Synthetic Brains
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Synthetic Brains
When will we see one, what will it take?
Curated by Alice Parker
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Researchers Have Found a Way to Delay Aging

A new study by Lomonosov Moscow State University and Stockholm University focuses on the role of mitochondria in the aging of organisms.
Alice Parker's insight:
Antioxidants!  Maybe available soon as a product.
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Human high intelligence is involved in spectral redshift of biophotonic activities in the brain

Human high intelligence is involved in spectral redshift of biophotonic activities in the brain | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
National Academy of Sciences
Alice Parker's insight:
Biophotonics is fascinating
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Neuromorphic Computing Market Worth $6,480.1 Million by 2024: Grand View Research, Inc.

Neuromorphic Computing Market Worth $6,480.1 Million by 2024: Grand View Research, Inc. | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
100.7 KFM-BFM is San Diego, California's top rock radio station, with the DSC in the morning. Playing a variety of music at kfmbfm.com.
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Semiconductor Engineering .:. Neuromorphic Chip Biz Heats Up

Semiconductor Engineering .:. Neuromorphic Chip Biz Heats Up | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Neuromorphic Chip Biz Heats Up Old concept gets new attention as device scaling becomes more difficult.
Alice Parker's insight:

Survey of industry efforts and some discussion of current state.

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Weak electrical field found to carry information around the brain

Weak electrical field found to carry information around the brain | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Researchers have identified slow-moving brainwaves they say could be carried only by the brain's gentle electrical field, a mechanism previously thought to be incapable of spreading neural signals on its own.
Alice Parker's insight:

These brainwaves most certainly affect neurons as they travel through the brain, especially if they are widespread.  What is the implication for modeling artificial neurons? 

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Intel Is Building Artificial Smarts Right Into Its Chips

Intel Is Building Artificial Smarts Right Into Its Chips | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Intel's acquisition of yet another AI company shows how the chipmaker is seeking to bake AI into its products.
Alice Parker's insight:

Yet another dimension of intelligence,  associative memory.

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Challenge to Traditional Theories About How the Brain Processes Actions

Challenge to Traditional Theories About How the Brain Processes Actions | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
New research by Jason Gallivan and Randy Flanagan suggests that when deciding which of several possible actions to perform, the human brain plans multiple actions simultaneously prior to selecting one of them to execute.
Alice Parker's insight:

Lots of parallel pathways all busy getting ready....

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Researchers confirm important brain reward pathway - PsyPost

Researchers confirm important brain reward pathway - PsyPost | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Details of the role of glutamate, the brain’s excitatory chemical, in a drug reward pathway have been identified for the first time. This discovery in rode ...
Alice Parker's insight:

This is worth further study!!

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Researchers build brain-machine interface to control prosthetic hand | Neuroscientist News

Researchers build brain-machine interface to control prosthetic hand | Neuroscientist News | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Non-invasive technique allows amputee to use bionic hand, powered by his thoughts A research team from the University of Houston (UH) has created an algorithm that allowed a man to grasp a bottle and other objects with a prosthetic hand, powered only by his thoughts.
Alice Parker's insight:

More progress on prosthetics

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Brains Keep Memories Tidy By Pruning Innacurate Ones

New research shows that the human brain uses memories to make predictions about what it expects to find in familiar contexts.
Alice Parker's insight:

Predictions are an important paradigm for recognition tasks in the brain.

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How To Be Successful: 6 New Shortcuts Backed By Research

How To Be Successful: 6 New Shortcuts Backed By Research | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
We all want to know how to be successful. But how do we do it fast? Bestselling author Shane Snow breaks down what the research says and what really works.
Alice Parker's insight:

Every so often one of Eric Barker's Blogs is very relevant to me.  This one is extremely helpful.

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Learning and memory: How neurons activate PP1

Learning and memory: How neurons activate PP1 | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
A study describes how neurons activate the protein PP1, providing key insights into the biology of learning and memory.
Alice Parker's insight:

Another mechanism involving receptors

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Extracellular RNA is transported from one generation to the next in Caenorhabditis elegans

National Academy of Sciences
Alice Parker's insight:
This could be an important finding
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Those Ancient Stone Tools — Did Humans Make Them, Or Was It Really Monkeys?

Those Ancient Stone Tools — Did Humans Make Them, Or Was It Really Monkeys? | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Capuchin monkeys in Brazil have been seen making sharp stone flakes. It was previously thought that only humans and their ancestors had flaking skills.
Alice Parker's insight:
This is very interesting.
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Harvard wants to build AI that works as fast as the human brain

Harvard wants to build AI that works as fast as the human brain | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Researchers at Harvard University will use the money to study the brain processes that make humans so good at recognising patterns.
Alice Parker's insight:

This is an important project to follow.

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This Silicon Chip Will Monitor Your Brain and Dissolve in Your Body

This Silicon Chip Will Monitor Your Brain and Dissolve in Your Body | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Well folks, we’ve finally arrived at the long-anticipated future of brain-implantable chips. How many hundreds of science fiction novels have led us to this moment? No matter: the chips are here, and we’re getting a good look at ‘em today thanks to a study just out in Nature.
Alice Parker's insight:

A way to monitor or affect the brain........

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IBM Research Thinks It's Solved Why The Brain Uses So Much Energy

IBM Research Thinks It's Solved Why The Brain Uses So Much Energy | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
A researcher at IBM thinks the brain is spending a lot of its time just going through the motions
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Here's Why Most Neuroscientists Are Wrong About the Brain - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus

Here's Why Most Neuroscientists Are Wrong About the Brain - Facts So Romantic - Nautilus | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Most neuroscientists believe that the brain learns by rewiring itself—by changing the strength of connections between brain cells,…
Alice Parker's insight:

This is a must-read!  I'm not sure what to make of this but I think it might give some hints to the mystery of memory.

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Turmeric compound boosts regeneration of brain stem cells

Turmeric compound boosts regeneration of brain stem cells | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it

Turmeric compound AR-Tumerone boosts regeneration of brain stem cells

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Research Sheds Light on How Neurons Control Muscle Movement

Research Sheds Light on How Neurons Control Muscle Movement | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Researchers studying how the brain controls movement in people with paralysis, related to their diagnosis of Lou Gehrig’s disease, have found that groups of neurons work together, firing in complex rhythms to signal muscles about when and where to move.
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Google patents customisable robot personalities (Wired UK)

Google patents customisable robot personalities (Wired UK) | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Do you like your robots subservient and complimentary or glib and a little bit cheeky? A patent that has just been awarded to Google suggests that either could be possible and that we could potentially download different personality types from the cloud
Alice Parker's insight:

I'd like to see this patent!

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Nanotubes self-organize and wiggle: Evolution of a nonequilibrium system demonstrates MEPP

Nanotubes self-organize and wiggle: Evolution of a nonequilibrium system demonstrates MEPP | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Since the mid-20th century, research has pointed to an extension of the second law for nonequilibrium systems: the Maximum Entropy Production Principle states that a system away from equilibrium evolves in such a way as to maximize entropy production, given present constraints. Now, physicists have demonstrated the emergence of self-organized structures that drive the evolution of a non-equilibrium system to a state of maximum entropy production.
Alice Parker's insight:

Self-assembled artificial brains, here we come!!

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For Sale: “Your Name Here” in a Prestigious Science Journal

For Sale: “Your Name Here” in a Prestigious Science Journal | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
An investigation into some scientific papers finds worrying irregularities
Alice Parker's insight:

This is worth reading!

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Brain Corporation Builds BrainOS to Train and Democratize Robots | Xconomy

Brain Corporation Builds BrainOS to Train and Democratize Robots | Xconomy | Synthetic Brains | Scoop.it
Brain Corporation will release a developer kit, with brain-inspiring robot training software, to easily design custom robots.
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