The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page
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The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page
A companion page to EFL SMARTblog http://efllecturer.blogspot.com/ - EFL, ESL and ESOL learning and practice activities for smart students of English.
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Halloween - Vocabulary Lessons, Online Exercises and Worksheets

Free online lessons about Halloween and Halloween exercises for English language learners, elementary ESL students and kids - resources include picture vocabulary word banks and word lists with definitions, reading, listening, spelling and matching exercises, crossword puzzles, gap fill quizzes,...
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Study: Air Pollution Reduces Intelligence

Study: Air Pollution Reduces Intelligence | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
Air pollution makes our bodies sick. But a new study shows that it can also affect our brains and our ability to learn.
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800 Free eBooks for iPad, Kindle & Other Devices

800 Free eBooks for iPad, Kindle & Other Devices | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
This collection features 800 free eBooks, mostly classics, that you can read on your computer, Kindle, iPad or smart phone. It includes great works of fiction, non-fiction & poetry.
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Kids' TV did a Brexit explainer that's so simple it's brilliant The Poke

Kids' TV did a Brexit explainer that's so simple it's brilliant The Poke | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
Children’s TV in Ireland did this 2-minute Brexit explainer and it went viral because it’s so well done. There's been a lot of talk in the news about Brexit recently and you've probably heard a lot of words like 'backstop' and 'Chequers' – but what does it all mean? Here's one of RTÉ's political experts …
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Personality tests: Are you average, self-centred, role-model or reserved?

Personality tests: Are you average, self-centred, role-model or reserved? | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
Researchers identify four new types after studying the results of more than one million people.
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6 Minute English / Dating apps: How our brains react

6 Minute English / Dating apps: How our brains react | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
What does our brain tell us to do when faced with a dating app?
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Why We Say “OK”: The History of the Most Widely Spoken Word in the World

Why We Say “OK”: The History of the Most Widely Spoken Word in the World | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it

Ok, not to be contrary, but anyone else worry that we may be getting punked here?

Is Coleman Lowndes' clever collage-style video on the ubiquity and origins of the word “ok” a bit too clever for its own good?
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Mmm, That's Good! Using Interjections

Mmm, That's Good! Using Interjections | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
Your browser doesn’t support HTML5 Oops! I spilled some coffee. Hmm… Let me think about it. Woohoo! That’s great news. Let’s celebrate. To the untrained ear, sounds like “oops” “hmm” and “woohoo” may seem like nonsense. But in English, these sounds carry a lot of meaning. We call them “interjections.” And the English language has hundreds of them. Interjections are informal sounds, words or phrases that express the reactions or emotions of the speaker. There are interjections for nearly any feeling or response, such as excitement, happiness, surprise or disappointment. Because there are so many English interjections, the best way to learn them is to hear how they’re used. For example, if I accidentally spilled coffee, my reaction would probably be one of regret. So, I might say, “Oops!” Listen to how it is used: Oops! I spilled some coffee. But don’t worry—I’ll clean it up. We use “oops” to show regret for having done or said something wrong. It’s like saying, “I made a mistake.” When do we use them? Native English speakers use interjections every day. And that includes everyone from babies to older adults. In fact, a baby’s first word might be an interjection. A baby might say “ow” or “ouch!” when they touch something too hot or “yum!” when their food tastes delicious. But an adult might, too. Interjections are used in spoken English, informal writing and creative writing, including in books, films and songs. You may remember American singer Britney Spears’ most famous song, “Oops! ...I Did It Again” in which she shows regret for breaking someone’s heart. We do not use interjections in formal writing, such as essays or research papers. And, we usually avoid them in professional messages, such as business letters or emails. Yet, their informal status does not make them any less useful of a communication tool. Even respected dictionaries now include their meanings. Primary vs. secondary There are two types of interjections: primary and secondary. Primary interjections are individual words and sounds that are used only as interjections. They have no other meanings or uses, such as the words from earlier in our program: “oops,” “hmm,” “woohoo,” “ow,” “ouch,” and “yum.” Secondary interjections are words or phrases that already belong to other parts of speech, such as “boy,” “awesome,” and “oh my God.” These words all have separate meanings as interjections. For example, the original meaning of the word “boy” is male child. But as an interjection, its meaning is completely different. It is used to express a strong reaction, such as interest or surprise. Here's an example: My cat destroyed my roommate’s favorite plant. Boy, was he mad! But I promised to replace it by Sunday. Using the interjection “boy” brings attention to the extent of the roommate’s anger. Parts of speech Even though interjections are informal, they are parts of speech. They can be nouns, verbs or adverbs. Here is an interjection as a noun: Baloney! That’s the stupidest thing I’ve ever heard. Using the word “baloney” is a direct – and somewhat confrontational – way of saying, “I don’t agree with that.” …as a verb: Get out! The tickets sold out in 15 minutes. That’s impossible. “Get out” means “I don’t believe it” and is usually used in a friendly way. …and as an adverb: Uh-uh. I can’t make it today. I have a meeting at 5pm. “Uh-uh” simply means “no” but is usually used to emphasize a negative answer to a question, request or offer. But be careful not to mistake “uh-uh” with an interjection that sounds and looks similar but has the opposite meaning: “Uh-huh.” It means yes. It can also be used to show that you agree or understand. Here’s an example: Do you know what I mean? Uh-huh. I feel the same way. Punctuation Interjections do not follow usual English rules of punctuation. They mostly have no relationship to other parts of a sentence. So, they are usually written separately and followed by an exclamation point or a period. This is because their meanings alone can often express a complete thought. Earlier in the program, for example, we told you that “oops” means “I made a mistake.” That is a complete thought, so it does not need to be part of a sentence. Still, we can follow them with a comma. You could, for example, write, “Oops, I spilled some coffee” with a comma following “oops” instead of a period or exclamation point. The punctuation usually depends on the emotion you are expressing. To show excitement, we usually use an exclamation point after an interjection, which keeps it separate from sentences. Common interjections OK, now let’s learn a few more common interjections: If something is generally unpleasant, whether in appearance, taste or smell, you can say “yuck,” “eww,” “ick,” or “blech.” If you want to say something tastes or smells good, you can use “mmm” or “yum.” If you are frustrated or upset about something, you might say “ugh” or “argh.” One thing to note: Different parts of the United States may use different interjections. Listen again to the example with “baloney.” Baloney! That’s the stupidest thing I’ve ever heard. The word “baloney” is most common in the northeastern United States. And, other forms of English, such as British English, share only some interjections with American English. Listen for American English interjections the next time you are watching a movie or television show or listening to music. And let us know what you find. I’m Alice Bryant. Alice Bryant wrote this story for Learning English. Ashley Thompson was the editor. Now, you try it! Try using a few of the interjections from today’s program. You can also use the table below. Write your answers in the Comments section. ______________________________________________________________ Words in This Story informal – adj. relaxed in tone : not suited for serious or official speech and writing phrase – n. a group of two or more words that express a single idea but do not usually form a complete sentence essay – n. a short piece of writing that tells a person's thoughts or opinions about a subject dictionary – n. a reference book that contains words listed in alphabetical order and that gives information about the words' meanings, forms, pronunciations, etc. original – adj. happening or existing first or at the beginning emphasize – v. to give special attention to (something) punctuation – n. the marks (such as periods and commas) in a piece of writing that make its meaning clear and that separate it into sentences, clauses, etc. frustrated – adj. very angry, discouraged, or upset because of being unable to do or complete something
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Jobcentre joke is the funniest at the Edinburgh Fringe

Jobcentre joke is the funniest at the Edinburgh Fringe | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
Liverpool comedian Adam Rowe wins the award for his one-liner about being sacked by a Jobcentre.
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BBC - Culture - Fourteen words that define the present

BBC - Culture - Fourteen words that define the present | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
At a time when the world is changing more quickly than ever before, we need a new vocabulary. Cameron Laux picks out 14 words and phrases that can help us grasp what’s going on.
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Study: We Learn Language in Pre-Human Area of Brain

Study: We Learn Language in Pre-Human Area of Brain | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
Early language theories claim the human brain has special areas for learning language that are unique to people. A new study challenges that idea.
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BBC - Future - 12 new tech terms you need to understand the future

BBC - Future - 12 new tech terms you need to understand the future | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
From crowdturfing to brainjacking, BBC Future Now explores the unusual and intriguing vocabulary emerging from technology advances this year.

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Appalachian Old-time Music and The Hammons Family

Appalachian Old-time Music and The Hammons Family | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
VOA Learning English presents news, features, audio, video and multimedia about the U.S. and the world in American English. Stories are written at the intermediate and upper-beginner level. Words are spoken one-third slower for ESL learners.
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Learn English With Songs - Boris The Spider, by The Who

An easy English grammar gap fill quiz for elementary English language students and upwards, on the song Boris The Spider, by The Who. Watch this fun video and listen to the song. Use the words from the word box to complete the lyrics, by typing in the missing prepositions.
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Free Philip K. Dick: Download 13 Great Science Fiction Stories

Free Philip K. Dick: Download 13 Great Science Fiction Stories | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
Get acquainted with one of the great science fiction writers of our time, Philip K. Dick. Here we have gathered together 13 free stories, some in text, some in audio. Enjoy and share with a friend.
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Virtual Dice and Random Number Generators via @rmbyrne 

Virtual Dice and Random Number Generators via @rmbyrne  | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
On Wednesday morning I was looking for an online tool that would roll virtual dice for a game that I had designed for a faculty meeting

Via Tom D'Amico (@TDOttawa) , Juergen Wagner
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More US Schools Teaching Skills to Recognize False News

More US Schools Teaching Skills to Recognize False News | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
An increasing number of American states are now requiring schools to teach skills for recognizing real and false news.
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The bridge that crossed an ocean

The bridge that crossed an ocean | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
The story of how an American bought London Bridge and moved it to Arizona
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Peng? Beef? The secret world of slang

Peng? Beef? The secret world of slang | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
Police in Lancashire have compiled a list of slang words to help them understand teens. Do you know what they mean?
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Why Some Americans Keep Talking About Chicago 1968

Why Some Americans Keep Talking About Chicago 1968 | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
Fifty years ago, police and protesters clashed at a political meeting. The violence and debates of that time are still important today.
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Signs You May Be Dehydrated

Signs You May Be Dehydrated | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
We we don't drink enough water, our bodies don't work properly. But many people may not know that they are dehydrated. Read on to recognize signs of dehydration.
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‘Queen of Soul’ Aretha Franklin Dead at 76

‘Queen of Soul’ Aretha Franklin Dead at 76 | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
Aretha Franklin, the American singer known as the “Queen of Soul,” died Thursday at her home in Detroit, Michigan. She had spent many years battling cancer. She was 76 years old.
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What English Would Sound Like If It Was Pronounced Phonetically

What English Would Sound Like If It Was Pronounced Phonetically | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it

The English language presents itself to students and non-native speakers as an almost cruelly capricious entity, its irregularities of spelling and conjugation impossible to explain without an advanced degree.
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Researchers Ask: What Makes People Cooperate? Or Not?

Researchers Ask: What Makes People Cooperate? Or Not? | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
Researchers examine how cooperation fails.
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Will Britain's Withdrawal from the EU Be the End of the World?

Will Britain's Withdrawal from the EU Be the End of the World? | The EFL SMARTblog Scoop.it Page | Scoop.it
British newspapers are filled with stories warning of problems if Britain leaves the EU early next year without an agreement between the two sides. Is the situation that critical?
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