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Collapse: Mesopotamia

Explore the fall of civilizations through four examples: the ancient Maya, Mesopotamia, the Anasazi, and the medieval African empires of Mali and Songhai. Learn about important concepts in archeology such as interpreting evidence and dating artifacts. In a web-based activity, search for clues to what happened at the Maya center of Copan.
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The Fall of the Aztec Empire

The Fall of the Aztec Empire | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
There are many factors that caused the fall of the Aztec empire. We may wonder how history would have been different if not for the fall of the Aztec empire...
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Maya - Facts & Summary - HISTORY.com

Maya - Facts & Summary - HISTORY.com | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
Find out more about the history of Maya, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on HISTORY.com
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Esmeralda Garcia's curator insight, May 17, 2014 2:14 AM

The Maya civilization was one of the most dominant indigenous societies of Mesoamerica.  The Maya were centered in one geographical block covering all of the Yucatan Peninsula and modern-day Guatemala.

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greer_on_collapse.pdf

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This document by John Michael Greer follows the collapse of societies through waste, production, and ecological activity.  Greer enunciates that the collapse of societies is very poorly understood by several.

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Was Mayans' Mysterious Demise Self-Inflicted?

Was Mayans' Mysterious Demise Self-Inflicted? | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it

The city states of the ancient Mayan empire flourished in southern Mexico and northern Central America for about six centuries. Then, around A.D. 900 Mayan civilization disintegrated.

 

Two new studies examine the reasons for the collapse of the Mayan culture, finding the Mayans themselves contributed to the downfall of the empire.


Via Cathryn Wellner
Kelcey Hein's insight:

This article indicates that a drought caused the major collapse of the Mayans because it was unintentionally, self inflicted by deforestation which contributed to climate change

 

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Early Greek states beyond the 'polis'

Early Greek states beyond the 'polis' | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
The Greek polis, as a political and territorial entity, is a remarkable social organisation that emerged in the Greek world after the collapse of the Mycenaean palace system and the “transition” period that followed.

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New Study Linking Collapse of Egypt's Old Kingdom to Drought ...

New Study Linking Collapse of Egypt's Old Kingdom to Drought ... | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
A new study of sediments in Lake Tana (published in Global and Planetary Change and reported on the Archaeology News Network) indicates a period of major drought and low Nile floods around 2200BC coinciding with the ...

Via LaTroy Davis, Sabrina Levin
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Lottiefultz's curator insight, May 2, 2014 4:58 AM

Because of a new study in Lake Tana research concludes and confirms that there was in fact a widespread drought and political crisis Egypt.

Esmeralda Garcia's curator insight, May 7, 2014 4:48 PM

The political crisis due to the death of King Pepe II is one of the leading causes of the fall old kingdom  because there was no one to take king Pepe II place so instead of one ruler there were many rulers.

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BBC - History - Ancient History in depth: The Fall of the Egyptian Old Kingdom

BBC - History - Ancient History in depth: The Fall of the Egyptian Old Kingdom | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
The fall of the Egyptian Old Kingdom.

Via Kyle Hogan, Cynthia Munoz
Kelcey Hein's insight:

This is an in depth article about why the old kingdom fell, most likely due to drought/ famine and political collapse as covered by Fekri Hassan, a renowned egyptologist 

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Kyle Hogan's curator insight, April 18, 2014 6:55 PM

Another informative article. The mention of roughly a new pharaoh every year certainly helps explain how things collapsed.

vanessa ortiz's curator insight, April 25, 2014 6:56 PM

This article believes that the fall of Egypt was due to the Nile river drying up.  Because the Nile dried up then people starved and were not able to survive without water therefore the kingdom fell.

vanessa ortiz's curator insight, May 14, 2014 2:04 PM

This article suggests that even though the power of pharaohs was the downfall of the monarchy it was not the end of the civilization.  The Egyptian people rediscovered how to govern themselves by ruling themselves.

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What Caused The Old Kingdom To Fall Into The Intermediate Period

What Caused The Old Kingdom To Fall Into The Intermediate Period | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
First Intermediate Period of Egypt : The First Intermediate Period, often described as a €œdark period€ in ancient Egyptian The fall of the Old Kingdom is often described as a period of chaos and One reason that is often ...

Via Cynthia Munoz
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A website with basic information and links to other source of information on why the old Kingdom fell

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David Arrieta's curator insight, April 26, 2014 12:49 AM

This article gives a chronological order of all the events that led up to the collapse of the civilization. It tells us about the first intermediate period and the turmoil the civilization went through until it finally collapsed.  

Issel Navarrete's curator insight, May 3, 2014 2:02 AM

This article talks about the intermediate period which essentically was the "dark age" for the old kingdom. It talks about the different ways people believe this event happened. 

Esmeralda Garcia's curator insight, May 7, 2014 3:42 PM

The collapse of the central government due to the death of king Pepe II brought about the collapse of the old kingdom. There was no that took his place as the ruler so the governors decided to rule their own little cities but not the entire kingdom alone. 

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Jared Diamond: Why do societies collapse? | Talk Video | TED

Jared Diamond: Why do societies collapse? | Talk Video | TED | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
Why do societies fail? With lessons from the Norse of Iron Age Greenland, deforested Easter Island and present-day Montana, Jared Diamond talks about the signs that collapse is near, and how -- if we see it in time -- we can prevent it.
Kelcey Hein's insight:

I really like Diamond's point and theories about the collapse of other civilizations.  Plus he gave insight about where to begin in my research as well.

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Kelsey Cherise Quates's curator insight, April 17, 2014 5:33 PM

I don't agree on Mr Ted's whole theory but it is very interesting. I think that the signs are going to just happen and history and technology can't tell us the answers. We have to keep going on the path or else all effort will just go to searching for this theory alone. Also people there own theories and opinions so you can't call them a idiot for not giving substantial or excessive evidence such as Ted.

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Ancient Egypt: Study augments the drought theories

Ancient Egypt: Study augments the drought theories | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
Recent research testifies archeological records of droughts in Ancient Egypt during the demise of Egypt's old kingdom, the era known as the pyramid-building time.

Via promienie
Kelcey Hein's insight:

The reason I did not continue to look to far into this theory is because all of the sources I found pointed to civil war not drought nor famine.

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Destony Buckley's curator insight, April 19, 2014 2:15 AM

I learned a lot about the drought through this article. I didn't realize how big the drought actually was until reading this. California is in a drought as of now and I can not imagine anything like this happening.

Xochithl Barragan's curator insight, May 17, 2014 1:34 AM

This article proves that there were droughts and fires because of sediments that were found deep in the ground.

Cynthia Munoz's curator insight, May 17, 2014 1:53 AM

Source talks about the drought theory behind why the Old Kingdom fell.

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What the collapse of the Ming Dynasty can tell us about American decline

What the collapse of the Ming Dynasty can tell us about American decline | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
Everyone likes to compare the U.S. to Rome, but this 16th century superpower is a far more salient comparison
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Maya Rise and Fall

Maya Rise and Fall | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
From the August 2007 issue of National Geographic magazine. Scholars have long puzzled over the Maya civilization's rise to glory and fall to ruin. The latest thinking is that a man named Fire Is Born made the Maya great. But no one person or problem caused the collapse. Simply put, everything went wrong.
Kelcey Hein's insight:

The National Geographic Article explains how Taj Chan Ahk was able to dominate the upper Pasión Valley for 40 years without waging a single war or fighting one battle.

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David Arrieta's curator insight, May 17, 2014 12:58 AM

This article explains the fall of the Mayan Empire. The fall of this great civilization was unlike that of other great empires expected. The King Kan Maax was preparing defense systems in order to protect his kingdom, but as the evidence shows the attack on Maya was quick, there are still unfinished construction work that has survived until now, plates and bowls are still on the ground.

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Huge Ancient Civilization's Collapse Explained

Huge Ancient Civilization's Collapse Explained | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
At its peak, the Harappan civilization accounted for 10 percent of the world population.
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This article covers the collapse of the Harappans, claiming again that climate change was the major factor to the collapse.  They support this theory with geological samples

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JSTOR: Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 138, No. 3 (Sep., 1994), pp. 363-370

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This article by Jared Diamond covers the ecological collapses of several ancient societies.

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Population, Climate Change Led to Fall of Mayans: Confirmed - Medical Daily

Population, Climate Change Led to Fall of Mayans: Confirmed - Medical Daily | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
Medical DailyPopulation, Climate Change Led to Fall of Mayans: ConfirmedMedical DailyScientists have never been able to conclusively figure out what exactly destroyed the advanced and ancient Mayan civilization - and, with some people worried about...

Via Trisha Klancar
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Mr. Plaza: The Rise and Fall of Ancient Egypt

An introduction to the Ancient Egyptians, specifically how geography impacted its development.

Via Olivia Chavez-French
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Olivia Chavez-French's curator insight, April 11, 2014 1:36 AM

A video detailing how Egypt both rise and fell.

vanessa ortiz's curator insight, April 18, 2014 9:28 PM

I enjoyed how this video explained how Egypt became a kingdom to how the kingdom has fallen.  It was news to me that the nile flowed from the south to the north and not from the north to the south.  Which explains why the Egyptians referred to the north of Egypt as Lower Egypt and referred to south Egypt as Upper Egypt.  The Nile River gave Egypt a lot of benefits that rose Egypt's economy.  However, everything must come to an end and in the video the author believes that the end came for Egypt because the power for the pharaohs from the old kingdom decreased which allowed the middle kingdom to take over but then that kingdom didn't last because nearby civilizations took over.

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Amun-Ra Egyptology Blog: The Fall of the Egyptian Old Kingdom

Amun-Ra Egyptology Blog: The Fall of the Egyptian Old Kingdom | Fall of Civilization continued... | Scoop.it
Nothing prepared Egypt for the eclipse of royal power and poverty that came after Pepy II (Neferkare). He had ruled for more than 90 years (2246 - 2152 BC) as the fourth king of the 6th Dynasty of the Old Kingdom.

Via LaTroy Davis
Kelcey Hein's insight:

A very educational article written by Fekri Hassan, an expert on the fall of the Old Kingdom

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Mario Murakami's curator insight, April 11, 2014 9:01 PM

Power from a centralized government and divine ruler shifted to those with regional power. These regional government treated their governance as their own property.

Hector Chavez Gutierrez's curator insight, April 11, 2014 10:56 PM

The wealthy men who had power had no empathy towards peasants. When anarchy erupted they were the men first to be killed since the anger of the villagers was directed towards them.  

Esmeralda Garcia's curator insight, May 7, 2014 3:34 PM

The death of king Pepe II was also a factor that led to the collapse of the old kingdom there was no one king there were many rulers aka governors. The invasion of the Asiatics was also said to be a factor that led to the fall of the old kingdom.

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Why Ancient Egypt Fell (The Collapse of Kemets Old Kingdom) Pt.5

This is a 6 part series which explains how and why Egypt's Old Kingdom (The Culture of the Pyramid Builders) collapsed for almost 200 years. If you think thi...

Via Olivia Chavez-French
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Olivia Chavez-French's curator insight, April 11, 2014 1:37 AM

A brief clip from a six part series on why Egypt's Old Kingdom fell.

vanessa ortiz's curator insight, April 18, 2014 9:38 PM

This video suggests that the fall of the Egypt kingdom fell due to the climate change.  The lower kingdom (north Egypt) was not always a deadly desert.  North Egypt was once full of savannas and small bodies of water.  However, as time went on it became the desert that we see today.  Which is why the kingdom of Egypt collapsed because nobody could live there anymore.  This theory of why the Egyptian kingdom collapsed is intriguing to me because it is scientifically proven that the world's climates and geography have changed over time and continue to do so.  Therefore, this theory could be correct.

Esmeralda Garcia's curator insight, May 7, 2014 3:39 PM

New research shows that the reason behind the drought was because of the desert that surrounded them. The Sahara desert use to be dryer than what is now. There was a collapse of vegetation and no rain.

 

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Ancient Apocalypse - Death On The Nile

Why did the Egyptian Old Kingdom collapse? What led to the demise of the greatest civilisation the world has ever seen? Professor Fekri Hassan looks at the p...
Kelcey Hein's insight:

A very informational video about the collapse of the old kingdom by Fekri Hassan, an expert on civilizations and their collapses.  The main theory covered is the drought theory, that the drought ultimately dissolved the economy and the power of the pharaohs

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Sabrina Levin's curator insight, April 12, 2014 2:52 AM

Archeologists discovered that the fall of Egypt was something of extreme horror. Professor Ferik Hassan believes that possibly an incredibly dreadful plague swept over them. 

Cynthia Munoz's curator insight, April 19, 2014 12:32 AM

Very useful video, actual archaeology is used to explain why the Old Kingdom fell.

Martin bui's curator insight, April 19, 2014 2:12 AM

They would write nonsense on walls and writing of what they seen. 

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Egyptian Civilisation- Old Kingdom

This video narrates the events as well as the significance of the period of Egyptian Civilisation known as the Old Kingdom. This is a product of Mexus Educat...
Kelcey Hein's insight:

My starting point in my research.  I did not use anything from this video in my blog post but rather as a starting point.

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Kelsey Cherise Quates's curator insight, April 17, 2014 5:24 PM

The video talks about how the Egyptians took care of the dead and the the great pyramids that still stand today. The afterlife also was talked about as well and all of these things linked to each other because they served as a higher purpose than what others believe. 

Ricardo Salazar's curator insight, April 19, 2014 2:34 AM

The Egyptian civilization also known as  old kingdom began with dynasty 3 and the most important contribution of this period were their royal stone tombs. The royal stone tombs are known for us like the pyramids from Egypt.  

Destiny Silva's curator insight, May 13, 2014 1:47 PM

highlights important events and information obtained from this period. Focuses on the old kingdom.