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Rescooped by florencia jijena from The Great Depression
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Top 5 Causes of the Great Depression

This is a link that states the top 5 widely agreed upon factors leading to the Great Depression. Quickly summed up, those are:

 

1.The Wall Street Crash in 1929, dubbed Black Tuesday, is believed to be the largest contributor to the Great Depression, signalling the beginning of it. By December, over $40 million in stocks had been lost.

 

2.By the 1930s over 9,000 banks had failed. Because they were uninsured, many people just simply lost all their money, and the remaining banks grew careful to give out loans.

 

3.With economic stability deteriorating people grew less confident with their money and bought less items, thereby forcing businesses to decline and making more people unemployed. With more people unemployed less money was spent and more jobs lost.

 

4.With failing businesses, America created the Smoot-Hawley Tariff, increasing import taxes to lower international trade and help secure American businesses.

 

5.Not directly associated with the Great Depression, a drought in Mississippi Valley of such great proportions forced many farms to sell for little profit and increase unemployment numbers.


Via Kevin Dang
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Rescooped by florencia jijena from The Great Depression
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Family Life in the Great Depression

Family life during the Great Depression was often in turmoil. Though upper class families were able to keep stable and make a solid living, the lower class families suffered a great deal.

Men and women experienced the Great Depression differently. Men, who prided themselves on being the 'breadwinners', the sole supporters of their families, found that when their wages were cut or they were fired they often became demoralised and shameful. Sometimes they even left their families in hopes of a richer future.

Women, on the other hand, experienced a greater status as they struggled to provide for their families.

However, as the years went on and wages were steadily decreasing, women and men alike had more and more trouble supporting themselves, not to mention their children, and it was a common occurrence for children to drop out of school in their teenage years.

This had an effect on birth rates and marriages as well, with less people willing to support others in a marriage and a reduction in families willing to house another child.


Via Kevin Dang
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Rescooped by florencia jijena from Amazing Science
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European Men Grew Unprecedented 4.3 Inches in The Last Century

European Men Grew Unprecedented 4.3 Inches in The Last Century | Social studies | Scoop.it
According to a study by Prof Timothy Hatton, the average height of European men grew by an unprecedented 4.3 inches from the mid-19th century to 1980.

 

Prof. Hatton examined and analyzed a new dataset for the average height at the age of around 21 of adult male birth cohorts, from the 1870s to 1980, in 15 European countries. The data were drawn from a variety of sources. For the most recent decades the data were mainly taken from height-by-age in cross sectional surveys.

 

Meanwhile, observations for the earlier years were based on data for the heights of military conscripts and recruits. The data is for men only as the historical evidence for women’s heights is severely limited.

 

“Increases in human stature are a key indicator of improvements in the average health of populations. The evidence suggests that the improving disease environment, as reflected in the fall in infant mortality, is the single most important factor driving the increase in height. The link between infant mortality and height has already been demonstrated by a number of studies,” Prof. Hatton explained.

 

In northern and middle European countries including Britain and Ireland, the Scandinavian countries, Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, and Germany there was a ‘distinct quickening’ in the pace of advance in the period spanning the two World Wars and the Great Depression.

 

This is striking because the period largely predates the wide implementation of major breakthroughs in modern medicine and national health services. One possible reason, alongside the crucial decline in infant mortality, for the rapid growth of average male height in this period was that there was a strong downward trend in fertility at the time, and smaller family sizes have already been linked with increasing height.

 

Other factors in the increase in average male height include an increased income per capita; more sanitary housing and living conditions; better general education about health and nutrition (which led to better care for children and young people within the home); and better social services and health systems.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Zeke Robinson's curator insight, March 23, 2015 10:04 PM

It talks about how we are developing with health and disease rates and mortality rates as times goes on because we are becoming healthier and adapting more to things like this. 

Rescooped by florencia jijena from Ductalk: What's Up In The World Of Ducati
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Ducati - Ducati and the II World War

Ducati - Ducati and the II World War | Social studies | Scoop.it
A tale about solidarity inside the factoryBologna, 19 September 2013


Dear Ducatisti friends, 

We have told (and shared) many stories relating to the tradition of Ducati, the bikes produced, the victories, well known and lesser known anecdotes, and we have often spoken of characters and their experiences inside and outside the Ducati walls. 

But I don't often have the chance to tell you the kind of life-changing story that you will hear today; the emotional story of a man who, thanks to the solidarity of Ducati's staff, was able to survive the horrors of the Second World War. 

Thanks to his descendants, particularly his daughter Caterina Cristofori and granddaughter Giulia Pasetti, we can tell you this story which is as incredible as it is true: For the story click HERE
Via Vicki Smith for Ducati.net
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Vicki Smith for Ducati.net's curator insight, November 20, 2013 7:47 PM

So many great stories about the brave wartime Ducati factory workers but this is really one of the best...

Rescooped by florencia jijena from Photography Now
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F.N.D | The Discovery of World War I, French & Russian Revolution Photographs

F.N.D | The Discovery of World War I, French & Russian Revolution Photographs | Social studies | Scoop.it

At the beginning of the year Anton Orlov (creator of The Photo Palace Bus) stumbled upon an amazing discovery, he uncovered from an old camera (a French stereoscopic camera called Jumelle Bellieni shown below) that he brought at an Antique shop, where he unearthed unseen World War I French glass plates! If that wasn’t enough, a few days later Anton posted on his blog a beautiful collection of photographs from the Russian Revolution, 1917, that he discovered in 2005, to be the work of photographer John Wells Rahill.

Here is the story behind the unusual discovery of these historical photographs.


Via Mario Pires
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Rescooped by florencia jijena from The Great Depression
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How Did World War II End the Great Depression?

The arrival of World War 2 hailed the end of the Great Depression. But how would a war end an economical crisis? Simple, it provided people with jobs pertaining to the war effort and provided unique demands for a certain number of industries.

As the provided article talks about, one of these was planes. America had few of them and it was felt that they would be much more needed in World War 2 than they were in World War 1. So the government founded a group called the DPC, Defence Plant corporation, and they managed to increase the capital spending from 5% to 67%.

For example, in 1940, Dow Chemicals managed to only produce 6 million pounds of magnesium a year, from only one plant in Michigan, but thanks to DPC loans they managed to produce 600 million pounds of magnesium a year, which is required for airplane hulls.

"The Depression ended not simply because the military needed more material, but because the government used wartime demand to transform what America made."


Via Kevin Dang
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Kate Pill's comment, March 19, 2012 8:22 AM
I like the use of a rhetorical question. Now, make a linkii to Australia! Instead of writing, "As the provided article talks about ..." why don't you write -
Author's name (insert year of publication), suggests that on of these was planes.
This way I can more effectively check this against your bibliography. Plus, it not only reads better, but is the correct way of introducing the point.
Rescooped by florencia jijena from The Great Depression
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The Great Depression In Australia

The Great Depression In Australia | Social studies | Scoop.it

The Great Depression in Australia had many effects. Because Australia's banks relied on international loans, when the Great Depression came into effect, people could no longer borrow money and government projects came to a halt.

In 1930 as well, a visit by Sir Otto Niemeyer from the Bank of England convinced the government to cut wages in order to gain competitiveness over exports and ultimately increase profits. This cut meant that people couldn't afford daily necessities and resorted to many shameful acts.

Many extremist groups rose up, using the people's dissatisfaction to recruit many followers and consistently attack the government. It wasn't until the rise of the Prime Minister Joseph Lyons that stability was brought to the government. He managed to hold Australia together for 7 years until his death in 1939.

 

All of this can be read in the above link, which provides a general overview of the Great Depression in Australia.


Via Kevin Dang
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Rescooped by florencia jijena from Digital-News on Scoop.it today
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World War II U-Boat Found With Skeletons

World War II U-Boat Found With Skeletons | Social studies | Scoop.it
Researchers have apparently discovered the remains of a World War II-era German U-boat and the skeletons of its crew off the coast of Indonesia.

Via Thomas Faltin
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Hundreds gather for the funeral of Second World War veteran Frederick Leach

Hundreds gather for the funeral of Second World War veteran Frederick Leach | Social studies | Scoop.it

Former Green Howard's funeral is taking place at Teesside Crematorium in Middlesbrough this afternoon.
The funeral of former Green Howard Frederick Leach is taking place in Middlesbrough this afternoon.
Hundreds of people pledged to attend the 94-year-old Second World War veteran's service at Teesside Crematorium in Acklam after word spread on social media that few mourners were initially expected.
The Gazette's Dave Robson is at today's service and will be meeting some of those gathering before and after Mr Leach is laid to rest.
The words from the vicar's eulogy are extracts reproduced from a copy sent to the Gazette in advance of today's funeral service.

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Thousands of Australian students are taught that robots led the Russian Revolution

Thousands of Australian students are taught that robots led the Russian Revolution | Social studies | Scoop.it

When Australian students took their year 12 history exams this week, they discovered that the Russian Revolution included giant robots.

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