Rainforest EXPLORER: News & Notes
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Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes
Curated from the web, new and noteworthy updates from the Amazon
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U of T scientists show molecular basis for ants acting as 'bodyguards' to plants

U of T scientists show molecular basis for ants acting as 'bodyguards' to plants | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Though you might not think of ants as formidable bodyguards, some do an impressive job protecting plants from enemies. Now, scientists at the University of Toronto have determined what makes some better bodyguards than others.
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Amazon rainforest pays heavy price for Brazil's political crisis - Sao Paulo Video | Sao Paulo Informer

Amazon rainforest pays heavy price for Brazil's political crisis - Sao Paulo Video | Sao Paulo Informer | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
published: 2017-09-22 12:53:19 Subscribe to France 24 now: http://f24.my/youtubeEN FRANCE 24 live news stream: all the latest news 24/7 http://f24.my/YTliv
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Commit to our Wildlife Selfie Code

Commit to our Wildlife Selfie Code | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Amazonian animals are being torn from the wild so tourists can take selfies for Instagram and other social media. Commit to our Wildlife Selfie Code today, and
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Take the pledge!  Enjoy wildlife in the wild! 

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Intact forests crucial to Amazon ecosystem resilience, stable climate

Intact forests crucial to Amazon ecosystem resilience, stable climate | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Three South American studies find that severe deforestation in one region can impact faraway forests and continent-wide climate, while intact forests offer more resilience.
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How (Not) To Camera Trap In The Amazon Rainforest

How (Not) To Camera Trap In The Amazon Rainforest | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
It’s not just the big guys you have to be worried about when setting up a camera trap in the jungle. As naturalist Phil Torres explains in this Jungle
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Titling indigenous communities protects forests in the Peruvian Amazon - Amazon Aid Foundation

Titling indigenous communities protects forests in the Peruvian Amazon - Amazon Aid Foundation | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Peer-Reviewed Findings: Giving Indigenous Communities Title to Their Land Protects Tropical Forests Landmark peer-reviewed study shows deforestation drops dramatically the same year land rights are granted to indigenous communities in Peru. WASHINGTON, DC—A new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences today provides some of the first rigorous peer-reviewed evidence that …
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Extreme Drought in Tropical South America

The severity of the 2016 drought over tropical South America was unprecedented."  Read more:  https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2017/aug/03/study-finds-human-influence-in-the-amazons-third-1-in-100-year-drought-since-2005#_scpsug=crawled_126412_7b4cc230-7834-11e7-ea89-00221934899c

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In Peru, canopy bridges keep rainforest animals connected over a gas pipeline

In Peru, canopy bridges keep rainforest animals connected over a gas pipeline | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Hundreds of square miles of the Amazon are zoned for oil and gas exploration, with commercially viable reserves destined for national and international markets, including the US and the UK. But pipelines fragment the rainforest, dividing populations and disrupting the movements of species that spend their lives in the treetops. Now, a study using canopy camera trapping has shown that these impacts can be mitigated if natural canopy bridges are left in place when pipelines are constructed.
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Amazonia's future will be jeopardized by dams

Amazonia's future will be jeopardized by dams | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
More than a hundred hydropower dams have already been built in the Amazon basin and numerous proposals for further dam constructions are under consideration. The accumulated negative environmental effects of existing dams and proposed dams, if constructed, will trigger massive hydrophysical and biotic disturbances that will affect the Amazon basin’s floodplains, estuary and sediment plume. We introduce a Dam Environmental Vulnerability Index to quantify the current and potential impacts of dams in the basin. The scale of foreseeable environmental degradation indicates the need for collective action among nations and states to avoid cumulative, far-reaching impacts. We suggest institutional innovations to assess and avoid the likely impoverishment of Amazon rivers.
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Amazonia's Future Will Be Jeopardized by Dams

Amazonia's Future Will Be Jeopardized by Dams | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Building the hundreds of hydroelectric dams proposed for the Amazon River Basin will cause massive environmental damage all the way from the eastern slopes of the Andes to the Atlantic Ocean, according to new findings by an international team of researchers that includes a University of Arizona hydr
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Norway to Brazil: Curb deforestation or we stop the money

Norway to Brazil: Curb deforestation or we stop the money | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
COPENHAGEN, Denmark (AP) - Norway's prime minister warned Brazil's president on Friday to curb deforestation in the Amazon or Norway will reduc
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Microhabitats enhance butterfly diversity in nature’s imitation game

Microhabitats enhance butterfly diversity in nature’s imitation game | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
The study, by an international team of researchers, attempts to explain why, even though butterfly species have evolved to mimic one another’s wing patterns to more efficiently signal their toxicity, they nevertheless maintain a kaleidoscopic array of patterns overall.
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Amazon rainforest faces double jeopardy - Climate News Network

Amazon rainforest faces double jeopardy - Climate News Network | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
6 May, 2017 – Increased risk of drought-related wildfires at the heart of the Amazon rainforest adds to vulnerability caused by deforestation.
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Deforestation impacts climate change more than fossil fuel use, new study finds

Deforestation impacts climate change more than fossil fuel use, new study finds | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Curbing the use of fossil fuels is often singled out as the best way to tackle climate change, but a new study published in the journal Environmental Research Letters shows that the problem of deforestation should not be overlooked as it contributes far more to climate change than once believed.
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How trees in the Amazon make their own rain – World Economic Forum – Medium

How trees in the Amazon make their own rain – World Economic Forum – Medium | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
In the Amazon rainforest, the rainy season begins two to three months before everywhere else in Latin America. Transpiration is a well-known part of photosynthesis, where moisture is drawn up by…
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Damaged tropical forests now emit more carbon than all the vehicles in U.S.

Damaged tropical forests now emit more carbon than all the vehicles in U.S. | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Tropical forests emit more carbon each year than all of the cars and trucks in the U.S., scientists said on Thursday, calling for greater efforts to stem forest loss and damage.
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Watch this beautiful visualization of the sounds of the Amazon rainforest

Watch this beautiful visualization of the sounds of the Amazon rainforest | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Multimedia artist Andy Thomas translated the soundscapes of the Amazon rainforest into a mesmerizing 3D animation titled the Visual Sounds of the Amazon. He and Reynier Omena Junior made their fiel…
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Can This Controversial Practice Save Ecuador’s Wild Frogs?

Can This Controversial Practice Save Ecuador’s Wild Frogs? | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Ecuador is home to over 500 frog species and many face risks from the illegal pet trade. One company thinks it knows how to stop it.
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Beneath the Canopy: Tropical Forests Enrolled in Conservation Payments Reveal Evidence of Less Degradation

Beneath the Canopy: Tropical Forests Enrolled in Conservation Payments Reveal Evidence of Less Degradation | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
conservation payment programs are making a difference in the diversity of tree species in protected spaces. Further, the species being protected are twice as likely to be of commercial timber value and at risk of extinction.
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Oil in Peru’s northern Amazon by the numbers - not pretty

Oil in Peru’s northern Amazon by the numbers - not pretty | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
David Hill: Over four decades of exploration and extraction have caused an environmental and health crisis in indigenous communities
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Trees in the Amazon make their own rain

Trees in the Amazon make their own rain | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Scientists uncover why it starts raining in the region several months before it should
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New map reveals more tropical peat

New map reveals more tropical peat | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Results provide fresh opportunities to combat climate change
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Long road ahead to indigenous land and forest rights in Peru

Long road ahead to indigenous land and forest rights in Peru | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Regulatory reforms encounter both progress and setbacks
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Maintaining mimicry diversity: optimal warning colour patterns differ among microhabitats in Amazonian clearwing butterflies

Maintaining mimicry diversity: optimal warning colour patterns differ among microhabitats in Amazonian clearwing butterflies | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
Mimicry is one of the best-studied examples of adaptation, and recent studies have provided new insights into the role of mimicry in speciation and diversification. Classical Müllerian mimicry theory predicts convergence in warning signal among protected species, yet tropical butterflies are exuberantly diverse in warning colour patterns, even within communities. We tested the hypothesis that microhabitat partitioning in aposematic butterflies and insectivorous birds can lead to selection for different colour patterns in different microhabitats and thus help maintain mimicry diversity. We measured distribution across flight height and topography for 64 species of clearwing butterflies (Ithomiini) and their co-mimics, and 127 species of insectivorous birds, in an Amazon rainforest community. For the majority of bird species, estimated encounter rates were non-random for the two most abundant mimicry rings. Furthermore, most butterfly species in these two mimicry rings displayed the warning colour pattern predicted to be optimal for anti-predator defence in their preferred microhabitats. These conclusions were supported by a field trial using butterfly specimens, which showed significantly different predation rates on colour patterns in two microhabitats. We therefore provide the first direct evidence to support the hypothesis that different mimicry patterns can represent stable, community-level adaptations to differing biotic environments.
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World's first fluorescent frog discovered in South America

World's first fluorescent frog discovered in South America | Rainforest EXPLORER:  News & Notes | Scoop.it
In normal light the polka-dot tree frog has a dull complexion – but under UV light it glows bright green
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