They Poured Fire On Us From The Sky
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Dinka Huts in South Sudan

Dinka Huts in South Sudan | They Poured Fire On Us From The Sky | Scoop.it
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This shows the traditional living style of the Dinka people before the war. This is how Benson, Alepho, and Benjamin grew up. This the way people lived for hundreds of years before the North invaded.

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S. Sudan should be governed by Khartoum, new rebels say.

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In this article they talk about the SPLA, Sudanese People's Liberation Army, and how they are the national army of the seceded and independent South Sudan. There is a new group in south Sudan that is rising up against the SPLA. The South Sudan People Liberation Army or SSPLA, and they feel that there should just be one united Sudan and are now fighting the Southern government over that issue. The SSPLA manifesto calls for the establishment of a United Sudan base on confederal system. The vision bares some similarity to the vision articulated by the late leader of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) former leader, John Garang. "The SPLA fought over two decades of war with Khartoum until the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which gave South Sudan the option to secede. The manifesto describes South Sudan's secession as "not be viable, insecure and non productive". (South) The rebels that finally were able to secede now found themselves in the reverse role fighting a new group of rebel soldiers.

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God Grew Tired of Us Trailer (God Grew Tired of Us: The Story of Lost Boys of Sudan) - IMDb

God Grew Tired of Us Trailer (God Grew Tired of Us: The Story of Lost Boys of Sudan) - IMDb | They Poured Fire On Us From The Sky | Scoop.it
Watch the latest God Grew Tired of Us Trailer (God Grew Tired of Us: The Story of Lost Boys of Sudan) on IMDb
Connor Willis's insight:

  The movie God Grew Tired of us is the story of a few boys journeys across the Sudan, to a refugee camp and then on to America. These boys lives begin in the grasslands of the Sudan where they grew up in their village with their families. They have to walk hundreds of miles across harsh African terrain and face lions, hyenas, and enemy soldiers trying to kill them. Their life did not improve much in the refugee camps and they were finally saved when they were allowed to go to America. A lot of the story is how the boys try to adjust to America and how they have never seen or encountered many things in America. Many lost boys were left behind but some lucky ones did make it over. It was tough for them and they all missed their homeland but were excited at the opportunity to make a living in America. The part of the movie where they are fascinated by everything in the store really shows how little they had. They have to learn how to live all over again. This video is true of many boys across the entire continent of Africa. Expect that most are not lucky enough to get out.

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Mass 'migration' to Ethiopia after South Sudan army captures Nasir.

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  More fighting broke out between the north and south governments recently. This fighting causes many deaths and displaces everyone in its path. Many people that are displaced from Sudan go to other countries. Most of them go to Ethiopia because it is closest and it easiest to get to. Even though it is not that close or easy for most people. After the last battle another 11,000 people came over the border into Ethiopia. Ethiopia already has a lot of refugee camps and the conditions are not very good because they are underfunded. The new refugees say that there are more people waiting on the Sudanese side of the river waiting to cross into Ethiopia. They are already holding refugees from other countries as well. "The conflict which has at times taken on an ethnic dynamic, pitting members of Kiir's Dinka tribe against Machar's Nuer have left thousands killed and forced more than 1.3 million flee their homes. According to UNHCR, as well as the South Sudan refugees in Ethiopia, 205,000 refugees have fled to neighbouring Uganda, Sudan and Kenya while some 923,000 people are displaced inside South Sudan." (Mass) Many people continue to be displaced by war in Sudan and soon they will have no where to go because all the refugee camps will be full.

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They Poured Fire on Us From the Sky

They Poured Fire on Us From the Sky | They Poured Fire On Us From The Sky | Scoop.it
Connor Willis's insight:

          In the book, They Poured Fire on Us From the Sky, the Sudanese civil war is told through the eyes of three little boys who are trying to survive through this horrible time. It is their journey across harsh wilderness with animals and warring tribes to kill them. It also shows what it is like to live in an African refugee camp and how hard it is even to survive there. These boys are members of the Dinka tribe in Southern Sudan. It is the largest of the tribes in this area of Africa. Benson and Alepho are brothers and live together in their mother's hut. Their father has five wives and moves between his wives houses which are all next to each other. They have many brothers and sisters as well as cousins that live in the village. The first part of the book describes their life in Africa and how the men hunt and women prepare food and their memories of playing among the trees and bushes. The young boys herd the goats and cattle for the family. Before they were born the Muslims of Northern Sudan would raid the south and steal cattle from time to time. They hated the blacks of Southern Sudan and when the boys were young began the war against them. They declared that the blacks had to follow Sharia law of the Muslims of face death. Many of the older boys and men formed the SPLA, Sudanese peoples liberation army. One day when Benson was helping his older sister at her village which was a few hours from his own, the North attacked the village and he had to run into the forest to hide. He was forced to run away with the other boys and they were found by some elders and SPLA soldiers who told them the safest thing to do was head to Ethiopia to a refugee camp. Alepho and the rest of the family had no idea what happened to him. Their father was killed while out looking for Benson. A year after Benson left their home village was attacked and Alepho, Benjamin and a few of their cousins were separated from their parents and forced to fend for themselves. They travel through deserts, mountains, and forests all over Southern Sudan trying to escape this war and staying in towns for as long as they can. Two years after they have last seen him they finally find Benson again because he was forced to leave Ethiopia. They finally escape Sudan and get to a camp in Kenya that is at least safe. There is very little food but they survive. They allow kids who do well in school to get to America and the boys that traveled together for so long finally got an opportunity to go get out of the horrible place they once called home.                     

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117302068_Yida_359484c.jpg (620x413 pixels)

117302068_Yida_359484c.jpg (620x413 pixels) | They Poured Fire On Us From The Sky | Scoop.it
Connor Willis's insight:

Refugee camps are horrible living conditions for the people that live there. There is very little food or water and many diseases spread due to lack of medicine. Many of the people there are children with no family.

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Victims of War

Victims of War | They Poured Fire On Us From The Sky | Scoop.it
Connor Willis's insight:

This photo shows the mass genocide that is going on in the Sudan. First the North was trying to destroy blacks in the South. Now rebels in the South are fighting the government there. It is a country torn apart by civil war.

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washingtonpost.com: African Lives

washingtonpost.com: African Lives | They Poured Fire On Us From The Sky | Scoop.it
Connor Willis's insight:

This article really speaks to the plight of the Dinka culture. They were once a great and proud people and now have been reduced to nothing more than refugees with no property or possessions to their name. Most Dinka people were farmers and cowherds before the war. Cattle were the source of Dinka wealth and how they measured the wealth of different families. People would us cattle as almost a kind of currency. When a man would ask a women's family for her hand in marriage, he would have to make an offering of cattle to the family as dowry. That tradition has now changed because all of the people are in refugee camps and own no cattle. Now all the can do is go and ask the family for the girl and give them nothing but a promise if they get their land back after the war. The war has also changed the stories of their culture. "The loss has pierced the Dinka, so much so that they have altered their governing myths. Stories that once celebrated the tribe's greatness — they believed they were a people favored by God — now describe a people full of dismay and self-doubt. One story, about how the Dinka came to love cattle, has been turned into a tale of woe, in which God is punishing the tribe for devoting so much of itself to the animal." (Buckley) They engage in an argument over how  many cows the promise when they get out and then begin the tribal dances and rituals of the ceremony. The Dinka people are fighting to keep their culture alive among the hardships of the refugee camps.

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Dinka

Connor Willis's insight:

This article describes the life and culture of the Dinka people. These people have been in the Nile region and have maintained their way of life since the time of the Egyptians. They have survived many different leadership changes in the Sudan and have lived as a peaceful people. Then the civil war started in 1983. The north tried to commit genocide against the blacks of Southern Sudan including the Dinka people. Many were dispersed throughout Africa as refugees. It is estimated that there is between 500,000 and 1 million Dinka people today. It is impossible to estimate the number that are living abroad due to being displaced. Their daily life is similar to what you think an African tribe may be like. They have a language which is all their own so it makes it difficult to communicate with other tribes and people, even though the dialect is similar. Dinka people make a living by herding cattle and farming. Many Dinka men marry more than one wife as well. This leads to many people in the village being related to each other.They live in huts that they make from clay and are a nomadic people that must from the rainy season to the dry season because of flooding and lack of food. This way of life may seem hard for us to understand, but until civil war struck the Dinka lived a very happy and peaceful life.

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Political Map of Sudan - Nations Online Project

Political Map of Sudan - Nations Online Project | They Poured Fire On Us From The Sky | Scoop.it
Political Map of Sudan showing the surrounding countries with international borders, boundaries of Sudan's subdivisionsthe Sudanese states (wilayah), the location of the national capital Khartoum, state capitals, major cities, main roads, railroads and major airports.
Connor Willis's insight:

The Sudan has recently been split into North and South Sudan. The country has been ravaged by civil war and there many refugees still living there. It is still a country with natural beauty from the desert in the north to the grasslands of the south.

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