Journey Through Geography
63 views | +0 today
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Brazil and Europe

Brazil and Europe | Journey Through Geography |

Via Seth Dixon
Gene Gagne's curator insight, November 20, 2015 7:59 PM

I would say. Just imagine three mega cities like Rio de Janeiro, population 11,960,000 then Buenos Aires with a population of 13,530,000 and finally Sao Paulo with the Southern Hemisphere's largest metropolitan area with a population of 19,920,000 with 2 more Mega cities to be added by 2025.

Kevin Nguyen's curator insight, November 24, 2015 11:52 AM

I cannot believed the size of Brazil is at this scale because we don't hear a lot about it as being a world power. It shows that even though the country is this big, most of the land is uninhabitable due to the forests and geography of the land. In addition, from history class one cannot imagine a small country like Portugal controlled a big country as Brazil from the colonial times. Seeing this map with all these European countries inside of it with some space leftover, one can see the massive size of this South American country.

Adam Deneault's curator insight, December 7, 2015 12:47 PM
This link to show me a picture of Europe fitting in Brazil is astounding! I never realized how large this country was until it was put together like a puzzle for me. For a single country to be that large that you would be able to fit an entire continent inside is absurd. That really goes to show that looks can be deceiving.
Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from GarryRogers Biosphere News!

Brazil inflames forest fires with pro-deforestation laws

Brazil inflames forest fires with pro-deforestation laws | Journey Through Geography |

New laws under consideration will likely spark more tree-cutting − despite serious drought already contributing to a big increase in vast destructive fires.

Of last year's fires, 8,000 occurred in the central region, where the states of Maranhão, Tocantins, Piauí and Bahia share borders. This area, which encroaches on the cerrado, a vast tropical savanna ecoregion that is one of Brazil’s most threatened biomes, has become a fast-developing new agricultural powerhouse, producing soy, maize and cotton.

Via Garry Rogers
Garry Rogers's curator insight, January 13, 2016 1:12 PM

GR:  Toxic wastes, global warming, livestock grazing, and farming are eliminating forests, shrublands, grasslands, and soils.  The losses are heartbreaking.  The realization that instead of slowing or stopping the losses is accelerating is dumbfounding.

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from itsyourbiz - Travel - Enjoy Life!!

Brazil cans carnival as recession bites

Brazil cans carnival as recession bites | Journey Through Geography |
Cities across Brazil are being forced to scrap the annual carnival parade as the country braces for what may be the worst recession for years.

Via Skip Boykin
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Penguins from Space: A New Satellite Census Doubles the Known Population of Emperors

Penguins from Space: A New Satellite Census Doubles the Known Population of Emperors | Journey Through Geography |
High-resolution imaging has allowed scientists to produce the first full count of Antarctica's emperor penguins...


Before this, there was no way to to gather reliable penguin statistics.  Geospatial technologies are now providing us the tools to teach us more about the biogeography of penguins.  The applications of geospatial technologies are endless.   


S.C: I thought this was really cool. It's awesome what science can really do for us. They can use this information to study the aspect of the animal-environment relationship. Now, if we can do this with penguins, why can't we do it with people as well? we could have a more accurate population count and event see exactly where people are living or not living and more about how humans use the land around them. studies like this can reveal so much in the long run.

Via Seth Dixon
Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 16, 2014 7:48 AM

In the beginning of the semester we talked about how geography is always changing. Our understanding of geography does as well. This new technology helps people have a clearer picture of the wildlife that exists on Antarctica. Because of its harsh environment the amount we know about this barren continent has been limited. As technology improves we will be able to gain more accurate information about Antarctica.

Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 16, 2014 12:58 PM

Using this new technology, animal can be monitored and helped by the satellites. Having a way to accurately know the population of a species is incredible,  because now we can know which species are in danger of extinction and we can take steps to help them. Before the use of the satellite,  the population of Emperor penguins was found to be 595, 000 and the colonies of penguins was found to be 46 instead of the previous 38, so without this technology there have been penguins that may have needed help, but now they will get proper attention.

Kendra King's curator insight, April 13, 2015 9:27 PM

Technology never ceases to amaze me. As the article described, the use of satellite imagining recently showed that the “population count” of the emperor penguin is “found nearly twice as did previous studies.” Prior to the use of satellite imaging, the method to obtain this type of data was done by people actually being around the area. As the new numbers showed this was inaccurate because so much of the artic can’t be reached by the human population. I think this brings up an interesting notion. We define our landscape based on what we see. Yet, what we see doesn’t always capture what is actually on earth. As such, I wonder if more penguin colonies have disappeared then the one the British intuition noticed. We won’t know, but at least now thanks to technology a better grasp of the situation can happen. Maybe with more concrete data about the effects of global warming on Antarctic more non-believers could be swayed. All in all, I think the technology is beneficial. The only down side about this technology is the possibility for misuse. If we can now figure out the penguin population down to which ones are adults, imagine just what else this technology can due in the name of “geographic research.”      

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Regional Geography!

Planting Rice


Feel free to mute the commentary...this video demonstrates the truly 'back-breaking' work that is a part of paddy rice farming. 


S.C: We never really think about where our crops come from. We go to the grocery store and buy a box of rice, but we don't think about the pain and time it took to grow it. This video shows the "behind the scenes" and back-breaking work that it takes for the rest of us to enjoy. We don't realize what other countries do for us in terms of agriculture or other valued products.

Via Seth Dixon
Matt Ramsdell's curator insight, December 14, 2015 9:17 PM

This video of the rice farming in Thailand shows exactly how hard the rice planting truly is. Here it shows them bending over hour after hour sticking rice plants into the shallow pools. Here in Thailand most of the planters are women. Agriculture is considered the women's job here and have to do all this work themselves. After seeing this it truly is hard work for the mass production of the rice fields so they have a way to export most of this rice they are planting.

Adam Deneault's curator insight, December 14, 2015 9:36 PM
This looks to be very tedious work, and very labor intensive. There is not much help, that is probably why they are working at the rate they are working at, very fast. Unfortunately, these people are working in these conditions and probably getting paid only cents a day. On top of that, if the weather is not in their favor, they could possibly catch something, maybe pneumonia or something along the lines.
Matt Chapman's curator insight, April 26, 12:43 PM
Thailand and its planting of rice is a major agriculture for the region.  This is important to them because it is one of their major crops for the economy.
Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Unusual ways to avoid Jakarta's traffic

Unusual ways to avoid Jakarta's traffic | Journey Through Geography |
Jakarta's traffic is legendary and locals have now become experts at finding ways to get around the jams, with some even making money out of them.


The population of Indonesia is heavily concentrated on the island of Java, and the capital city of Jakarta faces a tremendous strain on it's transportation network.  This video show that resourceful people will find inventive ways to make an unworkable situation manageable. 


S.C: Oh my sweet Lord I thought I-195 is bad at 8am! People will do anything in times of desperation, especially when the government doesn't do anything to fix it or even acknowledge it. So people take matters into their own hands. The government really should work on that because it affects the safety of not only the inhabitants but of tourists as well. People get frustrated with traffic and decide to either stay home or choose another free or less expensive way of travel. This brings the economy down and makes the city look bad.

Via Seth Dixon
Kendra King's curator insight, April 13, 2015 9:01 PM

Humans instinctively look to profit when the situation arises, this is one of those situations. The government implemented regulations that barely seem to manage the traffic jams, i.e. having 3 people per car. Since people do have to work and may not always be able to meet the requirements, others have started making a living as a “jockey,” an individual who offers to ride in a car so the 3 people limit is met. Doing this is considered illegal. Yet, there aren’t good enough jobs for people to work (otherwise they won’t be a jockey) and those who do work can’t seem to always follow the rule without it harming there work life.  Plus, more police now turn their attention towards these people thereby deterring them away from their other duties. I realize that the state probably never intended these consequences to happen, but now that it is I really wonder just how useful this law really is. One thing is certain though, without better planning or economic innovation by the government, the jams will continue to happen.


I find it odd that the people keep staying despite the major traffic problem. As one interviewee mentioned. I guess as long as you can find ways to stay productive and still receive enough compensation, the time spend in traffic isn't enough of a hassle for them. As someone who has enough economic opportunity with far less wait time in traffic though, I would find this situation unbearable. Clearly, this isn't that case though. So, I am not sure of the immediate solution. As we learned in class, the government tried transmigration. This just lead to more problems. It was then suggested that the type of opportunity. If that is the case though, what should the government do now? Waiting for a more natural economic opportunity to get the people out of Jakarta won't happen quick enough to curb the increasing population growth. Therefore the strain on the infrastructure will continue because the population's carrying capacity is exceeded. Whatever the answers, I think this would be a great case study for urban planning and the impact raising car dependency has on a society as this driving nightmare shows just how important planning is with more cars. 

Matt Chapman's curator insight, April 26, 12:42 PM
Traffic is a show of heavy urbanization.  This shows just how urbanized Jakarta is and how many people are working and moving around the city.
Taylor Doonan's curator insight, May 3, 12:42 PM
Jakarta makes rush hour in America look like a walk in the park, it is almost constantly busy and there are strict rules about who can be on the roads, such as there must be a certain number of passengers in a car and taxis are monitored. These rules cause residents to go to extreme measures, people often stand and get paid to be passengers in peoples cars so they meet the passenger requirement and that is how some of the residents of Jakarta afford to live. There are also many unregistered taxis that take the risk because registering them is difficult to do. 
Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Hiroshima after the Atomic Bomb

Hiroshima after the Atomic Bomb | Journey Through Geography |
360° panoramic photography by Harbert F. Austin Jr.. Visit us to see more amazing panoramas from Japan and thousands of other places in the world.


The interactive panorama is eerily compelling...this is a haunting image. 


S.C: This in incredible; the fact that one bomb did all of this destruction. That one aggresive attack against the US entitled the death of thousands of Japanese and ultimate destruction of the land. This is what human beings can do to one another.

Via Seth Dixon
Lauren Stahowiak's curator insight, April 14, 2014 6:32 PM

This panoramic photograph shows the devastation of Hiroshima after the Atomic Bomb. Everything in sight is destroyed. Houses and poles that were lucky enough to still be standing are even lost causes. 

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 2:10 PM

These images are chilling and sad. The United States is the only country to ever use the Atomic Bomb on another country, a status I am not proud of. We can see why for 60 years people lived in constant fear during the Cold War. Also some would argue that the Atom Bomb has prevented world wars since WWII. It makes you fearful of the one leader who has access to A bombs and chooses to use them.

Matt Chapman's curator insight, April 26, 12:09 PM
Hiroshima was devastated after the Atomic Bomb.  The destruction ruined alot of land and the waste ruined the land for many years to come. Hurting agriculture.
Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

South Asian floods take economic toll

Environmental degradation, seasonally high rainfall, a low elevation profile and climate change combine in a very bad way for Bangladesh.  Flooding, given these geographic characteristics, is essentially a regular occurence.   For a more in-depth look at these issues from the same media outlet, see:!


S.C: I'm having a hard time trying to understand why people would live like this. I would have moved out of here by now. I couldnt live with the fact that flooding would eventually ruin my home, crops and overall life each and every year. Crops are almost impossible to grow, so there is no source of income for the people who grow them. Stores and markets get flooded and loose much of their surplus. Disease must be through the roof from humidity and dirty flood waters. I just don't know how people can live in a river, basically.

Via Seth Dixon
Matt Mallinson's comment, November 7, 2012 3:41 PM
The people that live here understand that they will have flooding every year. They're smart to build elevated roads so they have some way of transportation over flooded areas. It's weird to think that this is a normal thing for them and for us we close everything down and wait in our houses.
Elizabeth Allen's comment, December 7, 2012 12:17 AM
In an area already stricken with poverty, the floods manifest the problems. High rains and low elevations cause massive floods in areas such as Bangladesh and Nepal. Most areas do not receive aid, especially the remote areas of the villages.
Paige McClatchy's curator insight, December 14, 2013 4:55 PM

The "socio-economics of flooding" is a side of the natural disaster we don't normally think about. People most affected by floods tend to live in areas with poor infrastructure and large populations. Their displacement to cities, like Dhaka, has incredible cost. For both the family and the new place they relocate to. 

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

The Golden Temple of Amritsar

The Golden Temple of Amritsar | Journey Through Geography |
The Golden Temple is the holiest shrine of the Sikh religion. It is also home to one of the largest free eateries in the world.


This two-minute video clip is an effective portal to alternative religious traditions on the South Asian subcontinent.   While students might not at first relate to the theologies of diverse religious traditions, they connect with the underlying ethics of many world religions.  This video is an effective tool to help them gain greater cultural understanding and demystify unfamiliar cultural practices. 


S.C: When I first saw this, I was absolutely amazed. The temple itself is beautiful, for any person of any religion to go and visit. It really captures the essence of serenity and peace, which appeals to many people. I was also amazed at the fact that they can feed thousands of people a day. Where do they get all the ingredients from? How many people are actually behind the cooking? It's just astounding to watch. It truly is a place where people congregate for peace and to help one another in finding it.

Via Seth Dixon
Matt Mallinson's comment, November 7, 2012 3:25 PM
I like that the Sikh religion allows people of all religions to visit their holy temple. These people seem like good people.
Brian Nicoll's curator insight, December 12, 2012 1:18 AM

I was impressed by the fact that the people of the Sikh religion are very accepting of people who remain outside their system of beliefs.  They acknowledge the fact that there are other religions and don't see any reason to treat them with anything but respect.  These people are most definitely good people.

Samuel D'Amore's curator insight, December 17, 2014 2:46 AM

This temple is amazing because it is not only a place of worship but also a huge free eatery. This temple plays a role in the poor relief of the area because all poor people are welcome to come and eat. The fact they welcome those of different faiths as well into this temple of worship is something that is really remarkable because of the fear and distrust many faiths seem to have of one another. If only more places of worship acts as this one.

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Awaiting Tomorrow - People Living with HIV/AIDS in Africa

From | "Awaiting Tomorrow" tells the story people living with HIV/AIDS in the war-torn Eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo...


This video provides a chilling glimpse into the struggle of Africans with AIDS/HIV without sufficient medical care.  


S.C: Our world is so large, that we really don't think about what happens in other places, or we think everyone is the same, whether it's a purposeful blind eye or not, this video is proof of the horror that others are living that we rarely ever see. It really opens our eyes to a society that is not like ours and how these people get through it is unimaginable. We find it hard to put ourselves in these peoples shoes. We live week by week, they live our by hour. We can walk into our doctors office and get medical treatment, they suffer everyday with no hope. It's crazy how drastic the difference is.

Via Seth Dixon
Lisa Fonseca's comment, December 5, 2011 12:49 AM
Many more people should be aware of this clip. Here is a twenty five year old with four children, and now has been dealing with aids for one year. The likely chance of him surviving being that he is living in such poverty, is very low. It is awful to see his four children watching their father slowly die of aids, but it also can be seen as a lesson to the children to learn and become aware of aids and learn how to avoid them. This young adult not only wanted to survive but also wanted to survive to be a spokesperson to the world. I think more and more people need to be aware of situations like these. Yes, many people know Africa has a high percentage of aids but 2.6 million people in just Democratic Republic of Congo are living with aids. If people became more aware of this situation by watching videos like these and seeing how they could make an impact I think this number could be lowered. Possibly we can start by showing videos like this to adolescents and getting them knowledged in this area at a young age.
Maegan Connor's curator insight, December 17, 2013 8:36 PM

This video is so sad because HIV/AIDS  in the DRC and other African countries is definitely preventable and treatable but due to the immense amounts of poverty and the lack of information about contraceptives and protection, millions are infected every year.

The man featured in this video mentions that the government does nothing to help fund medical centers or any other assistance and it is truly shameful.

Sarah Ann Glesenkamp's curator insight, September 16, 2014 12:17 PM

Unit 2

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Israel - Gaza conflict

Israel - Gaza conflict | Journey Through Geography |
Israeli airstrikes began November 14, following months of Palestinian rocket fire into Israel.


"Monday, the top leader of Hamas dared Israel to launch a ground invasion of Gaza and dismissed diplomatic efforts to broker a cease-fire in the six-day-old conflict, as the Israeli military conducted a new wave of deadly airstrikes which included a second hit on a 15-story building that houses media outlets."  This photo essay shows 34 powerful images that are emerging from this deadly conflict.  If students need some background to understand who are the major players in this conflict, this glossary should be helpful. 


S.C:I think that what this all comes down to is people wanting a place to call home and to be respected for that. Israelis and Palestinians have been on edge for years because of unpronounced borders and basically hatred for each other. I don’t understand why they can’t just draw up some borders and call it a day. It is quite obvious that both parties have created a name for themselves, and both have a long history of becoming who they are. Because there are two possible state places for Palestine, and only one for Israel, there is upheaval. Space and the location of that space is important for people, as the world can see with this conflict. Politics are also involved, considering the leader of Hamas doesn’t believe that Israel should exist, which disrespects Israelis. Their religious difference also doesn’t help with matters, with Hamas being Sunni Muslim extremists with hatred. You can say that political geography, cultural geography and physical geography all play a role, but to me, it’s all about respect and a place to call home.

Via Seth Dixon
Wen Shi's curator insight, July 13, 2014 4:17 AM

I was so shocked while reading this ariticle and seeing those pictures. The conflict between the Palestinians and Israelis is something that is deeply rooted in the history of the two nations. And the war, resulted by this conflict, has taken away many people's lives. The 2 countries's people are suffering. Many kids are just at our ages, they could not get education or anything else that we take for granted here, even had to bear the pain of losing relatives and homes. I could never imagine how sad and disastrous wars can be. :(

Hossan Epiques Novelle's curator insight, July 13, 2014 4:58 AM

The two countries should take the chance to resolve the conflict amicably before the situation tips over and war is inevitable. The loss of lives resulting from the war would be pointless.

Zhiyang Liang's curator insight, July 13, 2014 12:02 PM

In my perspective, why does people will have a thought of eliminating prejudice is that prejudice can lead to unfair treatment or the violation of rights of individuals or groups of people just like the conflict between Israel and Gaza.

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Regional Geography!

Shiite and Sunni: What are the differences?

Shiite and Sunni: What are the differences? | Journey Through Geography |
While the two sects share the same basic beliefs, differences in hierarchy and doctrine make Catholics and Protestants an apt comparison.


Too often we categorize all Muslims together as though they all thought the same things and share the same beliefs.  Although the divisions within the "House of Islam" run deeper that the Sunni/Shi'a split, it is the best starting place to get a nuances senses of regional differences among Islamic groups. 


S.C:  It is true that a lot of people categorize Muslims as one whole sect when they really are not. There are many different branches, including Sunni and Shiite. It's very easy for people to clump them all together, especially because they are so similar. In these times, I feel like Muslims will get no respect for which branch they really belong to, because there is so much hatred around the world for them. I think it will take a while for respect to slowly come back to them, and even then it won't be much. 


It's important for people to know the difference, even if they want to turn a blind eye to it. It's easier for people to assume the worse instead of actually taking the time to see how they really are. This is how many world conflicts and political issues start.

Via Mr. David Burton, Seth Dixon
Al Picozzi's curator insight, October 20, 2013 12:44 PM

It is important to know the differences here.  It also seems that the most extreme sects are coming from the Shiite sect even though they only make up about 15% of the Muslim population.  They are centered in Iraq and Iran from the old Safavid Empire which took the Shiite sect and put them in conflict withthe Ottomans who took the Sunni sect.  This led to many wars in this areas between these two Muslim empires from the 16th to 18th century. 

Paige McClatchy's curator insight, October 24, 2013 9:46 PM

The Christian Science Monitor's attempt to categoraize the differences between Shiit and Sunni Muslims is a good effort but I can't help but feel like its just scratches the surface. I would have also liked to know how each sect views government, gender relations, and, geographically, where each sect has dominance. These other measures would have provided a more comprehensive portrait. I would say, however, that the tone was fair and detatched.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 12:06 PM

I think as Americans we should definitely know the difference between Sunni and Shiite. Our foreign policy in the Middle East is so dependent on our understanding of the Islam and I think it is imperative that Americans avoid lumping all Muslims into one category and ignoring the differences within the worlds largest religion.

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

"Skateistan" The NYTimes video library

"Skateistan" The NYTimes video library | Journey Through Geography |

"Afghan youth have very limited options for sports and recreation. An Australian man is trying to change that."   This video really resonates with my students.  Issues of ethnicity, class and gender are right on the surface.  Globalization, cultural values and shifting norms make this a good discussion piece.  



S.C: Something like this is fantastic to see. I really think that the social norms for Arab countries regarding women are beginning to change, with some disapproval of course. I can see from the point of view of men, that women shouldnt be allowed to do anything, even young girls. I can see why they are scared of this, because giving them just one ounce of power could lead to a push for more freedoms. I think countries like Pakistan should get ready for a social uprising in the near future. Technology is going to play a big role in that, and I think women will come out the victors here.

Via Seth Dixon
Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 14, 2014 8:01 PM

In a society that is seen by most of the world as strict and rigid, it was interesting to see these children having fun and breaking the mold of traditional afghan kids. What makes this even more fascinating is that female children are doing some of the skating. With gender issues a hot topic in some Middle Eastern countries, letting kids have fun before being made to conform to tradition is a nice experience for them. While they still respect the culture to they belong to, it is a break from that and a breathe of fresh air for them. These youth are not seen primarily as men and woman, but as children.

Mark Hathaway's curator insight, October 20, 2015 6:33 AM

Who could have imagined, that Skateboards could be used as a geopolitical tool? Over a decade ago, the United States invaded Afghanistan with the aim of rooting out and destroying the terrorist who attacked the nation on 911. As with most of our military campaigns in the Middle East, the mission quickly became bogged down in a nation building campaign. The people of Afghanistan have long been wary of foreign influence. Empire after empire has attempted to conquer this nation, only to suffer humiliating defeats. For any chance at sustained success, the United States must win over the hearts and minds of the Afghan people. This skateboard program is a perfect tool in accomplishing that objective. The parks bring all types of youths together in the spirit of fun. They are a unifying factor amongst the youth in Afghanistan.

Matt Danielson's curator insight, October 30, 11:22 PM
Good  to see the youth in a troubled area during trouble times being shown some way to escape the Darkness. It seems as though to some skateboarding is just that way. One day in future years id like to see and Afghani in the x games. Either way not only skateboarding but any sport that can be introduced to the youth can be a way to keep them away from bad things, or becoming people who commit bad deeds. 
Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Irredeemable? Brazil's Faltering Economy

Irredeemable? Brazil's Faltering Economy | Journey Through Geography |
THE longest recession in a century; the biggest bribery scandal in history; the most unpopular leader in living memory. These are not the sort of records Brazil was hoping to set in 2016, the year in which Rio de Janeiro hosts South America’s first-ever Olympic games.

Via Seth Dixon
Seth Dixon's curator insight, December 31, 2015 10:58 AM

Brazil's economy has gone through a rougher stretch than most in the recent global economic downturn and some see more hard times in the near future for the South American giant.  BRIC countries aren't immune to economic crisis. 


Tags: economic, BrazilSouth America.

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Sustain Our Earth!

Brazil to fund development of vaccine for Zika virus

Brazil to fund development of vaccine for Zika virus | Journey Through Geography |
The Brazilian government announced it will direct funds to a biomedical research center to help develop a vaccine against a virus linked to brain damage in babies.

Via SustainOurEarth
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from itsyourbiz - Travel - Enjoy Life!!

Amid Recession, Brazil Struggles With The Huge Costs Of The Olympics

Amid Recession, Brazil Struggles With The Huge Costs Of The Olympics | Journey Through Geography |
Brazil was riding high when it was awarded the 2016 Olympics seven years ago. But the country is now in economic turmoil and facing a rash of problems as it prepares for the games in August.

Via Skip Boykin
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Finding the flotsam: where is Japan's floating tsunami wreckage headed?

Finding the flotsam: where is Japan's floating tsunami wreckage headed? | Journey Through Geography |

Scientists model where and when the debris from the March 2011 Japanese tsunami will be.  The likelihood that the debris (not radioactive) will reach the U.S. west coast is increasingly likely.  Look at the great video attached to the article.   


S.C: I never really thought about something like this. I mean, you know what a tsunami is and how badly it destroys things, but what about after that? To think that there is this giant mass of garbage slowly floating towards the US is weird. What's good about is it that it's not radioactive and it's slowly disapating. But, where to? What kind of environment and ecosystem is it going to affect? Do we even care enough to do anything about it? Easier to turn a blind eye than anything..

Via Seth Dixon
Paige McClatchy's curator insight, December 14, 2013 6:09 PM

Hopefully none of the wreckage that reaches the US is radioactive.... But the projected travel of the debris shows how ocean currents create, almost, a "natural" globalization of natural disasters. 

Gregory S Sankey Jr.'s curator insight, September 1, 2014 10:43 AM

Although it's important to know where all of this trash is headed, this just makes me think of how we might prevent this. We can't prevent these catastrophic natural disasters, but how might we lessen it's effects on our cities and settlements? Furthermore, how might we lessen our impact on ecosystems during these times of catastrophe? 

It's only called a catastrophe when it hits human populations for a reason, it's not just devastating to us. Remnants of our lifestyle are carried far and wide, able to cause harm on many other species. 

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 4:37 PM

An example of how even without considering globalization the world is interconnected. The debris from the 2011 tsunami was never disposed of effectively and the United States may be effected more than they ever expected. If this pile of debris reaches US shores it will make many Americans consider how a tsunami across the globe will eventually hurt them at home. 

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Turbulence on the Mekong River

Turbulence on the Mekong River | Journey Through Geography |
The Mekong River was once a wild and primitive backwater. Today, growing demands for electricity and rapid economic growth are changing the character of what is the world's 12th-longest river.


Economic progress for some often entails job loss and environmental degradation for others.  The once isolated and remote Mekong is experiences some impacts of globalization with residents having mixed feelings about the prospects. 


I can understand why the natives would be aprehensive about this. The river is what shapes their lives and their economy. Eventually the ecosystem will die down or move because of the dams and other infrastructure being built. They are afraid of urbanization. But you can't change progress, and when the economy and rising, you have to make appropriate decisions to supply for it.

Via Seth Dixon
Emma Lafleur's curator insight, April 30, 2013 8:03 PM

It seems to be a theme that across the bored, people are building things that directly and negatively impact the environment and the local people. There are always two sides to the problem. On one hand, the dam can help with the development of Laos because it will bring in money, but it will also destroy the fish population and therefore many fishermen will lose their jobs and people will lose a food source. It is a difficult problem because Laos needs money because there is a lot of poverty in this rural country and the fishermen do not add a whole lot to the economy, but the people need a way to survive and make money for their families as well. It's a problem that I think will be around for generation to come.

Al Picozzi's curator insight, November 26, 2013 11:35 AM

Seems the price of modernizing will be the local economy that as existed here for centuries.  It is not a small industy either, it is according to the report a billion dollar fishing industry.  However with a growing population and a demand for electricity the river is the perfect source for this power.  This globalization, like all globalization, will help some and will hurt some.  What you have to ask yourself is will it help more than it hurts?  Will it help in the long run, over time?  For everyone involoved in globalization these answeres are never the same everywhere.

Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 15, 2014 9:21 PM

The Mekong river is a river that many fisherman in Laos depend on for food and income. Plans to build dams that will cause the fish to seek an alternate route to migrate upstream. Critics of the dams say that the dams will cause the fish to abandon the Mekong river and go through their neighboring rivers, leaving the residents without a source of income. Many in favor of the dams say the reverse, that building the dams will boost economy and cause the area to flourish.

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Worker safety in China

This is an incredible video because of the shocking footage of blatant disregard for worker safety.  This can lead to an interesting discussion concerning how China has been able to have its economy grow.  What other ways has China (or Chinese companies) been "cutting corners?"  How does that give them a competitive edge on the global industrial market?     


The things people will do for their job is remarkable. This poor guy has nothing but to do his job no matter how unsafe it is because he needs the money desperately. Yet it is reasons like lack of worker safety that lets China soar in their economy. They have no laws against anything really, thus companies can cut corners and do whatever it takes to get the job done, whether its to dump toxic waste in the water, put children to work or have men risk their lives.

Via Seth Dixon
Matt Ramsdell's curator insight, December 14, 2015 9:37 PM

Based on the video and the safety of the Chinese workers they tame no precautions to staying safe. If they have this much lack of safety for themselves then how do they regard the safety of the people around them. As China is and has cities up and coming to mega cities with high rises and exponential expanding then how do they create their buildings? As fast as they went up and the city was created then how stable are their buildings?

Douglas Vance's curator insight, April 20, 12:06 PM
This mentality towards worker safety is why the United States cannot compete with Chinese labor costs. The blatant disregard for safety as seen in the video allows Chinese manufacturers and industry to focus on reaching as high a level of production as possible. In a way, workers are seen as expendable parts to the entire process. Combine that with the low wages paid to these workers have allowed the country to develop in an incredibly short period of time. By disregarding worker safety, China has a massive edge over more developed nations with strict worker safety regulations.
Matt Chapman's curator insight, April 26, 12:31 PM
This video shows why China gets stuff done for so much cheaper than other countries in the world.  Worker safety and workplace safety is non-existent which is why jobs get done for so much cheaper in China.
Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Over 27 and unmarried? In China, you’re an old maid

Over 27 and unmarried? In China, you’re an old maid | Journey Through Geography |
January and February are sweet times for most Chinese — they enjoy family reunions during the spring festival, which this year fell on January 23, and they celebrate Valentine’s Day, which is well-liked in China.


Gender roles in cultural norms change from country to country.  What also needs to be understood is how the demographic situation of a given country influences these patterns. 


S.C: I don't think China really thought about what would happen when they enacted the one child policy. Now, there are millions of more men than women. The "leftover" women have strict limitations on who they want to marry, thus decreased marriage drastically. Soon enough, China will see the effects of the One Child Policy, and their societal views will have to change in order to get their population rising again. Looking at this from an American standpoint, I find the old maid at 27 idea quite strange yet relatable. But I don't see my life as over if I do reach 27 and am still unmarried. 

Via Seth Dixon
Alyssa Dorr's curator insight, December 14, 2014 9:13 PM

Being 27 years old and unmarried in China considers you to be an old maid? I had to do a double take when I saw this. In the United States, 27 years old is around the average age a couple decides to get married. In China, Valentine's day is a really well liked holiday. Therefore, you would think that there would be excessive amounts of marriages, especially around this time. However, we know about the one child policy put into place at China. I can imagine that this might play a role because of the gender imbalances. As horrible as this sounds, in China, they call the women who are thirty and single "leftovers". During the season of the Chinese New Year and Valentine's Day, the "leftovers" just get questioned about their relationship status or go to matchmaking parties. However, the "leftovers" are said to have three good things; good career, good education and good looks. This is interesting because if they had all these good qualities, why would they still be single at 30 years old? As the article continues, we talk about true love and believe it or not, some "leftovers" still believe in true love and that they may experience that one day.

Amanda Morgan's curator insight, December 15, 2014 4:14 PM

The fact that success relatively young women are seen as leftovers in China is a completely foreign idea to me.  n the United States we are seeing that more and more women are marrying later in life after they have received an education, higher education and have been established in a career.  Emily Liang is an extremely successful women who should be proud of her accomplishments, yet has to declare herself as "divorced" in order for men to think something isn't "wrong" with her.  It is extremely obvious that the role and view of women in China is significantly distorted. 

Matt Chapman's curator insight, April 26, 12:26 PM
Gender roles in many countries in the world are still a huge problem.  In China, the gender roles are really bad and it shows that although the country is rapidly advancing in many ways it still sticks to its old roots where the women are not as respected as the men.
Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

How did Pakistan get it's name?

How did Pakistan get it's name? | Journey Through Geography |

"The name of the country Pakistan has a fascinating history - it is essentially an acronym!  Prior to 1947, the country now known as Pakistan was a British colony. In 1947 the United Kingdom granted independence to the region under a new name, Pakistan. The name had been developed by a group of students at Cambridge University who issued a pamphlet in 1933 called Now or Never."


In a country with such great ethnic divisions, a common religion is a powerful nationalizing force.  As the capital city of Islamabad's toponym powerfully states (the house or abode of Islam), religion remains an important element of national identity for Pakistanis.   


S.C: Well, this is definitely something that I'm remembering for a long time! Never would I have thought that Pakistan is actually an acronym and not just a name. Even funnier is that two Cambridge students came up with it! The acronym stands for basically one part of every religion and ethnic division, and that it is 'the land of the spiritually pure and clean." I think the idea of that was good, in creating a "clean" state for all religions and ethnicities to enjoy and be peaceful within. However, i think that facade quickly died and it's more of diverse in a negative way, with a lot of violence and segregation.

Via Seth Dixon
Jason Schneider's curator insight, March 28, 2015 3:15 PM

Pakistan is simply abbreviated from it's nations or nations that border Pakistan. P stands for Punjab, A stands for Afghania, K stands for Kashmir, I stands for Iran, S stands for Singh, T stands for Tukharistan, A stands for Afghanistan. However, there is no "N." Instead we classified the last letter as Balochistan but because "stan" is the Persian pronunciation for "country." Pakistan decided to abbreviate "N" as a silent so they can successfully abbreviate "Pakistan" instead of "Pakista."

Matthew Richmond's curator insight, November 9, 2015 3:03 PM

Re-scooped from Professor Dixon, primarily for how ridiculous it is. Most of us figured there was some decent reason (like the neighboring 'Stan's) for why  and how Pakistan got its name. Nope, there really wasn't any good reason to name it Pakistan, it is an acronym. One that makes absolutely no sense whatsoever.

Adam Deneault's curator insight, December 14, 2015 6:47 PM
Until reading this, I thought this was another country that had a "stan" name just like the rest. I never knew that Pakistan received it's makeshift name my a bunch Cambridge University students. It is composed of lands taken from homelands: Punjab, Afghania,, Kashmir, Iran , Sindh, Tukharistan, Afghanistan, and balochistaN.
Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Somalia's Pirates Face Growing Backlash

Somalia's Pirates Face Growing Backlash | Journey Through Geography |
Abshir Boyah, a pirate who says he has hijacked more than 25 ships off the coast of Somalia, says he will give up this career if certain terms are met.


What economic, cultural and political circumstances in the 21st century would allow for piracy to exist?  What are the impacts of piracy on Somalia?  


S.C: Can I just say that if I were living in Somalia I would be scared as all hell? You never know when these pirates could just storm into your home and ransack it, harming your family or worse? But after watching this, I can sort of understand them in a way. This is all these people can live upon; it's what keeps them alive. It supports them economically, and it helps with the local economy as well. Culturally, the pirates are an embarrassment and to get rid of them would be in Somalia's favor, according to Somalians and the rest of the world. Not only are they a nuisance, but they also aggravate political issues with other countries. A while back, the pirates took several Americans hostage, and it took the Portuguese Navy to rescue them. Somalia could be a much better place if they piracy ended.

Via Seth Dixon
Kaitlin Young's curator insight, November 22, 2014 4:25 PM

Somalia's pirates are notorious worldwide, and while the pirates may be committing horrible crimes, it is important to understand why these people have turned to illegal means to survive. The economic state of Somalia is rather grim. Considered a textbook "failed state", men for the most part have to choose between working as a fishermen or turning to piracy. Since fishermen barely scrape a living from the waters, Somalian men turn to piracy. With no other economic opportunities, it is often seen as the only choice. Many Somali pirates openly admit that if they had other options, they would absolutely change occupations. 

John Nieuwendyk's curator insight, December 17, 2014 5:17 PM

The media oftentimes demonizes specific groups of people. So I was presently surpassed that the NYT’s investigated the human aspect of desperation. Many of these Somalians are hopeless and the economic burden on their shoulders drives them to act unethical. When you first priority is survival, courteousness and moral laws often don’t apply. Nevertheless, it was cool to hear about these human stories.

Joshua Mason's curator insight, March 31, 2015 7:37 PM

Just like the pirates of the late 17th and early 18th centuries, these folks bring all the vices of the originals except perhaps without much of the romanticism that comes with the elders. Though perhaps in two hundred years someone will make a movie titled Pirates of the Somalia featuring Johnny Depp's great-great-great grandson. 


It's understandable why these people want to get out of the business. Despite the sex and wealth they've gotten, it's not exactly stable employment. Nor is it as safe as sitting at a desk or being a plumber. But when your society simply doesn't support these industries, then the people are left to resort to more drastic measures.


It's also interesting to see the quazi-government stepping in to try and combat it. Traditional Muslim values are the reason for them wanting and end to it. It's understandable to not want children to look up to pirates and the life of crime they lead. But in order for the practice to stop, the pirates want international environmental protections, aid, and government support. Should the international community give into piracy or should it be removed by force?

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

U.S. AID education/poverty infographic

U.S. AID education/poverty infographic | Journey Through Geography |

An excellent infographic that highlights the importance of education in the process of fighting poverty.  Why is education (especially women) so pivotal for development?  Should this change how we think about humanitarian aid?       


S.C: It's amazing how something so simple as education really puts people in an advantage and really improves their life. The power of knowledge is truly remarkable and I think is much more valuable than anything we could ever provide in aid. I think instead of sending so much aid and tangible items, we should send educators. When we educate one, we can educate all. I can only imagine what Africa could be like if we could educate the mass and put power and knowledge in the hands of the people


My mother was born in the Azores and didn't get very far in her education. She married young and came to America. She was already at a disadvantage because she didn't know the language, and she didn't complete many years of high school either. But, she was convinced to take nursing classes and now is a CNA. I know, it doesn't seem like a big deal but for her it is because she has a higher paying job and can provide for her family in ways she could never think of before.

Via Seth Dixon
Fiqah Nasrin's curator insight, January 27, 2014 8:37 AM

From this article i get to know that a child who born to an educated mother will benefit more than a child who born to mothers without an education. Quite a number of women in the world are without a proper education. Is it fair to women without a proper education to be condemn to be told that their child will do poorly rather than a child of an educated mothers. Their child would eventually suceed through hard work and support from their family.

Zemus Koh's curator insight, January 27, 2014 10:11 AM

From this infographic, I can see the importance of education and how it can impact us in our lives. Education is key as it can help us in many ways such as being able to teach our offspings survival skills and also help us to earn more so that we can bring up a family and support them. However important education is, it still comes with a price. As such, many are deprived of this oppurtunity to be educated even though education is somewhat considered a neccessity. Other benefits of education to women include a lesser chance of contracting STDs and also having a higher chance to immunize their children compared to non-educated women. Since education is a key to survival and an important part in our lives, why is it that no effort is made to promote this or to fund more projects that help the less fortunate to get a chance to be educated?

Fiqah Nasrin's curator insight, February 23, 2014 7:28 AM

This article tells me that a child who born to an educated mother will benefit more than a child who born to mothers without an education. Quite a number of women in the world are without a proper education. Is it fair to women without a proper education to be condemn to be told that their child will do poorly rather than a child of an educated mothers. Their child would eventually succeed through hard work and support from their family. It stated that most children who drop out from school are girls and most of the people cant read live in developing countries. In this century i am sure that proper education are given to those who could not afford it as everyone want to succeed. I think that it does not matter if a child's mother is without an education as they can succeed if they work hard and opportunity is given to them.

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Regional Geography!

Viewfinder: Gaza's Tunnels

A World Report Viewfinder from inside the tunnels that connect blockaded Gaza to the outside world...

Why are tunnels from Egypt to Gaza forming?  How is Israel's policies a part of this phenomenon?


S.C: I think it's amazing what people will do to survive and at what risks they are willing to take. Creating these tunnels is such a dangerous job, but if it means they can get food and goods through then they will do it. Not only is working underground with the chance that you could be buried alive a risk, but also the fact that you could easily be blown up by an airstrike. 


This is all do to the Israeli/Palestinian conflict. Israel has strict laws about goods passing through due to political conflict with the Gaza strip. Because of this, people of all three areas are finding it harder and harder to live because they are very limited with resources and they are at risk for being killed in the street from protesters or airstrikes.

Via Seth Dixon
Al Picozzi's curator insight, October 22, 2013 12:09 AM

Amazing to see what people will do to survive.  They are doing this out of necessity.  Many goods they are smuggling are what I believe should be allowed in through normal means, food, water, medicine and anything needed for basic human needs.  I understand the blockade in stopping weapons and items of that nature, but stopping basic foodstuffs is just plain wrong.  The people are living and surviving by these tunnels and built an economy on them.  One thing that was really interesting was at the end when the man seemed he wanted the blockcade to go on or else it would close his tunnel and he would have to get "a real job."  The effects of this blockcade are on both ends of the spectrum, people want it to end so things can return to normal and others want it to go on to continue to make money.

Brett Sinica's curator insight, October 29, 2013 4:20 PM

What some media has led the "western world" to perceive is that many of the people living here would be trying to smuggle illegal goods such as bombs, drugs, etc.  Sure that may be true in some cases, but many times there are respectable citizens which simply need food or necessary items to sustain their lives.  Because of the tight security measures regarding people and goods, the people of Gaza simply try to find a way around the authorities, and the best current option is by tunnels.  Situations like this show that if people really need certain things, with some help and determination, they can achieve that goal.  In the end, hopefully it is for good more often than bad.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 12:09 PM

These tunnels give the Palestinians a way to access a world that has been politically blockaded from them. Connections that allow the sharing of goods are not something that should be avoided. Food and goods could be a way to make a pseudo peace and interdependence between both sides of a centuries old conflict.

Rescooped by Stephanie Cabral from Geography Education!

Remote Sensing and Land Cover Change

Remote Sensing and Land Cover Change | Journey Through Geography |

By moving the slider, the user can compare 1990 false-color Landsat views (left) with recent true-color imagery (right). Humans are increasingly transforming Earth’s surface—through direct activities such as farming, mining, and building, and indirectly by altering its climate.

This interactive feature includes 12 places that have experienced significant change since 1990.  This is an user-friendly way to compare remote sensing images over time.  Pictured above is the Aral Sea, which is and under-the-radar environmental catastrophe in Central Asia that has its roots in the Soviet era's (mis)management policies.  


Tags: remote sensing, land use, environment, geospatial, environment modify, esri, unit 1 Geoprinciples, zbestofzbest.



S.C: This is absolutely amazing to see how our environment can change so quickly just by simple things that we do. Something so simple as farming, for example, can do a lot of damage to a lake.  With irrigation, a water supply can be depleted quite easily, especially in drier climate. Building and mining causes gases and other pollutants to damage the ozone later as well as contribute to global warming. It's hard, because humans need to do these things to survive but it is at the expense of the environment, much like the people of Haiti are cutting down trees to sell coal or cook food.

Via Seth Dixon
Jake Red Dorman's curator insight, November 13, 2014 2:25 PM

Clearly the water level has decreased in Kazakhstan from 1990 until now. Farming, mining, and building are all indirectly changing the geography of some places. The use of rivers for cotton irrigation has shrunk by 3 quarters in the last 50 years and it is extremely affecting the Aral Sea. 

Maria la del Varrio's curator insight, December 13, 2014 3:10 PM

Is sad to see how humans are changing the environment forcing the wild creatures to abandon the places they've been living for hundred or years or die of starvation. I wonder what will happen in 300 years when there is no more big lakes and the oceans will be completed polluted .

Tanya Townsend's curator insight, November 20, 2015 2:57 PM

Great tool to show students how human use of natural resources can change landscapes and have permanent impacts on geographical landmarks such as the aerial sea. How do we stop it? Can we undo the damage done? How do we prevent these tragedies from happening in the future?