalty work has been the leading global resource on the issue of the death penalty for drug offences.

ReGenUC's insight:

HRI report finds 'the situation is at once improving and deteriorating', with evidence of shift away from the death penalty as a legal punishment, but a surge in extrajudicial executions, with others looking to follow the Philippines' lead. Key findings:

  • At least 33 countries and territories prescribe the death penalty for drug offences in law.
  • At least nine countries still have the death penalty for drug offences as a mandatory sanction, although three of these (Brunei Darussalam, Laos and Myanmar) are abolitionist in practice. Malaysia removed the mandatory sentence for drug offences in November 2017.
  • Between January 2015 and December 2017, at least 1,320 people are known to have been executed for drug-related offences - 718 in 2015; 325 in 2016; and 280 in 2017. These estimates do not include China, as reliable figures continue to be unavailable for the country.
  • Taking China out of the equation due to a lack of data, Iran has been the world’s top executioner for drug offences by far, with at least 1,176 executions carried out since January 2015. That amounts to nearly 90% of all known drug-related executions during that period.
  • Between 2015 and 2017, executions for drug offences took place in at least five countries: China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia and Singapore.
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Family experiences of recovery, IBA mentors, cancer, older people & more (UK)

Family experiences of recovery, IBA mentors, cancer, older people & more (UK) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
Understanding recovery from a family perspective: A survey of life in recovery for families A new Alcohol Research UK funded research project has explored the family experience of recovery, highlighting the wide-reaching impact alcohol dependence can have but als
ReGenUC's insight:

Key findings from the new Alcohol Research UK report include:

  • Family members are both a resource to support recovery, and people whose own lives can be transformed through recovery, and who will benefit from their family member’s recovery journey.
  • Heavy and dependent drinking is associated with a range of secondary problems within families, including financial problems, mental health issues, problems at work and interpersonal violence.
  • ‘Recovery’ journeys are experienced by families as a period of positive change, but also emotional challenge, and starting on this journey does not mean full or immediate reversal of the damage done.
  • Where recovery is successful, family members can experience significant improvements to quality of life and wellbeing, including reduced domestic conflict, less use of healthcare, and improved personal finances.
  • By comparison to successful recovery, relapse can lead to poorer physical and psychological health, and poorer quality of life for family members
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Substance abuse during pregnancy: a 5-year follow-up of mothers and children (Sweden)

Substance abuse during pregnancy: a 5-year follow-up of mothers and children (Sweden) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
(2018). Substance abuse during pregnancy: a 5-year follow-up of mothers and children. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy. Ahead of Print.
ReGenUC's insight:

More evidence of the need for intensive, holistic supports for mothers who use AOD (and their babies).

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E-cigarettes and heated tobacco products: evidence review (UK)

Annual update of Public Health England’s e-cigarette evidence review by leading independent tobacco experts.
ReGenUC's insight:

See today's related media coverage of the review's findings: http://sco.lt/83CtZR

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