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Shark Embryos Eat Each Other in the Womb: Sibling Rivalry at its Finest

Shark Embryos Eat Each Other in the Womb: Sibling Rivalry at its Finest | Science | Scoop.it

Shark embryos actually cannibalize their littermates while still in the womb; the largest one eats all but one of its siblings. Now, new research reveals why sharks are such bad brothers.

 

In order to find out why this phenomenon occurs, researchers analyzed shark embryos found in sand tiger sharks which, despite their name and their in utero behavior, are a non-aggressive species. They are only known to attack humans when bothered first. In order to better understand these embryos, the scientists examined them at various stages of gestation. They discovered that the later the pregnancy is, the more likely the remaining shark embryos had just one father.

 

So what does that mean exactly? Before now, researchers weren't sure whether females mated with just one partner or with multiple partners. After a bit of DNA testing, researchers discovered that litters that possessed five to seven embryos had at least two fathers. It's possible that females mated with even more males, though; at the start of gestation, there can be as many as 12 littermates. It could be that the other littermates with different fathers had already been eaten.

 

The cannibalization itself is actually a useful strategy for the sharks. It allows the two remaining babies to grow large enough to be relatively unbothered by predators once they're actually born. What is more surprising, though, is the fact that the two sharks are usually full siblings as opposed to half siblings. This suggests that the largest embryo actually targets other embryos that are from other fathers.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Jesse Bradley's insight:

Why do you think that sharks cannibalize in the womb?

 

 

How do you think that sharks culling the weaker embryo's has effected their evolution?

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List of Free Science Books

Loads of free science books, including books on physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy and mathematics. Enjoy! (RT @Jose_A_Alonso: List of Free Science Books.
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The linked website offers a wide variety of free educational books for all sorts of different categories of science. This is a great source to expand your knowledge on these subject areas.

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