The Role of Family Members in the Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
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What Causes OCD?

What Causes OCD? | The Role of Family Members in the Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder | Scoop.it
This is what's behind obsessive-compulsive disorder in kids.
Ryzen Benson's insight:

This here is a perfect example of how OCD works and appears in the life of affected children.

 

1. This scoop explains the prevalence of serotonin, glutamate , and dopamine in the brain of OCD affected children. The scoop states that contrary to popular belief, OCD is not caused by unattended problems in childhood. OCD is caused by imbalance of  the chemicals present in the brain such as serotonin, dopamine, and glutamate. But through the process of CBT therapy, the urges of OCD can be hindered. Medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and the antidepressant clomipramine provide the necessary neutrotransmitter balance to ease anxiety during the time therapy is starting to take effect. And among pyschotrophic medications, serotonin reputake inhibitors are most approved (Hollands, Edson, Tompson, Comer, 2014).

 

2. Dr. Rebis uses work and statements from other MDs and supports her given information with clear concise explanations. She explains the benefits of using CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy). Family-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), has been proven beneficial to children with OCD between the ages of five and eight (Wood, 2014). Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of treatment that focuses on examining the relationships between thoughts, feelings and behaviors (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, 2012). She states that therapists use CBT to attempt re-wiring of the neural networks in children with OCD. By doing this, inhibition of these negative habits associated with OCD. Although very decent information is present, and information that would prove my hypothesis, their is not enough factual evidence stated to prove my hypothesis. There is no experimentation, procedure, or data listed to support my idea, therefore I cannot make any assumptions

 

3. An interesting idea to observe would be ethnicity and surroundings effects on OCD among children. In cultures where money is scarce and lack of food is apparent, do chemical imbalances occur and cause OCD in children?

 

References:

 

NAMI - The National Alliance on Mental Illness. (2012, January 1). Retrieved December 8, 2014, from http://www.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Inform_Yourself/About_Mental_Illness/About_Treatments_and_Supports/Cognitive_Behavioral_Therapy1.htm

 

Thompson, J., Edson, A., Tompson, M., & Comer, J. (2014). Family involvement in the psychological treatment of obsessive–compulsive disorder: A meta-analysis. <i>Journal of Family Psychology</i>. Retrieved December 1, 2014, fromhttp://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=6&sid=e467dcc9-3077-4035-9a4c-fb09b59645f2@sessionmgr115&hid=107&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ==#db=psyh&AN=2014-15706-001

 

Wood, J. (2014, May 6). Family-Based Therapy Found to Help Young Children With OCD. Retrieved December 2, 2014, from http://psychcentral.com/news/2014/05/06/family-based-therapy-found-to-help-young-children-with-ocd/69479.html

 

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Family-Focused Therapy May Help Resistant Pediatric OCD - Family Practice News Digital Network

Family-Focused Therapy May Help Resistant Pediatric OCDFamily Practice News Digital NetworkSAN FRANCISCO – An innovative family-focused treatment program for complex cases of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder that looked promising in a randomized,...

Via in-recovery.com
Ryzen Benson's insight:

What really grabbed my attention in this scoop was the comparison between CBT and family-based CBT. Although CBT has been the focus of most of my scoops, none of these scoops have made analysis between regular CBT and CBT with family involved. This test specifically targeted those with sever OCD (failed CBT treatment).

 

1. Most therapy helps an individual to feel better, except you're not really getting better (Meyers, 2014). This is why the use of CBT is valued. However, in the instance of this scoop, sometimes family-based CBT is not effective in OCD patients. This is due to the severity of the disorder and dysfunction in families. The doctors conducting this study used a model of CBT along with PFIT therapy. PFIT is therapy in which the relationships between parents and children are improved (Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, 2014). In the results of PFIT versus CBT, PFIT shows promise as the potentially better treatment method for OCD.

 

2. The information used in this scoop was very valuable. Not only did it use credible sources of papers and tests, but thought from the doctor in charge of the research was included as well. It was very neat because thoughts from other doctors were valued, considered, and included following the information on the study. However one thing I am curious of is the use of PFIT models. It states that PFIT models are used to improve relations between parents and children. However, what effect does PFIT have on those familes who are already in good standing and good relationship? Because as Hollands, Edson, Tompson and Comer stated, the purpose of the inclusion of FIT treatment (family inclusive treatment) was to address family disruption, dysfunction, or sypmtom accomodation (Hollands, Edson, Tompson & Comer, 2014). So isn't PFIT techniquely the same thing as family inclusive treatment? So one shouldn't be deemed "more effective than the other".

 

3. Diversity issues that are prevalent in this study include age and family situation. This scoop specifically focuses on PFIT with struggling familial relationships. Except, how would PFIT affect a family with a strong relationship and is not very problematic? And the study of PFIT shows promise in young children, but how would PFIT benefit/slow the improvement of an older individual with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?

 

References:

 

Family & Children's Services. (2014, January 1). Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www.fcsok.org/services/kids-counseling-mental-health/parent-child-interaction-therapy/

 

Myers, D. (2014). Modules 18 &19. In Psychology in modules, ninth edition. New York: Worth Publishers.

 

Thompson, J., Edson, A., Tompson, M., & Comer, J. (2014). Family involvement in the psychological treatment of obsessive–compulsive disorder: A meta-analysis. <i>Journal of Family Psychology</i>. Retrieved December 1, 2014, fromhttp://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=6&sid=e467dcc9-3077-4035-9a4c-fb09b59645f2@sessionmgr115&hid=107&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ==#db=psyh&AN=2014-15706-001

 

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Obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents -- Krebs and Heyman -- Archives of Disease in Childhood

Impressive review on Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Childhood - Click the link to read

http://t.co/mBncSxkRBs
Ryzen Benson's insight:

1. This review delves deeper into Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in children. One of the most intriguing ideas noted in the scoop is the idea of the aetiology. The scoop states that there is possible linkage between genes and the appearance of OCD, therefore linking OCD from children to ancestors. 17 gene variations have been identified as genes that appear to be expressed with typical anxiety disorders (Meyers,2014), and some of which associate specifically with OCD (Meyers, 2014).

 

2. This scoop is an excellent source for information. First off, it is written by a doctor who uses various references to support his points. MAny bits of information found can be linked with information in Psychology in Modules, By: David G. Meyers. Such as the analysis of the brain in people affected by anxiety disorders. Brain scans of people with anxiety disorders show higher-than-normal brain activity in the regions involved with behavior and impulses (Meyers, 2014). This idea is also found in the scoop, and then cross-links into the section on aetiology. And another reputable finding in the scoop was the role CBT plays in the treatment of these children with OCD. As Janice Wood stated: Family-based CBT helps the child and parents focus on understanding, managing, and reducing OCD symptoms (Wood, 2014). In the scoop, Dr. Krebs focused in on the specifics, stating that CBT showed a 40-65% reduction in symptoms.

 

3. This scoop, being that it is a review, is written very well. It is not geared towards a certain audience rather than to anyone who chooses to read it. The information is credible, reliable, and ethical. It is written specifically on children an ODC. Therefore, the only diversity that may change the information, is if adults were tested rather than children. Other than age, this scoop accounts for diversity.

 

 

References:

As Hovatta et al., listed in Nature (as cited in Meyers, 2014)

 

As Dodman et al., listed in Molecular Psychiatry (as cited in Meyers,2014)

 

Myers, D. (2014). Modules 18 &19. In Psychology in modules, ninth edition. New York: Worth Publishers.

 

Wood, J. (2014, May 6). Family-Based Therapy Found to Help Young Children With OCD. Retrieved December 2, 2014, fromhttp://psychcentral.com/news/2014/05/06/family-based-therapy-found-to-help-young-children-with-ocd/69479.html

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What Causes OCD?

What Causes OCD? | The Role of Family Members in the Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder | Scoop.it
This is what's behind obsessive-compulsive disorder in kids.
Ryzen Benson's insight:

This here is a perfect example of how OCD works and appears in the life of affected children.

 

1. This scoop explains the prevalence of serotonin, glutamate , and dopamine in the brain of OCD affected children. The scoop states that contrary to popular belief, OCD is not caused by unattended problems in childhood. OCD is caused by imbalance of  the chemicals present in the brain such as serotonin, dopamine, and glutamate. But through the process of CBT therapy, the urges of OCD can be hindered. Medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and the antidepressant clomipramine provide the necessary neutrotransmitter balance to ease anxiety during the time therapy is starting to take effect. And among pyschotrophic medications, serotonin reputake inhibitors are most approved (Hollands, Edson, Tompson, Comer, 2014).

 

2. Dr. Rebis uses work and statements from other MDs and supports her given information with clear concise explanations. She explains the benefits of using CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy). Family-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), has been proven beneficial to children with OCD between the ages of five and eight (Wood, 2014). Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of treatment that focuses on examining the relationships between thoughts, feelings and behaviors (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, 2012). She states that therapists use CBT to attempt re-wiring of the neural networks in children with OCD. By doing this, inhibition of these negative habits associated with OCD. Although very decent information is present, and information that would prove my hypothesis, their is not enough factual evidence stated to prove my hypothesis. There is no experimentation, procedure, or data listed to support my idea, therefore I cannot make any assumptions

 

3. An interesting idea to observe would be ethnicity and surroundings effects on OCD among children. In cultures where money is scarce and lack of food is apparent, do chemical imbalances occur and cause OCD in children?

 

References:

 

NAMI - The National Alliance on Mental Illness. (2012, January 1). Retrieved December 8, 2014, from http://www.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Inform_Yourself/About_Mental_Illness/About_Treatments_and_Supports/Cognitive_Behavioral_Therapy1.htm

 

Thompson, J., Edson, A., Tompson, M., & Comer, J. (2014). Family involvement in the psychological treatment of obsessive–compulsive disorder: A meta-analysis. <i>Journal of Family Psychology</i>. Retrieved December 1, 2014, fromhttp://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=6&sid=e467dcc9-3077-4035-9a4c-fb09b59645f2@sessionmgr115&hid=107&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ==#db=psyh&AN=2014-15706-001

 

Wood, J. (2014, May 6). Family-Based Therapy Found to Help Young Children With OCD. Retrieved December 2, 2014, from http://psychcentral.com/news/2014/05/06/family-based-therapy-found-to-help-young-children-with-ocd/69479.html

 

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Family-based CBT benefits young children with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

A new study from the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center has found that family-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is beneficial to young children between the ages of five and eight with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The study ...

Via Anas Alabtah
Ryzen Benson's insight:

This scoop provides a closer view at how children with OCD benefit from family-based CBT therapy.

 

1. The idea of functionalism was promoted by William James and influenced by Charles Darwin (Meyers, 2014). The idea suggests how mental and behavioral processes function (Meyers). It is stated in the scoop that OCD causes functional impairment, but the practice of family-based CBE can potentially reverse this impairment over time.

 

2. The information used in this scoop was plentiful and credible. The writer of this scoop used various sources to support his assumptions. The writer not only used a paper published in a psychology journal, but listed the details of the experimentation to deeper explain how CBT is beneficial. The clinical trials were well developed and most definitely supported the assumptions made.

 

3. Once again, the only diversity exceptions I can envision are intentional. A new study has found that family-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is beneficial for children between the ages of five and eight with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) (Wood, 2014). It is apparent that this study was engineeredto test the effectiveness of CBT in young children. However, these same trials have been conducted on older individuals and proved to be productive. Another interesting thought is what kind of children were tested? Could the results have varied based on demographic differentiation? Were the children tested of good health? Bad health? Both?

 

References:

 

Myers, D. (2014). Modules 18 &19. In Psychology in modules, ninth edition. New York: Worth Publishers.

 

Wood, J. (2014, May 6). Family-Based Therapy Found to Help Young Children With OCD. Retrieved December 2, 2014, fromhttp://psychcentral.com/news/2014/05/06/family-based-therapy-found-to-help-young-children-with-ocd/69479.html

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Insight into Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Insight into Obsessive Compulsive Disorder | The Role of Family Members in the Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder | Scoop.it
OCD, we all know what that is, it's the one where you want everything arranged, so you line your pencils up on your table in colour order right?! Um, no actually. It's sad how many people seem to t...
Ryzen Benson's insight:

1. This article is a great piece. It finally explains to people that OCD is not straightening your pencils. In this scoop the author explains how people tend to define OCD as the desire to keep things tidy, or arrange objects by color. Although these could be signs of OCD, it is hard to decipher between normality and disorder. They cross the fine line between normality and disorder when they interfere with everyday life and cause us stress (Meyers, 2014).

 

2. One thing I really enjoyed about this scoop was the voice. The author, who has OCD as well, explains the daily life as an individual with the disorder. Yes this is an effective way to emphasize the toughness of living with the disorder however, this is all opinionated. There is no testing to justify what is being said. Their are no psychological terms to describe the state of the disorder. And there are no sources to reference to. For all we know, living with OCD may be a fun thing (it's obviously not). But this is why factual and proven evidence is essential to form a "scientific" opinion. For instance, Hollands, Edson, Tompson, and Comer stated that, OCD is characterized by recurring anxiety-provoking thoughts and/or repetitive behaviors (Hollands, Edson, Tompson & Comer, 2014).

 

3. I feel like this is a hard scoop to apply to diverse differences. I feel as though females are more likely to claim they are OCD when they're not because girls tend to be more put-together and tidy than men. In all honesty, most guys really do not care for how clean their hands are, or if there are clothes on their floor. 

 

References:

Myers, D. (2014). Modules 18 &19. In Psychology in modules, ninth edition. New York: Worth Publishers.

 

Thompson, J., Edson, A., Tompson, M., & Comer, J. (2014). Family involvement in the psychological treatment of obsessive–compulsive disorder: A meta-analysis. <i>Journal of Family Psychology</i>. Retrieved December 1, 2014, fromhttp://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=6&sid=e467dcc9-3077-4035-9a4c-fb09b59645f2@sessionmgr115&hid=107&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ==#db=psyh&AN=2014-15706-001

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Sandy Hook School Shooter Was Not Given Help For His Mental Problems: Report

Sandy Hook School Shooter Was Not Given Help For His Mental Problems: Report | The Role of Family Members in the Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder | Scoop.it
A report has revealed that Adam Lanza who shot and killed 26 people at a Connecticut school in 2012 had history of autism, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder, but for years it was not treated.

Via Troy Mccomas (troy48)
Ryzen Benson's insight:

This here is a prime example of the importance of family member's involvement with those affected by a psychological disorder. When disorders go untreated, they bear potentially harmful outcomes.

 

1. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a disorder in which an individual feels repetitive and unnatural urges in everyday life. When receiving these urges, it causes the individual to feel the need to perform an action to accommodate for the urges (Meyers, 2014)

 

2. Adam Lanza suffered from many psychological disorders including OCD. However he lacked sufficient treatment, stated by the scoop. Today’s most effective methods in treatment of OCD are prescribed medication (Hollands, Edson, Tompson & Comer, 2014). The State of Connecticut Report strongly advised Lanza's mother to take action towards Lanza's lack of social incorporation. Psychological treatments for obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) are increasingly aimed at improving outcomes by directly incorporating family members to address family disruption, dysfunction, or symptom accommodation (Hollands, Edson, Tompson & Comer, 2014).

The scoop stated that she failed to give Lanza his essential medication which only caused further problems. Lanza's health issues, lack of treatment, and infatuation for shooting, deaths, and deadly weapons were only a catastrophe waiting to happen.

 

3. Gender is an interesting thought in the topic of mass shootings. Seldom or never, do you hear of female mass shootings. It would be interesting to analyze the prevalence of female mass-shooters.

 

 

References:

Myers, D. (2014). Modules 18 &19. In Psychology in modules, ninth edition. New York: Worth Publishers.

 

Thompson, J., Edson, A., Tompson, M., & Comer, J. (2014). Family involvement in the psychological treatment of obsessive–compulsive disorder: A meta-analysis. <i>Journal of Family Psychology</i>. Retrieved December 1, 2014, from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=6&sid=e467dcc9-3077-4035-9a4c-fb09b59645f2@sessionmgr115&hid=107&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ==#db=psyh&AN=2014-15706-001

 

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Guido's comment, December 7, 2014 6:18 PM
This news article claims several facts which highlight the importance of treatment for people with Anxiety Attacks. The person who made himself shoot 26 people in the Sandy Hook Elementary School was diagnosed with Anxiety and some other mental disorders. He never received treatment for his Anxiety which brought him into isolation. This is because people with Anxiety Attacks, which are not treated, are at risk to develop a disorder which isolates them (Myers, 2014). They are so scared for an Anxiety Attack that they will try and avoid it at all cost by hiding (Myers, 2014). Besides this, untreated Anxiety may cause a premature death and will damage the cognitive brain and diminish its thinking/reflective capacity when the person becomes older (Janov, 2013). This therefore explains the fact that the shooter was more isolated and probably had a diminished thinking and reflective capacity which let him to make bad decision (Janov, 2013). The article also claims that the shooter did not took the proper prescribed medication. Anxiety causes an off balance of the chemicals Serotonin and Glutamate which causes a depression. By taking his medication, his brain would have restored these chemicals and he would be less depressed which possibly also could have prevented him from making bad decision (Janov, 2013). This article highlights the importance of treatment for people with Anxiety and other mental disorders because research about the effectiveness of therapy shows us that those who undergo therapy are more likely to improve with a lower risk of relapse (Myers, 2014).
Reference List
Janov, A. (2013). The orgigins of Anxiety, Panic and Rage Attacks. Activitas Nervosa Superior , 55-71.
Myers, D. G. (2014). Exploring Psychology in Modules. Worth Publishers.