U.S. Imperialism
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U.S. Imperialism
the spread of the land of United States
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Harlem Renaissance - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned the 1920s and 1930s. At the time, it was known as the "New Negro Movement", named after the 1925 anthology by Alain Locke. Though it was centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City, many French-speaking black writers from African and Caribbean colonies who lived in Paris were also influenced by the Harlem Renaissance.[1][2][3][4]

The Harlem Renaissance is unofficially recognized to have spanned from about 1919 until the early or mid 1930s. Many of its ideas lived on much longer. The zenith of this "flowering of Negro literature", as James Weldon Johnson preferred to call the Harlem Renaissance, was placed between 1924 (the year that Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life hosted a party for black writers where many white publishers were in attendance) and 1929 (the year of the stock market crash and the beginning of the Great Depression).

Until the end of the Civil War, the majority of African Americans had been enslaved and lived in the South. After the end of slavery, the emancipated African Americans began to strive for civic participation, political equality and economic and cultural self-determination. Soon after the end of the Civil War the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871 gave rise to speeches by African American Congressmen addressing this Bill. By 1875 sixteen blacks had been elected and served in Congress and gave numerous speeches with their new found civil empowerment. The Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871 was renounced by black Congressman and resulted in the passage of Civil Rights Act of 1875, part of Reconstruction legislation by republicans. By the late 1870s, democratic whites managed to regain power in the South. From 1890 to 1908 they proceeded to pass legislation that disenfranchised most Negros and many poor whites, trapping them without representation. They established white supremacist regimes of Jim Crow segregation in the South and one-party block voting behind southern Democrats. The Democratic whites denied African Americans their exercise of civil and political rights by terrorizing black communities with lynch mobs and other forms of vigilante violence[5] as well as by instituting a convict labor system that forced many thousands of African Americans back into unpaid labor in mines, on plantations, and on public works projects such as roads and levees. Convict laborers were typically subject to brutal forms of corporal punishment, overwork, and disease from unsanitary conditions. Death rates were extraordinarily high.[6] While a small number of blacks were able to acquire land shortly after the Civil War most were exploited as sharecroppers.[7] As life in the South became increasingly difficult, African Americans began to migrate North in great numbers.

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American Imperialism Essay

        During the late 18th and early 19th century the U.S. expanded and became a world power. At the end, of the Manifest Destiny the U.S. plantations workers in Hawaii planned a rebellion and overthrew the queen and white plantation owner Sanford B. Dole led the Hawaiian government. Meanwhile, in Cuba they were rebelling against Spain’s rule that was started when Columbus arrived in Cuba in 1400’s and claimed it as a part of Spain and yellow journalism was used to convince the American people to go to war and use the actions of Spanish General Valeriano who used harsh methods of torture to the Cubans. Later, The United States declared war on Spain on April 11, 1898 and led by Admiral George Dewey The Navy led a surprise attack on the Spanish navy that was stationed in the Philippines and defeated it and also attacked other Spanish territories and then on December 10, 1898 Spain was defeated and signed the Treaty of Paris and then United States gained the territories of Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Guam.

       Then, another example of American Imperialism is The Panama Canal because Columbia told United States that you have permission to build the Panama Canal but, United States wanted to build it for cheaper so they fought for Panama’s Struggle for Independence from Columbia and built it for cheaper. Finally, China gave United States full trading rights after it helped the European nations to defeat the boxer rebellion and because European nations had spheres of influence on parts of China it happened. You have seen that there are both ups and downs in Imperialism it gives one country more pride while another country is saddened by another country forcibly taking over and sometimes it is good as long as you help them get away from a another superpower and then give them independence.

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Primary Source #2

The growth of the Anti-Imperialist League from a small group of intellectuals and businessmen in Boston to a large nationwide movement was a reaction to the mounting casualties in the Philippine War. The war with Spain had . been rather brief and had relatively few casualties, but the Philippine War was bloodier (the Filipinos lost up to 600,000 dead). By the spring of 1899, letters were arriving in the U.S. from American troops indicating that casualties were much greater than what the government and newspapers were willing to admit. The Boston movement spread to the rest of the country as people demanded that American troops be brought home.

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Primary Source #3

Anti-war sentiment against the Philippine war was channeled into the Presidential candidacy of William Jennings Bryan in the election of 1900. Under pressure from the Anti-Imperialist League Bryan agreed that a declaration should be inserted in the party platform that imperialism was the "paramount" issue of the campaign, and he devoted his acceptance speech for the Democratic nomination to that issue.

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Primary Source #1

The United States was rather late among the great capitalist powers to begin establishing a colonial empire. It wasn't until the 1890'S that the U.S. went beyond seizing or buying adjacent land from Mexico or Canada and began to seek an overseas empire.

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