Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification
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Tuesdays in the Newsroom Talks Oyster Farming

Tuesdays in the Newsroom Talks Oyster Farming | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it

"In 2014, brothers Greg and Dan Martino opened an open ocean oyster farm in Oak Bluffs — the first of its kind in New England. Cottage City Oysters aims to provide the best oysters in the most eco-friendly and sustainable way possible and educate the public through farm tours and speaker series."

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Island Institute readies for third year of aquaculture business program

Island Institute readies for third year of aquaculture business program | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
"I have three boys, and I'll be able to show them that another fishery is possible other than lobstering. Aquaculture will be something really important to the future of Maine's coastal community," said Jeff Putnam, a fisherman and former ABD participant now growing oysters with his family.
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Florida coastal environments are collapsing - Orlando Sentinel

Florida coastal environments are collapsing - Orlando Sentinel | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it

Central Florida's Indian River Lagoon, North Florida's Apalachicola Bay and a trio of coastal estuaries in South Florida are in the throes of ecosystem collapses that threaten sea grass, fisheries, recreation and local economies. What's to blame? A historic toll of chronic pollution and crippled drainage has been compounded by drought in recent years and El Niño downpours this winter.

Ocean Conservancy's insight:
""There is no place in Brevard County that has clean water," fishing guide Alex Gorichky said. "If you look in the water as a client would, it's all brown as hell."
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Mote Marine study: Climate change’s tasty next victim could be stone crabs | Bradenton Herald

Mote Marine study: Climate change’s tasty next victim could be stone crabs | Bradenton Herald | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
A first-of-its-kind study published in the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology suggests that ocean acidification — which happens when there’s more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, making pH levels in water decrease — may harm the reproduction of stone crabs, or Menippe mercenaria.
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
“This could represent a reduction in the supply of larvae (baby stone crabs) and a potential bottleneck for new recruits into the fishery,” Gravinese said, but couldn’t say for certain that ocean acidification alone could affect long-term abundance of the fishery because that scientific correlation hasn’t been made. Coastal environments may also be affected by wetland degradation, runoff, algal blooms, higher water temperature and lower oxygen levels.
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The Lowly Seagrass That Could Save Your Oysters From an Acid Death

The Lowly Seagrass That Could Save Your Oysters From an Acid Death | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it

“You don’t want to curl up in a fetal position,” says Hog Island Oyster Co. owner Terry Sawyer. “You do want to say, ‘We’ve got to move on this and we need help.’”

Ocean Conservancy's insight:
“Can we use parts of nature that we already know are important,” UC Santa Cruz Professor Kristy Kroeker wonders, “seagrasses – to actually benefit people and protect them from some of these impacts?”

Eventually, it’ll be up to oyster farmers like Terry Sawyer to make the research work on the ground – or, in the water. He’s hopeful.

“From an aquaculture point of view, you bet I’m hopeful,” Sawyer says. “Maybe I’m being idealistic here, but we’re learning so much. We’re just at the tip of the iceberg on that.”
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'Nobody anticipated' oysters making a comeback; industry transforms

'Nobody anticipated' oysters making a comeback; industry transforms | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
A combination of aquaculture and regulated harvesting have put the region on its way to restoring oysters as a sustainable industry.
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Scallop boom boosts Long Island shellfishing industry

Scallop boom boosts Long Island shellfishing industry | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it

An abundance of plumped-up bay scallops from waters around the Peconic Bay is giving Long Island’s East End shellfishing industry a vital boost.

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Salmon Industry Wants To Prepare For More Acidic Oceans

Salmon Industry Wants To Prepare For More Acidic Oceans | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
Carbon emissions are making the oceans more acidic. That’s long been known to harm shellfish, but new research shows more acidic water could take a toll on salmon as well.
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
“We want to have a future on the water, but we need our fish out there to do it,” says Amy Grondin, a commercial salmon fisher who trolls for chinook and coho off the coasts of Washington and southeast Alaska. That’s why Grondin is partnering with researchers to learn more about what more acidic oceans could mean for those species. “Fishermen really do know a lot,” she explains. “We’re on the water 24/7 observing.”
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Connecticut’s traditional fishing catch is heading north

Connecticut’s traditional fishing catch is heading north | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
Climate change-induced shifts of marine species in the Northeast are forcing changes in fishing patterns for Connecticut fishermen, threatening to upend fishing management systems and generating political controversy and finger-pointing as policies struggle to keep up with the pace of fish movement, and the Connecticut fishing community struggles to hang on.
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Coming home to fulfill a calling

Coming home to fulfill a calling | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
Kathleen Nisbet-Moncy returned to the family oyster business after earning a degree in marine biology in Hawaii.  Nisbet-Moncy said she would like to see more streamlined regulatory standards in the industry.
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
Q:  How does the business compare today to when you first became involved? 

A: “I’ve been back for 10 years. It has evolved immensely in becoming a vertically integrated company and having a hatchery in Hawaii. When I first came back, we lost about 40 percent of our production due to ocean-acidification issues. When we decided to make the (hatchery) move to Hawaii, it’s allowed our farm to be secure and grow, as well as support other family farms in the area with an adequate seed supply for them to grow oysters themselves. It’s been an amazing transition over the past 10 years.”
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Scientists warn of 'hypoxia season,' threatening ocean life, off Oregon

Once rare, Oregon now has a regular hypoxia season — low-oxygen episodes in near-shore ocean waters — analogous to the wildfire threat that visits the state's forests every year, scientists say.
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
'"It’s something that needs to be researched and studied to understand what's happening and see if there’s anything we can do to mitigate or avoid the threat,” Hugh Link, executive director of the Oregon Dungeness Crab Commission, said in an interview.'
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Alaska’s Oyster Farmers Are Filling an Acidification-Driven Void | Hakai Magazine

Alaska’s Oyster Farmers Are Filling an Acidification-Driven Void | Hakai Magazine | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
The state’s oyster farming industry is gaining ground as growers elsewhere struggle.
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
“We sent some seed down to California this year, and they said it’s the best seed they’ve seen in 10 years,” says [NOAA Sea Grant Agent] Gary Freitag. “There’s been a huge need for it in the market, because there’s just not enough seed to go around, period.”
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New research on ocean acidity raises red flags for Alaskans

New research on ocean acidity raises red flags for Alaskans | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
Ecosystem changes hit home with studies on how ocean chemistry affects salmon.
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
Jerry McCune is president of United Fishermen of Alaska, a statewide commercial fishing trade association that represents 33 Alaska commercial fishing organizations.
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Can oyster farming save the Bay? | Spotlight | stardem.com

Can oyster farming save the Bay? | Spotlight | stardem.com | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it

"I am confident that the answer lies in oyster aquaculture. Oyster farming cleans waters. It restores eco-systems. It creates jobs and revives local economies. If we adopt it as a significant restoration strategy, oyster farming can — and will — be the Chesapeake’s new growth industry."

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VIDEO: Fill up on oysters and learn more about North Carolina's aquaculture seafood

VIDEO: Fill up on oysters and learn more about North Carolina's aquaculture seafood | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
Fill up on oysters and learn more about the aquaculture species at the Cultured Seafood Festival. 
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
Jay Styron, a shellfish aquaculture leader in North Carolina, talks about the state of shellfish in the state, and the ecosystem benefits of farming oysters.
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Underwater Farms: The East Coast Oyster Industry Fortifies Itself Against a Changing Environment

Underwater Farms: The East Coast Oyster Industry Fortifies Itself Against a Changing Environment | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
Bill Mook, from Mook Sea Farm, has responded in concrete ways following his brush with ocean acidification-induced disaster. He is in the process of building a 9,000-square-foot facility on his property, part of which will be used for further research. “We’re looking down the road and preparing ourselves for anticipated climatic changes, changes in seawater chemistry,” he says.
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
While his hatchery—and other hatcheries experiencing ocean acidification—have successfully responded to this changing environmental factor, the sheer unknown of climate change makes it difficult to preempt negative impacts on the oyster industry.
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Rising acidity levels could put marine life at risk, expert says | South Whidbey Record

Rising acidity levels could put marine life at risk, expert says | South Whidbey Record | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it

Kevin Lungren, president of The Fishin’ Club, was tasked with collected female Dungeness crabs for studies by the Northwest Fisheries Science Center.

Ocean Conservancy's insight:
"Lungren felt McElhany’s example of the Titanic helped illustrate the need to study the effects of ocean acidification. “We just can’t sit back and be complacent and wait for this,” Lungren said. 

Lungren wondered if softer crab shells are a direct result of decreasing pH levels. [NOAA scientist Paul] McElhany said it’s unknown. 

 “Those kinds of studies haven’t been done on Dungeness crab,” McElhany said. “That’s one of the things we’re going to be looking at.”
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Oyster Prices Drop, Watermen Take a Hit, Offer Solution

Oyster Prices Drop, Watermen Take a Hit, Offer Solution | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
Oyster season here in Maryland didn't start off too great, and now it actually just got worse.
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
"According to [Bayhunter Seafood business owner Joe] Spurry, every year fewer and fewer baby oysters are being put back into oyster shells and the water, leaving fewer to grow and less for people like him to harvest and sell.
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Researchers sniff out the effects of ocean acidification on salmon navigation | National Fisherman

Researchers sniff out the effects of ocean acidification on salmon navigation | National Fisherman | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
New research shows ocean acidification could affect salmon’s ability to smell, which the fish rely on to avoid predators and return to their natal rivers.
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
United Fishermen of Alaska hosted the panel on ocean acidification after UFA surveys found that it was among the top concerns for Alaska fishermen.
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State largely ignores role as seas grow more acidic

State largely ignores role as seas grow more acidic | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
Despite a bipartisan recognition of a threat to Maine's shellfish industry, leadership on the issue has fallen to a group of concerned volunteers.
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
“For a state whose identity and economy is so heavily dependent on marine resources, I think it is really shameful that we are not doing enough to look at the threats of changing ocean chemistry,” says Bill Mook, founder of Mook Sea Farm, who had to develop water treatment systems after watching acidic water kill crop after crop of newly hatched oysters. “I think it’s really abdicating responsibility by the leaders of the state.”
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Rhode Island Oyster Guide - Rhode Island Monthly

Rhode Island Oyster Guide - Rhode Island Monthly | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
Plus, learn how to shuck your own at home for tasty oyster recipes. Slurp's up.
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Ocean acidification threatens Bering Sea crabs. But can they adapt?

Ocean acidification threatens Bering Sea crabs. But can they adapt? | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
Researchers warn that populations of red king crab in the Bering Sea could collapse by the end of the century. But it's possible the crabs might be able to evolve -- and adapt to the changing oceans.
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
"Edward Poulsen is a partner on two Bering Sea crab vessels. He grew up in the industry; he says his dad was one of its pioneers. 

“[Whether or not crabs can adapt to ocean acidification or not is] one of those things where you don’t want to think about it too much,” Poulsen says. “Because if you think about it too much, it’s pretty depressing.” 

Poulsen knows the science. So do his fellow vessel-owners. He says everyone is concerned. But the potential problems are far enough in the future, and it’s not clear there’s anything fishermen can do about it. 

“A lot of us, this is all we know, this is what we do,” Poulsen says. “And now the government’s telling us, ‘Your future might be at risk.’ I think it’s a little bit like you want to put your head in the sand and ignore what could be coming down the path.”'
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A Fisherman Tries Farming

A Fisherman Tries Farming | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
Joe Young, who spent decades catching lobsters, has turned to growing oysters. Even with lobsters flourishing, more people are trying aquaculture in Maine.
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Maine lobsters are thriving, but regulators explore how to adapt to changing environments

Maine lobsters are thriving, but regulators explore how to adapt to changing environments | Changing Chemistry - The People Impacted by Ocean Acidification | Scoop.it
Maine's lobster industry is thriving and hopeful, although potential environmental changes are pushing regulators to explore adaptation strategies.
Ocean Conservancy's insight:
“We really don’t have any control over the atmosphere or acidification,” [lobster fisherman Jim] Dow said. “There’s not much we can do other than be good stewards.”
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