Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org
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A New Farming Technique Using Drastically Less Water Is Catching On | HuffPost

A New Farming Technique Using Drastically Less Water Is Catching On  | HuffPost | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

HuffPost - by John Vidal

...The United Nations has come out in support of SRI in countries including MaliCambodia and Vietnam, and the World Bank has begun to promote it in India and Egypt. In 2017 SRI was endorsed by the science journal Nature. "Clearly SRI is one of the technology options that has the potential to increase paddy yields for small farmers. We have invested in scaling up SRI systems in rice in both Bihar and Tamil Nadu [states] and based on our experience have observed that there is potential of more than 25 percent increase in the yield [and a] 64 percent increase in output per unit of water for SRI,” says Vinay Kumar Vutukuru, a World Bank senior agricultural specialist.

Uphoff calls for governments to study the experiences of grassroots farmers: “The principles of SRI can be applied to many crops. It is a genie that can no longer be stuffed back into the lamp."

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MALI: Off-Season Rice Fends off Malian Farmers from Climate Stress  |  CORAF / WECARD

MALI: Off-Season Rice Fends off Malian Farmers from Climate Stress  |  CORAF / WECARD | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Fifty-five-year old Boureima Sanogo has been cultivating rice since he was 15. With traditional cultivation methods on a hectare of land in the rainy season, the most yield he could get was four tons.

But since the introduction of a new cultivation method known as the System of Rice Intensification (SRI), an improved water management system, and drought-tolerant seed varieties, not only does he cultivate twice a year, but his yield also has doubled. Sanago now producers about 14 tons of rice every year. Before SRI, his maximum yearly income barely went above 500.000 FCFA (USD 1000). But when you include off-season cultivation, he now makes close 2.5 million (USD 5000) from his 14 tons. One ton of rice now sells in Mali at about 175.000 FCFA (USD 350). For a country where most people, particularly in rural households, live on about USD 2 per day, this is considerably above the country’s median income.

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What is the environmental impact of sushi?  | WWF

What is the environmental impact of sushi?  | WWF | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it
Half the world’s population depends on rice for food and/or income. But while rice paddies often provide good habitat for birds, they can take a heavy toll on freshwater resources. In India, Laos, and other countries, WWF supports an eco-friendly rice farming technique called the System of Rice Intensification, or SRI, that reduces water use by about 30% while increasing crop yields and farm incomes.
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MALI: Guide pratique pour le système de Riziculture Intensif (SRI) | AgroForma

MALI: Guide pratique pour le système de Riziculture Intensif (SRI) | AgroForma | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Le système d’intensification du riz (SRI) permet à la fois d’économiser l’eau et d’augmenter les rendements. Il repose sur les principes suivants : amélioration de l’enracinement des plantes, réduction sensible de la densité des plantes et amélioration de la fertilité des sols. Afin de suivre les pratiques du SRI, on encourage les agriculteurs à soigner le nivellement des parcelles, afin d’éviter que les plants de petite taille ne se retrouvent noyés.
...Dans la technique culturale du riz, plusieurs éléments, dont la gestion du sol, de l’eau, de la plante et de la lumière ont une influence sur la production. Leur combinaison harmonieuse permet d’atteindre le potentiel de production caché par les pratiques inappropriées. En effet, au fil des siècles, les techniques de production de riz utilisées à travers le monde ont considérablement réduit son potentiel naturel. Ce système d’intensification du riz améliore la technique conventionnelle de la riziculture en rendant au riz ses possibilités de production maximale.

SRI-Rice's insight:

This French language practical guide for SRI can be accessed in full on Mali's AgroForma website (http://agroforma.org/ressources/systeme-de-riziculture-intensif/)

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UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA: Bumper vegetable, wheat yields push back farm distress in UP

UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA: Bumper vegetable, wheat yields push back farm distress in UP | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

At a time when farmers  are feeling marginalised, many unable to meet the rising costs of seeds and fertilisers, and weighed down by loans they are unable to pay back, farmers from Chittaura block of Bahraich, Uttar Pradesh, with help from the Aga Khan Foundation (AKF), are upbeat. Their fields are lush green with vegetables and golden brown with the ripened and harvested wheat.

Using System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and System of Wheat Intensification (SWI), yields of both crops have increased 50 to 100 per cent; additional income has come from high value vegetables.

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WEST AFRICA: How can West Africa Achieve Rice Self-Sufficiency? A New Publication offers Insights

WEST AFRICA: How can West Africa Achieve Rice Self-Sufficiency? A New Publication offers Insights | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it
50,000 Farmers in 13 Countries: Results from Scaling up the System of Rice Intensification in West Africa is a publication by Dr Erika Styger and Dr Gaoussou Traore, written for the West and Central Africa Council for Agricultural Research and Development, (CORAF/WECARD), Africa's largest sub-regional research organization. The 120-page book documents the results of using the SRI approach in rice farmers’ fields in 13 West African countries between 2014 and 2016: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
SRI-Rice's insight:

Our SRI-Rice Center was the technical lead on this World Bank-funded project, which Erika Styger and Devon Jenkins worked on from 2013 to 2016.

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 INDONESIA: Optimization of irrigation water use to increase the benefit of agricultural products

 INDONESIA: Optimization of irrigation water use to increase the benefit of agricultural products | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it
Shortage of irrigation water supply in dry season prevents many farmers from growing their crops, and the annual benefit from agricultural products will decrease as much as the area of irrigation fields which have lack of water. The objective of this study is to determine the maximum benefit from agricultural products based on water availability, by determining the appropriate cropping pattern and maximum planting areas through linear programming. The case-study location is at Leuwi Kuya Irrigation Region. Planting schedule is selected based on minimum water shortage from simulation of 6 alternative planting schedules. Then, the best pattern of cropping (planting method and the total area) is determined using linear programming. Optimization is carried out in 3 scenarios with various planting methods (conventional and SRI), minimum irrigation water demand (class-area system), and schedule for beginning of the 3-growing seasons annually. Result of this study is the optimal area of the irrigated region that can be planted based on the water availability. The maximum benefit is 89 billion rupiahs, using SRI planting method and distribution of three groups of irrigation fields in water supply schedule.
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TANZANIA: FAO, Tanzania Government train youth to increase rice production

Realizing the potential of rice production as a major source of employment and income generation in the agricultural sector, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Government of Tanzania have teamed up to implement the Partnership for Sustainable Rice System Development project to boost rice production.

This led to the creation of a knowledge-sharing program for 104 youth comprising of 53 males and 51 females, together with 15 extension officers and irrigation technicians in Morogoro region of Tanzania. The objective of the program was to enable the youth to share experiences and success stories after training at Mkindocentre which led to the establishment of demonstration plots in Kilombero, Kilosa and Mvomero districts. ...Godfrey Joseph Pascal is from Kilosa District, one of the three districts in Morogoro Region where the training program is being implemented.  ...He won the 2017 Best Farmer Award for Kilosa District and the entire Morogoro Region, and was consequently presented with an award of 1.5 million Tanzanian Shillings and a ten-acre piece of land.

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WEST AFRICA: SRI-Rice Video Playlist for West Africa

WEST AFRICA: SRI-Rice Video Playlist for West Africa | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

SRI-Rice Video Playlist for West Africa:Get a better idea of what's going on with SRI in West Africa!

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NORTH SUMATERA, INDONESIA: Panen Padi Teknologi System of Rice Intensification (SRI) di Kabupaten Dairi

NORTH SUMATERA, INDONESIA: Panen Padi Teknologi System of Rice Intensification (SRI) di Kabupaten Dairi | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Berdasarkan realisasi produksi padi dalam 5 tahun terakhir, terindikasi bahwa laju pertumbuhan produksi padi makin menurun dan biaya produksi per satuan luas lahan makin meningkat. Pemerintah Kabupaten Dairi terus berupaya untuk mewujudkan peningkatan produksi padi dengan menggunakan System of Rice Intensification (SRI). Pada Selasa 17 April 2018, Kelompok Tani Sepakat, Desa Pegagan Julu VIII, Kecamatan Sumbul yang diketuai oleh Bapak Jekson Siregar telah melaksanakan panen. Luas panen kali ini yaitu 180 ha dari total 700 ha. Varietas yang digunakan adalah Mekongga dengan menerapkan teknologi SRI provitas 6,2 s/d 7,2 ton/ha. Menurut pengamataan PPL dari Dinas Pertanian Dairi Bapak Rikardo Siahaan, penerapan teknologi SRI cukup memuaskan karna dapat meningkatkan produksi dari sebelumnya 5-6 ton/ha.

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MYANMAR: System of Rice Intensification (SRI) FAQs in Burmese

Authors: U Thein Su and Norman Uphoff
Title: System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
This 39-page Burmese language book has information on SRI in Myanmar that is authored by U Thein Su. There is additional material translated from Norman Uphoff's book on SRI FAQs.

SRI-Rice's insight:

See also a video interview with Thein Su https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sHT1i6iQCG and his powerpoint presentation: https://www.slideshare.net/SRI.CORNELL/1802-sri-experiences-in-myanmar-thein-su

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MADAGASCAR: SRI - Le Système de Riziculture Intensive

French language video for FAO made by Tsimba Randriamiarintsoa with support from Nicolas Duriez.

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World Water Development Report 2018: Nature-based Solutions for Water

World Water Development Report 2018: Nature-based Solutions for Water | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

...So-called ‘green’ infrastructure, as opposed to traditional ‘grey’ infrastructure, focuses on preserving the functions of ecosystems, both natural and built, and environmental engineering rather than civil engineering to improve the management of water resources. This has multiple applications in agriculture, the greatest consumer of water by far. Green infrastructure can help reduce pressures on land use while limiting pollution, soil erosion and water requirements... the System of Rice Intensification, helps restore the hydrological and ecological functioning of soils rather than using new crop varieties or chemical products. It enables savings of 25 to 50% in water requirements and 80 to 90% in seeds while raising paddy output by 25 to 50%, depending on the region in which it is implemented.

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LATIN AMERICA: Producir más con menos mediante el Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz (SRI) | IICA

LATIN AMERICA: Producir más con menos mediante el Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz (SRI) | IICA | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Curso virtual, 2 semanas
de Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura

El IICA busca facilitar la integración de medidas de adaptación y mitigación del cambio climático en los sistemas de producción agropecuario del hemisferio, así como también en las políticas y estrategias públicas de desarrollo a niveles nacionales, subregionales y regionales en América Latina y el Caribe, para finalmente contribuir a la seguridad alimentaria mediante el fortalecimiento de las capacidades de los diferentes actores...

SRI-Rice's insight:

A two-week virtual course on SRI by the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture.

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A development model for the 21st century: Addressing poverty by tackling climate change | The Politics of Poverty Blog

A development model for the 21st century: Addressing poverty by tackling climate change | The Politics of Poverty Blog | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Reducing emissions of methane, black carbon, and other short-lived climate pollutants is critical to poverty alleviation and development, and provides fast-action solutions to address climate change. Efforts to alleviate poverty and support social mobility and livelihoods can be bolstered by actions that mitigate climate change. A new Oxfam America research paper, assesses and draws attention to the sustainable development outcomes that can arise from implementing measures that reduce climate pollutants such as methane and black carbon—so-called short-lived climate pollutants (SLCP) or “super pollutants.”
Turns out, behind the wonky jargon there is a long list of poverty fighting benefits that can be derived from super pollutant mitigation strategies...
...Adopting rice production practices that use less water, such as the System of Rice Intensification or alternate wetting and drying methods, can enhance resiliency, lower costs, and reduce methane emissions while yielding comparable amounts of grain...

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INDIA: Rice root growth, photosynthesis, yield and water productivity improvements through modifying cultivation practices and water management  | ScienceDirect

INDIA: Rice root growth, photosynthesis, yield and water productivity improvements through modifying cultivation practices and water management  |  ScienceDirect | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Research highlights:

• SRI gave 58% higher yield with 16% less water than conventional management system.
• Significantly improved morpho-physiology and grain-filling were observed under SRI.
• Improved root growth and delayed leaf senescence facilitated higher yield in SRI.
• Highest crop yield and water productivity were reached at 3-DAD irrigation with SRI.

SRI-Rice's insight:

Amod Thakur et al. 2018. Rice root growth, photosynthesis, yield and water productivity improvements through modifying cultivation practices and water management. Agricultural Water Management 206: 67-77

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INDONESIA: Developing Automatic Water Table Control System for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Paddy Fields

Water table in rice fields play important role to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from paddy fields. Continuous flooding by maintenance water table 2-5 cm above soil surface is not effective and release more GHG emissions. System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as alternative rice farming apply intermittent irrigation by maintaining lower water table is proven can reduce GHG emissions reducing productivity significantly. The objectives of this study were to develop automatic water table control system for SRI application and then evaluate the performances. The control system was developed based on fuzzy logic algorithms using the mini PC of Raspberry Pi. Based on laboratory and field tests, the developed system was working well as indicated by lower MAPE (mean absolute percentage error) values. MAPE values for simulation and field tests were 16.88% and 15.80%, respectively. This system can save irrigation water up to 42.54% without reducing productivity significantly when compared to manual irrigation systems.

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Managing Crops for Climate Change Can Also Manage Pests

Managing Crops for Climate Change Can Also Manage Pests | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Emphasis in the literature is placed on cropping practices that may help to mitigate or improve crop resistance to the abiotic effects of climate change, such as drought, temperature, or erosion from increased frequency of storm events. However, climate change is also predicted to affect the biological communities in cropping systems.

Fortunately, a review of the recent literature found that many of the agricultural practices recommended to mitigate climate change (primarily by reducing greenhouse gas emissions), or to improve crop resilience under climate change conditions, may also help to reduce insect pest pressure... ...Fertilizing crops with manure can also reduce pest populations, or slow their growth, compared to fields in which synthetic fertilizers are applied. The System of Rice Intensification (SRI), a planting strategy for rice fields that spaces plants more widely and reduces the number of times the field is flooded, not only reduces methane emissions from the fields but also reduces infestation by multiple insect pest species.

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KASHMIR, INDIA: 'Rice intensification system’ can save farmers of parched Kashmir?

KASHMIR, INDIA: 'Rice intensification system’ can save farmers of parched Kashmir? | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Amidst the worst concerns of the farmers in Kashmir in view of prolonged dry spell, agriculture experts here have brought some hope to them.According to experts with the SK University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (SKUAST) some innovative methods like ‘system of rice intensification’ (SRI) can be a boon to the paddy farmers amid the prevailing “hopeless” condition.

It may recalled that the irrigation and flood control department has asked the farmers not to cultivate paddy this year in view of drying up of the irrigation canals in Kashmir.  Dr Muhammad Anwar Bhat, senior scientist Agronomy at SKUAST-K said, “With the SRI, a new way of cultivating rice has gained prominence among the farmers in several areas. The new form of cultivation is not just cost-effective, it needs less water and gives more yield as compared to traditional form of rice cultivation.”

SRI-Rice's insight:

See accompanying article by Tavseef Mairaj for more context. See "Rice scarcity in Water. Yes, why not?"

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CAMBODIA: Community Development Agriculture Karuna Battambang Organization

Community Development-Agriculture program: The System of Rice Intensification-SRI that currently spread to 28 farmers, youth and women by Croap, in KeoMony Village, Battambang, Cambodia.

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JAPAN: Comparative study of methane emission and structural development of rice plants from SRI and non-SRI methods in a lysimeter experiment.

JAPAN: Comparative study of methane emission and structural development of rice plants from SRI and non-SRI methods in a lysimeter experiment. | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it
Mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emission is a challenging issue in context of coping with the ongoing climate change. Rice farming is considered as the major emitter of CH4 along with gaseous N2O. There are several methods of irrigation management that reduces the amount of CH4 and N2O gases produced, such as intermittent irrigation and mid-season drainage. SRI (System of Rice Intensification) is one of the new methods known to increase the yield while mitigating GHGs by applying one of key elements intermittent irrigation, and is a method which is now disseminating in many tropical countries. This study was conducted to measure the effectiveness of SRI method by measuring rice plant development, yield component, and methane emission using a lysimeter facility. The transplanted nursery was koshihikari, a Japanese rice variety. The study compared between two plots with different water treatments. The results showed that a plant growth characteristics were better in a Continuous plot than in a Intermittent plot, while grain yield was not significantly different. Methane gas was almost 50% less in the Intermittent plot than in the Continuous plot. Total global warming potential from methane emission for Intermittent plot and Continuous plot were 50.41 g CO2/m2 and 100.53 g CO2/m2, respectively. The results suggest that SRI methodology could be an effective method for mitigating methane emission without reducing the grain yield.
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INDIA: Agroecology: a path towards the sustainable development goals

INDIA: Agroecology: a path towards the sustainable development goals | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) came to India in the early 2000s.. Its specific practices include planting younger seedlings at wider spacing, frequent weeding, maintaining a non-flooded, moist field and managing soil health organically. These largely contradicted farming practices and beliefs at the time.

But, seeing initial results of these practices, many people were convinced that SRI had the potential to help millions of small scale and marginalised farm families improve their rice production. However, there was a need for farmers to thoroughly understand the principles of SRI, and to believe in it. It is a knowledge-intensive method, which makes upscaling challenging, and the role of farmer to farmer learning very important.

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INDIA: The political ecology of rice intensification in south India: Putting SRI in its places

INDIA: The political ecology of rice intensification in south India: Putting SRI in its places | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it
The system of rice intensification (SRI) has been promoted across Asia as a means to improve rice yields while decreasing water use and external inputs. It is argued to be a generalisable means by which to revalidate smallholder livelihoods and improve food security across the region. Current debates about SRI, however, remain predominantly technical in scope, focusing on field‐level outcomes. To more adequately understand the potential of SRI for smallholder farmers, we argue that it is necessary to situate SRI within a political ecology framework that addresses how the adoption and practice of SRI is shaped by uneven access to key assets including labour, water, and extension networks. Fieldwork conducted in Mahabubnagar district in Telangana, south India—where SRI had been widely disadopted despite the achievement of higher yields—is used to illustrate why agronomic analysis must engage directly with the complex social contexts in which farmers operate.
SRI-Rice's insight:

If your library does not have access to this journal, use this read-only version. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/joac.12268

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NICARAGUA: Brochure ARROZ SRI 2018

NICARAGUA: Brochure ARROZ SRI 2018 | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Sistema Intensivo del Cultivo de Arroz (SRI).
Brochure de INTA - Instituto Nicaragüense de Tecnología Agropecuaria

 

El 11 de Abril, INTA libero la metodologia SRI en Nicaragua. Este brochure explica el proceso y resultados de investigación en 5 parcelas. Actualmente cuentan con 10 parcelas en campo en dos regiones del país .

 
[Instructional/promotional brochure by the Nicaraguan Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA).]

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VIETNAM: Tra Vinh: AMD project helps farmers adapt to climate change

VIETNAM: Tra Vinh: AMD project helps farmers adapt to climate change | Selected News from SRI-Rice: May 2018 **sririce.org | Scoop.it

Tra Vinh (VNA) – The “Adaptation in the Mekong Delta” (AMD) project will splash out 35 billion VND (1.54 million USD) from the climate change adaptation co-sponsoring fund (CCA) to support 1,400 households and 168 cooperative groups in Tra Vinh province in climate change adaptation in 2018. The fund aims to encourage local farmers to apply rational production models to create sustainable income.
...Priority has been given to clean and water-saving vegetable cultivation, rice farming under the system of rice intensification (SRI) and extensive aquaculture farming.

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