Possible Causes for the Autism Spike
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Discrete Trial Training (DTT) | Educate Autism

Discrete Trial Training (DTT) is a method of teaching in simplified steps and plays an integral role in many Applied Behaviour Analysis programmes for children with autism. Working through and explaining each component of the discrete trial we finish up discussing why the trials are scripted.
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 27, 2014 8:55 AM
<br>Discrete Trial Training is a simplified version of simple steps. This is the beginning/basis to ABA therapy. In Discrete Trial Training, there are 5 (six) steps: 1. Antecedent 2. Prompt 3. Response 4. Consequence for a correct response 5. Consequence for an incorrect response 6. Inter-trial interval. The antecedent is the first part where a response is set up. The prompts are directions that are used as supplemental teaching aids, this being because the therapist gives the instruction and then does it in order to visually show the child. Next, the response (often called the target behavior) is when the therapist says directly to the child what they will do, using their name. After that, there is a consequence for correct/incorrect responses (reinforcement). In this, correct responses receive verbal praise or physical words through the token economy idea. Likewise, incorrect behavior is reinforced by being shown how to do it correctly again and again until the child completes the task correctly. Lastly, Inter-Trial Interval is used to signify the end of a discrete trial. Following all of these steps will lead to a successful discrete trial.<br>
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Training and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped Children (TEACCH)

Training and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped Children (TEACCH) | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
TEACCH is a special education program developed by psychologist Eric Schopler and colleagues at the University of North Carolina in the early 1970s. Today it is used by many public school systems and
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 26, 2014 8:55 AM
TEACCH is a special education program used by preschools and some public schools, and is now even home based. This program helps children of all ages with autism and other related disorders, learn and remain focused. This plan creates a highly structured environment to help the child map out activities with ease. This program has been shown to be most effective when used with parents and professionals working together with the child.
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A.B.A. Therapy

A.B.A. Therapy | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 25, 2014 8:45 AM
ABA therapy is based on careful study of each behavior, and breaking down each behavior into smaller behaviors, and gradually teaching each smaller behavior at a time. This treatment is typically conducted in the home and is a great early intervention program for children with autism or autism spectrum disorder. With this program, an experiment was conducted that showed that out of 19 children, 47% of them had successful results through the program. This program is typically about 30+ hours a week and it greatly effects the outcome of the child and allows those with autism to function at a normal capacity when treatment is complete.
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Overview of Early Intervention — National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities

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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 25, 2014 8:52 AM
Early intervention is a system of services that helps infants and toddlers with disorders. This program focuses on helping these children learn basic skills that develop through the first three years of life. These skills are: physical, cognitive, communication, social/emotional, and self-help. Examples of these services are: assistive technology, audiology or hearing services, speech and language service, counseling and training for a family, medical services, nursing services, nutrition services, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and psychological therapy. Services may not always be individualized as well, they can sometimes be offered to extend to the needs and priorities of the child's family.
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Treatments & Therapies

Treatments & Therapies | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
Click here for the entire downloadeable PDF.
How is Autism Treated?
Treatment for autism is usually a very intensive, comprehensive undertaking that involves the child’s entire family and a tea
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 26, 2014 8:34 AM
What is Applied Behavior Analysis? (ABA) is a method used by therapists for decades to teach communication, play, social, academic, self-care, work, and community living skills. ABA has shown to be very effective in improving children's skills, especially cognitive and language abilities. ABA methods use three steps to teach: "1. An antecedent, which is a verbal or physical stimulus such as a command or request. This may come from the environment or from another person, or be internal to the subject.2. A resulting behavior, which is the child's response of lack of response to the antecedent. 3. A consequence to the behavior, depending on the severity." ABA therapy is provided by board certified behavior analyst's specializing in autism. Today, these "trainers" typically work in the home with the child and work one on one with the child.
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Applied Behavior Analysis Principles | Autism Home Support

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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 26, 2014 8:43 AM
ABA therapy is a practice in which basic behavioral practices are used to facilitate the development on language, social interactions, and independent living skills. ABA has been proven to be most effective in teaching children/teens with autism, PDD, and other developmental disabilities. This is, because ABA can be used to teach so many skills and positive behaviors, including: living skills, language, reading, social skills, positive peer interactions, academic engagement, and independent play skills. ABA treatment can be used in both schools and the home, and it is individualized to fit the needs of every child
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Air Pollution Linked to Autism and Schizophrenia

Air Pollution Linked to Autism and Schizophrenia | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
Recent research shared at the AAAS meeting is among the first to introduce air pollution's potential link to neurodevelopmental disorders like autism and schizophrenia in brains that do not carry a genetic predisposition.

Via Talysha T.
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Talysha T.'s curator insight, February 25, 2014 2:32 PM

Considering our location, this article is extremely relevant. Utah has been known to have one of the highest Autism rates, and while the rate for Schizophrenia in Utah is unknown, it would be interesting to see if these two mental illnesses are linked. The article did not discuss if Autism and Schizophrenia become heightened in womb or after birth, but having the genetic predisposition mixed with air pollution definitely does not help a developing infant. Finding a solution to the air pollution problem could drastically improve the mental illness quality in Utah.

Alecia Koontz's comment, March 6, 2014 8:41 AM
Recently, some shocking research was presented at an AAAS meeting concerning information related to air pollution, autism, and schizophrenia. Although air pollution has always been said to cause some health risk to our heart, lungs, etc.. it is also being shown to impair the brain. Dr. Deborah Cory-Slechta, and organizer of the AAAS panel stated that air pollution has a toxic mixture of many metals and gases and although some of the larger particles of these may not cause much harm, the smaller particles can. In fact, it can cause a lot of harm to the brain, as researchers are now seeing.
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Pollution And Autism Risk: Prenatal Exposure To Polluted Environment Can Combine With Genetic Mutation To Heighten Chances Of Autism

Pollution And Autism Risk: Prenatal Exposure To Polluted Environment Can Combine With Genetic Mutation To Heighten Chances Of Autism | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
A study's assessment of young children found that a certain gene mutation along with prenatal exposure to pollution compounded the likelihood for autism.

Via Sophia Anne Walker
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Sophia Anne Walker's curator insight, December 3, 2013 1:26 PM

Be safe for your family and unborn children. Save the earth , save humanity.

Alecia Koontz's comment, March 6, 2014 8:37 AM
It's been shown that certain exposures to pollution of te air and gene mutation, can work together to heighten the risk of autism. Keck School of Medicine of USC, is currently conducting a study to prove so. So far, a link has been made between autism, air pollution, and pregnancy. Along with this, ties have also been made between higher risk of autism and a certain form of the MET gene. The studies being conducted are currently being put together to see if genes and air pollution exposure during pregnancy can really heighten the chances of having autism. Luckily, they believe they have found an answer. During the study, a handful of children on the autism spectrum were selected to undergo many tests, give blood samples, etc.. upon giving the blood samples, researchers found out that over half of the kids contained the MET gene, just as they thought. Alongside this, most of the children in the study were also prenatally exposed to air pollutents. This means that their risk of having autism tripled.
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Vaccines cause autism: Supporting evidence

Vaccines cause autism: Supporting evidence | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
Vaccines cause autism: Supporting evidence
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 5, 2014 8:48 AM
Autism has had a very sharp increase since the 1990's, yet many doctors are still perplexed as to why. Many now are pointing their fingers to vaccinations. A study conducted in the U.S showed that children who had vaccines containing a certain preservative called thimerosal, were twice as likely to develop autism. No wonder though, considering the preservative is 50% Mercury! Although Mercury has been removed from regular childhood vaccines, it is still present in a select few that children may receive. Considering there has been a 54% increase in autism in California ALONE, one would believe that vaccines, maternal overexposure to heavy metals and antibiotics, heavy metals from pollution of the air and water, or the chemicals used in electronics are to blame. In fact, researchers are finally taking these theories into consideration. One major theory being studied now, infact, is if the number of vaccines that is now being recommended to help children, is actually hurting them.
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Study finds toxic chemicals linked to autism, ADHD - Sydney Morning Herald

Study finds toxic chemicals linked to autism, ADHD - Sydney Morning Herald | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
Daily Mail Study finds toxic chemicals linked to autism, ADHD Sydney Morning Herald Leading chemical experts are calling for a radical overhaul of chemical regulation to protect children from everyday toxins that may be causing a global ''silent...
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 4, 2014 8:58 AM
Leading chemical experts are not calling for an extreme overhaul of chemical regulation in order to protect children from almost every day toxins that are now being related to autism, dyslexia, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. A lot of these chemicals can be found in the environment and everyday items such as clothing, furniture, and toys. The number of reports of neurodevelopmental disorders caused by these toxins doubled from 6 to 12. These toxins causing this are supposedly: lead, arsenic, pesticides (like DDT), solvents, methylmercury (that is in some fish), flame retardents (That are sometimes in plastics and textiles) and manganese (a commonly minded metal that can find its way into our drinking water.) High on the list that is also controversial, is fluoride. Although this topic is quite controversial, many believe it is true and are fighting to prove otherwise as we speak.
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Back-To-Back Births Linked To Autism Spike by Derrick DeSilva Jr., M.D. - Diseases and Disorders - InsidersHealth.com

Back-To-Back Births Linked To Autism Spike by Derrick DeSilva Jr., M.D. - Diseases and Disorders - InsidersHealth.com | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
There are many speculations surrounding what causes autism. One such speculation is back-to-back births. Do you have an autistic child? Could this apply to you?

Via InsidersHealth
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 4, 2014 8:44 AM
Alongside the controversial idea that some vaccines may be linked to Autism, a new study in the Journal of Pediatrics has shown another possible cause for it. In this study, it has been revealed that children who are conceived one after another, or who are born closely together, (less than 12 months after the birth of a sibling) have a three times greater risk of developing Autism. Columbia University students studied medical records of over 663, 730 children who were second born in their family. What was discovered through the research, was that a spike in autism was discovered in those closely born to their siblings. For children born 12 to 23 months after their older sibling, the risk was doubled. For those conceived 24 to 35 months later, the risk was 1/4 as high. Researchers still are unsure what causes this increased risk, however, but it is apparent. A possible explanation being examined, is that the mother's uterus must recover from having one child already. The uterus needs time to replenish nutrients to care for another child. If their is not enough time for the uterus to replenish it's nutrients, there may not be enough for the second born child. Another possibility, is that parents may know more about normal developmental stages because of their first child, causing them to better be able to detect autism in their second.
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ABA Therapy with Sarah - YouTube

This is a good example of Applied Behavioral Analysis in action using an approach called Verbal Behavior. The therapist is a Board Certified Behavioral Analy...
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 27, 2014 8:29 AM
In this video, the a therapist uses ABA treatment to work with a young child on the autism spectrum. Unlike other videos, this video shows the treatment to be based less on a reward system. However, the therapist here uses a lot of repetition in order to redirect the child.
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Learning To Do ABA Therapy at Home - YouTube

My son and I doing ABA therapy at home. Our therapist has been training me for just a few weeks now so we're far from perfect at it. I plan to update his pro...
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 26, 2014 8:49 AM
In this video, a mother decides to practice ABA therapy based off of what she has seen their therapist do so far in order to provide extra help for her son. Through the video, it is very apparent that the ABA treatment is very "reward oriented." The child must complete several therapeutic/educational tasks in order to obtain his reward "(his favorite ball in this case.)
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Family-Based Autism Mental Health Services

This treatment is for families caring for children and adolescents with emotional problems, behavioral problems, and autism spectrum disorder.
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 25, 2014 8:49 AM
Family Based Autism Mental Health Services offer nontraditional therapy approaches that work to strengthen families who have a child/children dealing with autism or autism spectrum disorders. These services help enhance behavior skills and strengthen families. This program is offered inside the home and it consists of family therapy, a 24/7 crisis prevention and intervention plan, advocacy, case management, family support services, and applied behavior analysis. This treatment can last up to 32 weeks and it is delivered by a team (usually 2) therapists who visit the home and analyze behaviors in order to help the family achieve goals.
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Wraparound Services for Children with Mental Disorders

Wraparound services are individualized community-based services for children with mental disabilities that focus on the strengths and needs of the child and family.
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 25, 2014 8:54 AM
Wrap around services are brought into the home in hopes of helping children and families who have or are dealing with someone with autism or an autism spectrum disorder. Wraparound services are individualized that focus on the strengths and needs of the child and the family. The services are team-planned and involve those relevant to the well-being of the child.
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Head Start Services | Office of Head Start | Administration for Children and Families

Head Start Services | Office of Head Start | Administration for Children and Families | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 26, 2014 8:39 AM
Head start is a federal program provide for low income families that promotes school readiness to young children by boosting their cognitive, social, and emotional development. This program support's a child's growth in: Language and literacy, cognition and general knowledge, physical development and health, social and emotional development, and approaches to learning. This program focuses mainly on the child, however the parents are still involved. This being, because the program also helps build relationships with families that support: family well-being and positive parent child relationships, families as learners and lifelong educators, family engagement in transitions, family connections to peers and community, and family as advocates and leaders. This program focuses on preschool age children and is conducted inside the family's home.
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Autism, Air Pollution Link Confirmed By First National Study

Autism, Air Pollution Link Confirmed By First National Study | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
A new national study shows a potential link between autism and air pollution.

Via Jocelyn Stoller
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 6, 2014 8:51 AM
As many are saying, a possible link has been made between high exposure to air pollution, and autism. As a research associate from Harvard said, "Women who were exposed to the highest levels for diesel or mercury in the air were twice as likely to have a child with autism that women who lived in the cleanest parts of the sample." What she is saying, is that mercury and diesel particles are lingering in the air, and women who are pregnant may be inhaling these toxic chemicals, and they in turn, could be harming their unborn child. Because of this, that child's risk of having autism could now double.
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Air pollution and genetics combine to increase risk for autism

Air pollution and genetics combine to increase risk for autism | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it

Exposure to air pollution appears to increase the risk for autism among people who carry a genetic disposition for the neurodevelopmental disorder, according to newly published research led by scientists at the Keck School of Medicine of USC.


Via Integrated DNA Technologies
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 6, 2014 8:47 AM
It is being said that air pollution exposure may heighten the chance of having autism in those who already carry a genetic disposition. One of these genetic disposition's are related to the MET gene, a gene very closely related to autism spectrum disorder. Researchers believe that containing this gene alongside having high exposure to air pollution during pregnancy, may raise the risk of having autism dramatically.
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More Evidence Environment Is Impacting Autism | EMagazine.com

More Evidence Environment Is Impacting Autism | EMagazine.com | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
Autism risk rises with maternal exposure to traffic pollutants and insecticides and falls with iron supplementation.
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 5, 2014 8:55 AM
Evidence is beginning to show, that overexposure to certain environmental chemicals prior to pregnancy, may contribute to the rising rate in autism. This is due to the fact that 1 in 50 children is now being diagnosed with autism. Alongside this statistic, researchers are also studying this possibility, because it is known that autism can not be caused by genetics alone. In fact, there was a study in 2011 proving that to be true. Thus, researchers are now digging deeper into this. In one recent study, Harvard School of Public Health researchers singled out traffic related air pollutants, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter to see how they impacted autism outcomes for children of LA mothers born between 1996 and 2006. During this study, over 7000 cases of autism were detected. They had discovered that a mothers exposure to the high level o fair pollutents, such as diesel particles, may have raised the child's chance of being born with autism by 30% sometimes 50%.
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Is the modern western lifestyle responsible for the increase in autism?

Is the modern western lifestyle responsible for the increase in autism? | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
(NaturalNews) There have been literally hundreds of research projects looking into the possible causes of autism. Many have linked autism to vaccines, diet and chemicals in our environment. Others have linked autism to ...

Via Kayli Marie Nipper
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 5, 2014 8:37 AM
Not all of the bizarre theories said to cause autism, can actually cause it. However, one of the theories, being the MMR vaccine, has had anecdotal evidence to prove the theory correct. There are many stories told by parents about how their child had gotten the MMR vaccine and shortly after, began showing signs of autism like behavior. Upon getting the shot, it was reported that children were having high temperatures and then either getting rashes, or something even having seizures. After these syptoms passed, parents reported that these children began to miss their developmental milestones and a lot of their personalities began to alter. Eventually, the children showing theses symptoms were later diagnosed with autism.
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Analysis Finds Evidence of Autism in Many Vaccine Injury Cases ...

Analysis Finds Evidence of Autism in Many Vaccine Injury Cases ... | Possible Causes for the Autism Spike | Scoop.it
A new report in a law journal could reignite the vitriolic debate over a possible connection between vaccines and autism.
Via Becky B
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Alecia Koontz's comment, March 4, 2014 8:51 AM
For a long time, Government officials have tried to deny the fact that vaccines may be linked to autism, however, some of them may now be proven wrong. In recent observations, may children who had vaccinations are showing "autism like behavior" or "signs of autism." Experiments have been conducted in which 32 children have shown up with autism like symptoms after a vaccination. In addition to those 32 examples, there were also another 51 cases where parents, rather than doctors, have said that they have notice autism like symptoms in their children after the vaccinations. A key similarity among these 83 claims, however, were that the families did not say that the autism was their child's primary injury.