Explorers of the New World
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Hernando de Soto - Mini Biography

Watch a short biography video of Hernando de Soto, the Spanish conquistador who discovered the Mississippi River. Learn more about Hernando de Soto: http://b...
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Hernando De Soto was born in 1500 to a poor family in Spain. When he was 14 he went on expiation to the West Indies. He took a fortune on his first expiation with Pissarro. He found the so called "high way" to the Incan capital. Soto conquers the Incan with a few people. Soto returned to Spain very rich. He got appointed as the governor of Cuba he explored north, and he found Florida the Mississippi River. He died in present day Louisiana in 1542 by fever.   

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Hernán Cortés - Mini Biography

Watch a short biography video of Hernán Cortés, the Spanish conquistador who overthrew the Aztec empire and won Mexico for the crown of Spain. Learn more abo...
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Spanish Hernan Cortez was born in Spain around 1485. He left Spain in 1504 and ends up in Cuba in 1511. In 1518 he convinced the governor of Cuba to make him general in an expiation to make a colony in Mexico. Mexico was controlled by Aztecs. When he went to the Aztec capitol he takes the Aztec emperor hostage. The Cuban governor confronted him with a force. Cortez then leaves, and leaves someone else in charge. Cortez takes the Cuban governor hostage, and convinces the other soldiers to take his side. When he came back the person he left in charge killed several Aztec priest, and found the Aztec’s us in arms. Cortez thought that the Aztec emperor should intervene, and face the rioting crowds. The emperor was killed by a rock in the riot. In 1521 Cortez regroups with other native tribes, and conquers the Aztecs. In 1541 Cortez retired in Spain, and in 1547 he died.   

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Empire of the Bay: Henry Hudson

Empire of the Bay: Henry Hudson | Explorers of the New World | Scoop.it
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British Henry Hudson was born in England 1565, and at an early age spent a lot of time being around fishermen, and studying navigation. In 1607 Henry Hudson was so good at navigation that the English Muscovy company took him. Henry Hudson promised them that he would lead them to an ice free sea route to China. Hudson sailed north until he reached the icy seas, and discovered no route to China. A year later he set on a voyage to the islands of Novaya Zemlya in the Arctic Ocean north of Russia. The icy fields put him back once again. Henry Hudson took a third voyage in 1609 for the Dutch East India Company. He received supplies from Amsterdam he heard talk about a northwest route to the Pacific through North America. Months later he sailed to New York to what is now the Hudson River, and thought it was a sea route to Asia. When he found out it wasn’t a sea route he returned on his 4th voyage for England in 1610 in this voyage Henry Hudson discovered what is now Hudson Bay looking for a route to Asia his crew got weary, and Henry Hudson didn’t want to leave. In 1611 Henry Hudson’s crew mutinied forcing him off the ship on to a life boat. Henry Hudson was never seen again

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Columbus reaches the New World — History.com This Day in History — 10/12/1492

Columbus reaches the New World — History.com This Day in History — 10/12/1492 | Explorers of the New World | Scoop.it
After sailing across the Atlantic Ocean, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sights a Bahamian island, believing he has reached East Asia. (THIS DAY IN HISTORY: 1960 > Nikita Khrushchev throws a tantrum at the United Nations.

Via Jack Hansen
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On August 3rd 1492 Italian Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean for Spain looking for a water route to eastern Asia. He had three ships the Santa Maria, the Pinta, and the Nina. When he was sailing he thought he saw China when it was really Cuba, and he thought the Bahamas was Japan. He landed on those beaches, and realized it wasn’t China or Japan so he made a colony in the Bahamas with his 39 men. In 1493 he returned to Spain with riches, and spices, like gold and cinnamon. Christopher Columbus was given credit for discovering the Americas.       

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Vasco Núñez de Balboa

Vasco Núñez de Balboa | Explorers of the New World | Scoop.it
The Spanish conquistador and explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa (1475-1519) was the first European to discover the Pacific Ocean.
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Spanish Vasco Nunez de Balboa was born 1475 in Spain. Balboa wanted to find fortune in the new world, and left on an expedition in 1500. He explored the coast of present day Columbia. Balboa was acting as the interim governor of present day Columbia. He led expiation across Panama. He saw the Pacific Ocean, and named it the south sea. Later in his life the king of Spain thought he would bring a rebellion, and beheaded him in 1519.

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John Cabot

John Cabot | Explorers of the New World | Scoop.it
In 1497 and 1498, Italian navigator John Cabot sailed across the northern Atlantic under the English flag; his expeditions laid the basis for later British land claims in Canada.
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Italian John Cabot was born around 1450 in Genoa, and grew up to be an explorer. His first voyage was in April 1497 with a crew of 18. He sailed for England. He ended up landing around the island of Newfoundland. Cabot’s second voyage was in late 1497 where he sailed west to find a sea route to Asia. With a crew of about 200 with 5 ships they ended up getting to Ireland where one of the ships got damaged, and a severe storm broke loose, and Cabot was presumed killed in the storm in 1499. Cabot’s discoveries lead to the establishment of the British North American Colonies that became Canada, and the USA.

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Samuel de Champlain - Mini Biography

Watch a short biography of French explorer Samuel de Champlain who established the city of Quebec in the northern colony of New France. Learn more about Samu...
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French Samuel de Champlain was the founder of Quebec, and explored most of Canada. He was born Bausch France in 1567. He demonstrated his navigation on a voyage in 1603 to North America, and sailed up the St. Lawrence sea way, and saw Native Americans. After that Samuel de Champlain returned. The next year he was asked to be the geographer to a voyage in to North America in three years he mapped most of Canada. In 1608 Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec. Champlain returned to France, and married to a 13 year old bride. After marriage Champlain returned to the St. Lawrence River, and got some French people to live on the banks, and Champlain, and the people where the founders of Quebec. Champlain exploration days where cut off short, when the king of France made him the governor of Quebec he eventually died in 1635. 

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Ferdinand Magellan - Mini Biography

Watch a short biography of explorer Ferdinand Magellan who proved that the world was round. Learn more about Ferdinand Magellan: http://bit.ly/1bPgcfN Watch ...
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Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan was born in Portugal in 1480, and at an early age studied a lot of navigation at a young age, and got to sail around the Spice Islands in 1505. Later in his life Ferdinand Magellan got financing to find a alternate sea route to east Asia. Magellan sailed through known today as the straits of Magellan in south Argentina after six months at sea the crew was starving, and landed in the Philippines. Magellan was killed with a poison arrow by the Pilipino natives in April 1521. His crew went on without him, and made in to Spain on September 1522. Ferdinand Magellan was the one who proved the world wasn't flat by circumnavigating the world.    

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