Scopes Trial 1920's
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The Scopes Monkey Trial, 80 Years Later : NPR

The Scopes Monkey Trial, 80 Years Later : NPR | Scopes Trial 1920's | Scoop.it
In July 1925, the small town of Dayton, Tenn., became the site of the clash of religion, evolution and public school education. NPR looks back at the Scopes monkey trial and examines where the battle over evolution stands today.
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Primary Sources: Clarance Darrow Cross-Examines William Jennings Bryan at the Scopes Trial

Primary Sources: Clarance Darrow Cross-Examines William Jennings Bryan at the Scopes Trial | Scopes Trial 1920's | Scoop.it
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JUDGE RAULSTON: Do you want Mr. Bryan sworn?

DARROW: No.

BRYAN: I can make affirmation; I can say, "So help me God, I will tell the truth."

DARROW: No, I take it you will tell the truth. You have given considerable study to the Bible, haven't you, Mr. Bryan?

BRYAN: Yes, sir, I have tried to.

DARROW: Well, we all know you have; we are not going to dispute that at all. But you have written and published articles almost weekly, and sometimes have made interpretations of various things.

BRYAN: I would not say interpretations, Mr. Darrow, but comments on the lesson.

DARROW: If you comment to any extent, those comments have been interpretations?

BRYAN: I presume that my discussion might be to some extent interpretations, but they have not been primarily intended as interpretations.

DARROW: But you have studied that question, of course?

BRYAN: Of what?

DARROW: Interpretation of the Bible.

BRYAN: On this particular question?

DARROW: Yes, sir.

BRYAN: Yes, sir.

 ....ect
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Primary Documents: State Supreme Court Opinion of Scopes Trial :: The Scopes 'Monkey' Trial

Primary Documents: State Supreme Court Opinion of Scopes Trial :: The Scopes 'Monkey' Trial | Scopes Trial 1920's | Scoop.it
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Website 2: An introduction to the John Scopes (Monkey) Trial

Website 2: An introduction to the John Scopes (Monkey) Trial | Scopes Trial 1920's | Scoop.it
An introduction to the trial of State of Tennessee vs John Scopes.
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The Scopes Trial Ended 86 Years Ago Today

The Scopes Trial Ended 86 Years Ago Today | Scopes Trial 1920's | Scoop.it
We extend Curmudgeonly greetings to all creationists as they celebrate their most hallowed day of the year. Yes, dear reader, today, 21 July, is the 86th anniversary of the conviction of that arch-...
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Scopes Trial Vocab

1.Theory of evolution – Suggests that human beings developed from simpler life forms.
2.Contempt – a willful disobedience to or dis respect for the authority of a court or legislative body
3.Cynical – believing the worst of human nature and motives
4.Detestability – deserving hatred
5.Dogma – a doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative
6.Extradite – to surrender a prisoner to another authority
7.Infidel – a who does not accept a particular faith or particular faith or particular theory; unbeliever
8.Loath – unwilling, reluctant
9.Religious modernists - say the bible was written by humans and contained valid human perceptions of how God acted, fine with evolution;
precie historical and scientific accuracy of bible did not matter
10.Eugenics - not based on Darwins teachings; contortion of the basic premise of evolution by people who misunderstand
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American Experience | Monkey Trial | Primary Sources

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utmaneuvered by Clarence Darrow, William Jennings Bryan never got to deliver his closing argument in the Scopes trial. But soon after the trial -- and Bryan's subsequent death -- the entire text of Bryan's 15,000-word argument was published as Bryan's last speech. Here are a few excerpts:

Science is a magnificent force, but it is not a teacher of morals. It can perfect machinery, but it adds no moral restraints to protect society from the misuse of the machine. It can also build gigantic intellectual ships, but it constructs no moral rudders for the control of storm tossed human vessel. It not only fails to supply the spiritual element needed but some of its unproven hypotheses rob the ship of its compass and thus endangers its cargo. In war, science has proven itself an evil genius; it has made war more terrible than it ever was before. Man used to be content to slaughter his fellowmen on a single plane -- the earth's surface. Science has taught him to go down into the water and shoot up from below and to go up into the clouds and shoot down from above, thus making the battlefield three times a bloody as it was before; but science does not teach brotherly love. Science has made war so hellish that civilization was about to commit suicide; and now we are told that newly discovered instruments of destruction will make the cruelties of the late war seem trivial in comparison with the cruelties of wars that may come in the future. If civilization is to be saved from the wreckage threatened by intelligence not consecrated by love, it must be saved by the moral code of the meek and lowly Nazarene....

It is for the jury to determine whether this attack upon the Christian religion shall be permitted in the public schools of Tennessee by teachers employed by the state and paid out of the public treasury. This case is no longer local, the defendant ceases to play an important part. The case has assumed the proportions of a battle-royal between unbelief that attempts to speak through so-called science and the defenders of the Christian faith, speaking through the legislators of Tennessee. It is again a choice between God and Baal; it is also a renewal of the issue in Pilate's court....

...Your answer will be heard throughout the world; it is eagerly awaited by a praying multitude. If the law is nullified, there will be rejoicing wherever God is repudiated, the savior scoffed at and the Bible ridiculed. Every unbeliever of every kind and degree will be happy. If, on the other hand, the law is upheld and the religion of the school children protected, millions of Christians will call you blessed and, with hearts full of gratitude to God, will sing again that grand old song of triumph: "Faith of our fathers, living still, In spite of dungeon, fire and sword; O how our hearts beat high with joy, Whene'er we hear that glorious word -- Faith of our fathers -- Holy faith; We will be true to thee till death!

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Website 1: Scopes Trial - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 35°29′41.74″N 85°00′45.63″W / 35.4949278°N 85.012675°W / 35.4949278; -85.012675

The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was a famous American legal case in 1925 in which a high school teacher, John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which made it unlawful to teach evolution in any state-funded school.[1] The trial was deliberately staged in order to attract publicity to the small town of Dayton, Tennessee, where it was held. Scopes was unsure whether he had ever actually taught evolution, but he purposefully incriminated himself so that the case could have a defendant.

Scopes was found guilty and fined $100, but the verdict was overturned on a technicality. The trial served its purpose of drawing intense national publicity, as national reporters flocked to Dayton to cover the big-name lawyers who had agreed to represent each side. William Jennings Bryan, three-time presidential candidate for the Democrats, argued for the prosecution, while Clarence Darrow, the famed defense attorney, spoke for Scopes. The trial set modernists, who said evolution was consistent with religion, against fundamentalists who said the word of God as revealed in the Bible took priority over all human knowledge. The case was thus seen as both a theological contest and a trial on the veracity of modern science regarding the creation-evolution controversy.

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