Plant and microbacterial
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Rescooped by Shawn Cao from Plant-Microbe Symbiosis
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A Lotus japonicus E3 ligase interacts with the Nod factor receptor 5 and positively regulates nodulation

Post-translational modification of receptor proteins is involved in activation and de-activation of signaling systems in plants. Both ubiquitination and deubiquitination have been implicated in plant interactions with pathogens and symbionts. Here we present LjPUB13, a PUB35 ARMADILLO repeat E3 ligase that specifically ubiquitinates the kinase domain of the Nod Factor receptor NFR5 and has a direct role in nodule organogenesis events in Lotus japonicus. Phenotypic analyses of three LORE1 retroelement insertion plant lines revealed that pub13 plants display delayed and reduced nodulation capacity and retarded growth. LjPUB13 expression is spatially regulated during symbiosis with Mesorhizobium loti, with increased levels in young developing nodules. Thus, LjPUB13 is an E3 ligase with a positive regulatory role during the initial stages of nodulation in L. japonicus.


Via Jean-Michel Ané
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Rescooped by Shawn Cao from PlantBioInnovation
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MscS-Like10 is a stretch-activated ion channel from Arabidopsis thaliana with a preference for anions

Abstract

Like many other organisms, plants are capable of sensing and responding to mechanical stimuli such as touch, osmotic pressure, and gravity. One mechanism for the perception of force is the activation of mechanosensitive (or stretch-activated) ion channels, and a number of mechanosensitive channel activities have been described in plant membranes. Based on their homology to the bacterial mechanosensitive channel MscS, the 10 MscS-Like (MSL) proteins of Arabidopsis thaliana have been hypothesized to form mechanosensitive channels in plant cell and organelle membranes. However, definitive proof that MSLs form mechanosensitive channels has been lacking. Here we used single-channel patch clamp electrophysiology to show that MSL10 is capable of providing a MS channel activity when heterologously expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. This channel had a conductance of ∼100 pS, consistent with the hypothesis that it underlies an activity previously observed in the plasma membrane of plant root cells. We found that MSL10 formed a channel with a moderate preference for anions, which was modulated by strongly positive and negative membrane potentials, and was reversibly inhibited by gadolinium, a known inhibitor of mechanosensitive channels. MSL10 demonstrated asymmetric activation/inactivation kinetics, with the channel closing at substantially lower tensions than channel opening. The electrophysiological characterization of MSL10 reported here provides insight into the evolution of structure and function of this important family of proteins.


Via Biswapriya Biswavas Misra
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