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Watch how the measles outbreak spreads when kids get vaccinated – and when they don't

Watch how the measles outbreak spreads when kids get vaccinated – and when they don't | Spigolature | Scoop.it

If you take 10 communities and run a simulation, it’s easy to see why we need as many members of the ‘herd’ as possible to get vaccines – before it’s too late.

 

Measles are back in the US – and spreading. More than 100 cases across 14 states and Washington DC have been confirmed by US health officials since an outbreak began at Disneyland last December. With a majority of those infections in unvaccinated people, widespread blame – from Washington to the rest of the world – has fallen on parents who chose not to vaccinate their children.

 

Part of the problem, according to Dr Elizabeth Edwards, professor of pediatrics and director of the Vanderbilt Vaccine Research Program, is just that: vaccination is understood by many as an individual choice, when science makes clear that the choice – to vaccinate or not to vaccinate – can affect an entire community.

 

“When you immunize your child, you’re not only immunizing your child. That child’s immunization is contributing to the control of the disease in the population,” Edwards explained. That sheltering effect is called herd immunity: a population that is highly immunized makes for a virus that can’t spread easily, providing protection to the community – or the herd – as a whole.

Despite the high overall measles vaccination rate in the US, vaccine skeptics – and their unimmunized kids – often congregate in like-minded communities, creating pockets of under-immunization.

 

California, where the bulk of current measles cases can still be found, is a prime example. It's one of 20 states that allow parents to skip vaccination based on their personal, philosophical beliefs – even though legislators introduced a bill that would ban such an opt-out provision.


Via Neelima Sinha, Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Boris Limpopo's insight:
Vaccinate e fate vaccinare
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Andreas Maniatis's curator insight, February 18, 2017 5:50 AM
Watch how the measles outbreak spreads when kids get vaccinated – and when they don't
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Cellulari: se cade la linea chi ha chiamato richiama!

Cellulari: se cade la linea chi ha chiamato richiama! | Spigolature | Scoop.it
Evitiamo di continuare a richiamarci reciprocamente e a trovare occupato! Aiutami a tagliare 10 miliardi di euro di spreco. Subito! Con questo articolo lancio una grande campagna per le riforme fatte
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Aderisco entusiasta

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Cattive notizie: Non è vero che il sesso fa dimagrire

Cattive notizie: Non è vero che il sesso fa dimagrire | Spigolature | Scoop.it

Bad news: Sex doesn’t burn that many calories

A study by the New England Journal of Medicine disputes the myth that sex can be an effective form of exercise

Boris Limpopo's insight:

Me è comunque più divertente della cyclette

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Le piattole a rischio estinzione!

Le piattole a rischio estinzione! | Spigolature | Scoop.it

Stop the bikini wax!

Save the crans!

How the growing popularity of the Brazilian is wiping out the pubic pest's "natural habitat"

Boris Limpopo's insight:

Ormai negli Stati Uniti l'80% dei giovani si depila.

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Ri-pupù-lamento

Ri-pupù-lamento | Spigolature | Scoop.it
Transplanting synthetic stool made of beneficial microbes cures deadly diarrheal infections in two patients.
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Repoopulation Remedy | The Scientist Magazine®

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USA: 315 milioni di abitanti, 425 milioni di aggeggi connessi a Internet

USA: 315 milioni di abitanti, 425 milioni di aggeggi connessi a Internet | Spigolature | Scoop.it
Say hello to your shiny, Wi-Fi-enabled overlords
Boris Limpopo's insight:

E noi a che punto siamo?

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La spending review dell’amore

La spending review dell’amore | Spigolature | Scoop.it

Il 28% ha ridotto la frequenza degli incontri, il 25% sostiene di aver trovato amanti a Km zero, il 19% dice di aver trovato partner attraverso siti di «dating», il 16% è intervenuto sul costo finale, pagando cene e alberghi con i coupon.

Tristezza.

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A History of the World in Twelve Maps by Jerry Brotton – review

A History of the World in Twelve Maps  by Jerry Brotton – review | Spigolature | Scoop.it
A fascinating survey of cartography shows Tom Holland that maps never come without baggage...
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FOR A NEW RELAUNCH OF THE SINGLE MARKET, by Jacques Delors

While the relaunch of the European single market is on the EU agenda, Jacques Delors, the initiator of the “Objective 1992”, gives his view on the current situation and on the perspectives for this major project, in a Notre Europe - Jacques Delors Institute viewpoint

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«Calpestare i diritti dei lavoratori non è la nostra idea d'Europa» - Public Service Europe

«Calpestare i diritti dei lavoratori non è la nostra idea d'Europa» - Public Service Europe | Spigolature | Scoop.it

Trampling on workers' rights 'not the Europe we want'

by Hannes Swoboda

While there seems to be a clear path towards solving Europe's economic and political crises, the social arena is overlooked – with hard-won workers' rights increasingly under threat, writes Hannes Swoboda...
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La saggezza popolare sconfiggerà la protervia dei neocafoni

La saggezza popolare sconfiggerà   la protervia dei neocafoni | Spigolature | Scoop.it

Forse è giunto il momento di una reazione forte al destino di beceraggine che sembra incombere sulla nostra società, fra le proterve cafonate di gruppo e gli acri sghignazzi di massa. Ma tale reazione, sulla cui esigenza esiste un grande emotivo coinvolgimento, non può restare sulla facile riproposizione di sentimenti e valori di legalità, moralità, trasparenza, merito, talento e bene comune; essi ci nobilitano il cuore e le parole, ma li abbiamo usati fin troppo, riducendoli a inerti chiamate alle armi.

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Il lavoro nel XXI secolo secondo il Financial Times

Il lavoro nel XXI secolo secondo il Financial Times | Spigolature | Scoop.it

Work 2.0 - FT.com

Last time “Work”, Ford Madox Brown’s vibrant, populous street scene of navvies laying water pipes in Hampstead, was shown at London’s Tate gallery, it was 1984. Margaret Thatcher, not known as a connoisseur of fine art, attended the opening.

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L’industria sussidiata? Un po’ di chiarezza.

L’industria sussidiata? Un po’ di chiarezza. | Spigolature | Scoop.it
E' disponibile una brevissima nota che rielabora una delle tabelle prodotte dal “Gruppo Giavazzi” per il governo sugli aiuti di stato.
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All 2.3 Million Species Are Mapped into a Single Circle of Life

All 2.3 Million Species Are Mapped into a Single Circle of Life | Spigolature | Scoop.it

Lineages of all known species on earth are finally pieced together.

 

Since Charles Darwin's day, biologists have depicted how new organisms evolve from old ones by adding branches to numerous trees that represent portions of the animal, plant and microbial kingdoms. Researchers from a dozen institutions recently completed a three-year effort to combine tens of thousands of trees into one diagram, most readable as a circle (above). The lines inside the circle represent all 2.3 million species that have been named. Biologists have genetic sequences for only about 5 percent of them, however; as more are finished, the relationships within and across groups of species may change. Experts estimate that up to 8.7 million species may inhabit the planet (about 15,000 are discovered every year). “We expect the circle to broaden,” says Karen Cranston, a computational evolutionary biologist at Duke University.

 

Anyone can propose updates to the database (OpenTreeOfLife.org). Greater detail could improve understanding of evolution and help scientists invent drugs, make crops more productive and better control infectious diseases.


Via Neelima Sinha, Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Oltre 2 milioni di specie nel circolo della vita
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Telefonare guidando – anche in viva voce – aumenta di 4 volte il rischio di incidente

Telefonare guidando – anche in viva voce – aumenta di 4 volte il rischio di incidente | Spigolature | Scoop.it

Survey Results Reveal Distracted Driving Habits of San Diegans

Boris Limpopo's insight:

The survey revealed:

Of the 512 respondents driving an average of one to two hours per day, the reported use of cell phones for talking, texting and other applications was: 30 percent ranged from sometimes to frequently, 53 percent rarely and 17 percent never.56 percent reported driving with a handheld phone and 92 percent drive with a hands-free phone.Of the 261 respondents with children younger than 11-years-old in the car, 65 percent drive with a cell phone and 36 percent text.
Of the 193 respondents with children 12 to 17-years-old in the car, 63 percent use a phone while driving and 31 percent text.Adults with children younger than 11-years-old in the car were significantly more likely to text and to talk on a handheld phone.31 percent of respondents feel obliged to take a work-related call while driving.

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Ascelle inodori: un aggiornamento

Ascelle inodori: un aggiornamento | Spigolature | Scoop.it

Surprising Science

A Lucky Two Percent of People Have a Gene for Stink-Free Armpits

But a new study finds most of them still use deodorant

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add your insight...

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RIP, Aaron Swartz

RIP, Aaron Swartz | Spigolature | Scoop.it
Click for ongoing posts about Aaron, his memorial service, his death, and the malicious prosecution brought by the DoJ against him To the extent possible under law, Cory Doctorow has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to "RIP,...
 
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1 americano su 24 ammette di abbioccarsi mentre guida

1 americano su 24 ammette di abbioccarsi mentre guida | Spigolature | Scoop.it
The study also found drowsy driving was more common in men and people ages 25 to 34
Boris Limpopo's insight:

E non sono i vecchi, ma soprattutto quelli della classe 25-34 anni!

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Roman Krznaric suggerisce 5 libri per vivere meglio

Roman Krznaric suggerisce 5 libri per vivere meglio | Spigolature | Scoop.it
To learn how to live well we must look to the past, says the author of a new book on the subject.
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David Foster Wallace, matematico

David Foster Wallace, matematico | Spigolature | Scoop.it
He's long been celebrated for his fiction's grotesque hyperrealism, but few acknowledge its bold use of fractals...
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Is a Failed Earthquake Prediction a Crime?

Is a Failed Earthquake Prediction a Crime? | Spigolature | Scoop.it
In Italy, if a court ruling for failure to predict the future is not overturned by wiser minds, it will be very harmful for public safety.
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Interessante: Lavoce.info - RIFORMA ELETTORALE: IL GIUSTO PREMIO

Contro il premio di maggioranza si invocano spesso i sistemi di voto stranieri. Ma, a ben vedere, anche in questi è previsto un premio, sia pure con efficacia incerta e con il pericolo di concedere troppo. Meglio allora prendere ad esempio la legge elettorale della Regione Veneto, che ha un premio di maggioranza variabile, calcolato in modo da salvaguardare la governabilità senza mettere in pericolo le garanzie per le minoranze. Risultati che non sono affatto assicurati dal premio di maggioranza fisso in discussione al Senato.

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Siamo quello che facciamo finta di essere: attenti allora a che cosa fingiamo di essere!

Siamo quello che facciamo finta di essere: attenti allora a che cosa fingiamo di essere! | Spigolature | Scoop.it

This column will change your life: self-perception theory

Want to think of yourself as confident or happy or patient? Then act how confident people act.

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E se fosse la Germania a uscire dall'euro?

E se fosse la Germania a uscire dall'euro? | Spigolature | Scoop.it
Should Germany leave the euro? It is, after all, the big country with an obvious exit option.

Why exit is an option for Germany - FT.com

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