Speak Softly And Carry A Big Stick
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Speak Softly And Carry A Big Stick
"Speak softly and carry a big stick" -Thedore Roosevelt
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Primary Document #2

Roosevelt believed that nations, like individuals, should pursue the strenuous life and do their part to maintain peace and order, and he believed that “civilized” nations had a responsibility for stewardship of “barbarous” ones. He knew that taking on the Philippine Islands as an American colony after the Spanish-American War had ended America's isolation from international power politics—a development that he welcomed. Every year he asked for bigger appropriations for the army and navy. Congress cut back on his requests, but by the end of his presidency he had built the U.S. Navy into a major force at sea and reorganized the army along efficient, modern lines.

Several times during Roosevelt's first years in office, European powers threatened to intervene in Latin America, ostensibly to collect debts owed them by weak governments there. To meet such threats, he framed a policy statement in 1904 that became known as the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (see primary source document: Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine). It stated that the United States would not only bar outside intervention in Latin American affairs but would also police the area and guarantee that countries there met their international obligations. In 1905, without congressional approval, Roosevelt forced the Dominican Republic to install an American “economic advisor,” who was in reality the country's financial director.

 

Annotation: We are a small nation but at thw same time we are a very powerful nation at the same time. I do belive highly in what roosevelt is trying to do. Because we cant le other countries do this , some country has to have the aurthority and he leadership too be able to take chrage in times like this. Again thus the term , "Speak softly and carry a big stick".

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What Will U.S. Diplomacy Look Like in the 21st Century? | TIME.com (Website connecting to the topic today #2)

What Will U.S. Diplomacy Look Like in the 21st Century? | TIME.com (Website connecting to the topic today #2) | Speak Softly And Carry A Big Stick | Scoop.it

Rising above the clamor and broadsides of the U.S. election campaign, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton offered a glimpse of her and the Obama Administration’s vision for the future of American foreign policy. Her Monday keynote speech (dubbed Designing Diplomacy for the 21st Century) at the Clinton Global Initiative’s annual meeting in New York City, hosted by her husband, President Bill Clinton, dwelled on how the U.S. intends to reshape its commitment to global development in the face of a rapidly changing world. “We have to think fast and innovatively and be willing to change ourselves,” warned Clinton. Her message was a world away from the bluster of those in the U.S. who still hunger for a militarist, muscular stance on the global stage.

 

She also has the same type of mind setting as Roosevlt's . She wonts to bulid up our military still and so does everyone else. We are like international police , so we have to be strong and well protected.

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Vocabulary List

Manifest- shows something clearly: to make something evident by showing or demonstrating it very clearly.

 

Democracy- Free and equal representation of people: the free and equal right of every person to participate in a system of government, often practiced by electing representatives of the people by the majority of the people

 

Brandishing- To wave or flourish (a weapon, for example)

 

Foreign Policy- pursued by a nation in its dealings with other nations, designed to achieve national objectives.

 

Interventionist- The policy or practice of intervening, especially the policy of intervening in the affairs of another sovereign state.

 

Societal Injustice- is a concept relating to the claimed unfairness or Injustice of a society in its divisions of rewards and burdens and other incidental inequalities.

 

Dignitaries- somebody of high rank: somebody who holds a high rank or position

 

Precedent- A legal decision or form of proceeding serving as an authoritative rule or pattern in future similar or analogous cases.

 

Big Stick Diplomacy- is a nickname coined by Theodore Roosevelt in quoting the old African proverb “Speak softly and carry a big stick, and you will go far" 

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Teddy Roosevelt and His Big Stick | Campaign for Liberty(Website On Historical Document #2

Teddy Roosevelt and His Big Stick | Campaign for Liberty(Website On Historical Document #2 | Speak Softly And Carry A Big Stick | Scoop.it

President Theodore Roosevelt’s interventionist foreign policy subverted the Constitution and helped transform America into the most powerful nation on Earth.

Describing his foreign policy, Roosevelt quoted a West African proverb: "Speak softly and carry a big stick." As president, Roosevelt used "big stick diplomacy" to seize unprecedented executive power in handling international affairs.

This notion of spreading American values and ideals throughout the world helped make the U.S. a world power, but it also greatly weakened constitutional government by making the executive branch supreme in foreign policy. This set a precedent that still exists today.

Roosevelt adhered to the Progressive concept that government should be used to help the needy and combat societal injustice. This, combined with an underlying American sense of manifest destiny, influenced Roosevelt’s attitude toward foreign relations. This attitude led to the perception that any foreign country that did not embrace American views on freedom and democracy was a potential threat to U.S. national security.

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Freedom Library: Theodore Roosevelt's "Big Stick" Policy(Primary Document #3)

One of the main lessons to learn from this war is embodied in the homely proverb, "Speak softly and carry a big stick." Persistently only half of this proverb has been quoted in deriding the men who wish to safeguard our national interest and honor. Persistently the effort has been made to insist that those who advocate keeping our country able to defend its rights are merely adopting "the policy of the big stick." In reality, we lay equal emphasis on the fact that it is necessary to speak softly; in other words, that it is necessary to be respectful toward all people and scrupulously to refrain from wronging them, while at thesame time keeping ourselves in condition to prevent wrong being done to us. If a nation does not in this sense speak softly, then sooner or later the policy of the big stick is certain to result in war. But what befell Luxembourg six weeks ago, what has befallen China again and again during the past quarter of a century shows that no amount of speaking softly will save any people which does not carry a big stick.…
We must so conduct ourselves that every big nation and every little nation that behaves itself shall never have to think of us with fear, and shall have confidence not only in our justice but in our courtesy. Submission to wrongdoing on our part would be mere weakness and would invite and insure disaster. We must not submit to wrong done to our honor or to our vital national interests. But we must be scrupulously careful always to speak with courtesy and self restraint to others, always to act decently to others, and to give no nation any justification for believing that it has anything to fear from us as long as, it behaves with decency and uprightness.…
…The worst policy for the United States is to combine the unbridled tongue with the unready hand.…
In view of what has occurred in this war, surely the time ought to be ripe for the nations to consider a great world agreement among all the civilized military powers to back righteousness by force. Such an agreement would establish an efficient World League for the Peace of Righteousness. Such an agreement could limit the amount to be spent on armaments and, after defining carefully the inalienable rights of each nation which were not to be transgressed by any other, could also provide that any cause of difference among them, or between one of them and one of a certain number of designated outside nonmilitary nations, should be submitted to an international court, including citizens of all these nations, chosen not as representatives of the nations but as judges — and perhaps in any given case the particular judges could be chosen by lot from the total number. To supplement and make this effectual it should be solemnly covenanted that if any nation refused to abide by the decision of such a court the others would draw the sword on behalf of peace and justice and would unitedly coerce the recalcitrant nation.…
Source: Roosevelt, Theodore. “The World War: Its Tragedies and Its Lessons,” Outlook, September 23, 1914.

 

Annotation: We must not respon to the wrong doing of other nations like that. We have to be very careful in what we say and what we do. If we where to establish a wrold agreement, we would have to do that among all civilized military power. And like i said before we need to be careful of what we say to these type of things, because other nations could have a big uprising and come for us or another nation thats trying to do the same thing. Thus the term, "Speak softly and carry a big stick."

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Obama's Corollary To Teddy Roosevelt's Famous Policy(Website connecting to topic today #1)

Obama's Corollary To Teddy Roosevelt's Famous Policy(Website connecting to topic today #1) | Speak Softly And Carry A Big Stick | Scoop.it

Throughout 2011, reports from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) that Iran is attempting to enrich uranium at levels consistent with nuclear weapons advancement have scared Israel and its western allies. Iranian President Mahmoud Amadinejad has made no secret of his hatred of Israel, and he has suggested that the Holocaust of World War II -- in which German Nazis murdered more than six million Jews in the terror that led directly to creation of the Jewish state of Israel -- never occurred.

 

A nucleared armed country around the other countries isnt a good thing. Because the same thing can happend again.

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Primary Document #1

Within weeks after the start of World War I (1914-1918) and Germany’s invasion of Belgium, Theodore Roosevelt chided President Woodrow Wilson for his stubborn neutrality. Roosevelt, who had done much to reshape American foreign policy during his own presidency from 1901 to 1909, encouraged Wilson to “speak softly and carry a big stick.” This explanation of the big stick policy appeared in an article in Outlook, a magazine that Roosevelt used as a platform to air his views. Roosevelt had many criticisms of Wilson, who defeated him in the 1912 election.

 

He wonts to build up our nations military at the time. At the time our military was small but at the same time strong at the start of the 2nd world war. So thats where the the term "Speak Sofly And Carry A Big Stick" comes from. We wont to be as "lowkey" to the enemy as possiable and not tell nobody anything. So when it comes time for war , or for us to go to battle with someone we will have that "Big Stick". So to me this diplomacy is very important and has alot of meaning to it. I also feel that we do apply this today. 

 

Annotation: While everybody is fighting he wonts to take the time to build our military up. Thats also at the start off world war I. So thats really why he wonts to stay "lowkey" about it. So thats really where you get the term“speak softly and carry a big stick.” from. Even though we are still but strong we still have to do that. 

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Big Stick Diplomacy(Historical document #3)

Big Stick Diplomacy(Historical document #3) | Speak Softly And Carry A Big Stick | Scoop.it

"Speak softly and carry a big stick—you will go far." With these words President Theodore Roosevelt (1901–1909) described his approach to foreign policy. The press characterized Roosevelt as a menacing ogre brandishing a club as his aggressive policies bullied smaller nations into conforming to U.S. desires. Indeed, the "big stick" was a sizable naval force (the "white fleet") sent on a world tour by Roosevelt to display the controlled might of the United States. One important consideration of U.S. policy makers was the sugar market. At the time Europe was the global leader in sugar production. The United States saw an opportunity to promote American economic interests in this market through Cuba's sugar production.

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Theodore Roosevelt and Big Stick Diplomacy(Website on historical topic #1)

Theodore Roosevelt and Big Stick Diplomacy(Website on historical topic #1) | Speak Softly And Carry A Big Stick | Scoop.it

Roosevelt's interventionist foreign policy violated the concept of constitutional government, but it also helped make America the world power it is today.Describing his foreign policy, Theodore Roosevelt quoted a West African proverb: "Speak softly and carry a big stick." As president, Roosevelt used "big stick diplomacy" to seize the initiative in handling foreign relations, which helped transform the United States into one of the most powerful nations in the world.

However, Roosevelt also disregarded the Constitution’s limitations on federal power by making the executive branch supreme in foreign policy matters. This set a precedent that still exists today. Examples of Roosevelt’s disregard included:

Converting the U.S. military into the "policeman of the world"
Committing the U.S. military to foreign countries without congressional consent
Negotiating agreements with foreign dignitaries without Senate ratification
The Roosevelt Corollary

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