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Bill Clinton: Drug war 'hasn't worked'

Bill Clinton: Drug war 'hasn't worked' | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Former President Bill Clinton says in a new documentary that his administration’s attempts to limit drug trafficking from Colombia “hasn’t worked.” Clinton joined other world leaders — including former President Jimmy Carter — in filmmaker Sam...
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Jesse Morris's comment, December 11, 2012 10:19 PM
I think he went about it all wrong, if the narcotic drug dealing lords are already in control of 30% of the government, then any attempt at slicing off that gangrenous limb is not going to work, not without killing the owner of the leg. Also, i thought this was an attempt at stemming or stopping the flow of drugs into America? So why are we trying to change another countries government? Why not just spend all that money on arresting or shooting the people trying to smuggle drugs into the country? I think that would be much more effective. That or just ride into the drug lords turf, a-whompin and a-wailing, beating every druggy bastard within an inch of their life. THAT would be effective, and would send a clear message to the rest of the drug lords as well.
Madeleine M-Stanley's comment, December 14, 2012 4:25 AM
One of the biggest criticisms of the drug war and it's perceived failure is that it focuses too heavily on where the drugs are coming from. I do believe that it is important and should not be ignored, but there are other aspects that need more attention than they are getting. For example, studying and promoting new and effective forms of affordable drug treatment for US citizens; this would reduce the demand for drugs being imported. The presence of the drugs is not the only root of the problem, we need to broaden our focus instead of repeating the same, tired, tactics.
Also, I think that viewing the legalization of marijuana as a failure of the drug war is a little ridiculous. In many ways, marijuana is less harmful than alcohol. The problem in Colorado, now, is that people are still forced to buy marijuana from drug dealers and there is no way to ensure that it hasn't been tampered with or laced. If the would regulate the sale of marijuana and take it out of the hands of drug dealers, marijuana use could be even safer and profits from taxing it (like cigarettes and alcohol) could be put toward efforts to stop and treat more serious drug use.
Rob Duke's comment, December 14, 2012 1:38 PM
#Madeleine: Yes, that's a great point about the oversight in Colorado's law. On the other hand, I wouldn't want an unimaginative government distributing it either because then you'll just have 2% THC content sativa. Like them or not, but the Cannabis Dispensaries in California have promoted innovation and efficiency. If you've got an old skateboarding injury ;) you can buy many types of Cannabis (sativa, indica, crosses, etc.) and in different delivery systems (from brownies and joints to dog biscuits and suppositories).
Police Problems and Policy
Examining the possibilities of abuse of power without the constraint of New Public Administration.
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LA Man Charged With Murder Of Transgender Woman

LA Man Charged With Murder Of Transgender Woman | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
A Los Angeles man accused of fatally stabbing a 33-year-old trangender woman he met online and then setting her Pico-Union apartment on fire was charged today with murder, attempted robbery and arson charges that could result in th
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Report of Attempted Suicide Justified Warrantless Entry

When police, arriving in response to a call that a man was in a house with firearms and had announced an intent to kill himself, did not breach the Fourth Amendment when they made a cursory sweep of the house to make certain no one was injured and there were no firearms out in the open, the Court of Appeal for this district held yesterday.

The fact that the man had come out of the house and was presently unarmed, the court said, did not preclude entering the residence on a “community caretaking” theory.

Justice Kenneth Yegan wrote for the majority in affirming the conviction of the man, Willie Ovieda, based on what officers spotted: equipment for manufacturing concentrated cannabis and an unlawful assault weapon. Justice Steven Z. Perren dissented.

 “Over 50 years ago, wise and prescient Chief Justice Phil Gibson planted the judicial seed for what we now call the ‘community caretaking’ exception to the Fourth Amendment,” Yegan said. “ We apply it here.”
Rob Duke's insight:
It's pretty standard to "clear" a house when a weapon or threats call comes in.  I think the court ruled correctly.
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A More Reasonable Expectation - Calibre Press

A More Reasonable Expectation - Calibre Press | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
“I would suggest a whole more radical standard than [the Graham Standard]. … I would suggest that they have to be, the cops have to be right in fact, which is something we usually do not apply to the law. … So if you shoot me because you think I have a gun I had best have a gun, and if I don’t have a gun your ass is going to jail. Because you were wrong. I don’t care if you really thought so. I don’t care if I was telling you I had a gun! If you are not right in fact then you have to go to jail. I think that would be a standard that would allow us to prosecute these police officers. … And I would say, ‘Fuck you, police officer!’ I’m sick of you. Screw you …”

Mr. Mystal, according to an online biography, “quit the legal profession to pursue a career as an online provocateur.” That explains that.
Rob Duke's insight:
The problem with transferring the monopoly for the use of force away from the police is that there's NO guarantee that private forces will use force properly.  We don't have enough surveillance to keep the thugs, the mob, the cartels, the gangs, etc. from abusing the weak.
We have enough trouble doing that with the police and that's what he's complaining about.  It's never going to be perfect, but when a cop messes up, we relieve them of duty....and, guess what: they go away and we largely never hear from them again.  Try that with any other power broker.  They don't give up their use of force or their power.  They resist.
I'd much rather have that power held in a public position that is subject to oversight, however flawed.
Then, we should concentrate on ways to make that oversight better.
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Nationwide, police shot and killed nearly 1,000 people in 2017

Nationwide, police shot and killed nearly 1,000 people in 2017 | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Experts said they are uncertain why the annual total shows little fluctuation — the number for 2017 is almost identical to the 995 killed by police in 2015.
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Police Release Video Of Deadly Shooting After Officers Receive Death Threats - Law Officer

Police Release Video Of Deadly Shooting After Officers Receive Death Threats - Law Officer | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
After social media exploded in North Little Rock (AR) over the weekend following an officer involved shooting, Chief Mike Davis released video of the incident. 
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Police Officers Union Ad Rips SFPD Over Leaving Terrorism Task Force

Police Officers Union Ad Rips SFPD Over Leaving Terrorism Task Force | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
San Francisco’s police officer union is running radio ads blasting the police department and city for pulling out of the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF), claiming the SFPD was not involved in the recent FBI investigation into the alleged Pier 39 terror plot.

San Francisco was the the only big city police department to drop out of the JTTF last February amid concerns the Trump administration would increase surveillance of Muslim communities like the New York City police did after Sept. 11, 2001.
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Colorado pairing police officers with mental health experts 

Co-responders, or behavioral health clinicians, ride with police when they respond to 911 calls and provide follow-up services when officers leave the scene. They also can be a resource for police in deescalating situations before they end tragically, such as the fatal New Year's Eve shooting of a Douglas County deputy responding to a domestic disturbance call.

Maigan Oliver, director of acute and forensic services with Mental Health Partners, which partners with Boulder police to send mental health professionals out on 911 calls, said the Boulder county attorney's office is a big backer of the program.

Sending mental health professionals with police helps defend against litigation over any potential use of force, the county attorney has pointed out, according to Oliver. "If there is ever a case, there is always the question of, 'Did you use every resource available to you?'" Oliver said.

In another strategy, case managers canvass targeted high-crime areas and establish relationships with drug users and prostitutes, even going so far as to sit down with them over coffee. These case managers work with police to keep these offenders off the streets and out of jail.

Mental health and substance-use disorders are growing problems in Colorado, which has the sixth highest suicide rate in the nation. Colorado also consistently ranks in the bottom half of per-capita funding levels in state surveys on behavioral health spending. Colorado's own studies show that nearly 40 percent of Colorado's inmate population needs mental health services and 74 percent needs substance-use disorder services. The state spent more than $94 million in 2013 incarcerating nonviolent drug offenders, according to the Colorado Department of Corrections.

The hope of the new diversion philosophy is to start addressing problems before people become enmeshed in the criminal justice system. Police and clinicians and case managers try to avoid arrests. The thinking is that incarceration disrupts employment and tears families apart, ultimately setting up a cycle of failure that can cause a person to slide even further into crime.
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Man shot, killed by deputies after 911 call claiming woman was trying to kill family

Man shot, killed by deputies after 911 call claiming woman was trying to kill family | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
When Mark Parkinson, who lives in the house, finally heard the commotion outside, he got out of bed to see what was going on.

He was armed, looking through a window, and that’s when deputy John Chandler fired a fatal shot.

The victim’s wife, Diana Parkinson, said her husband would have never had the gun out if he had known there were police officers on the property. She said they didn’t know who was there.

“By the time I got into the kitchen, which probably was 30 seconds after he got up, he was already on the floor and had been shot,” Diana Parkinson said.

GBI agents are working to determine whether the 911 call was fake. Right now, they said, they have no evidence to validate an emergency.
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The police won't solve Chicago's violence problem

The police won't solve Chicago's violence problem | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
The only way to end the bloodshed is through community strength, ownership and involvement.
Rob Duke's insight:
This is a problem with professionalism in policing: we begin to think we have a monopoly on solutions.  In reality, it's always been about building community capacity.  The Chicago sociologists of the 20th century got that right.  If you have an engaged public with good schools, activities for kids and families along with a great jobs-housing mix, then your crime will improve.
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Family of 'swatting' victim wants Kansas officer who fired fatal shot charged

Family of 'swatting' victim wants Kansas officer who fired fatal shot charged | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it

Justice for the Finch family constitutes criminal charges against the shooting officer and any other liable officers as well as damages against the city of Wichita for the policies and practices of its Police Department," Stroth said.

But criminologist B. Remy Cross at Webster University in Missouri said criminal charges are highly unlikely.

"It is sort of a fact of the world we live in now that it is very difficult to bring charges against police officers unless there is glaring negligence and misconduct," Cross said. "While I certainly sympathize with the family — and I think there was probably not the necessary due caution exercised in this incident — I don't know that they are going to necessarily be very successful in pushing for charges to be brought against the officer."

Police spokesman Charley Davidson said the department has not received Lisa Finch's letter and cannot comment on it. He said police have provided all the information they can at this point, and that the investigation remains active.

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The Latest: Iran news agency says officer slain at protest

The Latest: Iran news agency says officer slain at protest | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
The Latest: Iran news agency says officer slain at protest
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Baltimore pastor on the city's homicide rate: We need police to come back - Hot Air

Baltimore pastor on the city's homicide rate: We need police to come back - Hot Air | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it

Baltimore had 343 homicides in 2017, a number which set a new record for the most murders per capita in the city’s history. Today NPR published an interesting interview with a Baltimore pastor named Rev. Kinji Scott who says the problem is that police in the city have pulled back in the wake of the Freddie Gray case. Interviewer Lauren Prayer asks Rev. Scott, “After the death of Freddie Gray, yourself, families of victims, didn’t you want police to back off?” Scott replied:

No. That represented our progressives, our activists, our liberal journalists, our politicians, but it did not represent the overall community. Because we know for a fact that around the time Freddie Gray was killed, we start to see homicides increase. We had five homicides in that neighborhood while we were protesting.

What I wanted to see happen was that people would be able to trust the relationship with our police department so that they would feel more comfortable. We’d have conversations with the police about crime in their neighborhood because they would feel safer. So we wanted the police there. We wanted them engaged in the community. We didn’t want them beating the hell out of us, we didn’t want that.

It’s interesting that Scott blames progressives and liberal journalists for demanding police back off but says that’s not what most people in the community really wanted. You sometimes hear that argument from conservatives but it never seems to carry much weight when they say it. Now that Scott is saying it will anyone listen?

Rob Duke's insight:
This pastor was in a no-win situation as the activist playbook is to undermine existing power sources in order to create a vacuum of leadership, which they plan to exploit and fill.  Were he not to have joined the marches, he, too, would have been marginalized.  Thus, he smartly participated and bided his time until a majority of the people are finally ready to demand that the police return.

See Saul Alinsky's "Rules for Radicals".
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In Sacramento, a Plan to Strengthen Miranda Rights for Juveniles

In Sacramento, a Plan to Strengthen Miranda Rights for Juveniles | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Lawmakers will vote on a bill that would require youth 15 and younger to consult an attorney before an interrogation.
Rob Duke's insight:
Bad facts make bad case law.  This was a terrible set of facts that don't happen every day, but I'm sure the legislature is thinking "not even once".....
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FBI Sting Operation Nets Arrest of L.A. County Sheriff’s Deputy Accused of Selling Drugs, Offering Protection to Dealers

FBI Sting Operation Nets Arrest of L.A. County Sheriff’s Deputy Accused of Selling Drugs, Offering Protection to Dealers | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
A Los Angeles County Sheriff's deputy and three alleged accomplices stand accused of running a vast drug trafficking conspiracy in which they would provide security services to narcotics dealers in exchange for cash, according to a criminal complaint unsealed Tuesday.
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Can an increase in stop-and-search cut knife crime?

Can an increase in stop-and-search cut knife crime? | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it

IN A school classroom in north-east London, Ken Hinds preaches calmness and confidence. Mr Hinds, who runs the Haringey Independent Stop & Search Monitoring Group, is telling a handful of teenagers with behavioural problems how to respond if a police officer stops them in order to perform a mandatory search. The advice is relevant. When the class is asked who has been stopped, everyone—including the teacher—raises their hand. Their experiences vary: some say they remained unflustered, whereas for others it was a heart-pounding ordeal.

Such encounters have become less common. In 2011 the police conducted 1.2m stop-and-searches in England and Wales. Last year that figure was around 300,000 (see chart). The steep decrease was prompted by Theresa May, then the home secretary, in a rare flash of liberalism. She ordered police forces to cut back on searches because they stoked resentment among ethnic minorities, who are more likely than whites to be stopped.

In London that downward trend is about to reverse. On January 10th Sadiq Khan, the mayor, broke a campaign promise by announcing an increase in the use of stop-and-search, to counter a recent surge in violence. Average monthly knife-crime incidents rose from 791 in 2014 to 1,155 in the first half of 2017. Acid attacks increased from 166 in 2014 to 455 in 2016, the latest year available. Mr Khan blames the decline in stop-and-search for the rise.

Some welcome the news. Janette Collins, head of the Crib, a youth group in Hackney, says that protecting youngsters should be the priority. Teenagers in her area avoid rough neighbourhoods for fear of being stabbed. Patrick Green of the Ben Kinsella Trust, an anti-knife-crime charity set up in memory of a murdered teenager, is also pleased with the mayor’s decision, but says that other policies, like knife-crime education, are needed.

Yet others worry that it will sour police relations with minorities. Pupils in the north-east London school claim they are stopped just for being black and wearing their hoods up. David Lammy, the Labour MP for Tottenham, has criticised the revival of a “vexed” tactic.

Even though fewer searches take place, only 16% of young ethnic-minority men believe the tactic is being used less often, according to polls by YouGov. That may be because the drop in searches of minorities has been less steep than it has for whites. A black person is now eight times more likely to be stopped than a white person, up from four times more likely in 2013.

Officers have tried to curb the aggravation the tactic causes, says Adrian Hanstock, head of the police unit in charge of stop-and-search. He argues that searches help to keep weapons off the streets, but admits that in the past they were sometimes used in “fishing expeditions” or to disperse gangs. Today, in training officers discuss the social consequences of stop-and-search and how to control unconscious biases. New technology, like body-cameras, improve accountability too.

Will the tactic reduce crime? Only 17% of searches lead to an arrest, half of them for drug offences. A recent study by the Home Office examined the impact of a stop-and-search drive in 2008, also aimed at curbing knife crime. The authors found no effect. Similar research by the College of Policing found that a doubling of stop-and-search was associated with only a 0.1% fall in violent crime. Even if the latest drive is more effective, says Mr Hinds, it will come at a cost to community relations.

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Mayor: US marshal shot, killed while serving warrant

Mayor: US marshal shot, killed while serving warrant | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Mayor: US marshal shot, killed while serving warrant
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IPRA report advises firing of 2 CPD officers involved in 2016 shooting

IPRA report advises firing of 2 CPD officers involved in 2016 shooting | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
A now-defunct Chicago police oversight agency says two officers who fired shots at a moving vehicle during a chase in 2016 that ended in the death of a black teen should lose their jobs.
Rob Duke's insight:
Yeah, pretty predictable.....not that these guys can't be cops again, but this department has to fire them.
Maybe they can rehab as volunteers somewhere for a couple years and then come back working in a more rural setting.
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Did ‘Repressed Memory’ Falsely Convict Jerry Sandusky?

Did ‘Repressed Memory’ Falsely Convict Jerry Sandusky? | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Author Mark Pendergrast claims the former Penn State defensive football coach was a victim of “media frenzy” and a distorted use of repressed memory which led to his conviction for child sex abuse. In a conversation with TCR about his new book, he explains why he believes Sandusky should get a new trial.
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Watch the LAPD videos of a controversial police shooting on skid row that have been kept secret for years

Watch the LAPD videos of a controversial police shooting on skid row that have been kept secret for years | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Millions watched social media video of this controversial skid row police shooting. But The Times obtained never-before-released footage from Los Angeles police body cameras that show a new perspective.
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Inmate accused of killing corrections officers had homemade key hidden | Atlanta: News, Weather and Traffic

Inmate accused of killing corrections officers had homemade key hidden  | Atlanta: News, Weather and Traffic | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
WSB: Atlanta's News, Weather and Traffic
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A pat-down always includes an inspection of the hair and even the seems of garments where small objects, such as blades and keys, may be hidden.
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Jail Guards Found Guilty of Killing Inmate Receive Sentences

Three Santa Clara County jail deputies found guilty of second-degree murder in the beating death of inmate Michael Tyree have been sentenced to 15 years to life, a judge ruled Friday.
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Shuck the Police: Are We Done with Traditional Law Enforcement? - Los Angeles Review of Books

Shuck the Police: Are We Done with Traditional Law Enforcement? - Los Angeles Review of Books | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
Ultimately, however, though Vitale comes closer to getting it than Ferguson, both authors miss something central: the reason why a clearly injurious policing paradigm continues as it does isn’t because we don’t understand that it is broken. It’s because policing as an institution is working as fully intended, i.e., to suppress black, brown, and poor lives, contain their political emergence, channel public funds toward an array of favored private contractors, and perhaps to absorb surplus male aggression. Per the cybernetician Stafford Beer’s dictum that “the purpose of a system is what it does,” we evidently want our uniformed public servants to punish, to kick ass, and to look a certain way while doing it. If we didn’t, we wouldn’t tolerate any of this.

Which is not to say that there is no worth in supposing that things might be different. If at present the task of defending the public and keeping it free from harm falls to the constabulary force we call “the police,” a formation that is by heritage and conception poorly equipped to answer the challenges it now faces, Ferguson’s and Vitale’s books dare to at least sketch the contours of a different way of doing things.

Where The Rise of Big Data Policing and The End of Policing agree is that we face a rupture in our approach to the maintenance of public order. For Ferguson, that rupture consists in the full-spectrum, persistent awareness afforded by the emergent technics of data collection and analysis, as well as the fact that those tools have been placed in the hands of an institution increasingly inclined to conceive itself as apart from, if not above, the people we suppose it to serve; for Vitale, in the utter bankruptcy of traditional policing methods when applied to social problems, the obscene violence which all too often results, and the all but total lack of accountability for it.
Rob Duke's insight:
The problem is not policing.  The book review suggests that the police were formed to suppress the masses, but this overlooks the view of the victim who lives with the "masses".  There will always be a problem of abuse of power.  The strong tend to prey on the weak.  We choose to institutionalize one body that we give the legitimate monopoly on the use of force because we can nominally and marginally control this power.  We cannot control the neighborhood bully (thug, gang, cartel, mob, etc.), but we can control the police.  I know there's a lot of hand waving here, but it's much easier to relieve an officer of duty than it is to relieve a gang member of command--even when arrested, they often still call the shots from prison.
These authors overlook a line of reasoning that comes down from Gordon Tullock (an economist) and PAJ Waddington.  Namely, that every few generations, we enlarge the definition of "we".  It's quite fine to use force against "them", but it's another to use it against "we or us".  Up til now, the underground economy, the drug addicts, the marginal poor, the excess labor pool, the mentally ill, and the homeless have been clearly defined as "them".  Perhaps because the third industrial revolution has made it easier to track underground economies, perhaps because opinions/norms have changed (white paper by me, 2016), but we're now more comfortable with economic controls on things like cannabis and prostitution and no longer see these as the sole domain of control for the police.
Whatever the cause, we no longer give police a complete monopoly on the control of these marginal members of society.
What seems clear to me is that we're at a major crossroads for reform.  What it looks like is still not clear.  Will it be a centralized police (not likely under our Federalism system)?  Will it be a ban of police as this article suggests (also unlikely as long as the strong prey on the weak)?
My guess is that we're going to continue to have a strong arm of the police that makes more rare appearances; and, at the same time, have the day-to-day police that are weaker and tend to be more representative of the marginal members of society.
What do you think?
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LAPD Officer Shot in 'Ambush-Style Attack': Police

LAPD Officer Shot in 'Ambush-Style Attack': Police | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
A Los Angeles Police Department officer was shot in what police are calling an "ambush-style attack" Friday night in the Westlake District area of central Los Angeles.
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Law enforcement deaths down 10 percent in 2017

Law enforcement deaths down 10 percent in 2017 | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it
(WTXL) - The number of law enforcement professionals nationwide who died in the line of duty in 2017 dropped to its lowest level in four years, according to the National
Rob Duke's insight:
One year's data does not make a trend, but it's interesting how when our leaders stopped saying it was o.k. to harm the police, the rate at which it seems to be happening has also fallen.

We'll see what happens this year....hope for this trend to continue.
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The misplaced arguments against Black Lives Matter

The misplaced arguments against Black Lives Matter | Police Problems and Policy | Scoop.it

ON AUGUST 15th Donald Trump repeated his belief that “both sides” were to blame for the violence on August 12th at a white-supremacist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia that left one woman dead. David Duke, a former leader of the Ku Klux Klan, thanked him for “condemn[ing] the leftist terrorists in BLM,” referring to the Black Lives Matter movement. David Clarke, the sheriff of Milwaukee County and a supporter of Mr Trump, has also called Black Lives Matter “purveyors of hate”, and urged the Southern Poverty Law Centre (SPLC), to include it among the hate groups it monitors. Many on the right share this belief. It is mistaken.

To be sure, some protestors who claim affiliation with BLM have said hateful things. A group outside the Minnesota State Fair chanted, “Pigs in a blanket; fry ‘em like bacon”. The previous night a sheriff’s deputy had been shot in Houston, for which some BLM opponents blame the movement—without evidence. Some have blamed BLM for the fatal car crash in Charlottesville last weekend, saying it happened because BLM supporters were throwing bricks at the car. The movement may have begun with honourable intentions, one argument runs, but it has been “hijacked by a group that hates white people and looks to burn down cities and towns”. And some seem to object to the name, hearing in the phrase “Black lives matter” the implication that other lives do not.

That argument is easily dismissed. Affirming one thing does not negate all else. Donating money to support, say, cancer research does not make one a cheerleader for tuberculosis. Someone who says that black lives matter does not imply that other lives do not—they are simply reminding people that for most of American history black lives have been valued less than white ones. The days of slavery and de jure segregation have mercifully passed, but black Americans remain poorer, less healthy and more likely to be killed by police than whites. You can agree or disagree with BLM’s platform, but nothing in it promotes hatred of any race or group.

Richard Cohen, who heads the SPLC, defines hate groups as “those that vilify entire groups of people based on immutable characteristics such as race or ethnicity”. BLM does not fit the bill: it welcomes white supporters, has condemned violence and addresses structural racial inequities. Jacob Levy, a political philosopher, argues that BLM is “one of the most significant political mobilisations in defence of freedom” in decades. Its supporters oppose police brutality, mass incarceration, America’s drug war, police militarisation and civil-forfeiture abuses. All of those are causes that liberals, libertarians and conservatives—anyone who fears unchecked state power—ought to cheer.

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