Short Look at the Long View
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Short Look at the Long View
Interesting Current Ideas about the Future
Curated by Joel Barker
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Scientists Produce Graphene Membranes for Dialysis Applications

Scientists Produce Graphene Membranes for Dialysis Applications | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
MIT Researchers have developed a dialysis membrane material that can filter nanometer-sized molecules at 10 to 100 times the rate of commercial membranes.
Joel Barker's insight:

This is our monthly New Uses for Graphene example. This time it is using graphene to filter out specific elements are a very fast and economic rate.  JB

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Liquid-Gated Membranes Filter Water With Higher Efficiency, Longer Time to Foul

Liquid-Gated Membranes Filter Water With Higher Efficiency, Longer Time to Foul | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
New research demonstrates that liquid-gated membranes (LGMs) filter nanoclay particles out of water with twofold higher efficiency and nearly threefold longer time to foul, and reduce the pressure required for filtration over conventional membranes.
Joel Barker's insight:

It is these "back room" technologies that can really make a difference.  KJB

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Robots take to the battlefield in Britain in record numbers

A century after it saw the first tanks roll across it, Salisbury Plain is playing host to the largest military robotic exercise in British history. Over the next four weeks, the Autonomous Warrior exercise will test over 70 different types of robots under simulated combat conditions.
Joel Barker's insight:

They haven't come to play.  JB

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Boosting 1 protein lets plants thrive on much less water

Boosting 1 protein lets plants thrive on much less water | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
It may be possible to grow crops using less water by altering a gene involved in regulating photosynthesis, according to new research. Krishna Niyogi, chair of the plant and microbial biology department at the University of California, Berkeley, discovered that a protein called PsbS is involved in regulating photosynthetic light harvesting. He and his team thought that increasing the amount of this protein in a plant might make its photosynthesis more efficient. Field trials at the University of Illinois showed that increasing PsbS improved the water-use efficiency of plants—the ratio of carbon dioxide entering the plant to water escaping—by 25 percent without significantly sacrificing photosynthesis or yields. That means the plants were able to thrive on 25 percent less water. Leaf sensors tell farmers when plants get thirsty The study appears in Nature Communications. The research is part of the international research project Realizing Increased Photosynthetic Efficiency (RIPE) supported in part by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Source: UC Berkeley
Joel Barker's insight:

This could be very important as temperatures climb.  JB

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New lithium batteries last longer and don't burst into flames

New lithium batteries last longer and don't burst into flames | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
A layer of ceramic makes lithium metal batteries last longer, charge faster, and also keeps them from combusting.
Joel Barker's insight:

A good example of paradigm enhancement.  JB

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The seafloor is dissolving, thanks to human activity

As the seas get warmer and more acidic, all kinds of havoc is wrought, and now a new study has identified yet another symptom. Researchers at Princeton and McGill Universities have found that the seafloor is beginning to dissolve as a result of human activity.
Joel Barker's insight:

I am afraid there are many more of these tragic results waiting to be discovered.  JB

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Knitted shell holds up 5-ton curved concrete structure

Knitted shell holds up 5-ton curved concrete structure | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
The new method of knitting materials to support complex concrete structures could save on materials, building time, and work.
Joel Barker's insight:

Verge innovation at its best. Textiles plus concrete equals new way to build.  JB

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Electrocatalytic Activity of a 2D Phosphorene-Based Heteroelectrocatalyst for Photoelectrochemical Cells | Nature Index

Electrocatalytic Activity of a 2D Phosphorene-Based Heteroelectrocatalyst for Photoelectrochemical Cells | Nature Index | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
Joel Barker's insight:

Two important items:  phosphorus has been turned into single atom thick material with special properties that make solar cells cheaper to make. How many other materials can become single atom, stable materials and what new properties might be manifested from that change?  JB

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Clay specks turn stem cells into bone and cartilage

Clay specks turn stem cells into bone and cartilage | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
A new class of clay nanoparticles can direct stem cells to become bone or cartilage cells, report researchers.
Joel Barker's insight:

Who would have guessed?  JB

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Lockheed Martin awarded US$150 million US Navy laser weapon contract

Lockheed Martin has won a US$150 million contract with options for another US$942 million to develop and manufacture two high-energy laser weapons for the US Navy. The new systems will combine Lockheed's first-of-a-kind HELIOS system for defense against UAVs with long-range ISR capabilities.
Joel Barker's insight:

Here comes Star Wars. The next set of weapons coming out are equal to the Popular Science ideas of 20 years ago. We really did get giant flat screen TV's. We really will get laser weapons.  JB

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Giant clams give algae nitrogen to get back nutrients

Giant clams give algae nitrogen to get back nutrients | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
To get nutrients, giant clams have to give nitrogen to the algae that live on them. Here's how they do it.
Joel Barker's insight:

An outstanding example of mutualism.  JB

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Tiny device bends light to create radiation

Tiny device bends light to create radiation | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
Huge facilities, typically the size of several football stadiums, usually generate synchrotron radiation. The new device is smaller than a match.
Joel Barker's insight:

This is such an important breakthrough  that I recommend you read it  and see the range of applications. It looks like a paradigm shift of major proportions!  JB

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Liquid metal feeds Stanford's new high-voltage flow battery

Flow batteries have the potential to help store energy on a large scale, but there are a few issues still to overcome. Stanford engineers have developed a new type of flow battery that might be scalable, safe, efficient and inexpensive, using a metal mixture that remains liquid at room temperature.
Joel Barker's insight:

I had missed this when it was first announced. Just another good looking solution to the large scale battery needs of wind and solar energy devices.  JB

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New Battery Design Extends the Life of Low-Cost, Lightweight Batteries

New Battery Design Extends the Life of Low-Cost, Lightweight Batteries | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
New battery design could greatly extend the shelf life of single-use metal-air batteries for electric vehicles, off-grid storage, and other applications.
Joel Barker's insight:

And coming up fast, the air aluminum battery with great power and cost characteristics.  JB

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New solar still claims near-perfect efficiency in purifying water

Access to clean water is one of the world's most pressing problems, but a team of University at Buffalo researchers has come up with a new take on an old technology that uses sunlight to purify water with what is claimed to be near-perfect efficiency.
Joel Barker's insight:

This will become increasingly important globally.  JB

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Obinna Odenigbo's curator insight, November 13, 2:58 PM
With specialists saying that a "water conflict" might arise in the coming years, More technology like this is needed to prevent that.

 
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World-first aerogel is made from plastic bottles, and has many potential uses

​Pop bottles are one of the most common types of plastic waste, so the more ways that we can find of recycling them, the better. With that in mind, researchers at the National University of Singapore (NUS) have developed an inexpensive method of converting such bottles into a very useful aerogel.
Joel Barker's insight:

Aeroels are extremely good at insulation, both temperature and sound. If a process can be made small enough, the bottles could become very useful feedstock of this energy saving material. JB

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Harvard scientists uncover an exploitable Achilles' heel common to most bacteria

Bacteria can be hardy little creatures, thanks mostly to their strong cell walls. Now researchers at Harvard have identified a structural weakness that seems to be built into a range of bacterial species, potentially paving the way for a new class of widely-effective antibacterial drugs.
Joel Barker's insight:

The good news is that more and more of these alternative pathways are being discovered. The bad news is how slowly they are then brought to the market. Lots of people will die without these new approaches.  JB

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Bubbling Arctic Lakes Are Accelerating Permafrost Thaw

Bubbling Arctic Lakes Are Accelerating Permafrost Thaw | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
These bodies of water can thaw vast swaths of permafrost, releasing stored greenhouse gasses, and there might not be anything ...
Joel Barker's insight:

This is a painfully accurate effect of Global overheating. A second order effect that is not obvious at the first order level.  JB

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Meet Harley-Davidson's great electric hope: The production-ready 2020 Livewire

It's looking more and more like Harley's only hope is to branch out into new segments in search of a replacement for its withering customer base, and the 2019 Livewire represents the storied company's first big punch as it tries to fight its way into millennial relevancy.
Joel Barker's insight:

When Harley begins producing electric bikes, you know the movement toward non-combustion motors is real. Way to go, Harley!  JB

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Planned hybrid airship will combine aspects of planes, blimps and helicopters

​It was just last year that we heard about the Plimp, a sort of plane/blimp/helicopter hybrid drone manufactured by Egan Airships. As was hinted at then, the Seattle-based company has now officially announced that it's working on a passenger-carrying variant known as the Model J.
Joel Barker's insight:

The airship movement keeps expanding. A good solution to simple air travel with minimal ecological impact. Wait until the upper surface is covered with light weight solar cells.  JB

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How biodiversity loss is quietly eroding the potential for life-saving drug discovery

Drawing on nature to cure ailments stretches back thousands of years, but with our destruction of the environment continuing apace, some are concerned how much of it we’ll have to depend on in the future.
Joel Barker's insight:

Every living thing has a gift for us. A religious belief? Or, it is reallky true!  JB

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US seeks to privatize its share in the International Space Station

In one of the most remarkable handovers in the history of space exploration, the Trump administration proposes handing over the American commitment to the International Space Station (ISS) over to private enterprise in 2025.
Joel Barker's insight:

Well, we privatized our space companies, why not the staiton?  JB

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Test checks how atom-thin materials interact with light

Test checks how atom-thin materials interact with light | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
Learning how 2D materials like graphene reflect, absorb, or refract light is key for scientists trying to create electronics with ultrathin materials.
Joel Barker's insight:

In a classical paradigm enhancement, graphene is becoming cheaper and chepaer to make and to handle.  JB

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Can this diabetes drug prevent 'pollution' heart attacks?

Can this diabetes drug prevent 'pollution' heart attacks? | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
More than 100 million people worldwide take the drug metformin for diabetes. There's evidence it also could protect people exposed to air pollution.
Joel Barker's insight:

Metformin, a long time diabetes drug, is now showing it can do many more things, including reducing heart attacks, moderating the effects of pollution and extending life.  JB

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Breast milk and formula mold gut bacteria differently

Breast milk and formula mold gut bacteria differently | Short Look at the Long View | Scoop.it
Formula and breast milk encourage the growth of bacteria in babies' guts, just not in the same way. What that means for infant health is unclear.
Joel Barker's insight:

So much we still don't know. Wait til we do. It will change healthcare as we know it!  JB

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