Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores
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Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores
Highlighting journal articles relevant to plant-herbivore interactions in savannas and other wooded ecosystems of the world (and other interesting information on plants and herbivores)
Curated by Peter Scogings
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Message from the curator

Message from the curator | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it

Dear Reader, Thank you for viewing my Scoop.it page. This page is where I share links to many of the articles that attract my attention and that I add to my library of journal articles, which is stored in a shared Dropbox folder. When I scoop an article, I might also quote a sentence or two from the abstract that I feel most eloquently summarises the key findings of the article. Visit my Yolasite page to read about my research, find abstracts of my publications on Academia, or connect with me on LinkedIn or Twitter. All the best, Peter. 

PS: Unfortunately, I cannot post anymore here without paying for an upgrade to Scoop.it Pro :-( 

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ibs's comment, January 17, 2013 10:12 AM
Hi, do you have a blog? I like your research and would like to read more of your stuff.
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Can snowshoe hares control treeline expansions?

Can snowshoe hares control treeline expansions? | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
The expansion of white spruce treeline in response to warming climate will be strongly modified by the spatial and temporal dynamics of the snowshoe hare filter.
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Implications of historical interactions between herbivory and fire for rangeland management in African savannas

Implications of historical interactions between herbivory and fire for rangeland management in African savannas | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
While fire may increase or decrease forage availability for herbivores, depending on the nutrient status of the environment, herbivory tends to decrease fire intensity and frequency by decreasing fuel loads
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Secondary metabolites and nutrients of woody plants in relation to browsing intensity in African savannas - Oecologia, Volume 167, Number 4 - SpringerLink

Secondary metabolites and nutrients of woody plants in relation to browsing intensity in African savannas - Oecologia, Volume 167, Number 4 - SpringerLink | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it

"The model suggests that species with low allocation of C to C-based defence traits become C-limited (potentially more palatable) at higher browsing intensity than species with high allocation of C to C-based defences. The model also suggests that when N availability is high, plants become C-limited at higher browsing intensity than when N availability is low."

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A new rapid and efficient method to estimate browse impacts from twig age - ScienceDirect

A new rapid and efficient method to estimate browse impacts from twig age - ScienceDirect | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
Twig ages provide a direct indicator of deer browse on regenerating trees with lower sampling variance and higher independence from local environmental conditions than height or browse incidence.
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Herbivore and pathogen effects on tree growth are additive, but mediated by tree diversity and plant traits

Herbivore and pathogen effects on tree growth are additive, but mediated by tree diversity and plant traits | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
herbivory and pathogens have additive but contrasting effects on tree growth. Considering effects of both herbivory and pathogens may thus help to better understand the net effects of damage on tree performance in communities differing in diversity
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Pervasive interactions between foliar microbes and soil nutrients mediate leaf production and herbivore damage in a tropical forest

Pervasive interactions between foliar microbes and soil nutrients mediate leaf production and herbivore damage in a tropical forest | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
these interactions may reinforce plant species–environment associations, thereby creating a fairly cryptic and fine-scale dimension of niche differentiation for coexisting tree species
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Sensing Danger: Key to Activating Plant Immunity - ScienceDirect

Sensing Danger: Key to Activating Plant Immunity - ScienceDirect | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
Immunogenic plant host factors can be roughly divided into two categories: molecules which are passively released upon cell damage (‘classical’ damage-associated molecular patterns, DAMPs), and peptides which are processed and/or secreted upon infection to modulate the immune response (phytocytokines).
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Legume and Non-legume Trees Increase Soil Carbon Sequestration in Savanna

Legume and Non-legume Trees Increase Soil Carbon Sequestration in Savanna | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
the capability of savanna ecosystems to act as C sinks is both directly and indirectly dependent on the abundance of trees, regardless of their N-fixing status.
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Deer‐mediated changes in environment compound the direct impacts of herbivory on understorey plant communities

Deer‐mediated changes in environment compound the direct impacts of herbivory on understorey plant communities | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
deer effects on the environment have important implications for forest composition
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Seasonal changes in leaf chemistry and leaf selection of the Japanese giant flying squirrel upon two tree species

Seasonal changes in leaf chemistry and leaf selection of the Japanese giant flying squirrel upon two tree species | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
microscale distributions of phenolics within individual leaves affect which parts P. leucogenys eats, whereas leaf sugar concentration is an important factor affecting which species of leaves they eat.
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Recent exposure to African elephants after a century of exclusion: Rapid accumulation of marula tree impact and mortality, and poor regeneration - ScienceDirect

Recent exposure to African elephants after a century of exclusion: Rapid accumulation of marula tree impact and mortality, and poor regeneration - ScienceDirect | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
high levels of seed predation and a lack of seedling recruitment
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Long-term deer exclosure alters soil properties, plant traits, understory plant community and insect herbivory, but not the functional relationships among them

Long-term deer exclosure alters soil properties, plant traits, understory plant community and insect herbivory, but not the functional relationships among them | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
deer can alter interactions between trophic levels
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Current understanding of the pathways of flavonoid biosynthesis in model and crop plants | Journal of Experimental Botany | Oxford Academic

Current understanding of the pathways of flavonoid biosynthesis in model and crop plants | Journal of Experimental Botany | Oxford Academic | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
Recent technical advances allowing affordable whole genome sequencing, as well as a better inventory of species-by-species chemical diversity, have greatly advanced our understanding as to how flavonoid biosynthesis pathways vary across species
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Trait shifts associated with the subshrub life-history strategy in a tropical savanna

Trait shifts associated with the subshrub life-history strategy in a tropical savanna | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
subshrub growth form arose as a life-history strategy in which maturity is reached at a small stem size, allowing them to reproduce despite repeated fire-induced topkill.
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The architectural design of trees protects them against large herbivores - Charles-Dominique - 2017 - Functional Ecology - Wiley Online Library

The architectural design of trees protects them against large herbivores - Charles-Dominique - 2017 - Functional Ecology - Wiley Online Library | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
bite rate of goats on inner leaves of the cagiest trees was so severely reduced that they could not satisfy their daily nutritional requirements
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The biodiversity cost of carbon sequestration in tropical savanna

The biodiversity cost of carbon sequestration in tropical savanna | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
In tropical grasslands and savannas throughout the tropics, carbon mitigation programs that promote forest cover cannot be assumed to provide net benefits for conservation.
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Seasonality, diaspore traits and the structure of plant-frugivore networks in Neotropical savanna forest - ScienceDirect

Seasonality, diaspore traits and the structure of plant-frugivore networks in Neotropical savanna forest - ScienceDirect | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
network stability between seasons may be related to local frugivore diversity, resource availability, and fruit quality
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Modelling tree-grass coexistence in water-limited ecosystems - ScienceDirect

Modelling tree-grass coexistence in water-limited ecosystems - ScienceDirect | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
both tree and grass display positive responses to precipitation
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The composition and complexity of the woody and succulent components of Albany thicket with and without elephants - ScienceDirect

The composition and complexity of the woody and succulent components of Albany thicket with and without elephants - ScienceDirect | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
the woody component of thicket vegetation is generally resilient to the browsing effects of indigenous browsers such as elephants.
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Population size structure of trees in a semi‐arid African savanna: Species differ in vulnerability to a changing environment and reintroduction of elephants

Population size structure of trees in a semi‐arid African savanna: Species differ in vulnerability to a changing environment and reintroduction of elephants | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
savanna tree species apparently ensure persistence based on individualistic responses to population perturbations, but persistence of some following the reintroduction of elephants may be threatened if certain size classes experience escalated mortality
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The Effects of Interannual Rainfall Variability on Tree–Grass Composition Along Kalahari Rainfall Gradient

The Effects of Interannual Rainfall Variability on Tree–Grass Composition Along Kalahari Rainfall Gradient | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
In relatively wet environments, grasses are favored because of their high growth rate that allows them to take advantage of the window of opportunity existing in years with above average precipitation and thus increase fire-induced tree mortality.
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Seedling tolerance to cotyledon removal varies with seed size: A case of five legume species

Seedling tolerance to cotyledon removal varies with seed size: A case of five legume species | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
The overall effect of cotyledon removal on growth and survival varies with seed size (i.e., energy reserves) with seedlings from small seeds being less sensitive than those from large seeds under field conditions.
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Seed production, infestation, and viability in Acacia tortilis (synonym: Vachellia tortilis) and Acacia robusta (synonym: Vachellia robusta) across the Serengeti rainfall gradient

Seed production, infestation, and viability in Acacia tortilis (synonym: Vachellia tortilis) and Acacia robusta (synonym: Vachellia robusta) across the Serengeti rainfall gradient | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
neither production, nor infestation, nor viability was influenced by rainfall
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Combined effects of deer, mice and insect seed predation on the reproductive success of a Mediterranean shrub - ScienceDirect

Combined effects of deer, mice and insect seed predation on the reproductive success of a Mediterranean shrub - ScienceDirect | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
seed predation by mice was irrelevant, but ungulate and invertebrate seed predation interacted to strongly limit the reproductive success of C ladanifer, potentially affecting plant population dynamics in the long-term.
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Post-fire plant regeneration across a closed forest-savanna vegetation transition - ScienceDirect

Post-fire plant regeneration across a closed forest-savanna vegetation transition - ScienceDirect | Trees, Shrubs & Herbivores | Scoop.it
Ecotones exhibited post-fire responses and dynamics more similar to closed forests than to savanna
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