Sports Medicine PDHPE
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Sports Medicine PDHPE
How does sports medicine address the demands of specific athletes?
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HSC Online - Sports Medicine: Specific Demands

HSC Online - Sports Medicine: Specific Demands | Sports Medicine PDHPE | Scoop.it

There are three main population groups with identifiable factors which need to be considered when participating in sport to reduce the risk of injury. Explore each specific group addressing medical conditions and appropriate management strategies that are commonly associated with each group. Also explored are physical needs and appropriate exercise types for each group.

 

Follow these links for notes and activities regarding the 3 groups.

 

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NAC - Kids With Asthma: Specific demands of children

Explore this site and summarise the findings regarding exercise and asthma

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Asthma: an animation - Specific Demands of Children

Asthma is a chronic condition that can be managed but not cured. This animation explains asthma in detail.

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What Causes Epilepsy? Specific demands of children

Sixty million Americans will develop epilepsy during their lifetimes.

 

Research the recommendations regarding epilepsy and sport.

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Bodybuilding.com - Weight Training For Children: What You Need To Know! Specific demands for children

Bodybuilding.com - Weight Training For Children: What You Need To Know! Specific demands for children | Sports Medicine PDHPE | Scoop.it

The fitness community is divided in the question of whether children should undertake resistence training.

 

A parent approaches your gym to enrol their 12 year old son in a rigorous resistance program in preparation for the football season. Discuss the recommendations you would make to this parent and child.

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Athletes and Iron Deficiency: Specific demands of female athletes

Athletes and Iron Deficiency: Specific demands of female athletes | Sports Medicine PDHPE | Scoop.it
Iron deficiency is a common problem for women athletes. Studies have routinely found that athletes, especially female athletes, are often iron-deficient or anemic. Iron is essential for athletic performance. One of its major functions is to carry oxygen to and carbon dioxide away from all the cells in your body. The brain also relies on oxygen transport and without enough iron you will find it hard to concentrate and feel tired and irritable. Iron is also needed to maintain a healthy immune system. If you don't have enough iron you may be prone to more frequent infections.

 

Describe the factors which place an athlete in dangers of  an iron deficiency.

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Female Athlete Triad: Specific demands of female athletes

Female Athlete Triad: Specific demands of female athletes | Sports Medicine PDHPE | Scoop.it
Female athlete triad is a combination of three conditions: disordered eating, amenorrhea (loss of a girl's period), and osteoporosis (a weakening of the bones).

 

Create an infographic on the female athlete triad, containing clear precise details on the link between the three issues.

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How osteoporosis develops - Specific demands of Female athletes

Osteoporosis is a condition where your bones become brittle and weak and are more likely to break. Low bone density is the first stage of possible future osteoporosis.

 

Describe the factors which contribute to low bone density.

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Healthy ageing - stay physically active: specific demands of adult and aged athletes

Healthy ageing - stay physically active: specific demands of adult and aged athletes | Sports Medicine PDHPE | Scoop.it
Physical activity (exercise) can help older people maintain independence, recover from illness and reduce their risk of disease. Muscle mass and bone strength can be improved with regular exercise.

 

While these are all good reasons to continue physical activity, there are guidelines to minimise the risk of potential sporting injuries.

 

Identify these guidelines.

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Kinesio Tape Method And Kinesio Tex Tape - Preventative Actions

Kinesio Tape Method And Kinesio Tex Tape - Preventative Actions | Sports Medicine PDHPE | Scoop.it

Another interesting article on strapping methods 

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HSC Online - Sports Medicine - preventative actions

HSC Online - Sports Medicine - preventative actions | Sports Medicine PDHPE | Scoop.it

The overall Australian health costs borne by the whole community through increased taxes and increased health insurance costs need to be reduced. Did you know that the current cost of sporting injuries in Australia is more than 1.2 billion dollars each year?

 

Stats on sporting injuries reveal:

- 1 Australian in every 17 is injured playing sport each year.

- Twice as many injuries occur in competition as in training

- between 30% and 50% of sports injuries could have been prevented.

 

Click on the links on HSC online to address each major area for consideration when in the process of preventing injuries in athletes.

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Horrific Sporting Injuries - preventative actions

Skill and technique

Skill and technique relate to the efficiency with which we perform the required activities. Skilful players perform difficult movements with ease and precision. They display a high degree of temporal patterning (the smaller parts of the movement are executed in sequence), pacing (movements are precisely timed) and control. These features are acquired and developed through effort and practice.

 

Correct skill development is essential to prevent injury. The footballer who is unsure of correct tackling technique is at risk each time they make a tackle. The basketballer who is unable to rebound competently places his or her knees at risk of injury with each landing. Wrestlers who have inferior falling techniques risk injury each time they are thrown on the canvas. Most people appreciate the importance of skill acquisition to improved performance. It is equally important in the prevention of serious injury.

 

Physical fitness

A most important preventative action in enhancing the well-being of athletes is to ensure that the level of physical fitness required by the sport is attained before full competition begins. Physical fitness has a range of attributes and the quantity required of each depends on the type of sport or activity. Some sports such as rugby require superior cardiorespiratory fitness together with high levels of strength, power, speed, endurance and agility depending on the position played. Other sports such as gymnastics require less cardiorespiratory fitness but more flexibility, coordination and balance while being aware of body composition.

 

Lack of development of the appropriate level of fitness for a particular sport is a major contributing factor to injury. A level of physical fitness fitting to the sport ensures that energy supplies are adequate and body systems are able to meet the demands of what is required in the activity.

 

 

Choose three different sports. For each sport, investigate strategies used to enhance physical preparation aimed at injury prevention.

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Kate Williams's curator insight, October 19, 2014 8:07 PM

These are some brutal images of some nasty injuries that can happen to anyone.

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Effectiveness of Taping for Injury Prevention - Preventative Actions

Effectiveness of Taping for Injury Prevention - Preventative Actions | Sports Medicine PDHPE | Scoop.it
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Sharp rise in serious sports injuries

Sharp rise in serious sports injuries | Sports Medicine PDHPE | Scoop.it

Children and young athletes have special needs of which sports medicine practitioners need to be aware. Some of the more important issues concern treatment of specific medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes and epilepsy; management of overuse injuries, thermoregulation issues and problems arising from resistance programs.

 

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Animation about diabetes and the body: Specific Demands of Children

Our short animation explains how the body works when unaffected by diabetes, with Type 1 diabetes with Type 2 diabetes.

 

Watch the brief animation and explain the difference bewteen Type 1 and Type II diabetes. Which one is most likely to be a problem with young athletes?

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Diabetes manual : Diabetes in Children & Adolescents: specific demands of children

Diabetes manual : Diabetes in Children & Adolescents: specific demands of children | Sports Medicine PDHPE | Scoop.it

Children and young athletes who suffer from Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes have special considerations that need to be taken into account when exercising. They need to regulate their blood glucose (or sugar) levels so they can participate effectively. Each child will have a management plan to control low and high blood glucose levels. It is important that a coach or trainer knows the management plan for each child and allows for this in training, e.g. allowing breaks for food or rest.

 

Read the guidelines for exercise and diabetes and summarise the recommendations for young athletes.

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Growth Plate Fractures: Specific demands of children

Use your research skills to investigate the nature of the epiphyseal plate and its importance to bone maturation and development. How can fractures affect body growth?

 

Investigate specific sports movements that might contribute to epiphyseal plate damage and suggest how the sport can be modified to prevent this occurring.

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The Effect of Thermoregulation in Young Athletes: Specific demands of children

The Effect of Thermoregulation in Young Athletes: Specific demands of children | Sports Medicine PDHPE | Scoop.it
The Effect Of Thermoregulation In Young Athletes.

 

The body loses heat in 4 ways; evaporation; radiation; conduction and convection.

 

 

Why are children at greater risk of heat stroke and dehydration?

 

Distinguish between the meanings of the terms hypothermia and hyperthermia?

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Department of Sport and Recreation | Mature-aged sport and recreation: Specific demands of Adult and Aged Athletes

The most obvious concern for adult and aged athletes is pre-existing health risks. An older person who has a history of involvement in regular aerobic-type activity will probably not be at risk to the same degree as a person who suffers from obesity, hypertension, asthma or emphysema. However, heart conditions and bone and joint mobility problems have a significant effect on the options available to adults and older people.

 

Read the position statement for the WA Dept. of Sport and Rec and list the benefits from continued participation in sport and physical activity.

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Aging: What to expect as you get older - Specific demands of adult and aged athletes

Explore the natural changes that are part of the normal aging process.

 

Name and explain three potential health problems of elderly people.

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Bodyline-Melbourne, Bodyline unvieled - Preventative Actions

Check out the three clips on how cricket equipment has changed over time - from Bradman (bodyline movie) to Lillee to modern day. Explore the use of protective equipment over a range of sports.

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How to Play Cricket : Changes in Cricket Equipment - Preventative Actions

Over time, cricket equipment has changed, as body gear now provides extra protection and helmets now have grills. Discover how padding affects running in cri...
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Lillee and Thompson 1974/75 - Preventative Actions

Dennis Lillee and Jeff Thompson let loose at the Gabba bowling their very quickest during the 1974/75 ashes series. For more video check out http://cougarcri...
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Warm up and Cool down - Preventative Actions

Warm up and Cool down - Preventative Actions | Sports Medicine PDHPE | Scoop.it

An appropriate warm up should prepare the body for physical activity. Warm up routines need to be specific to the nature of the sport. For example, a warm up for a game of touch needs to include running with changes of direction, forwards and backwards running and ball passing. A good warm up gradually prepares the body for the demands that will be faced during participation in the sport.

 

A cool down eases the body into recovery and reduces the severity of soreness. A cool down should not be as intense as a warm up.

 

Which type of stretching is most valid in the warm-up and the cool-down? How do you know when you have warmed - up?


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