The Panama Canal 017
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     Let me tell you a story, it includes a war, a deal, and a canal. It all started in Panama, a small country in Central America. The United States saw this country as a investment, due to its waterways. They believed they could build a canal through Panama so they could trade quicker and more efficient. Due to that time period, ships were forced to sail around the world. If the United States built the Canal however, the ships would no longer have to sail for that long. I believe that helped supply shortages and sailors get home quicker. So they began to barter with the country that owned Panama, a place called Columbia. They were going to allow the United states to build their canal, until they decided on a price. The United States began to ponder, they knew they were going to be overcharged, They could easily just help Panama recieve their freedom and do it for a lower cost. Spoiler Alert, thats exactly what happened.

     The war that followed was short lived. Soon Panama and the United States reached an agreement and formed a treaty. After that the construction on what is now called the Panama Canal began. The construction was long and treacherous, and killed an estimated 27,500 people. The construction ended in 1915, it took 33 years to build the canal through Panama onto the other side of the world. The canal linked the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, which allowed sailors and traders to simply go through the Canal and onto the Asian Countries. This helped lower the time it took and it meant getting money faster. The impact the Panama Canal now has today however, is that of the same back in 1915. The Canal simply offers a "express lane" to the countries to get exotic materials and supplies. The Canal is an important and much needed add to the world today for trade. Thinking of the death number however, do you think it was worth it?

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Vocabulary List

Tugboat- A powerful boat used to tug large vessels.

Perpetuity- A thing that lasts forever or for a indefinate period.
Auxiliary- Providing supplementary or additional help and support.

Ratification- Sign or giving formal consent to an agreement, making it valid.
Incalcuable- Too great to be calculated or estimated.
Panama- A country in Central America.
Canal- An artificial waterway constructed to allow the passage of boats or ships.
Isthmus- A narrow strip of land with sea on either side.
Federation- A group of states with a central government but independence in internal affairs.

Subsidary- Less important but relating to something.

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Panama Canal History #2

Panama Canal History #2 | The Panama Canal 017 | Scoop.it

This is an online article that includes the history of the Canal and Theodore Roosevelt's relation with it and it's construction. This is the 2nd website of the Event's Time Period.

 

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Panama Canal History

Panama Canal History | The Panama Canal 017 | Scoop.it

This Wesite includes the history of the Panama Canal, including the events leading up to its construction. This is the 1st website of the Event's Time Period.

 

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Panama Canal Treaty Primary Source #3

 Concluded November 18, 1903; ratification advised by the Senate February 23, 1904; ratified by President February 25,1904; ratifications exchanged February 26, 1904; proclaimed February 26, 1904. (U.S. Stats., vol. 33.)

The United States of America and the Republic of Panama being desirous to insure the construction of a ship canal across the Isthmus of Panama to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oecans, and the Congress of the United States of America having passed an act approved June 28, 1902, in furtherance of that object, by which the President of the United States is authorized to acquire within a reasonable time the control of the necessary territory of the Republic of Colombia, and the sovereignty of such territory being actually vested in the Republic of Panama, the high contracting parties have resolved for that purpose to conclude a convention and have accordingly appointed as their plenipotentiaries,-

The President of the United States of America, John Hay, Secretary of State, and

The Government of the Republic of Panama, Philippe Bunau-Varilla, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Panama, thereunto specially empowered by said government, who after communicating with each other their respective full powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles:

ARTICLE I

The United States guarantees and will maintain the independence of the Republic of Panama.

ARTICLE II

The Republic of Panama grants to the United States in perpetuity the use, occupation and control of a zone of land and land under water for the construction maintenance, operation, sanitation and protection of said Canal of the width of ten miles extending to the distance of five miles on each side of the center line of the route of the Canal to be constructed; the said zone beginning in the Caribbean Sea three marine miles from mean low water mark and extending to and across the Isthmus of Panama into the Pacific ocean to a distance of three marine miles from mean low water mark with the proviso that the cities of Panama and Colon and the harbors adjacent to said cities, which are included within the boundaries of the zone above described, shall not be included within this grant. The Republic of Panama further grants to the United States in perpetuity the use, occupation and control of any other lands and waters outside of the zone above described which may be necessary and convenient for the construction, maintenance, operation, sanitation and protection of the said Canal or of any auxiliary canals or other works necessary and convenient for the construction, maintenance, operation, sanitation and protection of the said enterprise.

The Republic of Panama further grants in like manner to the United States in perpetuity all islands within the limits of the zone above described and in addition thereto the group of small islands in the Bay of Panama, named, Perico, Naos. Culebra and Flamenco.

ARTICLE III

The Republic of Panama grants to the United States all the rights, power and authority within the zone mentioned and described in Article II of this agreement and within the limits of all auxiliary lands and waters mentioned and described in said Article II which the United States would possess and exercise if it were the sovereign of the territory within which said lands and waters are located to the entire exclusion of the exercise by the Republic of Panama of any such sovereign rights, power or authority.

ARTICLE IV

As rights subsidiary to the above grants the Republic of Panama grants in perpetuity to the United States the right to use the rivers, streams, lakes and other bodies of water within its limits for navigation, the supply of water or water-power or other purposes, so far as the use of said rivers, streams, lakes and bodies of water and the waters thereof may be necessary and convenient for the construction, maintenance, operation, sanitation and protection of the said Canal.

ARTICLE V

The Republic of Panama grants to the United States in perpetuity a monopoly for the construction, maintenance and operation of any system of communication by means of canal or railroad across its territory between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific ocean.

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Building Of The Canal Primary Source #2

Building Of The Canal Primary Source #2 | The Panama Canal 017 | Scoop.it

This picture is the SS Ancon sailing through the Panama Canal while it is still under construction. It is also the first ship to go through the canal. The Canal was the link between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. It made trading easier becuase people wouldn't have to sail around the world to Asian Territories. I think It helped the world and benefitted many people for foreign trade.

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The Panama Canal History #3

The Panama Canal History #3 | The Panama Canal 017 | Scoop.it

Not going to lie, Your going to want to look at Joining the Waters. It gives more details about who was in control of the project before us and how we got control of the project. This is the 3rd website of the Event's Time Period.

 

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Panama Canal Today #2

Panama Canal Today #2 | The Panama Canal 017 | Scoop.it

This website includes an online museum about the Canal and its construction. This is the 2nd Website about the Event Today.

 

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Panama Canal Today

Panama Canal Today | The Panama Canal 017 | Scoop.it

This website Contains information about the current status of the Panama Canal. This is the 1st website on the Panama Canal Today.

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The Panama Canal Map Primary Source #1

The Panama Canal Map Primary Source #1 | The Panama Canal 017 | Scoop.it

This is the map of the Panama Canal. It links the two oceans together allowing for easier trade with the countries in Asia. The USA helped Panama liberate itself so they could build this without being overcharged by Columbia. I think the USA should have just sucked in their pride and paid Columbia. It would've avoided needless bloodshed.

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