Medicine and Psychiatry
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7 Questions People Who See A Shrink Are Tired Of Hearing

7 Questions People Who See A Shrink Are Tired Of Hearing | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it

My best friend and I are constantly playing phone tag. But there's one person who promises to have my undivided attention once a week, no matter what: Dr. R, my therapist. For the past 2.5 years, we have spent 55 minutes every Tuesday evening together, and for that, I'm grateful. My adventures in therapy began during my sophomore year in college, when I walked into my campus's mental health center after a close friend suffered a mental breakdown. We were so alike that I knew that if I didn't do something, my fate would be similar. Now, five years later, I consider that decision the best choice I've ever made. Just as many of us indulge in weekly nail salon trips to keep up our appearance, therapy sessions are essential to my emotional upkeep. But once I started being open with family, friends, and even acquaintances about going to therapy, I started to realize there are more than a few misconceptions out there about it. Here are some of the dumbest things I've heard people say to me about therapy and the actual truths about what really happens behind the white noise machine.


Via Dr. Amy Fuller
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Way too few people take advantage of psychotherapy, often because of various misconceptions and worries that they will appear "weak".

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First Digital Pill Approved to Worries About Biomedical ‘Big Brother’

First Digital Pill Approved to Worries About Biomedical ‘Big Brother’ | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it

The approval, announced late on Monday, marks a significant advance in the growing field of digital devices designed to monitor medicine-taking and to address the expensive, longstanding problem that millions of patients do not take drugs as prescribed.

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 Experts estimate that nonadherence or noncompliance to medication costs about $100 billion a year. For the first time, the Food and Drug Administration has approved a digital pill — a medication embedded with a sensor that can tell doctors whether, and when, patients take their medicine.

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Donor organs created by dissolving and rebuilding pig livers

Donor organs created by dissolving and rebuilding pig livers | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it

Will we ever be able to grow transplant organs like the heart, lungs and liver on demand? A method that uses pig organs as scaffolding for creating new organs suggests it may be possible.

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A liver grown in a lab by dissolving cells in a pig organ and then reinfusing it with new ones offers hope that we could create transplant organs on demand.

 

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PSYCHEDELICS AND PSYCHOLOGY: Modern Medicine Meets Ancient Medicine

New research with psilocybin brings transcendent brain states, hope and comfort to the most unlikely of subjects.
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Very informative about why psychedelic trials MUST have a place in psychiatry and palliative care. Let's look at the evidence and finally drop misguided preconceptions and harmful drug policy against beneficial medicines!

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Evidence Is Mounting That The Drug Ketamine Can Actually Treat Chronic Migraines

Evidence Is Mounting That The Drug Ketamine Can Actually Treat Chronic Migraines | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it

The latest study focussed on 61 patients, all male, who had been suffering chronic migraines that did not respond to any of the treatments available. This type of migraine is known as a refractory headache or intractable migraine. Even though it only affects less than 1 percent of all migraine sufferers, this version tends to be an especially severe form, causing debilitating episodes that last for days at a time or even longer. Using an intravenous ketamine infusion for stubborn migraines is not an entirely new concept, but it's considered to be a "last resort" treatment and is not widely available. It does make sense, though, because research has indicated that ketamine infusions can help with other stubborn pain conditions that don't respond to more conventional treatments.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

When you hear about ketamine, you may associate it with being an illegal party drug that causes vivid hallucinations. But it's also a powerful anaesthetic, listed on the World Health Organisation's list of essential medicines. And now it looks like we've found yet another amazing application for it - the treatment of migraines that have no cure.

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Here’s how to address the opioid epidemic

Here’s how to address the opioid epidemic | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it

Most expert recommendations focus on seven key areas: increase prevention; increase insurance coverage; improve the availability of treatment including medications like buprenorphine (an anti-craving drug); reasonably restrict prescribing; decriminalize addiction to allow people to safely receive care; address the social determinants of health such as unemployment, abuse and poverty; and create public awareness to reduce stigma. These are all sensible recommendations we need to implement immediately; they are rooted in solid public health evidence. But they won’t turn the tide. That’s because they leave several important barriers unsolved. Here is what else is needed and why.

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Addiction is a chronic disease requiring long-term, data-driven support – identification, evidence-based treatment, and coaching. We wouldn’t discharge someone with heart failure after 28 days and wish them good luck. We need to stick with these folks through thick and thin, just as we do for every other illness. Some very valuable points offered here.

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Brain training shows promise for patients with bipolar disorder

Brain training shows promise for patients with bipolar disorder | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
Researchers at McLean Hospital, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School, have discovered for the first time that computerized brain training can result in improved cognitive skills in individuals with bipolar disorder.
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Computerized brain training can result in improved cognitive skills in individuals with bipolar disorder, researchers have discovered for the first time.

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Magic Mushrooms Found to Be "Resetting" Brain Circuits in Depressed People

Magic Mushrooms Found to Be "Resetting" Brain Circuits in Depressed People | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it

Psychedelics like lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and psilocybin are popular for their use as party drugs, but less so for what researchers claim to be their therapeutic effects - which has been a major focus for a number of clinical trials in the last decade. Magic mushrooms, for example, have been the focus of some recent work that saw how it could help with treating some of the symptoms of clinical depression.

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Study highlights how psilocybin give patients a "kick start" in fighting clinical depression.

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Premature Birth Linked to Older 'Brain Age' in Adulthood

Premature Birth Linked to Older 'Brain Age' in Adulthood | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
A Neuroimaging study, conducted by King’s College London researchers, reveals accelerated brain aging during adulthood for those born very prematurely. Researchers noted those born preterm tended to have smaller global gray matter volume and some brain structure changes in areas associate with spatial abilities and behavior control in adulthood.
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Babies born very prematurely show accelerated brain development in adult life, as their brains look ‘older’ compared to non-premature babies.

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The FDA Has Labeled Ecstasy A "Breakthrough Therapy" for PTSD

The FDA Has Labeled Ecstasy A "Breakthrough Therapy" for PTSD | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has determined that 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), also known as ecstasy, is a “breakthrough therapy” in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Thanks to this designation, the drug could have a faster path to pharmaceutical approval.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

The FDA has designated 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (better known as ecstasy) a "breakthrough therapy" for the treatment of PTSD. If approved for medicinal use, the drug could help the nearly 8 million people who suffer form PTSD yearly.

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First human embryo editing experiment in U.S. ‘corrects’ gene for heart condition

First human embryo editing experiment in U.S. ‘corrects’ gene for heart condition | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
This is the first time gene editing on human embryos has been conducted in the United States. Researchers said in interviews this week that they consider their work very basic. The embryos were allowed to grow for only a few days, and there was never any intention to implant them to create a pregnancy. But they also acknowledged that they will continue to move forward with the science, with the ultimate goal of being able to “correct” disease-causing genes in embryos that will develop into babies.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Scientists have successfully edited the DNA of human embryos to erase a heritable heart condition, cracking open the doors to a controversial new era in medicine.

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Drug costs vary by more than 600% in study of 10 high-income countries

Drug costs vary by more than 600% in study of 10 high-income countries | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
The study looked at data on the volume and daily cost of primary care prescriptions in 10 high-income countries with universal health care: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Because of the high cost of pharmaceutical drugs and the lack of universal health care, the United States was not included.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

In a study of 10 high-income countries with universal health care, costs for prescription drugs in 6 of the largest categories of primary care medicines varied by more than 600%.

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Pig brain cells implanted into brains of people with Parkinson’s

Pig brain cells implanted into brains of people with Parkinson’s | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
Living Cell Technologies, based in Auckland, New Zealand, has been developing a treatment that uses cells from the choroid plexus in pigs. This brain structure makes a cocktail of growth factors and signalling molecules known to help keep nerve cells healthy.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Would you have pig cells implanted in your brain? Some people with Parkinson’s disease have, in the hope it will stop their disease progressing. The approach is still in the early stages of testing, but initial results from four people look promising, with all showing some improvement 18 months after surgery.

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Common painkillers linked to increased risk of heart attack

Common painkillers linked to increased risk of heart attack | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
This group of drugs includes ibuprofen, diclofenac, celecoxib and naproxen, which are available over the counter or by prescription for higher doses, to relieve pain or fever resulting from a range of causes, including flu, headaches, back pain and menstrual cramps. Their range of uses also means they are often taken as needed, for short periods of time.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Taking even over-the-counter doses of common painkillers known as NSAIDs -- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs -- has been linked to an increased risk of heart attack in a new study.

The likelihood of experiencing a heart attack was calculated to increase by an average of 20% to 50%, compared with someone not taking the drugs, regardless of the dosage and amount of time the medications are taken.
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New AI Could Help Us Avert Tragedy by Identifying People With Suicidal Thoughts

New AI Could Help Us Avert Tragedy by Identifying People With Suicidal Thoughts | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
Almost 800,000 people die by suicide every year, and unless they forewarn friends, family, or their therapist, those deaths are very difficult to predict – but researchers say biological signs do exist, buried in the hidden patterns of brain activity.
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Scientists claim brain imaging could be a vital tool in suicide prevention, thanks to new research that suggests machine learning can identify those at risk of taking their own lives.

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PTSD linked to changes in gut bacteria

PTSD linked to changes in gut bacteria | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
An exploratory study of 30 people found differences in the gut bacteria of those with PTSD compared with those who had recently experienced trauma.
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An exploratory study has identified a link between gut bacteria and post-traumatic stress disorder that could bring us closer to fathoming the mechanisms of the complex condition.

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Self-harm among girls aged 13 to 16 rose by 68% in three years, UK study finds

Self-harm among girls aged 13 to 16 rose by 68% in three years, UK study finds | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it

Self-harm reported to GPs among teenage girls under the age of 17 in the UK increased by 68% over just three years, research has revealed. The study also found that self-harm among young people aged 10-19 was three times more common among girls than boys, with those who self-harmed at much greater risk of suicide than those who did not. “One of the big messages here is that self-harm is complex – it is about schools, it is about families, it is about health professionals [and] teachers all working together trying to tackle the problem,” said Nav Kapur, professor of psychiatry and population health at the University of Manchester, and a co-author of the study.

Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Data from GP practices between 2001 and 2014 shows rates of self-harm soared upwards for girls in recent years.

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Surgeons Join London Hospital's First Ever VR Operation via Headset Conf Call

Surgeons Join London Hospital's First Ever VR Operation via Headset Conf Call | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
It was a groundbreaking moment in medical history as surgeons around the globe donned virtual reality headsets to watch developments in a London operating theater before taking part in an operation being carried out on an National Health Service (NHS) patient.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Details have emerged of an operation carried out by Professor Shafi Ahmed in the Royal London Hospital, to remove a bowel tumor while being assisted by experts in India, and a private hospital in London. Recent advances in technology now allow medical specialists and experts anywhere in the world to share vital information and advice on medical procedures — almost as if they were actually standing right beside them. Thanks to VR headsets, all of the doctors were able to access images and patient notes while discussing the keyhole surgery as it progressed. It is hoped this could be routinely used in other hospitals within the next five years.

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Machine learning identifies breast lesions likely to become cancer

Machine learning identifies breast lesions likely to become cancer | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
A machine learning tool can help identify which high-risk breast lesions are likely to become cancerous, according to a new study appearing online in the journal Radiology. Researchers said the technology has the potential to reduce unnecessary surgeries.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

When there's this much uncertainty in data, machine learning is exactly the tool that we need to improve detection and prevent overtreatment.

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Study Finds A Substantial “Very Strong” Link Between GMOs & Multiple Diseases

Study Finds A Substantial “Very Strong” Link Between GMOs & Multiple Diseases | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
It’s no secret that we are living in a time where chronic disease continues to rise at an exponential rate, especially within the past couple of decades. New evidence continues to mount suggesting that Genetically Modified Organisms (more specifically GM food) might have played, and do play a key role in those statistics.
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Data continue to show strong correlations between the increasing use of GMO and a multitude of diseases.

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After 15 Years in a Vegetative State, Nerve Stimulation Restores Consciousness

After 15 Years in a Vegetative State, Nerve Stimulation Restores Consciousness | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
A 35-year-old man who had been in a vegetative state for 15 years after a car accident has shown signs of consciousness after neurosurgeons implanted a vagus nerve stimulator into his chest. The findings reported in Current Biology on September 25 show that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS)–a treatment already in use for epilepsy and depression–can help to restore consciousness even after many years in a vegetative state.
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Researchers have been able to restore consciousness to a patient who has been in a vegetative state for 15 years.

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People with schizophrenia have threefold risk of dying

People with schizophrenia have threefold risk of dying | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
This large study looked at all deaths in Ontario over a 20-year period (1993-2012)—more than 1.6 million deaths—to understand trends in schizophrenia. Of these, 31 349 were deaths of people with schizophrenia and more were female, younger and living in lower-income neighbourhoods compared with the general population. Despite increases in life expectancy, people with schizophrenia died 8 years younger than the general population (age at death increased from an average of 64.7 to 67.4 years of age from 1993 to 2012 among people with schizophrenia compared with 73.3 to 76.7 years in general population). Death from all causes decreased 35% in parallel in both groups.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

People with schizophrenia are three times more likely to die, and die younger, than the general population.

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Scientists use gene editing to eliminate viruses in live pigs

Scientists use gene editing to eliminate viruses in live pigs | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
Scientists have edited the pig genome to deactivate a family of retroviruses. The results hold important implications for transplant medicine in humans.
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Organ transplants from pigs are a step closer, after the birth of piglets that have had harmful viruses in their DNA inactivated using CRISPR gene editing.

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Researchers are turning sperm into cancer-fighting 'robots'

Researchers are turning sperm into cancer-fighting 'robots' | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
A team of researchers from the Institute for Integrative Nanosciences in Germany has created a unique drug delivery system designed specifically for diseases of the female reproductive tract such as gynaecological cancer, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory diseases.
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Sperm are evolutionarily programmed to travel through the reproductive system and now scientists are using this to their advantage. They’re testing bionic bovine sperm to deliver cancer-treating drugs directly to tumors.

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Burden of physical health conditions linked to increased risk of suicide

Burden of physical health conditions linked to increased risk of suicide | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
Suicide continues to be a major driver of mortality in the United States. Each year, more than 45,000 people die by suicide and in the past 15 years, the suicide mortality rate has risen by an alarming 24%. A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine examines how illness plays a role in suicide risk. Researchers found that 17 physical health conditions, ailments such as back pain, diabetes, and heart disease, were associated with an increased risk of suicide. Two of the conditions — sleep disorders and HIV/AIDS — represented a greater than twofold increase, while traumatic brain injury made individuals nine times more likely to die by suicide.
Ziggi Ivan Santini's insight:

Many people who die by suicide do not have a prior mental health diagnosis, which means that patients at an increased risk for self-harm are somehow being missed by the mainstream healthcare system. In an attempt to gain some insight into the disturbing rise in suicide rates and possible novel interventions, researchers examined whether there is a link between physical illness and suicide risk.

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Scientists identify 100 memory genes, open new avenues of brain study

Scientists identify 100 memory genes, open new avenues of brain study | Medicine and Psychiatry | Scoop.it
A study at the Peter O'Donnell Jr. Brain Institute includes the results of a new strategy to identify genes that underlie specific brain processes. This strategy may eventually help scientists develop treatments for patients with memory impairments.
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Scientists have identified more than 100 genes linked to memory, opening new avenues of research to better understand memory processing in the human brain.

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