Resources, Technology, & Innovators For Blindness & Vision Impairments
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Reflection

Reflection Paper

Enrique Cazares's insight:

When I first started this class I remember going through our first module and learning about people who had different disabilities and how they have achieved success. The sculptor Michael Naranjo and the man who climbed Mount Everest Erik Weihenmayer, who were both blind, really intrigued me. After finishing Theme 4 module 2, I was captivated by the information I learned regarding blindness and vision impairments. My favorite part was watching and listening to videos and seeing the evolution of technology regarding blindness and vision impairments. I became interested in this subject and wanted to learn more so I decided to create my Curation Assignment regarding Resources, Technology, and Innovators who are contributing to this subject.

When it came to the resources, I wanted to make sure they were resources which contained information about what is going on when it comes to blindness and vision impairments. I did not want to focus on information that explained what blindness was or too many organizations that are available for people who are blind or have vision impairments. This is why I added the following articles and websites “How Does Becoming Blind Affect Other Senses?”, “Blindness Causes Structural Brain Changes, Implying Brain Can Reorganize Itself To Adapt”, “Promising Results In Stem Cell Trial For Blindness”, and “Guide Dogs For The Blind: Partnering People who are Blind With Guide Dogs At No Charge”. The last website, is the only website that is an actual organization but I decided to add because I felt that what they do is a great thing but the fact that they use animals as invaluable tools to help and support people who are blind or have a vision impairment was a great resource for knowledge.

Using Guide Dogs as a source of help and support is great but I also wanted to incorporate other forms of technology that are out there to help people with this disability. I felt the following websites provided great information about technology that existed before the mid 1980’s, technology that is now present, and future ideas that they plan to create or they are currently working on right now. These websites are, “Unlocking The Power Of The iPad For The Blind”, “BrainPort V100 Enables Blind To See Using Their Tongues”, “Retinal Implant Restores Partial Sight To The Blind”, “Seeing With Sound - The vOICe”, “12 Ingenious Gadgets & Technologies Designed For The Blind”, and “Technical Devices And Special Equipment For The Blind”. The websites mentioned were added to this collection because I felt they best represent technology in the past, present and future.

With the Innovators section I wanted to show people who have made breakthroughs, show them in action using some of the devices mentioned in the Technology section of the curation, or show new things they may be developing. Here I added, “Teaching The Blind To Navigate The World Using Tongue Clicks”, “Blind Climber Sees With Tongue”, “Paul Bach-Y-Rita, M.D. Founder of TCNL”, “Seeing With The Ears, Hands and Bionic Eyes”, and “Dennis Hong Making A Car For Blind Drivers”. Now, the last one was already shown to us in class but since this video was the one that got me excited about this particular topic, I felt it needed to be added to this curation assignment.

When I began adding the websites to Scoop.it! I wanted to make sure to place them in a certain way for interest, for example, I did not want to clump all the websites with videos together or grouping them by section like resources, technology and innovators. Instead I wanted my curation to have more of a free flowing style with articles and videos all mixed together. The main purpose of my curation is that so people can learn about what is going on in the realm of blindness and vision impairments. I felt that by providing information about the past, present, and the future, I can spark the imagination of the viewer.

In conclusion, I believe the websites in my curation explain and show everything from the past, present, and future of technology regarding blindness and vision impairments. Blindness does not discriminate and is something that can happen to anybody at any age. However it is great to see that there are many technological advances being made. I hope the viewer who sees this curation, is also fascinated by how far we have come and glimpse of where we are going in the future.

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Teaching the blind to navigate the world using tongue clicks: Daniel Kish at TEDxGateway 2012 - YouTube

About Daniel: Daniel Kish is an American expert in human echolocation and President of World Access for the Blind, a non-profit founded in 2000 to facilitate...
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Great video showing how humans can use echolocation to see just like bats.

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Blind climber sees with tongue

Blind climber sees with tongue | Resources, Technology, & Innovators For Blindness & Vision Impairments | Scoop.it
Climber Erik Weihenmayer has been blind since the age of 13 but a new device is helping him see with his tongue.
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Erik Weihenmayer who has climbed Mount Everest shows the Brainport V100 in action.

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PAUL BACH-Y-RITA, M.D. Founder of TCNL

PAUL BACH-Y-RITA, M.D. Founder of TCNL | Resources, Technology, & Innovators For Blindness & Vision Impairments | Scoop.it
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Biography about Dr. Paul Bach-y-Rita who was a neuroscientist who pioneered the field of neuroplasticity. One of his famous quotes is "You see with your brain, not with your eyes”

 

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12 Ingenious Gadgets & Technologies Designed for the Blind

12 Ingenious Gadgets & Technologies Designed for the Blind | Resources, Technology, & Innovators For Blindness & Vision Impairments | Scoop.it
The blind can now navigate, read, create art and solve puzzles much more easily with incredible gadgets and technology using sound, vibrations and texture.
Enrique Cazares's insight:

Genius devices that are being currently being developed. 

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CTD Institute's curator insight, February 4, 2015 4:13 PM

Devices that assist the blind to effective navigate modern life.

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Blindness causes structural brain changes, implying brain can re-organize itself to adapt

Blindness causes structural brain changes, implying brain can re-organize itself to adapt | Resources, Technology, & Innovators For Blindness & Vision Impairments | Scoop.it

AScientists have confirmed that blindness causes structural changes in the brain, implying that the brain may re-organize itself functionally in order to adapt to a loss in sensory inputs.

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Amazing what our brains will do to help us adapt and survive.

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Promising Results in Stem Cell Trial for Blindness | UCLA Broad Stem Cell Center

Promising Results in Stem Cell Trial for Blindness | UCLA Broad Stem Cell Center | Resources, Technology, & Innovators For Blindness & Vision Impairments | Scoop.it
Enrique Cazares's insight:

Article talks about recent results that were published on October 2014 on how trials are restoring sight to patients who are legally blind. 

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Guide Dogs for the Blind: Partnering people who are blind with guide dogs at no charge

Guide Dogs for the Blind: Partnering people who are blind with guide dogs at no charge | Resources, Technology, & Innovators For Blindness & Vision Impairments | Scoop.it
Enrique Cazares's insight:

Organization that provides free services for people that are blind or visually impaired.  

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Unlocking the Power of the iPad for the Blind: Video

Unlocking the Power of the iPad for the Blind: Video | Resources, Technology, & Innovators For Blindness & Vision Impairments | Scoop.it
On this week's "Innovators," Bloomberg's Jon Erlichman takes us inside a workshop that instructs teachers on how to unlock the power of the iPad for the visually impaired. (Source: Bloomberg)
Enrique Cazares's insight:

Now that most schools are adopting iPads or other tablets, it's great to see what they are doing so that everyone can use this powerful tool in education.

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BrainPort V100 Enables Blind to See Using Their Tongue

BrainPort V100 Enables Blind to See Using Their Tongue | Resources, Technology, & Innovators For Blindness & Vision Impairments | Scoop.it
The BrainPort V100 is a non-surgical vision enhancement device -- still in the prototype stage -- that converts video images into electrode patterns on an array affixed to the tongue. Users translate tactile data to the corresponding shapes and movement of objects in their environment.
Enrique Cazares's insight:

I couldn't believe it when I first read about it, truly amazing. 

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Retinal implant restores partial sight to blind people

Retinal implant restores partial sight to blind people | Resources, Technology, & Innovators For Blindness & Vision Impairments | Scoop.it
Some previously blind patients fitted with retinal implant could read signs, tell the time and distinguish white wine from red
Enrique Cazares's insight:

Great article and shows video simulation of how the implant is placed. 

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CTD Institute's curator insight, February 4, 2015 4:09 PM

The chip, powered wirelessly from a battery the patient wears in their pocket, does not restore vision fully. 

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How Does Becoming Blind Affect Other Senses? | LIVESTRONG.COM

How Does Becoming Blind Affect Other Senses? | LIVESTRONG.COM | Resources, Technology, & Innovators For Blindness & Vision Impairments | Scoop.it
Rebecca Atkinson published an essay on July 17, 2007, in the Guardian newspaper about her gradual loss of sight from a condition called Leber's congenital amaurosis. Atkinson states, "Suddenly you can smell the world and sense when someone is standing out of your line of vision. Your brain grows on the inside, and things on the outside start to...
Enrique Cazares's insight:

People who lose their eyesight can make their other senses stronger thanks to our powerful brains. 

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Seeing with Sound - The vOICe

Augmented reality and soundscape-based synthetic vision for the blind
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Another innovated way to see with our ears instead of our eyes.

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Seeing with the Ears. Hands and Bionic Eyes: Amir Amedi at TEDxJerusalem - YouTube

Prof. Dr. Amir Amedi uses music and sounds to make blind people 'see' their environment. He uses non-invasive sensory substitution devices and invasive bioni...
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Interesting video on how we can learn to see with our ears.

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Technical Devices and Special Equipment for the Blind

Enrique Cazares's insight:

Great article that shows the technology that was around in the mid 80's that now seems ancient.

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Dennis Hong: Making a car for blind drivers - YouTube

http://www.ted.com Using robotics, laser rangefinders, GPS and smart feedback tools, Dennis Hong is building a car for drivers who are blind. It's not a "sel...
Enrique Cazares's insight:

Great video of how a challenge turned into a great innovation for the future, not just for people that are blind but for all humanity. 

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