The Evolution of Technology within Film
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The Evolution of Technology within Film
Throughout the history of film there has been many technological advancements which has enabled directors to better their films.
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Almanac: The birth of Kodak

Almanac: The birth of Kodak | The Evolution of Technology within Film | Scoop.it
123 years ago George Eastman patented a new camera that revolutionized family photography
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In 1888 George Eastman created dry, transparent, and flexible photographic film that would be used with the Kodak camera. With his invention "thin printing" is now possible for photographers. 

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Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze, Jan. 7, 1894

The earliest surviving copyrighted motion picture, the Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze is a short film made by W. K. L. Dickson in January 1894 for ad...
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Thomas Edison is well known for his remarkable contributions to societies worldwide. Edison is most known for inventing the light bulb but he has also left his footprints with the history of film. Edison created the phonograph as well as the Kinetoscope, which was the first working camera capable of capturing moving pictures. Edison patented the Kinetoscope on August 31, 1897. This short clip of a sneeze was one of the first clips filmed utilizing Edison's invention. 

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La sortie de l'usine Lumière à Lyon (1895) - Frères Lumière (Workers leaving the Lumière factory at Lyon)

Ce petit clip fut longtemps considéré comme le premier film de l'histoire du cinéma, avant la découverte des oeuvres de Louis le Prince. Ce film fut pour la ...
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The Lumiere Brothers resided in France and where they patented the Cinematograph on February 13th 1895. Their invention was much smaller than Edison's Kinetograph and it featured a hand crank. The invention used a film speed of 16 frames per second. This was the first clip filmed with their invention. 

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The "Latham Loop"

The "Latham Loop" | The Evolution of Technology within Film | Scoop.it
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Woodville Latham and his two sons sought to create a projector based off of Edison's Kinetoscope. The Latham Loop was one of the features in their projector. One of the major benefits of the loop was its ability to relieve tension that was a problem faced by long rolls of films. Thus, enabling films to be longer than 3 minutes.

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The Jazz Singer

A clip from The Jazz Singer, the first live-action film with sound.
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Following the introduction of the phonofilm it was finally possible to create live motion pictures with sound. In 1927 "The Jazz Singer" was the first motion picture film to incorporate synchronized dialogue. 

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Technicolor Film

Technicolor Film | The Evolution of Technology within Film | Scoop.it
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Before the Classic Hollywood movement films were generally displayed in black and white. Technicolor was a technique introduced which was based upon a three-color process. This technique was improved over the years.

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Freeze Frame- Capturing the Moment

Freeze Frame- Capturing the Moment | The Evolution of Technology within Film | Scoop.it

"Marey used dry photographic plates, faster than the wet plates Muybridge used, and an ordinary camera with its lens left open."

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Marey's invention was the forerunner of the invention capable of recording live motion pictures. As seen in the two photos, this camera was able to capture motion known as chronophotography. Chronophotography was introduced by 1882. As the subjects moved in front of a black background a rotating shutter exposed a glass plate. This process produced a sequence of images.

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Edison Film and Sound: History: The Shift to Projectors and the Vitascope (1895-1896)

Edison Film and Sound: History: The Shift to Projectors and the Vitascope (1895-1896) | The Evolution of Technology within Film | Scoop.it
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The Vitascope is a motion picture projector originally known as the Phantoscope. The original design was constructed by C. Francis Jenkins and Thomas Armat. When the two approached Edison with their invention he purchased it and then changed the name. The Vitascope allowed for films to be projected to large audiences.

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Escamotage d'une dame chez Robert-Houdin (The Vanishing Lady) 1896

The full French title, Escamotage d'une dame chez Robert-Houdin, contains an explicit reference to the Théâtre Robert-Houdin, where Méliès had made his reput...
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George Méliès was highly interested in Cinematograph and sought to create his own invention. He favored the idea of creating films that would present a feeling that one couldn't normally experience in live theatre. Miéliès created the first "trick" film titled "The Vanishing Lady". He discovered that film had the ability to convey distortions in space and time.

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Phonofilm - GHN: IEEE Global History Network

Phonofilm - GHN: IEEE Global History Network | The Evolution of Technology within Film | Scoop.it
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Thomas Edison sought to tie sound into films with his phonograph. Sound wasn't an option in films until Lee DeForest created the phonofilm in 1923. DeForest's invention was able to convert sound into beams of light which were then photographed and placed alongside films. This advertisement featured several short films produced by DeForest and Phonofilms.

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I Am A Fugitive From A Chain Gang (1932)

I Am A Fugitive From A Chain Gang (1932) | The Evolution of Technology within Film | Scoop.it
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This film portrayed the innovations brought along by Classical Hollywood Cinema. It was one of the first films to utilize sound to create space. Also, along with this film came the use of the unidirectional microphone.

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Optical Printing

Optical Printing | The Evolution of Technology within Film | Scoop.it

"The optical printer thus consist of three basic elements, an animation camera that advances frame by frame with raw stock in it,an original meaning a strip or roll of film with an already processed image on it place inside of a "gate", an finaly a light source aimed at the camera lens going thru the image in the gate."

Jamey Anderson's insight:

The Classical Hollywood Style movement brought several major innovations to films. Special effects was one of those innovations. Rear projection and optical printing were techniques that were utilized to create early special effects.

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