Situational Evil
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Situational Evil
What situations turn good natured people into evil doers?
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The Truth about Good and Evil

Zimbardo establishes his belief that the line between good and evil is entirely permeable depending on the circumstances.

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Philip Zimbardo: Why ordinary people do evil ... or do good

In this video, Zimbardo goes heavily into detail on his situationist perspective. He highlights the seven social processes that lead to evil including anonymity, obedience to authority, and conformity of the group. It seems when people are given power in certain situations it is truly a "perscription for abuse." Zimbardo goes on to say that a situation can lead a person down three paths, of being an evil doer, a passive bystander, or a hero. In order to be a hero one needs to act when others are passive and avoiding of evil.

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BBC - Situation ethics

BBC - Situation ethics | Situational Evil | Scoop.it

Situation ethics focuses on basing your moral decisions off of the current situation you are in. There are times for right and wrong actions. I feel most people operate under this moral code, and it intertwines with the situationist perspective of evil.

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Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity

This article describes Zimbardo's "Lucifer Effect" theory and its application to the Jewish Holocaust. People yearn for social acceptance and are easily compelled to do evil things to acheive it. It is also common for evil doers to "dehumanize" their victims before committing an act. This process takes away one's individuality and allows for a much less personal interaction between the crimanal and the victim. Hitler used propaganda to dehumanize the Jews and cause innocent Germans to commit violent acts.

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The Science of Evil

The Science of Evil | Situational Evil | Scoop.it

The Milgram Experiment, conducted in 1961 found that over 2/3 of people will follow the orders of an authority figure even if they are being told to do something they know is wrong. ABC re-created the experiment in 2007 and yielded very similar results. The theory of obeying those who are superior proves true in real-life events as well, such as the happenings in Nazi Germany under Hitler, and the torture of the prisoners at Adu Ghraib.

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The Evil That Men Do » American Scientist

The Evil That Men Do » American Scientist | Situational Evil | Scoop.it

This article highlights Philip Zimbardo's Stanford Prison experiment in which two groups of college students role played being "prisoners" and "guards." The results were horrifying; the guards deindividualized and emotionally abused the prisoners to such an extreme degree that the experiment needed to be aborted after only six days. The outcome of the study is applied to many real-life occurrences where people are put into unconventional situations and commit radical actions.

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Bystander Effect - people watch girl being abducted

In this situation, people watched a (staged) abduction right before their eyes. It took hours for someone to finally approach the abductor. Many people seem to avoid evil and be passive which in turn lends to the committing of an evil deed.

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Philip Zimbardo- The Lucifer Effect- Part 1

Philip Zimbardo, the main advocate of the situationist perspective of evil, explains that while most people focus on people being predispositioned to be "good" or "bad," he feels giving greater consideration to the "institution" surrounding the people is what causes the wrongful actions. He uses the example of the soldiers in the Abu Ghraib prison; they have to be tested to be in the service and are stable people. The fact that they are not intrinsically unstable demonstrates that their surroundings triggered the abuse.

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What makes good people do bad things?

What makes good people do bad things? | Situational Evil | Scoop.it

This article is another justification that situations have a great influence on our behavior. The abusers at the Abu Ghraib prisoners did not necessarily have a motive to do what they did, but neither did those who role played a very similar situation in the Stanford Prison Experiment. Essentially, the prison environment itself caused the abusers to commit the acts as the victims were dehumanized and orders were then commanded by those who lead the acts.

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Why Good People Do Bad Things: The Power of Temptation - CBS News

Why Good People Do Bad Things: The Power of Temptation - CBS News | Situational Evil | Scoop.it

On a lighter note, many people give in to their fairly harmless weaknesses and guilty pleasures each day. This article explains that when people are not in a situation to do something impulsive most underestimate what they would do in an impulsive situation. Because people do not coherently accept what they are capable of doing, they are more likely to make spontaneous decisions (which could be wrong) in certain situations.

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The Problem Of Evil: Why Do “Good” People Do Bad Things? | Fox News

The Problem Of Evil: Why Do “Good”  People Do Bad Things? | Fox News | Situational Evil | Scoop.it

Lauren Green interviewed Philip Zimbardo, the psychologist to coin the term "Lucifer Effect," and  agrees that people can succomb to evil when it surrounds them. She suggests that while religion says we are born with good natured attributes, certain situations can completely alter one's moral compass and cause them to to commit horrendous actions.

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A Situationalist Perspective on the Psychology of Evil

This article, written by psychologist Philip Zimbardo, justifies that evil is not something a person is born with, but is rather influenced by the addition or removal of certain aspects in their surroundings.

 

http://www.prisonexp.org/pdf/evil.pdf

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