Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT)
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When it comes to the internet of things, Europe's holding its own

When it comes to the internet of things, Europe's holding its own | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
Some of the best and most innovative thinkers on the internet of things are in Europe, whether they are product designers in London or building sensors in Germany.
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Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT)
Our world is urban: cities will be smarter, with informatics, open data networks, sensors and services
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50 Sensor applications for a Smarter World. Get Inspired!

50 Sensor applications for a Smarter World. Get Inspired! | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
More than 50 billion devices will be connected to the Internet by 2020, but this new connectivity revolution has already started. Libelium publishes a compilation of 50 cutting edge Internet of Things applications grouped by vertical markets.
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Paco Prieto's curator insight, April 5, 2013 9:15 AM

Muy interesante. !! Fantásticas aplicaciones en el mundo del agua !! @juanpaespi

roberto gilli's curator insight, September 25, 2013 4:41 AM

Great list of applications of sensors grids.

Jukka Riivari's curator insight, July 4, 2015 3:29 AM

IoT samples

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The Do’s and Don’ts of Industrial IoT - IEEE Spectrum

The Do’s and Don’ts of Industrial IoT - IEEE Spectrum | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
Your boss wants to start an IoT project—what next?
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:

So how does a management team decide what it wants from the IoT?

For Stacey Higginbotham, writing in IEEE Spectrum, there are two paths here. The first is to start small with a project that can offer a short-term return on investment (ROI). In a factory, this could mean installing cameras and sensors on a manufacturing line to replace human spot-checkers. 

The second path is a bit more visionary: Build a platform or product that can change your entire business model. For example, in 2015 Emerson Climate Technologies launched a new connected product in its HVAC business. With US $100 worth of sensors per home, the HVAC installer and Emerson could guarantee a period of time that a customer’s heating or cooling system would operate before needing repairs.

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Le changement climatique nous oblige à repenser la place de la voiture et à réorganiser la ville

Le changement climatique nous oblige à repenser la place de la voiture et à réorganiser la ville | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
C'est le vrai sens de la bataille des voies sur berge.

Via Hubert MESSMER @Zehub on Twitter
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:

Il n'était pas trop tôt... 

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A New Way to Track Down Bugs Could Help Save IoT

A New Way to Track Down Bugs Could Help Save IoT | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
New research advances techniques for finding and exploiting known vulnerabilities in IoT devices automatically.
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
The threat of automated IoT vulnerability finders is a genuine concern. "Absolutely it is coming," says Anders Fogh, a malware analyst for the German security firm GData. "We are waiting for the vendors to realize that security is relevant. They need a dose of bitter medicine." Other researchers are beginning to work on large scale IoT firmware analysis and automatic n-day mining projects as well, acknowledging a future in which attackers can fully exploit IoT vulnerability.
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Judy Curtis / SIPR's curator insight, February 14, 5:36 PM
The threat of automated IoT vulnerability finders is a genuine concern. "Absolutely it is coming," says Anders Fogh, a malware analyst for the German security firm GData. "We are waiting for the vendors to realize that security is relevant. They need a dose of bitter medicine." Other researchers are beginning to work on large scale IoT firmware analysis and automatic n-day mining projects as well, acknowledging a future in which attackers can fully exploit IoT vulnerability.
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IoT needs to be secured by the network

IoT needs to be secured by the network | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
Economics don't allow all internet of things devices to have baked-in security, so it has to be addressed elsewhere.
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Pollution : qui sont gagnants et les perdants de la piétonisation des voies sur berge à Paris ?

Pollution : qui sont gagnants et les perdants de la piétonisation des voies sur berge à Paris ? | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
Le sujet agite l'Ile-de-France depuis plus d'un an. En septembre 2016, la Mairie de Paris a décidé de fermer à la circulation les 3,5 kilomètres de la voie sur berge Georges-Pompidou, dans le centre de la capitale. Avec quels effets sur la pollution ? Mardi 10 octobre, Airparif, l’organisme indépendant chargé de surveiller la qualité de l’air en Ile-de-France, a publié le rapport définitif de sa campagne de suivi du projet. Franceinfo fait le bilan. 


Via Hubert MESSMER @Zehub on Twitter
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
This subject has agitated the Ile-de-France region -- where Paris is located -- for over a year. In September 2016, the Paris City Council decided to close 3.5 km of the Georges-Pompidou riverside expressway to car traffic in the center of the capital. What are the effects on air pollution? On Tuesday, 10 October, Airparif, the independent body responsible for monitoring air quality in Ile-de-France, published the final report of its follow-up campaign. Franceinfo takes stock of the findings...
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7 companies to watch in sustainable shipping

7 companies to watch in sustainable shipping | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
Delivery supply chains are inching toward electrification. Here are the leaders where EVs and old-school logistics converge.
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
Truck deliveries without the noise and fumes from idling diesel engines are welcome in our smart cities.  From new types of on-demand trucking models to incremental electrification among large corporate fleets, here's a rundown of seven companies to watch in the delivery space, from Lauren Hepler in Greenbiz.
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Dutch city Dordrecht uses IoT for smart city planning

Dutch city Dordrecht uses IoT for smart city planning | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
IoT gateways were used as part of a smart city project in the Dordrecht. Sensors were introduced to monitor pedestrians, cyclists & vehicles.
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
For a city with no track record of data-based planning, insights into rush hours, recession periods and movement trends have transformed the ability of public authorities to make smarter urban planning decisions. Passive Wi-Fi monitoring systems such as the Meshlium IoT Gateways could also provide useful information regarding footfall to local businesses.
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California Today: A Plan to Cool Down L.A.

California Today: A Plan to Cool Down L.A. | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it

Friday: Lighter pavements to fight the heat in Los Angeles

Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
LA Mayor Eric Garcetti has predicted that the city could reduce its so-called urban heat island effect — caused by dark surfaces, lack of vegetation and discharges from traffic and industry — by three degrees over the next 20 years. Proponents of cool pavements say that aside from providing greater physical comfort, even a small drop in temperatures would reduce energy use and mitigate the health risks associated with extreme heat.
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The Smart City Already Exists–Under Our Streets

The Smart City Already Exists–Under Our Streets | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
it turns out that some existing infrastructure could act as a sensor already–no new tech needed.
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
Making cities smart doesn’t necessarily mean embedding sensors and cameras everywhere, an expensive and time-consuming endeavor. It turns out that some existing infrastructure – such as cables and cell phone towers - could act as a sensor already, with no new tech needed.
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Berkeley duo's plan to solve traffic jams: hyper-fast lanes for self-driving cars

Berkeley duo's plan to solve traffic jams: hyper-fast lanes for self-driving cars | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
Anthony Barrs and Baiyu Chen’s Hyperlane system proposes clusters of self-driving cars zipping past local traffic at 100mph, controlled by a central computer
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
Hyperlane works a lot like existing dedicated commuter lanes, only instead of paying extra to use higher-speed, lower-congestion lanes in a human-driven vehicle, the separate lanes are only for autonomous vehicles. After entering an acceleration lane, Hyperlane’s central computer takes over the car’s functions and finds a slot for it in the already fast-moving traffic in the dedicated lanes. Vehicles would travel at speeds up to 120mph, and that the centralized computer control – which would be in constant communication with each vehicle using emerging 5G technology – would allow for a more tightly-packed traffic pattern.
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Where is the world's densest city?

Where is the world's densest city? | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
Evenly spread over all of the world’s mountains, deserts and other terrains, we would be standing 150 metres away from our nearest neighbours. In the most densely populated cities – from Dhaka to Medellin – we’re right on top of them
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
Modernist architecture and urbanism made the control of density one of its main concepts, with Le Corbusier and his followers advocating huge, dense buildings surrounded by natural landscape, giving an overall more civilised urban form. And in the postwar rebuilding programme, this notion of “towers in the park” with strictly controlled dwellings per hectare limits, and the construction of the New Towns, meant there was a determined political effort to lower urban densities.

Then something strange happened. Not only did modernist urbanism not seem to alleviate urban problems, but the aversion to high density began to be overturned. In the early 1960s Jane Jacobs tried to counter the ideas of Howard and Le Corbusier through her deep observation of ordering systems in high-density neighbourhoods, ideas that would later be taken up by the New Urbanists, who reacted against both modernist planning and the sprawl of American suburbia.

In 1990s Britain, Richard Rogers and the Urban Task Force advocated high density residential development along the lines of the city of Barcelona (density of 15,000 people/sq km), with its consistent superblocks as a civilised counterpart to suburbia.

This argument for density is echoed by geographers such as Richard Florida, who point out that the entire point of the city is the dense proximity of people, leading to what he calls “collision density”, and all the innovations of modern life.

Higher density city environments can also be more efficient, with greater public transport use and shorter journeys. Clustering dwellings together also means they share in each other’s energy loads – so density can have a significant effect on reducing carbon emissions.

“Anyone who believes that global warming is a real danger should see dense urban living as part of the solution,” as Harvard’s Ed Glaeser puts it.
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IoT rockstars you need to follow

IoT rockstars you need to follow | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
These technologists, thought leaders, and writers are laser-focused on the IoT industry and love to share what they find. Keep up with their output with these links.
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Internet of Wines: How this vineyard's smart sensors improve the vintage in your glass

Internet of Wines: How this vineyard's smart sensors improve the vintage in your glass | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
A top Spanish vineyard is using the Internet of Things to improve grape cultivation and save money.
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:

The project aims to obtain predictive behavior patterns in the vineyard relating to grape quality, production, biological cycles, potential pests, and plant diseases.

The IoT technology has been provided by Libelium, a Zaragoza company created by Alicia Asín and David Gascón in 2006, which sells a hardware and software platform to "connect any sensor to any cloud using any wireless technology", including industrial protocols such as CAN bus.

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Richard Platt's curator insight, May 4, 5:46 AM

"It was a necessity," says the vineyard's agronomist, Julio Prieto. "I make a number of in-situ measurements. Coupling them with data provided by stations and soil sensors can help us obtain crucial information to make early decisions for greater efficiency and lower production costs," he tells ZDNet.  Working with remOT Technologies, a spin-off of the University of Zaragoza in northeast Spain specializing in agricultural measurement, Pago Aylés has embarked on an IoT project to "model the future", as Prieto says.  The project aims to obtain predictive behavior patterns in the vineyard relating to grape quality, production, biological cycles, potential pests, and plant diseases. The IoT technology has been provided by Libelium, a Zaragoza company created by Alicia Asín and David Gascón in 2006, which sells a hardware and software platform to "connect any sensor to any cloud using any wireless technology", including industrial protocols such as CAN bus.

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5 Smart City Tips | Smart & Resilient Cities

5 Smart City Tips | Smart & Resilient Cities | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it

Karen Tay, Singapore's Smart Nation director,  was recently in Washington D.C. to run a workshop for the World Bank on how to develop “smart cities."  She says: “'Smart cities' is honestly a buzzword... when I get invited to speak, most people expect me to start with cool tech like AR, VR, AI, modeling and simulation, blockchain and the like. The fact is that cities are complex ecosystems with very established ways of operating. If we want to disrupt them with technology in a way that benefits the masses (i.e. not just the upper middle class), we need dedicated work from the ground-up, coupled with political commitment." Karen Tay's five tips for smart city efforts come from conversations and projects with smart city leaders around the world.

Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:

Building a smart city is ultimately about creating momentum throughout society to deploy tech for public good. 

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German Court Rules Cities Can Ban Vehicles to Tackle Air Pollution - The New York Times

German Court Rules Cities Can Ban Vehicles to Tackle Air Pollution - The New York Times | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
The country’s highest administrative court ruled that diesel vehicles may be banned from city streets as part of efforts to improve air quality.
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
The case before the Federal Administrative Court has dominated public discussion in Germany because of its potential to deal a severe blow to the country’s auto industry three years after it was found to have lied about the pollution levels emitted by its cherished diesel technology.

Deutsche Umwelthilfe, an environmental and consumer rights organization, set the lawsuits in motion after German automakers bet their futures on diesel technology they billed as environmentally friendly, even while rigging software in their cars to pass stringent emissions tests.

Frustrated with the lack of progress in improving air quality in about 70 of the country’s most polluted cities, Deutsche Umwelthilfe brought lawsuits against the local governments, demanding that they uphold the air quality standards set by the European Union and ban certain vehicles, mostly ones that use diesel.

“The days of flooding the inner cities with poisonous diesel emissions are over,” said Jürgen Resch, managing director of Deutsche Umwelthilfe. “These vehicles have no place in our cities anymore.”
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IoT security needs a white knight

IoT security needs a white knight | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it

"It may be time for the U.S. government to step in to coordinate security standards across all the players that participate in creating the internet of things, Frost & Sullivan says."

Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
It may be time for the U.S. government to step in to coordinate security standards across all the players that participate in creating the internet of things, Frost & Sullivan says...
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IoT Security in an Age of Insecurity | IoT For All

IoT Security in an Age of Insecurity | IoT For All | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
Takeaways from a talk on IoT security at a New America event in D.C. include two-factor authentication, encryption methods, and more.
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
Discussions about the Internet of Things (IoT) often focus on a “Security vs. Privacy” paradigm. However, last month author Susan Landau emphasized instead that discussions should focus on “Security vs. Security” at a New America event titled Listening In: Cybersecurity in an Insecure Age.

In her same-titled book, Landau’s historical perspective, legislative knowledge, and cyberattack descriptions make a convincing case for the need to secure our data.

She describes how security has matured slowly leading up to today’s strong-encryption found in corporate, government, and military environments.
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Judy Curtis / SIPR's curator insight, February 14, 5:47 PM
Discussions about the Internet of Things (IoT) often focus on a “Security vs. Privacy” paradigm. However, last month author Susan Landau emphasized instead that discussions should focus on “Security vs. Security” at a New America event titled Listening In: Cybersecurity in an Insecure Age. In her same-titled book, Landau’s historical perspective, legislative knowledge, and cyberattack descriptions make a convincing case for the need to secure our data. She describes how security has matured slowly leading up to today’s strong-encryption found in corporate, government, and military environments.
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Libelium’s IoT sensor platform helps to control environmental impact on Palma de Mallorca’s harbor to become a smart tourist destination | Libelium

Libelium’s IoT sensor platform helps to control environmental impact on Palma de Mallorca’s harbor to become a smart tourist destination | Libelium | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it

Turning Palma de Mallorca into a smart tourist destination by improving the quality of its environment is the goal of the Balearic Harbors Authority project implemented by Libelium and Mallorcawifi.com. A wide network of Waspmote Plug & Sense Smart Cities sensors is deployed all around the Mallorcan harbor to measure the impact of the arrival of ships and cruise liners, and other port activity.

Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
The Smart Cities harbor project deployed in the city of Palma measures two basic environmental parameters that most affect citizens’ health: air quality and noise. The project is placing 27 Waspmote Plug & Sense! Smart Environment PRO in various locations around Palma’s harbor, and five Waspmote Plug & Sense! Smart Cities devices. 

These devices are set to collect data provided by 81 sensors measuring carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, noise, temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind, and rainfall, among other factors.
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« Devenir une Smart City », un ouvrage méthodologique pour les collectivités

« Devenir une Smart City », un ouvrage méthodologique pour les collectivités | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
Transformer la ville en « Smart City » pour faciliter la vie quotidienne des habitants, réduire la facture énergétique et favoriser le bien vivre ensemble c’est l’objectif que se fixent désormai
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
Cet ouvrage constitue un outil de réflexion méthodologique à destination des élus, cadres et agents des collectivités territoriales, mais également des autres parties prenantes (État, entreprises, associations, citoyens…).
This means:  This book is a methodological reflection tool for elected officials, managers and agents of local authorities, but also other stakeholders (state, companies, associations, citizens ...). We suppose the citizen-initiative aspect would be covered in another volume.
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Opinion | One Thing Silicon Valley Can’t Seem to Fix

Opinion | One Thing Silicon Valley Can’t Seem to Fix | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
Weirdly, we’re still building corporate campuses like it’s the 1950s.
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
Why do we remain so wedded to the old suburban, car-dependent model for workplaces? If autonomous vehicles (or even flying ones) are truly imminent, why are we building millions of square feet of supposedly soon-to-be-obsolete parking spaces? With so many studies touting the benefits of walkable, bike-able and transit-accessible environments, why are we designing in such a way that makes long, painful commutes inevitable?
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Does ideology affect Smart Cities? - Smart City Brand:

Does ideology affect Smart Cities? - Smart City Brand: | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
Santiago Martin Caravaca interview the Mayor of Wien, Budapest, Oslo, Medellin, Trieste, Ljubljana and the Deputy Mayor of Amsterdam. Let Smart Cities Talk!
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
Are smart cities a laboratory for politics? Mayors and deputy mayors of seven important European regional capitals, all committed to smart cities, give voice to their (political) priorities on such initiatives:
- Citizens first, rather than technology first
- Innovation
- Importance of learning by doing
- Quality of life
- Social responsiveness
- Make tech tools and information readily available to citizens

And... so far there is no template, no "one-size-fits-all."
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Top 100 Internet of Things Blogs and Websites on the Web | IoT Blog

Top 100 Internet of Things Blogs and Websites on the Web | IoT Blog | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
Internet of things Blog Best List. Keep up with smart city iot blog,IoT blog, IoT cloud blog, smart grids iot blog, intelligent transportation iot blog,energy management iot blog,Building and home automation iot blog,Building and home automation iot blog,Keep up with Internet of things Blog, Internet of things by following top Internet of things sites.
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
Best IoT blogs around the internet...
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Seattle Climbs but Austin Sprawls: The Myth of the Return to Cities

Seattle Climbs but Austin Sprawls: The Myth of the Return to Cities | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it

The  U.S. is continuing to become more suburban, with sprawling metro areas spreading out further. But the most dense places are tending to become denser.

Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
All of the largest East Coast and Midwest metro areas became more dense, including New York, Washington, Boston, Philadelphia and Chicago (though less so than Seattle). These places, five of the seven densest, were already relatively tightly packed to begin with. The other two densest metro areas, San Francisco and Los Angeles, suburbanized only slightly.

By contrast, none of the places where sprawl increased most between 2010 and 2016 — Austin, San Antonio, Houston and Oklahoma City — had been especially urban even in 2010.

The metro areas that are becoming more dense include two, New York and Washington, that are home to the media outlets where much of the writing about cities appears.
Furthermore, metro areas that are urbanizing have more than their fair share of urban planners, including Seattle, Minneapolis, Washington and Boston.

Those who write about, advocate for and choose to live in cities really do see more urbanization around them. But their cities are the exceptions.

Most large metro areas, including the fastest-growing ones, as well as America over all, are increasingly suburban.
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6000 ans d’urbanisation en une carte, c’est ici !

6000 ans d’urbanisation en une carte, c’est ici ! | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
» 6000 ans d’urbanisation en une carte, c’est ici ! |
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
On a global scale, the first urbanization movements appear in connection with the rise of industry. If in 1900 only 10% of the world population lived in the city, today we are at 54%. If this evolution is already impressive, urbanization is still in its infancy. Indeed, according to forecasts, 75% of the world population will live in cities in 2030. To understand the magnitude of the phenomenon, Metroscom offers an interactive mapping of the appearance of cities from 3,700 BC to the year 2000.
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10 ways tech can cure big-city headaches - Raconteur

10 ways tech can cure big-city headaches - Raconteur | Smart Cities & The Internet of Things (IoT) | Scoop.it
From noisy airports and traffic jams to crime and anti-social behaviour, city life is full of annoyances. But what if technology could solve these problems? Here are ten ways it can help
Judy Curtis / SIPR's insight:
Seems obvious, doesn't it? Let's hold our municipalities' proverbial feet to the fire and get "smart."
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