The 1930"s american dust bowl
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The 1930"s american dust bowl
Dust storms that happen during the great depression mainly in kansas, oklahoma, and texas.
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Primary source #2: WGBH American Experience . Surviving the Dust Bowl | PBS

Primary source #2: WGBH American Experience . Surviving the Dust Bowl | PBS | The 1930"s american dust bowl | Scoop.it
General Article: Black Sunday: April 14, 1935
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website on historical topic#3: The Dust Bowl of the 1930s

website on historical topic#3: The Dust Bowl of the 1930s | The 1930"s american dust bowl | Scoop.it
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website on historical topic #1:Dust Bowl - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Dust Bowl, or the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agricultural damage to American and Canadian prairie lands in the 1930s, particularly in 1934 and 1936. The phenomenon was caused by severe drought combined with farming methods that did not include crop rotation, fallow fields, cover crops, soil terracing and wind-breaking trees to prevent wind erosion.[1] Extensive deep plowing of the virgin topsoil of the Great Plains in the preceding decade had displaced the natural deep-rooted grasses that normally kept the soil in place and trapped moisture even during periods of drought and high winds. Rapid mechanization of farm implements, especially small gasoline tractors and widespread use of the combine harvester were significant in the decisions to convert grassland (much of which received no more than 10 inches (250 mm) of precipitation per year) to cultivated cropland.

During the drought of the 1930s, without natural anchors to keep the soil in place, it dried, turned to dust, and blew away with the prevailing winds. At times, the clouds blackened the sky, reaching all the way to East Coast cities such as New York and Washington, D.C. Much of the soil ended up deposited in the Atlantic Ocean, carried by prevailing winds. These immense dust storms—given names such as "black blizzards" and "black rollers"—often reduced visibility to a few feet (a meter) or less. The Dust Bowl affected 100,000,000 acres (400,000 km2), centered on the panhandles of Texas and Oklahoma, and adjacent parts of New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas.[2]

Millions of acres of farmland were damaged, and hundreds of thousands of people were forced to leave their homes; many of these families (often known as "Okies", since so many came from Oklahoma) migrated to California and other states, where they found economic conditions little better during than those they had left, because of the Great Depression. Owning no land, many became migrant workers who traveled from farm to farm to pick fruit and other crops at starvation wages. Author John Steinbeck wrote The Grapes of Wrath, for which he won a Pulitzer prize, and Of Mice and Men about such people.

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website on historical topic #2:Home | THE DUST BOWL

website on historical topic #2:Home | THE DUST BOWL | The 1930"s american dust bowl | Scoop.it
THE DUST BOWL chronicles the worst man-made ecological disaster in American history, in which the frenzied wheat boom of the 'Great Plow-Up,' followed by a decade-long drought during the 1930s nearly swept away the breadbasket of the nation.
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