Quest 2 & 3. OHS- Insight into my friends work and play lives.
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Quest 3: Long-Term Effects of Alcohol - Negative Side Effects on the Body - Drug-Free World

ducation about 

Jahleel Hilton's insight:

Yes, we know the short term and immediate effects of alcohol, but do we really understand the long term impact it has on our health? If more people were educated about this, I guarantee that people would think twice.


-Unintentional injuries such as car crash, falls, burns, drowning

-Intentional injuries such as firearm injuries, sexual assault, domestic violenceIncreased on-the-job injuries and loss of productivity

-Increased family problems, broken relationships 

-Alcohol poisoning 

-High blood pressure, stroke, and other heart-related diseases 

-Liver disease 

-Nerve damage 

-Sexual problems 

-Permanent damage to the brain Vitamin B1 deficiency, which can lead to a disorder characterized by amnesia, apathy and disorientation 


-Gastritis (inflammation of stomach walls) 


-Cancer of the mouth and throat 


These are all very serious health concerns related to binge drinking. It is my opinion that people today do not take these health implications seriously. My next-door neighbour died from cirrhosis of the liver. She was 35 years of age and had 4 children. Her alcohol addiction killed her, it was a very real awakening for me when this happened, as I too never really believed that getting drunk could kill me.


This site shows the seriousness of what can and will happen to your health with long term abuse of alcohol. 


Perhaps if Bronte was exposed to this sort of information she would better manage her level of alcohol consumption.

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Quest 3: Alcohol - National Binge Drinking Strategy.

Jahleel Hilton's insight:

"The Australian Government's National Binge Drinking Strategy (NBDS) aims to address Australia's harmful binge drinking culture, especially among young people. The strategy focuses on raising awareness of the short and long-term impacts of 'risky' drinking among young people, and over time, contributing to the development of a more responsible drinking culture within Australian society."


Sporting events, music festivals, weddings and funerals... where ever you go, alcohol consumption is a part of Australian culture, so it 's not surprising that the Government have implemented a NBDS for help control the antisocial behaviours that alcohol produces, especially among young people. 


The NBDS involves three different strategies:


-Rounds 1 and 2 of the Community level initiatives to confront the culture of binge drinking, particularly in sporting organisations. For a list of successful applicants, see Community Level Initiative on the alcohol website.

-An early intervention program to act earlier to assist young people and ensure that they assume personal responsibility for their binge drinking (which has been continued to June 2013.)

-An advertising campaign that confronted young people with the costs and consequences of binge drinking - the 'Don't Turn a Night Out into a Nightmare' campaign.


Bronte is not the only person that is exposed to alcohol consumption in her environment, because this has become such a large part of our Australian culture, the issues surrounding binge drinking have to be fixed on a government level. 


As a nation we can now only rely on individuals to be responsible for their own actions so there has to be ways to implement control on a larger scale. This is were ad campaigns and community initiatives come into place. If the government targets the majority of Australians then the message about antisocial behaviours caused by alcohol violence will reduce. 

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Quest 3: Preventing Adolescent Binge Drinking.

Jahleel Hilton's insight:

Although Bronte is no longer under the legal drinking age, her drinking habits started when she was 16. This site provides information on educational and awareness programs targeted at our youth. 


Many authoritative figures such as parents, teachers and the adults in the community try to warn young people on the dangers of binge drinking however, the media has portrayed alcohol as "cool" which in turn gives young people the wrong idea about drinking and makes it harder to educate them on the reality of the dangers associated. 


This site lists 5 bullet points on ways to manage binge drinking from a community stand point.


-Strategic use of data can help identify the problem, develop a strategy, and plan and monitor progress.

-Community organizing ensures that community stakeholders are identified and involved, and helps to gain public support and change community norms.

-Policy advocacy includes making changes in policies, either mandated (as in laws or regulations) or voluntary (via business or social policies or procedures).

-Media advocacy where strategic use of the media helps to gain public and policymaker support for policy or norms change.

-Enforcement of each of these elements ensures that the changes made are sustained over time 


As previously stated, Bronte is no longer classified as underage however, if there were stronger actions put in place in her community about the overall effects of alcohol abuse, maybe she would have changed her reason for abusing alcohol the way she does.

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Australia’s Travel Tips and Hazards

Australia’s Travel Tips and Hazards | Quest 2 & 3. OHS- Insight into my friends work and play lives. |

Information on personal security, sun protection, bushfires, swimming, sharks, crocodiles, spiders, bushwalking and more.


This site would be very helpful for people who are planning to venture onto walking tracks, camping grounds, or any other outdoors activities. It provides information on the associated hazards & risks you may encounter and gives examples of the necessary equipment you may need.


Photographer Soizer (2014) capturing person under waterfall.

Jahleel Hilton's insight:

Demi 21 years old: Self proclaimed adventurer.


Depending on whether Demi takes someone with her when she is exploring, it can be very dangerous at times. Without the right skills and training this sort of activity is not recommended for the average person.


When I spoke to Demi about the OHS related issues surrounding this type of activity she reported that the worst injury she had encountered was on a secluded walking track in Far North Queensland. Demi and her brother went on the 16km 'Blue Arrow' track that over looks north and west Cairns. On this day they were about 30minutes into the track when they heard someone crying in pain. A young female jogger had slipped off the edge of the track and fallen down a small cliff. Demi and her brother were able to seek help for the women but she sustained a broken leg. The rescue operation to retrieve the women was quite difficult due to the location and terrain of the track.


When I asked Demi what she did to prepare for these adventures she explained that she always ensured she had enough water, sunscreen, correcting clothing a foot wear, and told someone where she was going.


OHS issues related to Demi's adventures are very lengthy however, the most obvious ones would be: 


-Slips, trips and falls. (rough terrain)

-Isolated locations.

-Faulty equipment.

-Dehydration and exhaustion.

-Venomous animals and insects.

-Loss of orientation.

-Loss of contact (mobile phone, radio).


Because this sort of activity is a recreational activity for Demi there are no policies and procedures that are mandatory to follow. Demi does not belong to any groups or committees and adventures out on her own accord. This is a very high risk hobby that Demi takes part in but as long as she understands all risks associated there is very little anyone an do to prevent her from doing what she loves. 

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Problems With Alcohol | What is An Alcoholic - Youth Central.

Problems With Alcohol | What is An Alcoholic - Youth Central. | Quest 2 & 3. OHS- Insight into my friends work and play lives. |

"No matter how old you are and regardless of whether you drink alcohol or not, it's important to be aware of how alcohol affects people".


This site addresses the many issues associated with binge drinking. A reality for not only all of the Australian population but especially our youth. When is it one too many? When is it one too often?


Bronte likes to drink... vodka, rum, tequila, wine & many assorted cocktails. Bronte drinks almost every weekend.


Photographer Stewart (2013) captures a female drinking alcohol.

Jahleel Hilton's insight:

Bronte 21 years old: Recreational drinker.


We all abuse alcohol or know someone who does at some point, but when does it become alcoholism? One drink every night, 20 drinks on the weekend or 10 drinks 3-4 times a week. Whatever the number, there are endless OHS issues that are a result of consuming alcohol.


Bronte had dozens of stories related to OHS issues on many different levels, not all of them I can reveal on this forum so here is PG rated example. Bronte lives at a College facility in Brisbane, she in currently a first year student studying early education. Every weekend the girls in the dorm play drinking games and go out. On this particular evening they played a game called 'lock down', this game requires everyone to scull all their alcohol before they go out, leaving them all highly, highly intoxicated. An hour or so after they went out Bronte said she vomited all over the dance floor, lost her shoes, phone, wallet and keys and decided to stumble home alone. 10:30 at night, a young intoxicated female walking 2km home (very dangerous). Bronte said she actually 'blacked out' and the only reason she knows this happened was because her friends filled her in the next morning. Bronte said that this routine happens almost every weekend and I'm sure she isn't  the only one.


This is just one example of what alcohol consumption can do to a person. I'm sure there are hundreds of millions stories all over the world about drunken antics from the night before but what we are all forgetting is that alcohol is one of the highest causes of accidents and fatalities in western culture.


OHS issues that surround high levels of alcohol consumption:




-Poor decision making.

-Loss of inhibitions.

-Poor judgment.

-Violence and aggression.

-Sexual assalt. 


Long term

-Health issues. (liver, kidneys, GI)






Over the years the Australian Government have tried to implement many ways to reduce and control the consumption of alcohol in Australia but it doesn't seem to change the way we use it.


-Increasing tax.

-Shock tactic ad campaigns. 

-AA and community groups.

Just to name a few.


The only solution that I can see to this problem comes down to the individual. Controlling our own personal alcohol consumption and avoiding situations compromising situations seems to be the best way to stay out danger. It is also important to be aware of your surroundings, looking out for your mates can sometimes mean the difference between life and death. 

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Quest 3: How to deal with binge drinking.

Jahleel Hilton's insight:

This site responds to alcohol abuse on a 'self reflecting' way. It doesn't focus on laws, regulations or government based strategies, it just provides ways to manage and prevent disastrous consequences when people drink to excess.


These strategies are:

-Get a plan. If you're going to to drink more then 2 drinks in a session then make a plan. Have one ever hour or limit yourself to a certain amount per night. Having an unlimited idea of how much you're going to drink can cause a lot of those problems we face when we get plastered. 


-Recognise your triggers. It sounds odd but it is very true. Usually people will drink when they are triggered by a certain thought, an ex partner, loud music, the smell of alcohol. Whatever the trigger may be, you must learn to control it. If that means avoiding these triggers then that is what needs to be done. Find something to distract yourself can be very helpful.


-Change your lifestyle. Simple things like meeting with friends for coffee instead of a beer will help.


-Dig deep. Why do you drink? Why do you drink to the point of no return? This step involves a little soul searching. Is this the person you want to be?


-Go without. GO WITHOUT!?!? Yes, that's right. Give drinking a break for a little while. 


These different strategies are easy to do yourself. Bronte would reap the benefits if she thought about these before each drinking session.

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Quest 3. Prevention Strategies for Colleges and Universities

College Drinking: blood alcohol content. Binge drinking, substance abuse, alcohol abuse.
Jahleel Hilton's insight:

University students aged between 18-25 are some of the biggest binge drinkers in Australia due to the growing social acceptance by our Australian culture.


It's hard to understand sometimes how binge drinking can be such a popular recreational activity when the aftermath usually involves deathly sickness and an erased memory. Nevertheless, university students still seem to repeat this routine on a weekly basis, it's almost seen as a mandatory part of uni life. From the first week of each semester when "O Week" starts, hundreds of students flock together for toga parties that will almost always involve alcohol consumption. Being a university student myself and living in a community that is highly populated with undergraduates, I see binge drinking and its effects on a weekly basis.  


The difficult thing about drinking is that almost know one plans on getting totally incoherent when they are sober, it is only after the fifth drink or so when you start to lose your sense of control and person values, that you start to make stupid decisions like.... drinking MORE! One thing leads to another, you are broke, vomiting on the side of the highway and cannot remember a single thing from a few hours earlier. SO.... What is the solution?


This site breaks down preventative and risk management strategies for binge drinking in four different head categories: 


1. Evidence of effectiveness among college students.

2. Evidence of success with general populations that could be applied to college environments.

3. Evidence of logical and theoretical promise, but require more comprehensive evaluation.

4. Evidence of effectiveness.


Each of these categories explore very effective ways to manage binge drinking while directly targeting university students. Due to the majority of university students being aged between 18 and 25, it is important that the strategies relate closely to people of these ages, which is exactly what this site does. 


Alcohol has sometimes been seen as a way to 'let of steam' or to relax after working hard on assignments, so it's not surprising that alcohol is being abused as an escape route for stress and anxiety.


It will always be a never ending battle to convince uni students to stop drinking all together, but providing education and hard facts about the serious and fatal consequences of alcohol abuse is a very effective strategy. 

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Underage Drinking Prevention Resources | ICCPUD

Our resources can be used by everyone in the community to implement effective changes to stop underage drinking.
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Health and Safety information - Workplace Health and Safety Queensland

Health and Safety information - Workplace Health and Safety Queensland | Quest 2 & 3. OHS- Insight into my friends work and play lives. |

This site provides ways to manage OHS issues that hairdressers may face in the workplace. It also outlines the most common causes of accidents and injury.


Chloe is a hairdresser of 8 years. She works full-time in a salon gives haircuts to friends and family outside of work hours.


Photographer Gill (2013) captures hairdresser cutting hair.

Jahleel Hilton's insight:

Chloe 22 years old: Senior Hairdresser.


This photograph captures Chloe cutting a relatives hair at home. Directly looking at this photo, we can see a few OHS issues related to this environment but for the purpose of this exercise I am going to focus on Chloe working in her usual setting, the salon.


When I spoke to Chloe about the OHS issues related to working in a hairdressing salon she pointed out two main problems that she encountered multiple times a day, chemicals and scissors. 


As a hairdresser, your two main tasks are cutting and colouring hair, ironically these are the two aspects that Chloe found most hazardous. She explained that every time she mixes up colours and powders her eyes burn from the fumes. I asked her if they supply PPE at the salon and she said "I don't know". The second issue Chloe faces is cutting hair, she said that sometimes she is so overbooked that she has to rush haircuts and can sometimes cut her finger. I asked her what the procedure was when this happens and she said "A quick wash and then a band aid".


OHS issues related to working in a hairdressing salon:


-Slips, trips and falls (wet surface, trollies, cords)

-Chemical exposure (burnt skin and eyes).

-Sharps (scissors, razors & clippers) (No sharps container)

-Time management.


Long term

-Poor posture.

-Sore back (standing for long periods of time)

-Eye problems (artificial lighting)

-Long working hours (stress & fatigue).

-Manual handeling.





The Work Health and Safety Act (WHS Act) is designed to help employees and employers understand their rights and duties while at work, this Act was developed by Safe Work Australia. All workplaces in Australia must live up to these standards to ensure their workers are free from accidents and injury however, there are still workplaces that do not follow these guide lines. As a result of not following these guide lines, workers like Chloe are left injured or compromised by fixable issues in the workplace.


To ensure that Chloe doesn't face these two reoccurring issues at work I would suggest that she discusses the time management issue with her superior, also enquiring about PPE to shield herself from harmful chemicals. 

Jackie Kelly's comment, March 28, 2014 4:00 AM
Is that dude sucking on a darb...?? Goodness me passive smoking risk as well :) Gold ! hahaha
Jahleel Hilton's comment, March 30, 2014 7:32 PM
Haha yes, I thought it was the perfect timing for the snap.
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Drug-fuelled 'doof' parties go unnoticed

Drug-fuelled 'doof' parties go unnoticed | Quest 2 & 3. OHS- Insight into my friends work and play lives. |
A SECRET drug culture is bubbling just beneath the surface in the Perth Hills.


This site discusses the untold truth about drug taking at bush festivals and parties. It can sometimes be easy for this sort of activity to go undetected due to the location and distance that some of these parties are held at. 


 Lauren loves the outdoors and travels from bush festival to bush festival enjoying all mother nature has to offer.


Photographer Finlay (2014) captures party goers. 

Jahleel Hilton's insight:

Lauren 21 years old: 'Bush doofer'.



After speaking with Lauren about her experience with bush parties she mentioned that dehydration, personal hygiene and drug and alcohol abuse were the main OHS issues related to these types of parties. Although she said a large percentage of the people attend for the cultural aspect, there are many people who go to abuse drugs and alcohol.


Issues related to camping in isolated locations:

-Limited access to emergency services (police, ambulance & fire).

-Limited access to food and water.

-Long periods of sun exposure/ heath exhaustion.

-Venomous animals and insects.

-Slips, trips and falls associated with rocks and natural debris.  

-Exposure to the elements.

-Limited/no access to technology (phone reception)


Issues related to illicit drug taking:

-Drug over doses. Due to isolated locations health care services can be very hard to access in the event of an emergency.

- Dehydration.

-Loss of inhibitions.

-Loss of sleep causing fatigue.

-Serious health issues. i.e increased heart rate.


Issues related to alcohol consumption:

-Impaired judgment.

-Loss of inhibitions.




With a combination of limited access to important facilities, exposure to the elements and drugs/alcohol consumption, these types of bush parties can be become very hazardous environments for people of all ages. Wether you are apart of these activities or you are just there for a sober experience the OHS issues related to bush parties have the potential to be very dangerous.


My suggestion to maximise safety when attending bush parties would be to plane ahead. Ensuring you have enough necessities such as food, water, fuel and a first aid kit, along side an emergency  evacuation plan is a great way to know that you are prepared for any circumstances that may arise.


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Laptop, netbooks and iPad Hazard Guide - OHS Hazards - Health, Safety and WorkCover.

Laptop, netbooks and iPad Hazard Guide - OHS Hazards - Health, Safety and WorkCover. | Quest 2 & 3. OHS- Insight into my friends work and play lives. |
Laptop, Netbook and iPad Hazard Guide


This site not only addresses the issues surrounding laptop usage but also gives suggestions on how to avoid and prevent injuries.


Brooke is a university student studying a Bachelor of Communications. She will sometimes study in this position for hours.


Photographer Gill (2014) captures student studying.

Jahleel Hilton's insight:

Brooke 22 years old: University student.


After asking Brooke about the OHS issues she had surrounded by her 'comfortable' study habits she mentioned that she sometimes found that her neck hurt after long periods of study. Brooke also stated that one night before an end of semester exam she tripped on her laptop cord causing the computer to fall and break. As you can imagine, the 11th hour before an exam is never a good time for your computer to crash but in this situation there was nothing she could do. When I asked Brooke what she could have done differently she said "nothing, it was the cords fault".


I think we all can relate to this Brooke at one point or another... To complete any sort of qualification we must study however, there are certain OHS issues that can surround reading, sitting in front of the computer and watching lectures. This photo is a very good example of what not to do when studying. 


As you can see, she is in a slumped position. This not only looks uncomfortable, but will lead to injuries such as back and neck pain. Surprisingly, these two types of injuries are very common among students as they are required to sit for long periods of time staring at a computer screen.


OHS issues related to studying:

-Back and neck pain, caused by poor posture.

-Blurred vision caused by staring at a computer screen.

-Isolation from other humans.

-Trips and falls caused by cords (laptop charger).

-Burns caused by hot drinks (COFFEE!!!!!).

-Sleep deprivation causing loss of concentration. 


Because most students study at home, there are no polices and procedures to follow when working in this environment like there would be in an office setting. Remembering this, it is important to ensure you take breaks between study sessions, have a comfortable study environment and eliminate as many hazardous situations as possible.



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