Police Problems and Policy
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Police Problems and Policy
Examining the possibilities of abuse of power without the constraint of New Public Administration.
Curated by Rob Duke
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U.S. appeals court upholds $2-million verdict against L.A. County Sheriff's Department

U.S. appeals court upholds $2-million verdict against L.A. County Sheriff's Department | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
The U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals decided 11-0 that the individual officers in the jail were liable and ruled 8-3 that the county also was liable for failing to protect the victim from another inmate.

The Sheriff’s Department arrested Jonathan Castro in 2009 for public drunkenness and placed him in a padded “sobering cell.” 

Several hours later, Jonathan Gonzalez, a combative inmate arrested on a felony charge, was placed with Castro and beat him, according to the court.
Rob Duke's insight:
Duty of Care and Duty to Protect...
Especially in a pre-conviction holding jail, we create a special relationship with detainees where we must take steps to ensure their safety (supervision, classification systems, surveillance, etc.).
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Teen curfew in Milwaukee after violent protests

Teen curfew in Milwaukee after violent protests | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Milwaukee mayor says outsiders "are deliberately trying to damage a great neighborhood in a great city"
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The “racist” Chinese washing powder ad and the truth about Afrophobia in China

The “racist” Chinese washing powder ad and the truth about Afrophobia in China | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Is Afrophobia really on the rise in China?
Roughly two months have passed since the Qiaobi detergent advertisement went viral. The advert, in which a Chinese woman shoves a black man into a washing machine only for him to emerge as a shiny, clean, Asian man, prompted Western media to call it “the most racist ad ever”.
At the height of the controversy, commentators from all over the world quarrelled endlessly over whether or not the advert was evidence of China being a racist society. Eventually, the Chinese government intervened and the company behind the offensive advert issued an apology.
Rob Duke's insight:
Here's a great example of wasting perfectly good soft power.  China has been trying to woo Africa with loans, Confucious Centers, etc. and with one advertisement all that has been wiped away.

Police can easily do the same thing with adopting soft power techniques only to make a mistake that makes the community question their sincerity.  

Legitimacy is hard to earn and easy to lose.
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Milwaukee residents, business owners express anger about rioting, destruction

Milwaukee residents, business owners express anger about rioting, destruction | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Milwaukee residents are reeling from a chaotic day after riots erupted in the wake of a fatal police-involved shooting.
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Milwaukee Firefighter Shot, Ambulance Struck by Gunfire on EMS Run - First Arriving Network

Milwaukee Firefighter Shot, Ambulance Struck by Gunfire on EMS Run - First Arriving Network | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
A Milwaukee firefighter was grazed in the head by a bullet and an ambulance hit twice with bullets while attending to a patient on an emergency medical run
Rob Duke's insight:
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Police Drive Fallen Officer's Daughter to School

Police Drive Fallen Officer's Daughter to School | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
The young daughter of a San Diego Police Department (SDPD) officer killed in the line of duty returned to school this week, proudly escorted to campus by a fleet of police officers.
Rob Duke's insight:
We often forget what happens to the fallen's family.  Here's the murdered San Diego P.D. Officer's children as they go to the first day of school this year.
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Georgia Officer Tim Smith Ambushed, Murdered While Responding To Call

Georgia Officer Tim Smith Ambushed, Murdered While Responding To Call | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Eastman, Georgia - While most of the nation was sleeping or watching the riot in Milwaukee, officer Tim Smith in Eastman, Georgia was fatall
Rob Duke's insight:
Yesterday in New Mexico and wake up to find another one in Georgia....
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Wounded K-9 officer found alive two days after shooting that killed sheriff’s deputy

Wounded K-9 officer found alive two days after shooting that killed sheriff’s deputy | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
GREENWOOD, Ark. - A K-9 officer who disappeared during a gunfight that killed an Arkansas sheriff's deputy on Wednesday was found alive but wounded Friday morning. https://www.facebook.com/163748526976080/videos/1447216298629290/ K-9 Kina was found just before 8 a.m.
Rob Duke's insight:
Glad she's o.k.  I handled a couple Malinois and owned a few Bouviers (which I really like for personality).  I finally bought and trained a German Shepherd (now 8 years old), and I have fallen in love with these dogs.  It's no comparison with the Malinois.  Shepherds want to be your partner and help you while Malinois are just a Tasmanian Devil all the time.  It literally is like trying to keep a tornado on a leash.

Having said that, a Malinois is a holy terror in a fight.  The last training bite that I took earlier this year was with a Malinois.  He knocked me off my feet and that dislodged him from the bite, he immediately came back in and bit me on the top of my head (just a small puncture)(there are 2 types of k9 people: 1. Those who have been bit; and 2. Those who will be bit at some point.).  Like I said holy terrors....

See this video for the differences:

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Law-enforcement bias: How everyone can minimize conflict

Law-enforcement bias: How everyone can minimize conflict | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
As a retired federal law-enforcement officer, I agree that all of us may have some bias — as was written about in the “My Take” addressed to police officer
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Ark. deputy fatally shot after responding to call

Ark. deputy fatally shot after responding to call | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Deputy Bill Cooper has passed away due to a fatal wound to the neck
Rob Duke's insight:
Every day or so, we read about an officer who has lost his/her life....
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Layton police sergeant hospitalized after Subway worker allegedly puts drugs in his drink | KSL.com

Layton police sergeant hospitalized after Subway worker allegedly puts drugs in his drink | KSL.com | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
A Subway employee deliberately put illegal drugs into a Layton police sergeant's drink Monday, causing the man to be hospitalized, investigators say.
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Prison guards, police warned of possible 'Black August' attacks

Prison guards, police warned of possible 'Black August' attacks | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
An urgent bulletin is warning law enforcement of a prison gang plotting attacks against police officers and prison guards for "Black August."
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A Legal Twist in the Ezell Ford Case

A Legal Twist in the Ezell Ford Case | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Two LAPD officers—one white and the other Hispanic—who fatally shot the unarmed black man in 2014 filed a racial-discrimination lawsuit against the police department.
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DEA warns of Fentanyl's 'unprecedented threat' to cops, K-9s

DEA warns of Fentanyl's 'unprecedented threat' to cops, K-9s | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
The DEA released a video to law enforcement nationwide about the dangers of improper handling and its deadly consequences—especially to drug-sniffing police dogs
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Milwaukee police chief blames Chicago-based activists for violence toward police

Milwaukee police chief blames Chicago-based activists for violence toward police | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Flynn cast blame on some Chicago-based activists representing the Revolutionary Communist Party, who apparently organized young people to take to the streets and march on the then-barricaded District 7 police station, which received a number of threats.

"The (group) showed up, and actually they’re the ones who started to cause problems leading into evening by marching and trying to take over Sherman and Burleigh," Flynn said. "That was about 11:30 at night. We made it to 11:30 in the evening, and we had these characters show up …"
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Ohio Man Arrested for Killing New Mexico Police Officer

Ohio Man Arrested for Killing New Mexico Police Officer | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
A 36-year-old man reportedly wanted for aggravated murder in Ohio has been arrested and charged in the shooting death of a New Mexico police officer after a routine traffic stop, according to the Doña Ana County Sheriff’s Department.

Jesse Hanes, whose last known address was in Columbus, Ohio, currently faces one count of willful and deliberate first-degree murder. Additional charges are pending, the Sheriff's Department said.
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“Acting out ain’t gonna solve nothing:” Sisters of Sylville Smith, shot, killed by police encourage peace

“Acting out ain’t gonna solve nothing:” Sisters of Sylville Smith, shot, killed by police encourage peace | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
MILWAUKEE -- A large crowd gathered Sunday evening, August 14th in the area near Sherman Park -- near the BP gas station that was one of six businesses burned Saturday night in the wake of a fatal officer-involved shooting near 44th and Auer.
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What's Wrong With Sentencing Equality? by Richard A. Bierschbach, Stephanos Bibas :: SSRN

What's Wrong With Sentencing Equality? by Richard A. Bierschbach, Stephanos Bibas :: SSRN | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Equality in criminal sentencing often translates into equalizing outcomes and stamping out variations, whether race-based, geographic, or random. This approach conflates the concept of equality with one contestable conception focused on outputs and numbers, not inputs and processes. Racial equality is crucial, but a concern with eliminating racism has hypertrophied well beyond race. Equalizing outcomes seems appealing as a neutral way to dodge contentious substantive policy debates about the purposes of punishment. But it actually privileges deterrence and incapacitation over rehabilitation, subjective elements of retribution, and procedural justice, and it provides little normative guidance for punishment. It also has unintended consequences for the structure of sentencing. Focusing on outcomes centralizes power and draws it up to higher levels of government, sacrificing the checks and balances, disaggregation, experimentation, and localism that are practically baked into sentencing’s constitutional framework. More flexible, process-oriented notions of equality might better give effect to a range of competing punishment considerations while still policing punishments for bias or arbitrariness. They also could bring useful nuance to equality debates that swirl around restorative justice, California’s Realignment experiment, federal use of fast-track plea agreements, and other contemporary sentencing practices.
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Police Officer Shannon Brown

Police Officer Shannon Brown | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Police Officer Shannon Brown succumbed to injuries sustained on August 7th, 2016, when he was struck by a vehicl
Rob Duke's insight:
Traffic is still more dangerous than shootings.
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Suspect accused of shooting, killing Hatch police officer identified

Suspect accused of shooting, killing Hatch police officer identified | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
A Hatch police officer was shot Friday sparking a massive manhunt that ended with three suspects in custody.
Rob Duke's insight:
This is starting to look like the late 1970's and early 1980's in terms of police deaths....we have better body armor and better tactics, but still we're dying in record numbers.
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Ex-LAPD captain settles retaliation lawsuit with city

Ex-LAPD captain settles retaliation lawsuit with city | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
A former LAPD captain and the city settled his lawsuit alleging he was forced to retire early out of fear of retaliation for bucking the chief’s orders to recommend firing any officer who appeared before a Board of Rights hearing.The ter
Rob Duke's insight:
Politics are a reality in any business.  I recommend the book: What Color is Your Parachute.  It's always good to have a plan in case the politics head south....
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Racial Discrimination Found in ASU Study of Maricopa County Sheriff's Deputies

Racial Discrimination Found in ASU Study of Maricopa County Sheriff's Deputies | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
• When blacks or Hispanics were stopped, they were detained for a "significantly longer" time than whites. The report notes that while most deputies seemed to be operating within the agency averages, certain individuals skewed the stats with apparent racial bias.

• The report labeled the clusters of deputies who skewed the stats on each beat "problem zones." These officers tended to "generate arrests by race at a greater frequency than other deputies working in the same beat or district."
Rob Duke's insight:
Their methodology was flawed.  There are more factors involved other than just the number and percentage of stops:
1. What is the crime like in their beat?
2. What is the current crime trend?  What are the problem crimes and who are the suspects that detectives are looking for at the times those stops are made?
3. How many arrests do these "problem officers" make?  Are they arresting misdemeanors or felonies?

Let me ask you, if you work sales, how many salespeople are the top sales performers every month?  They're all equal right?  If you work sales, or any other job, you know that there are about 10% who bust their hump and everyone else is in the average or worse category.  How do we know that that's not what's happening in this study?  It might not be, but ASU has not convinced me that this is happening....

If I was working a the swing shift beat in Maricopa County, I'd arrive an hour before my shift and get my gear ready, check out a car and get it set up.  After that was done, I'd review the auto thefts, robberies, burglaries, and other felonies from the previous few days (especially if I just came back from days off).  I'd make notes about who the detectives were looking for at the moment.  I'd call over to crime analysis and see if they had any hot zones, or top-10 problem addresses.  If I see the narc officers, I'd ask them who/what they're working on.  Now when I hit my beat, I'm not traffic, so I don't really care about who is driving 5mph over the speed limit.  Sure I'll stop someone being an idiot, but otherwise, I'm checking my beat.  I want to know who's moving about and what the conditions are like: "oh look, that new construction finally got around to framing the building..."  Now, later when it's dark, I'll have some idea of what's "normal" and what's suspicious.  
The first few hours of every shift is usually about catching up on calls, so I'd do that while I'm checking out the condition of my beat.  Once calls have caught up, I'm out hunting.  I'm in those red zones that crime analysis alerted me to and I have my descriptions and license plates out.  If I had suspect names, I'm haunting all of the places where those guys hang out.  I've looked at previous addresses and also known associates.  If anything remotely suspicious moves in those areas, I find pretext (license plate light out, etc.) and pull a traffic stop.  I do my initial investigation: approach the car, look for weapons/contraband, smell for odors of alcohol or marijuana.  If any of that shows up or if the guys are acting "squirrelly" (furtive movements, nervous behavior, reaching under seats as if hiding things, etc.), I'll call for back up and extract driver and passenger for a patdown search.  Then I conduct and fill out the field interview card on each person in the car.  I ask them if they know who's been doing x crime--sometimes they actually tell you.  I ask them where suspect y is hanging out--sometimes they will actually tell you.  Other times, I have to squeeze them with "I'm inclined to let you go for this marijuana, but not unless you tell me who he's shacking up with...."  Usually, they cave and tell me where they've seen him hanging out.  I may get enough to write a warrant, but usually it's just enough to refine my search to a smaller area.  At the very least, I'll pass on info to the detectives to follow up on in the morning.  That's the stops that go well and in which everyone cooperates.  
In a stop where I find contraband or weapons, then it's call the dog, let the k9 search.  Arrest, tow, respond to the station.  I might not tow the car if I think a deal might be made with the suspect.  If the suspect cooperates, then I call out narcotics and pass the person off (they'll work a deal with the prosecutor and the suspect), but sometimes, I'll be able to immediately use the information to write a search warrant.  Search warrants lead to even bigger fish.
Now, if you look at my stats and stops, you might say: "Duke is a racist", but that's not the case is it?  Racism involves bias and an intentional or unintentional differential treatment based upon that bias.  In this case, while most people have some bias, I haven't based my investigative techniques on my personal bias, but on the "queue".  What do I mean by the "queue"?  The queue is my label for a set of theory that studies how calls for service arrive.  We use it to determine beat size and number of officers to have on duty on particular days and times.  It's also used to conduct crime analysis.  I don't dictate the queue, it's completely random, but I can bring order to that chaos by systematically collecting information about those crimes and those offenders (when we're lucky enough to have witnesses/evidence/surveillance recordings, etc.); and following up on those pieces of evidence.  That's not racism or bias, but "good" police work.
Until ASU shows me that they controlled for this investigative behavior, I'm not buying what they're selling.
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After claiming police bias in Gray investigation, Mosby praises cops, department for role in Cagle case

After claiming police bias in Gray investigation, Mosby praises cops, department for role in Cagle case | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Two weeks after claiming the Baltimore Police Department was too biased to investigate its own officers city State's Attorney Marilyn J. Mosby stood beside Police Commissioner Kevin Davis Monday and praised the department and two officers who spoke up about a fellow officer's misconduct.
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Parents of teen hit, decapitated by car fleeing LAPD in Palmdale file lawsuit - MyNewsLA.com

Parents of teen hit, decapitated by car fleeing LAPD in Palmdale file lawsuit - MyNewsLA.com | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
The parents of teen decapitated after being hit by a car fleeing police in the Palms district last year are suing the city of Los Angeles.
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L.A. wants to fine ex-cop $10G for leaked Daniele Watts audio

L.A. wants to fine ex-cop $10G for leaked Daniele Watts audio | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Officials want Jim Parker to pay after he leaked audio of his 2014 brush with the black actress to dispel racial profiling claims.
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