Sports Ethics: Medina, J.
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Sports Ethics: Medina, J.
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Ethics and Jurisprudence for California Physical Therapists and Physical Therapist Assistants. ETHICAL ISSUES: Many people roll their eyes and change the subject when they hear the word ethics, viewing it as too controversial or too complex to discuss freely. Nonetheless, ethics is a significant concern of thinking, caring persons, especially healthcare providers such as physical therapists (PTs) and physical therapist assistants (PTAs

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Beyond a code of ethics: phenomenological... [Physiother Res Int. 2010] - PubMed - NCBI

Beyond a code of ethics: phenomenological... [Physiother Res Int. 2010] - PubMed - NCBI | Sports Ethics: Medina, J. |

Beyond a code of ethics: phenomenological ethics for everyday practice


Physical therapy, like all health-care professions, governs itself through a code of ethics that defines its obligations of professional behaviours. The code of ethics provides professions with a consistent and common moral language and principled guidelines for ethical actions. Yet, and as argued in this paper, professional codes of ethics have limits applied to ethical decision-making in the presence of ethical dilemmas. Part of the limitations of the codes of ethics is that there is no particular hierarchy of principles that govern in all situations. Instead, the exigencies of clinical practice, the particularities of individual patient's illness experiences and the transformative nature of chronic illnesses and disabilities often obscure the ethical concerns and issues embedded in concrete situations. Consistent with models of expert practice, and with contemporary models of patient-centred care, we advocate and describe in this paper a type of interpretative and narrative approach to moral practice and ethical decision-making based on phenomenology. The tools of phenomenology that are well defined in research are applied and examined in a case that illustrates their use in uncovering the values and ethical concerns of a patient. Based on the deconstruction of this case on a phenomenologist approach, we illustrate how such approaches for ethical understanding can help assist clinicians and educators in applying principles within the context and needs of each patient.

(c) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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The Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy

The Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy | Sports Ethics: Medina, J. |

Ethical Decision Making to Avoid Disciplinary Actions:

Ethical Infancy Physical therapy is considered to be in its ethical infancy. Ethical decision making is a very mature professional ability and as a profession, our maturity is evolving. Physical therapists have not had an opportunity to make independent, autonomous ethical decisions over the long run. We often look to professional codes for guidance; however, it has been said that professional codes do not help manage daily dilemmas. The privilege and influence accompanying autonomous practice obligates physical therapists to look beyond both the literal and superficial interpretations of their ethical code, and to consider the complexities of ethical issues that are evident in the current practice environment.

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Code of Ethics for the Physical Therapist

The Code of Ethics for the Physical Therapist (Code of Ethics) delineates the ethical obligations of all physical therapists as determined by

the House of Delegates of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA).

Principle #1:

Physical therapists shall respect the inherent dignity and rights of all individuals.(Core Values: Compassion, Integrity)

Principle #2:

Physical therapists shall be trustworthy and compassionate in addressing the rights and

needs of patients/clients.(Core Values: Altruism, Compassion, Professional Duty)

Principle #3:

Physical therapists shall be accountable for making sound professional judgments.

(Core Values: Excellence, Integrity)

Principle #4:

Physical therapists shall demonstrate integrity in their relationships with patients/clients,

families, colleagues, students, research participants, other health care providers, employers,

payers, and the public.(Core Value: Integrity)

Principle #5:

Physical therapists shall fulfill their legal and professional obligations.

(Core Values: Professional Duty, Accountability)

Principle #6:

Physical therapists shall enhance their expertise through the lifelong acquisition and

refinement of knowledge, skills, abilities, and professional behaviors.(Core Value: Excellence)

Principle #7

Physical therapists shall promote organizational behaviors and business practices

that benefit patients/clients and society. (Core Values: Integrity, Accountability)

Principle #8:

Physical therapists shall participate in efforts to meet the health needs of people locally,

nationally, or globally.(Core Value: Social Responsibility)


Mark Silva's curator insight, January 13, 2016 9:08 PM

Soon I will be a Physical Therapist and will live by this code of ethics on top of my own personal ones. 

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Ethical Issues Related to Multiple Relationships in Psychotherapy

Dr. Donald Bersoff describes multiple relationsips in psychotherapy and when these are ethical and unethical. This is a sample from a 6-hour ethics and risk ...
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Physical Therapy Never Includes Sex

Physical therapy never includes sex. It also never includes verbal sexual advances or any other kind of sexual contact or behavior. Sexual contact of any kind in the course of a physical therapy treatment is illegal and unethical. Harm may arise from the exploitation

of the patient by the physical therapy provider to fulfill his or her own needs or desires, as well as from the physical therapy provider’s loss of objectivity necessary for effective physical therapy.


In most sexual abuse or exploitation cases, other inappropriate behavior comes first. While it may be subtle or

confusing, it usually feels uncomfortable to the patient. Some clues or warning signs are: read Article.


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