Urban Development in Africa
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UN-HABITAT: Profil urbain de Pointe-Noire

UN-HABITAT: Profil urbain de Pointe-Noire | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it

Pointe-Noire est une ville de la République du Congo située au centre-ouest de l'Afrique sur la façade atlantique. Du fait de l'activité pétrolière et de son port en eau profonde, elle peut être considérée comme le poumon économique du pays. La ville s’étend sur des terrains peu élevés, sa superficie actuelle est estimée à 114 400 ha. La ville est constituée d’une série de petits plateaux séparés les uns des autres par de larges zones insalubres, ce qui crée de graves problèmes d’assainissement et de communication.

Un nouveau profil urbain réalisé par ONU-Habitat.

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Urban Development in Africa
Veille sur le développement urbain en Afrique ayant pour objectif de recenser les évènements organisés autour des collectivités locales africaines, de mettre en avant l'expertise urbaine locale et de valoriser les travaux existants en matière de développement urbain.
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How One African City Is Flipping the Script on Urban Development

How One African City Is Flipping the Script on Urban Development | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
Last year Global Credit Ratings, a South African agency, gave Kampala an “A” rating for its long-term debt, which could pave the way for a municipal bond issue. There is some way to go yet, but if a bond materializes it would be a first for Uganda, and a rare sight in Africa more generally: a symbol that Kampala has got its finances in order and is open for investment.

Via Yekoz
FMDV's insight:
"Africa is urbanizing at a lower level of income than other parts of the world. The money will have to come from somewhere. The obvious place is from cities themselves. “Local financial sources will be the future for urban development,” says Ananda Weliwita, an economist at UN-Habitat."
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Yekoz's curator insight, July 28, 2016 7:12 AM
Kudos Earthquake Musisi!
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World Cities Report launched in Nigeria – UN-Habitat

World Cities Report launched in Nigeria – UN-Habitat | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
Giving key highlights of the Report, Prof. Oyebanji emphasized the need for sustainable urbanization remarking that while rural to urban migration was inevitable, it should not proceed in a chaotic fashion. “The current trajectory of urbanization which for the most part leads to congestion, air and water pollution, slum formation, inequality and urban poverty is not sustainable. Planned will include the provision good roads, drainage systems water and affordable housing for the teeming population. However, he observed that many cities in the world still rely on out dated modes of planning and unsustainable forms of urbanization
FMDV's insight:
"Nigeria has come a long way in urban development but that there much room to do better by implementing the NUA that will empower cities with the knowledge and competence to prepare for the challenges that are associated with urbanization."
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Thierry Sanzhie Bokally's curator insight, October 10, 2017 10:06 AM
"Nigeria has come a long way in urban development but that there much room to do better by implementing the NUA that will empower cities with the knowledge and competence to prepare for the challenges that are associated with urbanization."
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Africa: Decentralisation Policy Credited to Rwanda's Massive Progress

Africa: Decentralisation Policy Credited to Rwanda's Massive Progress | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it

Rwanda has made tremendous achievements in development and lives of citizens were transformed due to the decentralisation policy that was initiated in 2001, according to Prof. Anastase Shyaka. "After decentralisation, we moved faster than before. It has facilitated participatory and people-centered governance and improved homegrown solutions," he said.

FMDV's insight:
The benefits of decentralization in Rwanda
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Thierry Sanzhie Bokally's curator insight, October 10, 2017 10:07 AM
The benefits of decentralization in Rwanda
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Five trends in Africa’s rapid urbanization

Five trends in Africa’s rapid urbanization | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it

Africa has contributed relatively little to the world’s greenhouse-gas emissions. Nevertheless, its cities will disproportionately feel the impacts of a changing climate. The report says flooding, changing rain patterns and extreme heat waves may leave most African countries poorer in 2100 than they are today.

FMDV's insight:
An insight over Africa's urbanisation: a differing process  through the continent and many challenges, notably to finance the facilities that are coming with it.
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Des habitants du plus grand bidonville du Liberia chassés par la mer

Des habitants du plus grand bidonville du Liberia chassés par la mer | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
Cela fait plusieurs années que des spécialistes mettent en garde contre les menaces que font courir les tempêtes et les montées des eaux sur un certain nombre de villes dans les pays en développement, dont Monrovia. Masures, cabanes, logements et échoppes faits de matériaux récupérés s’empilent à West Point, sur 4 km2, pour beaucoup sans les commodités minimales imposées par les règles de l’urbanisation : branchements individuels aux réseaux de distribution d’eau potable, d’électricité, toilettes, assainissement.
FMDV's insight:
Entre réchauffement climatique et manque d'un développement urbain contrôlé
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Building Resilience in Informal Settlements

Building Resilience in Informal Settlements | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
Building resilience in cities should enhance the quality of life for all residents. Yet resilience planning, like urban development, has previously excluded an entire subset of urban dwellers: those living in informal settlements. In reality, the residents of informal settlements should be central to strengthening local resilience; they represent a significant portion of the global urban population and face unique vulnerabilities shaped by geographic and resource-based disparities.
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L’Afrique fait le pari de l’« industrialisation verte »

L’Afrique fait le pari de l’« industrialisation verte » | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it

L’industrialisation, en plus d’être une source d’emplois verts, devrait permettre aux États d’accroître leurs investissements dans des secteurs sociaux essentiels pour le renforcement du capital humain, en mettant par exemple à la disposition des femmes des compétences et des technologies favorisant le développement durable.

FMDV's insight:
L’accent mis sur le développement de secteurs stratégiques non pétroliers ou miniers, comme l’agriculture et la gestion de l’eau notamment, devraient permettre de réduire la dépendance à certains revenus pétroliers ou miniers, de développer de façon endogène les économies nationales et de créer des emplois.
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Feature Publication: Achieving Financial Stability and Growth in Africa: MFW4A - Making Finance Work for Africa

Feature Publication: Achieving Financial Stability and Growth in Africa: MFW4A - Making Finance Work for Africa | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it

Sovereign debt bond issuing by African countries has soared sharply in recent years, but new issuing is carrying growing borrowing costs and risks in the current global environment of heightened economic uncertainty and volatile capital flows. 


 This book alerts to the need of sensible management of capital flows, so that African low income countries in future are shielded from volatile sources of finance, ensuring their economies are not blown off course by costly financial and Balance of Payments crises, which could be so damaging for long tem investment and development, as well as risk sharp increases in number of poor people.


Edited by Stephany Griffith-Jones, Ricardo Gottschalk

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1ère édition du Forum de l’obligation municipale en Afrique : Les maires du continent invitent les Etats à coopérer

«Dans certains pays africains, les Collectivités locales ne peuvent rien faire sans l’accompagnement et la garantie de leur Etat. Il faut que les Etats comprennent qu’aujourd’hui les Collectivités locales ont besoin de financements nouveaux et innovants pour prendre en charge les activités et besoins émis par les populations», a encore déclaré M. Sall Autant les villes ont besoin du soutien de l’Etat pour fonctionner autant l’Etat a besoin des villes pour prospérer.
FMDV's insight:
De l'importance des villes pour la prospérité de leurs Etats
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IFC’s study: New Horizons in African Finance, Reducing Risk and Mobilizing Financing on a New Scale

IFC’s study: New Horizons in African Finance, Reducing Risk and Mobilizing Financing on a New Scale | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
Africa is a region with enormous potential for private investors. It is a continent in transition, with rapid urbanization, increasing stability, a young and growing population, expanding internet connectivity, rising incomes, and shifting consumption patterns. Taken together, these enduring trends have created an abundance of commercial opportunities across the continent and turned the region into a place that investors cannot afford to ignore.
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Why urban governance matters—now more than ever

Why urban governance matters—now more than ever | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
In October 2016, the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development, popularly known as Habitat III, will meet in Quito, Ecuador. In anticipation of the summit, the U.N. commissioned a report, “Urban Governance, Capacity, and Institutional Development,” that cuts to the heart of the challenges cities share globally. Alaina Harkness and Bruce Katz consider the report and bolster its finding that urban governance in the 21st century is increasingly a multisector, multi-stakeholder exercise.
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Urbanisation mondiale et réseaux de villes

Urbanisation mondiale et réseaux de villes | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
Les villes sont devenues des acteurs politiques, économiques, culturels, sociaux à part entière. De fait, les réseaux internationaux de villes jouent aujourd'hui un rôle majeur, qui va s'accentuer dans les années à venir.
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Ghana: Tarkwa-Nsuaem Municipal Assembly Inaugurates Urban/Area/Zonal/Area Councils

Tarkwa-Nsuaem Municipal Assembly in the western region has inaugurated six (6) urban/zonal/area councils as part of efforts at deepening local governance and decentralization in the area. 

The urban/area/zonal councils included the Tarkwa Urban Council, Benso Area Council, Simpa Area Council, Nsuaem Zonal Council, Nsuta Area Council and Dompim Area Council.

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How Kampala is building a culture of taxpaying | Citiscope

How Kampala is building a culture of taxpaying | Citiscope | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it

Like many cities in Africa, Kampala has traditionally relied on central-government transfers for most of its budget to pay for schools, public health, waste management and other services. That is shifting as Uganda joins a decentralization trend aimed at moving more authority closer to the people at local levels of government. For Kampala, this means it’s more important than ever to strengthen those revenue streams the city itself controls — what fiscal experts call “own-source” revenues.

FMDV's insight:
Increasing local tax revenue to finance urban development
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Why low-carbon urban development in African cities makes economic sense

Why low-carbon urban development in African cities makes economic sense | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it

Establishing bike lanes and expanding bus networks could enhance mobility, improve air quality and reduce dependence on imported fuel. Improved charcoal stoves and greater use of solar lighting could reduce the risks of burns, improve indoor air quality and offer better light in people’s homes. Investing in methane capture for electricity generation could provide a new source of revenue for the city, which could be used to finance better waste collection.

FMDV's insight:
From an economic point of view, low-carbon plans in rapidly urbanising areas can have massive benefits for East African cities.
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Webinar - African Economic Outlook 2016: Sustainable Cities and Structural Transformation

Webinar - African Economic Outlook 2016: Sustainable Cities and Structural Transformation | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
Africa is urbanising fast. By the mid-2030s, a majority of Africans will live in urban areas. But productive jobs and quality public services are not keeping up with the fast growth of cities and towns.
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On 20 July, the GGKP, together with the OECD Development Centre and WWF held a webinar exploring these issues through a presentation of this year's African Economic Outlook (AEO).
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Subnational Pooled Financing Mechanisms, those innovative instruments are now recognised as effective instruments to finance urban development

Subnational Pooled Financing Mechanisms, those innovative instruments are now recognised as effective instruments to finance urban development | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
The wide definition of pooled financing is the co¬operation between local and regional governments with a focus on financing local infrastructure investments through external debt sources. In more technical terms, SPFMs are specific financial institutions dedicated to providing joint access to private capital markets, bank finance and bonds, as well as public sector funding at advantageous terms for local and regional governments.
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Interview with Jean-François Habeau, Executive Director of the FMDV, about Subnational Pooled Financing Mechanisms in developing countries.
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AURI brief: participating in effective urban governance - UrbanAfrica.Net

AURI brief: participating in effective urban governance - UrbanAfrica.Net | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
City authorities across Africa face the massive challenge of effectively managing the day-to-day running of cities with a limited tax base, often unclear mandates resulting from partially implemented decentralisation policies, and a large population of vulnerable citizens lacking basic services.
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A policy brief from AURI (African Urban Research Initiative) that states the importance of transforming governance practices at the urban scale and the need to enhance strategic investments.
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La COP22 sera-t-elle celle des solutions africaines pour l’Afrique et le monde ?

La COP22 sera-t-elle celle des solutions africaines pour l’Afrique et le monde ? | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
A six mois de la COP22 de Marrakech, les signataires de cette tribune, se veulent confiants sur la capacité du continent à apporter au monde un terrain, des opportunités et des pratiques pour boucler le compte. A tous points de vue, la solution passe par l’Afrique, une Afrique qui a été patiente mais dont la place dans les COP ne peut plus être minorée.
FMDV's insight:
Les entreprises africaines savent mobiliser des financements sur les marchés et vont accroître cette capacité. Il faut sortir d’un schéma limité au seul financement public Nord-Sud surtout s’il tarde à venir : les endettements privés mais garantis par des mécanismes publics sont la voie d’avenir.
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Le Maroc organise le premier Forum ministériel africain sur l'habitat et le développement urbain

Le Maroc organise le premier Forum ministériel africain sur l'habitat et le développement urbain | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
Le ministre marocain de l'Habitat et de la Politique de la Ville, Mohamed Nabil Benabdallah, a indiqué mercredi à Rabat que "ce forum, qui se veut une réunion préparatoire à la 22ème Conférence des parties à la Convention-cadre des Nations unies sur les changements climatiques (COP22) qui aura lieu à Marrakech en novembre prochain, constitue un événement marquant, étant donné qu'il sera marqué par la participation de 25 ministres africains". L'urgence d'un tel événement n'est plus à prouver. L'Afrique connaît une mutation urbaine accélérée avec plus d'un milliard d'habitants en 2009, dont 400 millions dans les villes. Le phénomène de l'habitat informel engendre diverses problématiques d'ordres humain, environnemental et juridique, soulignent les organisateurs. 
FMDV's insight:
Une synthèse montrant les enjeux du 1er forum ministériel africain sur l'habitat et le développement urbain à Rabat (Maroc).
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Prix international pour l’innovation urbaine de Guangzhou 2016: Appel à candidature 

Prix international pour l’innovation urbaine de Guangzhou 2016: Appel à candidature  | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
Le Prix international de Guangzhou pour l'innovation urbaine est co-parrainé par Cités et Gouvernements Locaux Unis (CGLU), l'Association mondiale des Grandes Métropoles (Metropolis) et la Ville de Guangzhou. 

 T​outes les villes qui améliorent les services ​publics et les infrastructure​s​, ​qui encouragent la participation ​citoyenne ​et la bonne gouvernance, les partenariats, la technologie, la résilience, l'inclusion sociale et l'intégration et de l'égalité​ sont invitées à participer à la 3ème édition du Prix Guangzhou​.​ 

CGLU encourage fortement ses membres et ses partenaires à soumettre une candidature et présenter des initiatives novatrices en matière de gestion urbaine. 

 Pour soumettre une candidature, veuillez remplir les formulaires d’inscription (anglais) et de candidature (anglais) et les renvoyer à : Info@guangzhouaward.org
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C40 ARTICLE: Parag Khanna on Connectivity, “Diplomacity”, and How Cities are Shaping our World

C40 ARTICLE: Parag Khanna on Connectivity, “Diplomacity”, and How Cities are Shaping our World | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
"Diplomacity" is cities trading, exchanging and learning from each other, and through cities networks, it is thriving today. The history of diplomacy since ancient times is in fact the diplomacy among cities. National governments should put their full weight behind this concept because it represents functional cooperation rather than legal stasis; "Diplomacity" is all about action. We now need to focus on cities as the main pillars of change that require stronger federal support on matters such as financing long-term infrastructure transformation towards more sustainable technologies and practices.
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Why low-carbon urban development in African cities makes economic sense

Why low-carbon urban development in African cities makes economic sense | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it

City governments in East Africa are grappling with rapid urbanisation and widespread poverty. Pursuing low-carbon urban development could offer a many of benefits. A new research conducted in the Rwandan capital of Kigali has identified a wide range of economically attractive investments in renewable energy, energy efficiency and waste management. This work shows that East Africa can pursue more sustainable patterns of urban development without sacrificing economic growth.

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Les villes intelligentes, une piste pour construire l’avenir urbain des pays en développement africains

Les villes intelligentes, une piste pour construire l’avenir urbain des pays en développement africains | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
Ces projets "smart" promeuvent la vision d’une ville intelligente s’appuyant sur des investissements significatifs, requis par le déploiement de solutions de hautes technologies, et sur une implication renforcée des différents acteurs de l’espace urbain, dont les habitants. Cette approche très demandeuse en capitaux peut sembler moins adéquate pour les villes de pays en développement, et notamment celles ayant des capacités budgétaires limitées. Les financements nationaux et locaux pourraient cependant être complétés par des sources externes, bailleurs de fonds internationaux ou investisseurs étrangers.
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Metropolis: The Policy Transfer Platform

Metropolis: The Policy Transfer Platform | Urban Development in Africa | Scoop.it
Metropolis invites you to join the Policy Transfer Platform, a great hub of information about more than 150 case studies concerning pioneering, prize-winning projects all over the world. The platform presents projects that may be transferred from city to city, whether we are talking about micro-gardens in Dakar, social programmes for informal settlements in Buenos Aires or the Sandokdoro Renaissance Project in Busan.
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