Systems Theory
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Systems Theory
theoretical aspects of (social) systems theory
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Blockchain-of-Things

In 1954 , English scientist W. Ross Ashby described the possibility of machine components establishing mutual connections or the interconnection of machines to create a new whole as a fundamental feature of these machines. Ashby concluded this after studying the functioning of an interconnected whole that he called a homeostat. Kline defined the homeostat as follows: “The homeostat consisted of four interconnected boxes filled with electronic gear and switches.” (2015:52).
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New weblog posted this time with the title Blockchain-of-Things. You can find the weblog here
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Society needs a reboot for the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Society needs a reboot for the Fourth Industrial Revolution | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Society’s operating system needs an upgrade. The models we have been using are simply not up to the challenges of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
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The Iran Nuclear Deal Unraveling Raises Fears of Cyberattacks

The Iran Nuclear Deal Unraveling Raises Fears of Cyberattacks | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
For the last three years, Iran has restrained its state-sponsored hackers from disruptive attacks on the West. That ceasefire may now be over.
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It’s Time to Study AI on Its Own Terms

It’s Time to Study AI on Its Own Terms | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
What if physiologists were the only people who study human behavior at all scales: from how the human body functions, to how social…
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Macron: France to invest nearly €1.5B for AI until 2022 –

Macron: France to invest nearly €1.5B for AI until 2022 – | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
‘We have to be in a position to build, in France and in Europe, an artificial intelligence ecosystem.’
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The Mind-Expanding Ideas of Andy Clark

The Mind-Expanding Ideas of Andy Clark | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Larissa MacFarquhar on the philosopher and cognitive scientist who believes that the tools we use to help us think may be what makes human thought special.
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Google Is Working on Its Own Blockchain-Related Technology - Bloomberg

Google Is Working on Its Own Blockchain-Related Technology - Bloomberg | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Google is working on blockchain-related technology to support its cloud business and head off competition from emerging startups that use the heavily-hyped technology to operate online in new ways, according to people familiar with the situation.
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Programmed to love: is a human-robot relationship wrong? | Aeon Essays

Programmed to love: is a human-robot relationship wrong? | Aeon Essays | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Robot relationships need not be kinky, exploitative or fake. In fact they might give human relationships a helpful boost
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AI could alleviate China’s doctor shortage

AI could alleviate China’s doctor shortage | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Chinese doctors and tech companies are developing tools to automate routine medical tasks.
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AI Overlords: Could Self-Taught Artificial Intelligence Have Trouble With the Real World?

AI Overlords: Could Self-Taught Artificial Intelligence Have Trouble With the Real World? | Systems Theory | Scoop.it

It’s hard to pinpoint the dawn of AI gaming supremacy. You could choose Kasparov’s loss in chess, or Lee Sedol’s defeat at the virtual hands of AlphaGo. Another popular option would be when legendaryJeopardy! champion Ken Jennings lost to IBM’s Watson in 2011. Watson could parse the game’s clues and handle wordplay. The two-day match wasn’t close. “I for one welcome our new computer overlords,” Jennings wrote under his final answer.

 

Watson seemed to be endowed with the kind of clerical skills humans use on a host of real-world problems. It could take a prompt in English, rummage through relevant documents at lightning speed, come up with the relevant snippets of information, and settle on a single best answer. But seven years later, the real world continues to present stubborn challenges for AI. A September report by the health publication Stat found that researching and designing personalized cancer treatments, as Watson’s descendant Watson for Oncology aims to do, is proving difficult.

 

“The questions in Jeopardy! are easier in the sense that they don’t need much common sense,” wrote Bengio, who has collaborated with the Watson team, when asked to compare the two cases from the AI perspective. “Understanding a medical article is much harder. Again, much basic research is needed.”

 

As special as games are, there are still a few real-world problems they resemble. Researchers from DeepMind declined to be interviewed for this article, citing the fact that their AlphaZero work is currently under peer review. But the team has suggested that its techniques may soon help biomedical researchers, who would like to understand protein folding.

 

To do this, they need to figure out how the various amino acids that make up a protein kink and fold into a little three-dimensional machine with a function that depends on its shape. That’s tricky in the same ways chess is tricky: Chemists know the rules roughly well enough to calculate specific scenarios, but there are still so many possible configurations, it’s a hopeless task to search through them all. But what if protein folding could be configured as a game? In fact, it already has been. Since 2008, hundreds of thousands of human players have attempted Foldit, an online game where users are scored on the stability and feasibility of the protein structures they fold. A machine could train itself in a similar manner, perhaps by trying to beat its previous best score with general reinforcement learning.


Via Complexity Digest, Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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U.S. Blocks a Chinese Deal Amid Rising Tensions Over Technology - The New York Times

U.S. Blocks a Chinese Deal Amid Rising Tensions Over Technology - The New York Times | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
A maker of chip-testing equipment, Xcerra, said it was walking away from a proposed sale to a Chinese group because of regulatory concerns.
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Ethereum’s smart contracts are full of holes

Ethereum’s smart contracts are full of holes | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Blockchain-powered computer programs promise to revolutionize the digital economy, but new research suggests they’re far from secure.
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The Blockchain Pipe Dream by Nouriel Roubini & Preston Byrne

The Blockchain Pipe Dream by Nouriel Roubini & Preston Byrne | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Even after a sharp correction earlier this year, the price of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies has remained unsustainably high, and techno-libertarians have continued to insist that blockchain technologies will revolutionize the way business is done. In fact, blockchain might just be the most over-hyped technology of all time.
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Worried About Big Tech? Chinese Giants Make America’s Look Tame - The New York Times

Worried About Big Tech? Chinese Giants Make America’s Look Tame - The New York Times | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
China’s two internet behemoths, Tencent and Alibaba, are spending billions of dollars in an escalating battle to dominate every part of daily life.
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The White House says a new AI task force will protect workers and keep America first

The White House says a new AI task force will protect workers and keep America first | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Saying the US is ahead of other nations in AI, the administration touts actions it has already taken to promote the technology.
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Europe is determined to break the US and Chinas artificial intelligence duopoly —

Europe is determined to break the US and Chinas artificial intelligence duopoly — | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The United States and China currently dominate the world of artificial intelligence, but used very different approaches to get there. While the US's academic system has generated and incubated the research that made today's AI possible, China's government has pledged billions in funding and offered the technology its full-throated support. It's a space-race redux, wher
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Emmanuel Macron Q&A: France's President Discusses Artificial Intelligence Strategy

Emmanuel Macron Q&A: France's President Discusses Artificial Intelligence Strategy | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
In an interview with WIRED, French President Emmanuel Macron describes his plans to enhance the country's AI efforts—and differentiate them from those in the US.
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Exclusive: This is the most dexterous robot ever created

Exclusive: This is the most dexterous robot ever created | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The most nimble-fingered machine yet shows how machine learning can teach robots to recognize and pick up different types of objects, a skill that could transform many factories and warehouses.
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China wants to shape the global future of artificial intelligence

China wants to shape the global future of artificial intelligence | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Drawing up technical standards is an early attempt to control how AI evolves worldwide.
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Sierra Leone government denies the role of blockchain in its recent election –

Sierra Leone government denies the role of blockchain in its recent election – | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
The National Electoral Commission Sierra Leone has come out with a clarification to – and, an outright condemnation – of the news that theirs was one of the first elections recorded to the blockchain. While the blockchain voting company Agora claimed to have run the first blockchain-bas…
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Billion-dollar debts control the future of tech industry | Opinion | The Guardian

Billion-dollar debts control the future of tech industry | Opinion | The Guardian | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Giant global funds, such as SoftBank in Japan, are borrowing huge amounts to swallow up Europe’s robotic and AI firms
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Amazon built its hyper efficient warehouses by embracing chaos —

Amazon built its hyper efficient warehouses by embracing chaos — | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Robbinsville, NJ When Dave Alperson got his first job at an Amazon warehouse in 1997, as a temporary hourly employee, it involved walking around the warehouse with a list of where to find products—mostly books—that customers had ordered. Twenty years later, as a regional director of operations for Amazon in Indiana, he oversees 1
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A Preview of Bristlecone, Google’s New Quantum Processor

A Preview of Bristlecone, Google’s New Quantum Processor | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Posted by Julian Kelly, Research Scientist, Quantum AI Lab The goal of the Google Quantum AI lab is to build a quantum computer that ca
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After Alibaba, Baidu leaps into quantum computing ·

After Alibaba, Baidu leaps into quantum computing · | Systems Theory | Scoop.it
Baidu announced today that it will launch its own institute for quantum computing dedicated to the application of quantum computing software and information technology. The Baidu Quantum Computing Institute will be headed by Professor Duan Runyao, director of the Centre for Quantum Software and Information at the University of Technology Sydney (UTS). Professor Duan said …
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