Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org
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System of Rice Intensification Recognized by Keeling Curve Prize

System of Rice Intensification Recognized by Keeling Curve Prize | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

A joint entry by SRI-Rice in Ithaca, NY, and Pragati Koraput in India was among the 2018 winners of the Keeling Curve Prize, which is awarded to 10 organizations to recognize  the most promising projects that effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions or increase carbon uptake.

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VIETNAM: Hiệu quả từ mô hình thâm canh lúa cải tiến

VIETNAM: Hiệu quả từ mô hình thâm canh lúa cải tiến | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Vụ đông xuân 2017- 2018, được sự hỗ trợ của Chương trình phát triển vùng huyện Hải Lăng (Tổ chức Tầm nhìn Thế giới), Trạm Khuyến nông huyện Hải Lăng triển khai mô hình thâm canh lúa cải tiến (SRI) tại 6 xã gồm: Hải Thành, Hải Thiện, Hải Trường, Hải Quy, Hải Xuân và Hải Hòa trên diện tích hơn 2,4 ha với 37 hộ tham gia, sử dụng giống lúa Thiên Ưu 8 và Ma Lâm 48... Khi tham gia thực hiện mô hình thâm canh lúa cải tiến (SRI), các hộ dân được hỗ trợ giống lúa mới có chất lượng cao Thiên Ưu 8;

SRI-Rice's insight:

High productivity, seed amount decreased by 2.5 kg / sao, nitrogen fertilizer reduced by 20-25%, water saving, and especially, not using plant protection chemicals (but having less rice pests!): According to an article in Quảng Trị, Online, these are the advantages that explain why SRI which is currently being implemented in Hai Lang district. While farmers were skeptical, especially about seed and pesticide reduction, the harvest was over 60 quintals per hectare, and the rice had less shattering and was resistant to pests. Reduced density with SRI increases photosynthesis, limits pests and diseases by better airflow and microclimate, and enables rice paddies to develop more effectively...

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System of Rice Intensification - PowerPoint Presentations uploaded by SRI-Rice

System of Rice Intensification - PowerPoint Presentations uploaded by SRI-Rice | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

A decade of PowerPoints uploaded by SRI-Rice about the System of Rice Intensification! Learn more about what happened in various countries and how SRI is being adapted around the world.

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CHILE: Avances con el Sistema Intensivo de Cultivo de Arroz (SRI) en las Américas: Pruebas en Chile | IICA

Avances con el Sistema Intensivo de Cultivo de Arroz (SRI) en las Américas: Pruebas en Chile

SRI-Rice's insight:

 [Note:The first minute of this hour-long video is blank.] This Spanish language webinar by Karla Cordero L. about SRI in Chile was sponsored by the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA).

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INDONESIA: Effect of intermittent irrigation following the system of rice intensification (SRI) on rice yield in a farmer’s paddy fields in Indonesia

INDONESIA: Effect of intermittent irrigation following the system of rice intensification (SRI) on rice yield in a farmer’s paddy fields in Indonesia | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

...The aims of this study were to clarify the actual water management of a skilled SRI farmer in irrigated paddy field of Indonesia and to examine the effect of intermittent water management on rice growth and yield. Yield and yield components were compared in the field experiments in the farmer’s fields under intermittent (SRI) or flooded (FL) irrigation for 4 years from 2013 to 2016. The daily mean water depth of SRI plots during 0–40 days after transplanting showed very shallow (ca. 2 cm) or little lower than soil surface and continued to be lower than soil surface during reproductive stage when panicles were formed. The yield of SRI significantly exceeded that of FL for 4 years by 13% (P = 0.0004), so did the panicle numbers per area (P  = 0.036). The yield increase in SRI was associated with the increased number of panicles, which should have resulted from enhanced tiller development under shallow water level during the vegetative stage... A greater yield increase by SRI could be expected by improving nutrient or water management during the reproductive stage.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Nugroho, Bayu Dwi Apri, et al. 2018. Effect of intermittent irrigation following the system of rice intensification (SRI) on rice yield in a famer’s paddy fields in Indonesia. Paddy and Water Environment (online first June 13, 2018) doi: 10.1007/s10333-018-0663-x

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A New Farming Technique Using Drastically Less Water Is Catching On | HuffPost

A New Farming Technique Using Drastically Less Water Is Catching On  | HuffPost | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

HuffPost - by John Vidal

...The United Nations has come out in support of SRI in countries including MaliCambodia and Vietnam, and the World Bank has begun to promote it in India and Egypt. In 2017 SRI was endorsed by the science journal Nature. "Clearly SRI is one of the technology options that has the potential to increase paddy yields for small farmers. We have invested in scaling up SRI systems in rice in both Bihar and Tamil Nadu [states] and based on our experience have observed that there is potential of more than 25 percent increase in the yield [and a] 64 percent increase in output per unit of water for SRI,” says Vinay Kumar Vutukuru, a World Bank senior agricultural specialist.

Uphoff calls for governments to study the experiences of grassroots farmers: “The principles of SRI can be applied to many crops. It is a genie that can no longer be stuffed back into the lamp."

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A development model for the 21st century: Addressing poverty by tackling climate change | The Politics of Poverty Blog

A development model for the 21st century: Addressing poverty by tackling climate change | The Politics of Poverty Blog | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Reducing emissions of methane, black carbon, and other short-lived climate pollutants is critical to poverty alleviation and development, and provides fast-action solutions to address climate change. Efforts to alleviate poverty and support social mobility and livelihoods can be bolstered by actions that mitigate climate change. A new Oxfam America research paper, assesses and draws attention to the sustainable development outcomes that can arise from implementing measures that reduce climate pollutants such as methane and black carbon—so-called short-lived climate pollutants (SLCP) or “super pollutants.”
Turns out, behind the wonky jargon there is a long list of poverty fighting benefits that can be derived from super pollutant mitigation strategies...
...Adopting rice production practices that use less water, such as the System of Rice Intensification or alternate wetting and drying methods, can enhance resiliency, lower costs, and reduce methane emissions while yielding comparable amounts of grain...

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What is the environmental impact of sushi?  | WWF

What is the environmental impact of sushi?  | WWF | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it
Half the world’s population depends on rice for food and/or income. But while rice paddies often provide good habitat for birds, they can take a heavy toll on freshwater resources. In India, Laos, and other countries, WWF supports an eco-friendly rice farming technique called the System of Rice Intensification, or SRI, that reduces water use by about 30% while increasing crop yields and farm incomes.
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MALI: Guide pratique pour le système de Riziculture Intensif (SRI) | AgroForma

MALI: Guide pratique pour le système de Riziculture Intensif (SRI) | AgroForma | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Le système d’intensification du riz (SRI) permet à la fois d’économiser l’eau et d’augmenter les rendements. Il repose sur les principes suivants : amélioration de l’enracinement des plantes, réduction sensible de la densité des plantes et amélioration de la fertilité des sols. Afin de suivre les pratiques du SRI, on encourage les agriculteurs à soigner le nivellement des parcelles, afin d’éviter que les plants de petite taille ne se retrouvent noyés.
...Dans la technique culturale du riz, plusieurs éléments, dont la gestion du sol, de l’eau, de la plante et de la lumière ont une influence sur la production. Leur combinaison harmonieuse permet d’atteindre le potentiel de production caché par les pratiques inappropriées. En effet, au fil des siècles, les techniques de production de riz utilisées à travers le monde ont considérablement réduit son potentiel naturel. Ce système d’intensification du riz améliore la technique conventionnelle de la riziculture en rendant au riz ses possibilités de production maximale.

SRI-Rice's insight:

This French language practical guide for SRI can be accessed in full on Mali's AgroForma website (http://agroforma.org/ressources/systeme-de-riziculture-intensif/)

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UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA: Bumper vegetable, wheat yields push back farm distress in UP

UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA: Bumper vegetable, wheat yields push back farm distress in UP | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

At a time when farmers  are feeling marginalised, many unable to meet the rising costs of seeds and fertilisers, and weighed down by loans they are unable to pay back, farmers from Chittaura block of Bahraich, Uttar Pradesh, with help from the Aga Khan Foundation (AKF), are upbeat. Their fields are lush green with vegetables and golden brown with the ripened and harvested wheat.

Using System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and System of Wheat Intensification (SWI), yields of both crops have increased 50 to 100 per cent; additional income has come from high value vegetables.

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WEST AFRICA: How can West Africa Achieve Rice Self-Sufficiency? A New Publication offers Insights

WEST AFRICA: How can West Africa Achieve Rice Self-Sufficiency? A New Publication offers Insights | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it
50,000 Farmers in 13 Countries: Results from Scaling up the System of Rice Intensification in West Africa is a publication by Dr Erika Styger and Dr Gaoussou Traore, written for the West and Central Africa Council for Agricultural Research and Development, (CORAF/WECARD), Africa's largest sub-regional research organization. The 120-page book documents the results of using the SRI approach in rice farmers’ fields in 13 West African countries between 2014 and 2016: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
SRI-Rice's insight:

Our SRI-Rice Center was the technical lead on this World Bank-funded project, which Erika Styger and Devon Jenkins worked on from 2013 to 2016.

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 INDONESIA: Optimization of irrigation water use to increase the benefit of agricultural products

 INDONESIA: Optimization of irrigation water use to increase the benefit of agricultural products | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it
Shortage of irrigation water supply in dry season prevents many farmers from growing their crops, and the annual benefit from agricultural products will decrease as much as the area of irrigation fields which have lack of water. The objective of this study is to determine the maximum benefit from agricultural products based on water availability, by determining the appropriate cropping pattern and maximum planting areas through linear programming. The case-study location is at Leuwi Kuya Irrigation Region. Planting schedule is selected based on minimum water shortage from simulation of 6 alternative planting schedules. Then, the best pattern of cropping (planting method and the total area) is determined using linear programming. Optimization is carried out in 3 scenarios with various planting methods (conventional and SRI), minimum irrigation water demand (class-area system), and schedule for beginning of the 3-growing seasons annually. Result of this study is the optimal area of the irrigated region that can be planted based on the water availability. The maximum benefit is 89 billion rupiahs, using SRI planting method and distribution of three groups of irrigation fields in water supply schedule.
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TANZANIA: FAO, Tanzania Government train youth to increase rice production

Realizing the potential of rice production as a major source of employment and income generation in the agricultural sector, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Government of Tanzania have teamed up to implement the Partnership for Sustainable Rice System Development project to boost rice production.

This led to the creation of a knowledge-sharing program for 104 youth comprising of 53 males and 51 females, together with 15 extension officers and irrigation technicians in Morogoro region of Tanzania. The objective of the program was to enable the youth to share experiences and success stories after training at Mkindocentre which led to the establishment of demonstration plots in Kilombero, Kilosa and Mvomero districts. ...Godfrey Joseph Pascal is from Kilosa District, one of the three districts in Morogoro Region where the training program is being implemented.  ...He won the 2017 Best Farmer Award for Kilosa District and the entire Morogoro Region, and was consequently presented with an award of 1.5 million Tanzanian Shillings and a ten-acre piece of land.

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TAMIL NADU, INDIA: Farmers advised to adopt SRI for better yield during crisis

TAMIL NADU, INDIA: Farmers advised to adopt SRI for better yield during crisis | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

TRICHY: As the system of rice intensification (SRI) has proven effective for crops in times of water crisis, experts in the field have urged farmers to use the method to manage under drought conditions in their areas...

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CÔTE D'IVOIRE: La FAO Fait le point de ses projets a Gagnoa

CÔTE D'IVOIRE: La FAO Fait le point de ses projets a Gagnoa | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Du 25 au 27 juin 2018, une délégation d’ambassadeurs de 7 pays et de l’Union Européenne a séjourné en Côte d’Ivoire pour se rendre compte des projets mis en œuvre par l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’Alimentation et l’Agriculture (FAO). Des visites de terrains ont été effectuées en vue de rencontrer les bénéficiaires et les partenaires techniques au nombre desquels l’on compte l’Agence Nationale d’Appui au Développement Rural (ANADER).
...la mise en place d’une parcelle de production de riz dont la FAO a assuré l’aménagement de 13 ha de bas-fond et fourni les matériels et équipements (semences, batteuses, motoculteurs, bâches, etc). Les bénéficiaires, visiblement motivés par ces appuis ont indiqué à leurs hôtes les activités conduites avec l’ANADER, notamment, le choix du Système de Riziculture Intensive (SRI) avec les bonnes pratiques agricoles enseignées. Cette méthode jugée plus productive avec un rendement de 5 à 7 tonnes de riz à l’hectare au lieu de 2.5 tonnes à l’hectare comme par le passé, se révèle également plus économique avec un besoin de 15 kg de semences à l’hectare au lieu de 80 kg/ha.

SRI-Rice's insight:

From 25 to 27 June 2018, a delegation of ambassadors from 7 countries and the EU visited Côte d'Ivoire to see the projects implemented by FAO. Field visits included the National Agency for Rural Development Support (ANADER), who established a 13 ha. rice project. Farmers chose to use SRI, which increased their yields to 5 - 7 ton/ha from 2.5,  and was also more economical (needing only 15 kg of seed/ha instead of 80 kg / ha.) 

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UTTARAKHAND, INDIA: The Introduction of SRI in Uttarakhand, India

UTTARAKHAND, INDIA: The Introduction of SRI in Uttarakhand, India | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

[Abstract also available in French.]

...The essence of our argument is that newly introduced technologies such as SRI are assessed by farmers on their potential to contribute to improvements of existing agricultural operations, and applied in a flexible way. In the communities we studied, SRI was adjusted and reworked by the farmers to fit into the local rice farming system.  Villages in Uttarakhand seem detached from the scientific disputes, media debates and abstract policy deliberations that have emerged around SRI at the international level. However, remote Himalayan villages are connected to the Indian political economy, for example through (national) regulations, ministerial programmes and trade connections. Interventions by government agencies and NGOs and other actors have direct impacts in these areas. Our paper concludes by arguing for an allegorical understanding of development narratives, which can be used as ‘reminders’ that invoke key community values, rather than devices to drive the adoption and application of new technology in a preconceived manner.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Debashish Sen, et al. 2017. The Introduction of SRI in Uttarakhand. Anthropologie & développement: Technopolitical Mythologies and Sociotechnical Flexibility Anthropologie & développement 46-47: 100-126. doi:10.4000/anthropodev.595

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Lotus Foods recognized as a 'Sustainable pioneer' at Ecovia Intelligence's Sustainable Food Awards

Lotus Foods recognized as a 'Sustainable pioneer' at Ecovia Intelligence's Sustainable Food Awards | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

...the co-founder and joint CEO of US company Lotus Foods, Caryl Levine, told delegates at the Sustainable Food Summit in Amsterdam last week [that] “Conventional rice production is just not sustainable. It uses between ​one quarter and one third of the world’s fresh water and there is a huge cost of input, which means many farmers are burdened with debt. ​There is an especially high impact on women. They do most of the physical activity in the paddy fields where they are exposed to parasites and water-borne diseases. After years of harvesting rice, many are unable to walk upright. This is not acceptable.” ​ 

Lotus Foods therefore works with farmers to find heirloom rice varieties that are cultivated [by] a sustainable growing process called System of Rice Intensification (SRI).  The company, which scooped up second place in Ecovia Intelligence's Sustainable Food Awards last week for being a ‘sustainable pioneer’, sells its products online and throughout the US.

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BANGLADESH: Performance of System of Rice Intensification with Conventional Method of Rice Cultivation | Bangladesh Agronomy Journal

BANGLADESH: Performance of System of Rice Intensification with Conventional Method of Rice Cultivation | Bangladesh Agronomy Journal | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

A field experiment was conducted in Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University research field of Bangladesh during December 2012 to May 2013. This experiment was tested for two planting method consisting CM planting method (P1) and System of Rice Intensification (SRI) planting method (P2) against five rice (Oryza sativa) varieties named BR 16 (V1), BRRI dhan29 (V2), BRRI dhan50 (V3), BRRI hybrid dhan2 (V4) and Heera 4 (V5).  All yield parameters showed the highest for SRI with higher effective tillers hill-1 (41.13), longer panicle (28.15 cm), higher total grains panicle-1 (216.89), number of filled grains panicle-1 (166.82) as a result 10.17and 12.5% higher grain yield and straw yield, respectively were observed in SRI than the conventional method.

SRI-Rice's insight:

A. P. Mondal, et al. 2017. Performance of System of Rice Intensification with conventional method of rice cultivation. Bangledesh Agronomy Journal 20(2): 75-80.

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INDIA: Rice root growth, photosynthesis, yield and water productivity improvements through modifying cultivation practices and water management  | ScienceDirect

INDIA: Rice root growth, photosynthesis, yield and water productivity improvements through modifying cultivation practices and water management  |  ScienceDirect | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Research highlights:

• SRI gave 58% higher yield with 16% less water than conventional management system.
• Significantly improved morpho-physiology and grain-filling were observed under SRI.
• Improved root growth and delayed leaf senescence facilitated higher yield in SRI.
• Highest crop yield and water productivity were reached at 3-DAD irrigation with SRI [showing that continuing shallow flooding (1-2 cm) after panicle initiation is probably not optimal for SRI (as originally thought). This research indicates that AWD can be continued beneficially also during the SRI crop’s reproductive phase.]

 

SRI-Rice's insight:

Amod Thakur et al. 2018. Rice root growth, photosynthesis, yield and water productivity improvements through modifying cultivation practices and water management. Agricultural Water Management 206: 67-77

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LATIN AMERICA: Producir más con menos mediante el Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz (SRI) | IICA

LATIN AMERICA: Producir más con menos mediante el Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz (SRI) | IICA | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Curso virtual, 2 semanas
de Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura

El IICA busca facilitar la integración de medidas de adaptación y mitigación del cambio climático en los sistemas de producción agropecuario del hemisferio, así como también en las políticas y estrategias públicas de desarrollo a niveles nacionales, subregionales y regionales en América Latina y el Caribe, para finalmente contribuir a la seguridad alimentaria mediante el fortalecimiento de las capacidades de los diferentes actores...

SRI-Rice's insight:

A two-week virtual course on SRI by the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture.

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MALI: Off-Season Rice Fends off Malian Farmers from Climate Stress  |  CORAF / WECARD

MALI: Off-Season Rice Fends off Malian Farmers from Climate Stress  |  CORAF / WECARD | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Fifty-five-year old Boureima Sanogo has been cultivating rice since he was 15. With traditional cultivation methods on a hectare of land in the rainy season, the most yield he could get was four tons.

But since the introduction of a new cultivation method known as the System of Rice Intensification (SRI), an improved water management system, and drought-tolerant seed varieties, not only does he cultivate twice a year, but his yield also has doubled. Sanago now producers about 14 tons of rice every year. Before SRI, his maximum yearly income barely went above 500.000 FCFA (USD 1000). But when you include off-season cultivation, he now makes close 2.5 million (USD 5000) from his 14 tons. One ton of rice now sells in Mali at about 175.000 FCFA (USD 350). For a country where most people, particularly in rural households, live on about USD 2 per day, this is considerably above the country’s median income.

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INDONESIA: Developing Automatic Water Table Control System for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Paddy Fields

Water table in rice fields play important role to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from paddy fields. Continuous flooding by maintenance water table 2-5 cm above soil surface is not effective and release more GHG emissions. System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as alternative rice farming apply intermittent irrigation by maintaining lower water table is proven can reduce GHG emissions reducing productivity significantly. The objectives of this study were to develop automatic water table control system for SRI application and then evaluate the performances. The control system was developed based on fuzzy logic algorithms using the mini PC of Raspberry Pi. Based on laboratory and field tests, the developed system was working well as indicated by lower MAPE (mean absolute percentage error) values. MAPE values for simulation and field tests were 16.88% and 15.80%, respectively. This system can save irrigation water up to 42.54% without reducing productivity significantly when compared to manual irrigation systems.

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Managing Crops for Climate Change Can Also Manage Pests

Managing Crops for Climate Change Can Also Manage Pests | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Emphasis in the literature is placed on cropping practices that may help to mitigate or improve crop resistance to the abiotic effects of climate change, such as drought, temperature, or erosion from increased frequency of storm events. However, climate change is also predicted to affect the biological communities in cropping systems.

Fortunately, a review of the recent literature found that many of the agricultural practices recommended to mitigate climate change (primarily by reducing greenhouse gas emissions), or to improve crop resilience under climate change conditions, may also help to reduce insect pest pressure... ...Fertilizing crops with manure can also reduce pest populations, or slow their growth, compared to fields in which synthetic fertilizers are applied. The System of Rice Intensification (SRI), a planting strategy for rice fields that spaces plants more widely and reduces the number of times the field is flooded, not only reduces methane emissions from the fields but also reduces infestation by multiple insect pest species.

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KASHMIR, INDIA: 'Rice intensification system’ can save farmers of parched Kashmir?

KASHMIR, INDIA: 'Rice intensification system’ can save farmers of parched Kashmir? | Selected News from SRI-Rice: June 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Amidst the worst concerns of the farmers in Kashmir in view of prolonged dry spell, agriculture experts here have brought some hope to them.According to experts with the SK University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (SKUAST) some innovative methods like ‘system of rice intensification’ (SRI) can be a boon to the paddy farmers amid the prevailing “hopeless” condition.

It may recalled that the irrigation and flood control department has asked the farmers not to cultivate paddy this year in view of drying up of the irrigation canals in Kashmir.  Dr Muhammad Anwar Bhat, senior scientist Agronomy at SKUAST-K said, “With the SRI, a new way of cultivating rice has gained prominence among the farmers in several areas. The new form of cultivation is not just cost-effective, it needs less water and gives more yield as compared to traditional form of rice cultivation.”

SRI-Rice's insight:

See accompanying article by Tavseef Mairaj for more context. See "Rice scarcity in Water. Yes, why not?"

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CAMBODIA: Community Development Agriculture Karuna Battambang Organization

Community Development-Agriculture program: The System of Rice Intensification-SRI that currently spread to 28 farmers, youth and women by Croap, in KeoMony Village, Battambang, Cambodia.

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