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Argentina

Argentina | TFArgentinaRevolution | Scoop.it

-Military campaigns led by General José de San Martín between 1814 and 1817 made independence increasingly a reality. In 1820 Liga Federal was crushed by forces of the United Provinces of South America and Portugal armies from Brazil and its provinces absorbed into United Provinces of South America. Argentines revere San Martín, who campaigned in Argentina, Chile, and Peru, as the hero of their national independence.

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Daily Life through History Argentina

-In the aftermath of the independence wars, caudillos emerged to fill the power vacuum left by the retreat of colonial governments. Caudillos were local warlords or military strongmen who established strict order over extensive regions. They operated with impunity and taxed, spent, and punished as they wished. In the words of one caudillo, "I neither want nor like ministers who think.

-Many caudillos were responsible for important modernization campaigns in which they laid miles of railroad tracks, roads, and telegraph wires. Famous 19th-century caudillos include Rafael Carrera (Guatemala), Juan Manuel de Rosas (Argentina)

 

Burns, E. B. Latin America: A Concise Interpretive History. 5th ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1990; James, C. L. R. The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution. New York: Random House, 1963; Loveman, B. For La Patria: Politics and the Armed Forces in Latin America. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 1999; Lynch, J. The Spanish American Revolutions, 1808-1826. Rev. ed. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 1988; Rugeley, T. Yucatán's Maya Peasantry and the Origins of The Caste War. Austin: U

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Argentina (May Revolution)

Argentina (May Revolution) | TFArgentinaRevolution | Scoop.it

-In 1806 and 1807 the British Empire launched two invasions to Buenos Aires, but the criollo population repelled both attempts. On May 25, 1810, after confirmation of the rumors about the overthrow of King Ferdinand VII by Napoleon, citizens of Buenos Aires created the First Government Junta ( May Revolution).

 

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Argentina -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Argentina -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia | TFArgentinaRevolution | Scoop.it
Argentina, country of South America, covering most of the southern portion of the continent. The world’s eighth largest country, Argentina occupies an area more extensive than Mexico and the U.S. state of Texas combined.

 

- Following three centuries of Spanish colonization, Argentina declared independence in 1816, and Argentine nationalists were instrumental in revolutionary movements elsewhere.

-Argentina had periods of caudillo (strong man leadership), most famous was under Juan Peron

-1970's was period of military dictatorship

-1982, when Argentina invaded the South Atlantic islands it claimed as its own and was defeated by British forces in a short but bloody campaign. Defeat led to the fall of the military regime and the reestablishment of democratic rule, which has since endured despite various economic crises.

-Argentina is indeed a great source of valuable minerals

-once ranked among the world’s wealthiest nations

-widest from east to west and stretches 2,360 miles (3,800 km) from the subtropical north to the subantarctic south. The country is bounded by Chile

-Andes region includes the northern half of the main mountain mass in Argentina and the transitional terrain, or piedmont, merging with the eastern lowlands.

-Argentina’s fauna and flora vary widely from the country’s mountainous zones to its dry and humid plains and its subpolar regions. In heavily settled regions the makeup of plant and animal life has been profoundly modified.

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