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New graphene solar panels turn rain into clean energy | Inhabitat - Green Design, Innovation, Architecture, Green Building

New graphene solar panels turn rain into clean energy | Inhabitat - Green Design, Innovation, Architecture, Green Building | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Chinese scientists have discovered a way for solar cells to generate power via rain. When covered with graphene, the solar cells interact with raindrops to create electricity.
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Monkeys' brains synchronize as they collaborate to perform a motor task

Monkeys' brains synchronize as they collaborate to perform a motor task | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Though their purpose and function are still largely unknown, mirror neurons in the brain are believed by some neuroscientists to be central to how humans relate to each other. Deficiencies in mirror neurons might also pla
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Information theory, predictability and the emergence of complex life

Information theory, predictability and the emergence of complex life | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Despite the obvious advantage of simple life forms capable of fast replication, different levels of cognitive complexity have been achieved by living systems in terms of their potential to cope with environmental uncertainty. Against the inevitable cost associated with detecting environmental cues and responding to them in adaptive ways, we conjecture that the potential for predicting the environment can overcome the expenses associated with maintaining costly, complex structures. We present a minimal formal model grounded in information theory and selection, in which successive generations of agents are mapped into transmitters and receivers of a coded message. Our agents are guessing machines and their capacity to deal with environments of different complexity defines the conditions to sustain more complex agents.

Via Ashish Umre
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Study Finds Bacteria in Milk Linked to Rheumatoid Arthritis

Study Finds Bacteria in Milk Linked to Rheumatoid Arthritis | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Study Finds Bacteria in Milk Linked to Rheumatoid Arthritis - Read more about UCF Colleges & Campus News, Community, Science & Technology, Student Life, Orlando and Central Florida news.
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Bitcoin Miners on Track to Use More Electricity Than All of Argentina

Bitcoin Miners on Track to Use More Electricity Than All of Argentina | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
The global power needed to create cryptocurrencies this year could rival the entire electricity consumption of Argentina.
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Framing Violence, Finding Peace

Framing Violence, Finding Peace | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Data collected in a survey of 1,120 Syrian refugees in Turkey finds that 1) framing civilians’ wartime ordeal as suffering or sacrifice influences their attitudes about ending the conflict, and 2) the identity of who advocates for peace affects civilians’ attitude about supporting it. These results suggest new possibilities for reconciliation processes. Research by Kristin Fabbe and colleagues.
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Media in the age of Artificial Intelligence

Media in the age of Artificial Intelligence | Research & Technology | Scoop.it

LIve stream @ http://web.ep.streamovations.be/index.php/event/stream/171121-1400-committee-stoa


On 21st November 2017, the European Parliament Science and Technology Options Assessment (STOA) office hosted its annual lecture, chaired by Eva KAILI, MEP and STOA Chair and introduced by Carlos MOEDAS, European Commissioner for Research, Science & Innovation. The Keynote Lecture: How AI and algorithms manage flows of information was delivered by  Nello Cristianini, professor of Artificial Intelligence, at the University of Bristol, UK. 

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Claudius Gros: Increased Government’s reactivity can mitigate social instability

Claudius Gros: Increased Government’s reactivity can mitigate social instability | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
In this exclusive interview, EuroScientist Editor, Sabine Louët, speaks with German physicist Claudius Gros about the insights that complex systems bring into our society, which help in understanding their deficiencies in terms of how decisions are made. Gros’ analysis is based on the observation that citizens’ opinions—supported by mobile phones and internet technology—are now forming faster than ever before, relative to the time scale of policy decision making. This suggests the need to introduce necessary changes in the modes of governance, to enhance the reactivity of policy decisions, as means to keep our democratic societies steady. These findings have potential implications for an à la carte EU membership.
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‘A different dimension of loss’: inside the great insect die-off

‘A different dimension of loss’: inside the great insect die-off | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
The long read: Scientists have identified 2 million species of living things. No one knows how many more are out there, and tens of thousands may be vanishing before we have even had a chance to encounter them
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Even if genes affect intelligence, we can’t engineer cleverness – Jim Kozubek | Aeon Ideas

Even if genes affect intelligence, we can’t engineer cleverness – Jim Kozubek | Aeon Ideas | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
First, let me tell you how smart I am. So smart. My fifth-grade teacher said I was gifted in mathematics and, looking back, I have to admit that she was right. I’ve properly grasped the character of metaphysics as trope nominalism, and I can tel
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Can neuroscience rehabilitate Freud for the age of the brain? – M M Owen | Aeon Essays

Can neuroscience rehabilitate Freud for the age of the brain? – M M Owen | Aeon Essays | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
A revival of interest in the power of introspection and thought has brought Freud’s ideas back into the scientific fold
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Failure of incentives in multiplex networks

Governments and enterprises strongly rely on incentives to generate favorable outcomes from social and strategic interactions between individuals, for example climate or environmental friendly actions. The incentives are usually modeled by payoffs in strategical games, such as the prisoner's dilemma or the harmony game. Adjusting the incentives by changing the payoff parameters e.g. through tax schemes can favor cooperation (harmony) over defection (prisoner's dilemma). Here, we show that if individuals engage in strategic interactions in multiple domains, incentives can fail and the final outcome, cooperation or defection, is dominated by the initial state of the system. Our findings highlight the importance to take the multilayer structure of human interactions into account and emphasize the importance to rethink payoff-based incentives.

 

Failure of incentives in multiplex networks
Kaj-Kolja Kleineberg, Dirk Helbing


Via Complexity Digest
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Rescuing Collective Wisdom when the Average Group Opinion Is Wrong

The total knowledge contained within a collective supersedes the knowledge of even its most intelligent member. Yet the collective knowledge will remain inaccessible to us unless we are able to find efficient knowledge aggregation methods that produce reliable decisions based on the behavior or opinions of the collective’s members. It is often stated that simple averaging of a pool of opinions is a good and in many cases the optimal way to extract knowledge from a crowd. The method of averaging has been applied to analysis of decision-making in very different fields, such as forecasting, collective animal behavior, individual psychology, and machine learning. Two mathematical theorems, Condorcet’s theorem and Jensen’s inequality, provide a general theoretical justification for the averaging procedure. Yet the necessary conditions which guarantee the applicability of these theorems are often not met in practice. Under such circumstances, averaging can lead to suboptimal and sometimes very poor performance. Practitioners in many different fields have independently developed procedures to counteract the failures of averaging. We review such knowledge aggregation procedures and interpret the methods in the light of a statistical decision theory framework to explain when their application is justified. Our analysis indicates that in the ideal case, there should be a matching between the aggregation procedure and the nature of the knowledge distribution, correlations, and associated error costs. This leads us to explore how machine learning techniques can be used to extract near-optimal decision rules in a data-driven manner. We end with a discussion of open frontiers in the domain of knowledge aggregation and collective intelligence in general.

 

Rescuing Collective Wisdom when the Average Group Opinion Is Wrong

Andres Laan, Gabriel Madirolas, and Gonzalo G. de Polavieja

Front. Robot. AI, 06 November 2017 | https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2017.00056


Via Complexity Digest
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How researchers are ensuring that their work has an impact

How researchers are ensuring that their work has an impact | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Finding purpose and meaning in the lab.
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Light pollution is altering plant and animal behaviour | Horizon: the EU Research & Innovation magazine | European Commission

Light pollution is altering plant and animal behaviour | Horizon: the EU Research & Innovation magazine | European Commission | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
A brighter world affects both individuals and communities.
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Tesla Gigafactory Spending Hits $1.3 Billion

Tesla Gigafactory Spending Hits $1.3 Billion | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
BuildZoom reports that Tesla has now submitted applications for building permits at the Gigafactory in Nevada totaling $1.3 billion.
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From Oil to Solar: Saudi Arabia Plots a Shift to Renewables

From Oil to Solar: Saudi Arabia Plots a Shift to Renewables | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Riyadh plans to build a $300 million solar farm that would generate enough electricity to power 200,000 homes, an example Saudi leaders hope will have positive consequences.
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Has the time come for a quantum revolution in economics? – David Orrell | Aeon Essays

Has the time come for a quantum revolution in economics? – David Orrell | Aeon Essays | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Money and brains are both quantum phenomena – so it's not surprising that economics is overdue for a quantum revolution
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Trusting science in an age of distrust

Trusting science in an age of distrust | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
The trend against Experts and a public loss of trust in science have recently made headlines. For example, they translated as tweets questioning man-made climate change by the current US president. Or statements such as ‘I think that the people of this country have had enough of experts’ by Bristish politician Michael Gove during the Brexit campaign. But is such a shift in public attitudes towards science actually taking place? And if so, who exactly has lost trust in whom? In this opinion piece, the results of three national surveys on public perception and trust in science from Germany, Sweden and Switzerland are outlined and give us some answers. It makes for some fascinating reading!
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Shrinking the digital divide

Shrinking the digital divide | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Computers and digital technologies are being incorporated into all aspects of life. Yet not everyone is able to seamlessly use the web, computers, tablets, smart-phones, electronic ticket machines and even some digital-based home appliances. This is particularly true for those who experience disability, literacy, digital literacy or ageing-related barriers to accessing information and communication technologies (ICT). We need to ensure that all of us are able to operate these digital technologies or we will exclude those who cannot from all these aspects of our life. Now, a new initiative, called Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure, seeks to set up an open development community to solve this problem.
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How to Jump-Start Life Elsewhere in Our Galaxy

How to Jump-Start Life Elsewhere in Our Galaxy | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
A new paper on “Genesis missions” explains how interstellar probes could accelerate evolution on distant planets.
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Beyond the animal brain: plants have cognitive capacities too – Laura Ruggles | Aeon Essays

Beyond the animal brain: plants have cognitive capacities too – Laura Ruggles | Aeon Essays | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
From the memories of flowers to the sociability of trees, the cognitive capacities of our vegetal cousins are all around us
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Engineering Consent; Is Advertising Becoming Too Intrusive?

Engineering Consent; Is Advertising Becoming Too Intrusive? | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
Advertising is becoming increasingly predictive as technology continues to develop. At one point should we start to question whether it's bordering on mind control?
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Inspired by Genius: How a Mathematician Found His Way

Inspired by Genius: How a Mathematician Found His Way | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
The mathematician Ken Ono believes that the story of Srinivasa Ramanujan—mathematical savant and two-time college dropout—holds valuable lessons for how we find and reward hidden genius
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Five ways to fix statistics

Five ways to fix statistics | Research & Technology | Scoop.it
As debate rumbles on about how and how much poor statistics is to blame for poor reproducibility, Nature asked influential statisticians to recommend one change to improve science. The common theme? The problem is not our maths, but ourselves.

Via Complexity Digest
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