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Bangladesh child marriage | Photojournalist: Allison Joyce

Bangladesh child marriage | Photojournalist: Allison Joyce | PHOTOGRAPHERS | Scoop.it

Bangladesh has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. Around 29 percent of girls are married before the age of 15, and 65% of girls are already married by the time they turn 18. Families are often in a hurry to marry their daughters off, because girls are thought of as an economic burden. Education is considered unnecessary for girls, because boys get the jobs and bring the money in.

Child marriage is both physically and psychologically damaging. Girls who are forcibly married at a young age are more likely to experience domestic abuse than their unmarried peers and many girls report their first sexual experience is forced. A girl of 15 is five times more likely to die in childbirth than a woman in her twenties.

Allison Joyce, an American photojournalist based in Bangladesh, travelled to a rural area in Manikganj District, west of the capital, and photographed a wedding between a 15-year-old girl and a 32-year-old man.

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Crista K. Banks's curator insight, September 7, 2015 9:57 PM

In the larger cities of these countries child marriage and being bonded has been outlawed, however there are so many people in the rural areas continuing old "traditions." Many times, people in the rural areas do not even know the laws and the problem is compounded because there is noone from the the law there to make sure these practices are being stopped. 

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Rana Plaza Collapse: Death of A Thousand Dreams | Photojournalist: Taslima Akhter

Rana Plaza Collapse: Death of A Thousand Dreams | Photojournalist: Taslima Akhter | PHOTOGRAPHERS | Scoop.it

On that day, early in the morning many garment workers walked into the factories of Rana Plaza, their working place. Within an hour everything was shattered. Nobody knows how many workers were running to save his or her lives at the end moment. Workers’ scream echoed on the walls of Rana Plaza. Many of their voices could not reach out passing through the heavy concrete walls. Over a thousand workers lost their lives in the deathtrap. They are the cheapest labors of the world. They are not only numbers; they are human beings.

 

Who could imagine the collapse that caused the most unacceptable fate for the cheapest labors from Bangladesh? 24th April 2013, 9am. Becoming a brutal incident of history, a nine-story commercial building Rana Plaza collapsed at Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh and left more than 1134 workers dead, more than hundred missing and many other wounded. Around a thousand families have found dead bodies of their beloved family members. - Taslima Akhter

Photo report's insight:

About photo of two victims amid the rubble of the garment factory collapse, Taslima Akhter was selected for the 3rd prize singles of the World Press Photo of the Year 2013

TECHNICAL INFORMATIONSHUTTER SPEED: 1/40ISO: 1600F-STOP: 2.5FOCAL LENGTH: 35.0 mmCAMERA: Canon EOS 5D Mark II


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De l'or dans les égouts | Photographes: Bruno Valentin & Julien Pannetier (ZEPPELIN)

De l'or dans les égouts |  Photographes: Bruno Valentin & Julien Pannetier (ZEPPELIN) | PHOTOGRAPHERS | Scoop.it

"Les égouts ne sont pas réputés pour leur convivialité, mais en Asie du Sud, leur contenu est une invitation aux plus dégourdis. Personne ne prête attention à cette poignée d'hommes crottés de la tête aux pieds, mais c'est pourtant de l'or qu'ils cherchent. De la poussière d'or que des joailliers trop pressés évacuent avec leurs eaux usées. Pas de quoi ameuter les foules, mais suffisamment pour faire vivre quelques familles bengalies. Tous les matins, ils profitent que les rues soient désertes pour faire vomir les canalisations. Ils écument méticuleusement les boues avant d'en extraire l'or à l'abri des regards indiscrets. 


Dhaka s'est endormie, ventre à l'air. La grande malade de l'Asie du Sud a péniblement trouvé le sommeil. Tous ses enfants l'ont rejoint, mais cette nuit, il fait si chaud que les sans abris sont encore les mieux lotis. Recroquevillés sous les jupons de la ville-mère, ils profitent des deux heures d'accalmie qui précèdent l'appel à la prière pour s'enfoncer dans un coin de trottoir moelleux. Dhaka transpire et pour cette nuit sans électricité, mieux vaut être dehors sous la caresse d'une brise moite que dans une chambre aveugle sous un ventilateur inanimé. " - ©ZEPPELIN


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Brothels | Photojournalist: Miguel Candela

Brothels | Photojournalist: Miguel Candela | PHOTOGRAPHERS | Scoop.it

In July 2010, radical islamists burned down the brothel injuring two prostitutes and leaving most without anything. “We had to jump onto the river and losteverything”, recalls Hasina. “We even didn’t have clothesto wear and we were forced to live one month and a half in the open”. The attack was coordinated by middle aged men who want the prostitutes out. “They say that the women corrupt their boys and they know that their assault wouldn’t be punished by this hypocrite society”. explains Shirin Akter,an Action Aid worker, “and they know that their assaultwouldn’t be punished by this hypocrite society”.

 

Nobody was arrested and troops were deployed to protect thereconstruction of the place only after the Prostitutes’Association made a public pledge.  After countless demonstrations that stirred media interest, prostitutes now fight for their rights. They don’t have to walk barefoot when they leave the brothel anymore, and their bodies can be buried in a cemetery, though still in a separate one. Better than having their remains floating in the river covered by a sheet, anyway. But, still, sex workers’ IDs state their job and their address appears as ‘brothel’. That’s today’s fight. But the war goes to a higher ground: making prostitution legal in a country which Constitution stipulates it’s citizens’ right to choose their profession freely.

 

“Society uses us to fulfill their human needs, but treats us like animals”, criticizes Ahya Begum, 37, president of the Prostitute Association of Faridpur, which gets support from both SMS and the international NGO Action Aid. “Maybe our job is different from others, but human dignity has nothing to do with profession”, claims Begum during a public gathering in a small garage in front of Faridpur’s brothel compound. Women around her nod their heads in silence. In this kind of assembly, the girls vote and decide things such as minimum price for sex (never less than 100 taka), and minimum age to work (15). Condom use, they say, must be compulsory. It’s definitely a nice show of force, Democracy at its best, but a deceiving one as well. But customers seldom cover their penises with latex, and most prostitutes here started to work along with their first menstruation.

 

The brothel is an unlikely place for sex: a rundown concrete building where rats run free in rural Bangladesh. Small holes in the walls allow the only supply of natural light and air into the jail-like compound. Fluorescent bulbs hesitate to light up, and turn it into the ideal background for a horror blockbuster. Many boards show happy condoms trying to fight HIV with a broad smile, but the girls accept having sex without one if the customer insists. “There is no choice”, Lima says. And that’s why 70% of the girls are infected withsome kind of STD. 

 

Hasina served her first man when she was just 12. Like Lima and many others, rape was how she started. In the rigid Bengali society, shame cannot be washed. Stigma is forever. Now, she’s 40 and her price tag has fallen to a rock bottom 50 taka (70 cents.) per customer. That’s also the sum she has to pay, daily, for the rent of the bamboo hut where she works and lives.  "The situation is deteriorating. Prices for food and accommodation skyrocket, while people’s income remains stable. Those fishermen stopping by to have sex have less disposable money, and therefore we are living a crisis”.

Society has forced them to live in darkness; the lowest possible social statues. Men love them and hate them, demand their services while others tried to kill them. A contradiction which does not let them live.-Miguel Candela

Photo report's insight:

Miguel (Spain, 1985) specializes in the human drama of life – from the subtle to the extreme where humanity struggles to live off what is available, struggle against difficulties even the simple laughter brought by little to big things in life. He sees his works as an affirmation that "Every person has his or her individual unique history, every individual has an intriguing story to tell."

 

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Life for Rent | Photojournalist: GMB Akash

Life for Rent | Photojournalist: GMB Akash | PHOTOGRAPHERS | Scoop.it

"The two-to-three –thousand –square-meter area of Kandaportte Potitalow (Bangladesh) is home to 1500 prostitutes and their families. This place is all they know and it has its own micro infrastructure of grocery stores, teahouses,hairdressers, and doctors. The women themselves only know this other world through the men who come here; they know rickshaw pullers, truckers, businessmen, policemen and priests.

 

Most of the girls who work here were either born here, fled here, or were sold by their relatives when they were between eight and ten years old.

 

Inside, the man is the guest, but he pays for the hospitality. Sex without undressing and without further intimacy costs hundred takes (1USD = 70 Takas). For special services the price can go up to as high as three hundred takes, and the whole night will cost you five hundred.

 

Low social status and a lack of opportunities for both education and employment, have forced many Bangladeshi women into prostitution or exposed them to other forms of sexual exploitation. An estimated 150,000 women are involved in prostitution in Bangladesh."

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Nothing To Hold On To | Photographer : G.M.B. Akash

Nothing To Hold On To | Photographer : G.M.B. Akash | PHOTOGRAPHERS | Scoop.it

Nearly three thousand kilometers of railroad tracks crisscross the delta lowlands of Bangladesh, connecting the capital, Dhaka, with Chittagong to the southeast and Calcutta to the southwest.  The system was built largely by the British and began operations in 1862, more than a hundred years before Bangladesh became an independent nation. Bangladeshi rolling stock now carries more than forty million passengers a year in three ticketed classes: air-conditioned, first, and second—and then there are the passengers who can’t pay. These riders, many of them daily commuters going to and from work, cling to handles, crouch in doorways, perch on the couplings between cars, and climb onto the roof. 

 

I live in Dhaka and began riding the rails with my camera in 2006. I wanted to draw attention to the danger the stowaways expose themselves to; gruesome accidents are routine for free riders. There is nothing to hold on to and it is very difficult to keep your footing. On a recent ride, I spoke to Majed Miya, a carpenter who has traveled on the roof for two decades. Miya said he enjoys riding on the roof: “no one really disturbs me there, except the fear of death.”

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Shipbreakers | Photojournalist: Jana Ašenbrennerov

Shipbreakers | Photojournalist: Jana Ašenbrennerov | PHOTOGRAPHERS | Scoop.it

Chittagong is one of the biggest ship breaking yards in the world. It is graveyard where ships are taken from all around the world for their last voyage, to be taken apart. 


Know for unsafe work practices and environmental pollution due to the demolition and ship breaking processes, Chittagong presents one of the biggest industry and job opportunities for many Bangladeshis.


Some 30, 000 workers are engaged in this scrapping in Bangladesh's Sitakunda coast, which houses the world's second largest ship-breaking industry after China. At least 250,000 people in the country live off the industry directly and indirectly, according to experts.


The industry is a critical contributor to the low-income country's economy, and Bangladesh relies on ship breaking for 80% of its steel needs. But along with the recyclable materials comes a lot of toxic junk and hazardous material such as asbestos.


Often unaware of the risks they face on a daily basis by carrying heavy loads, directly touching materials that are known to cause cancer (asbestos), the workers rarely take these risks into consideration. "I don't see any danger" said a 17 year old worker.


Living in a 3rd world country, taking care of a family, the priorities of workers in the yards of Chittagong have a different order. To be without a job, letting their families go hungry, represents a bigger treat to these men then working in an environment that can eventually lead to health issues or early death. 


Copyright Jana Asenbrennerova 2010 

Collaboration on access and text with Syed Zain Al-Mahmood

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The life and struggle of Garment workers | Photojournalist: Taslima Akhter

The life and struggle of Garment workers | Photojournalist: Taslima Akhter | PHOTOGRAPHERS | Scoop.it
“I wanted to be an artist by drawing and making handicraft but my dream is now ruined under the niddle of machine, under the rubble and sometimes by fire”- Lija a garment worker With a dream of living a better life million of workers from villages gather in workers barrack in cities. Lija, Modhumala, Shomapti, Masud, Brojesshwar are among them. Among more than 4 million workers 80% are women.  Surrounding the garment industries large workers barracks have grown in Bangladesh.  Workers toil from dawn to dusk for a minimum wage of BDT3000 taka a month (less than 37 $) till 2013.  Government declared a new gross minimum wage BDT 5300 ( near about $66) , which is not sufficient for them to survive. This 4 million workers are not more demanding. They don’t have any dream to have car-house, even any luxury item in life. They want only coarse rice-cloth and a little roof over the head to stay anyway. They want to send their children to school. They don’t want to send their children i
Photo report's insight:

 Taslima Akhter turned to documentary photography after many years as an activist with workers’ and women's rights organizations with whom she continues to work. She considers her documentary photography as a continuation of her activism. As a photographer, she likes to work on issues relating to gender, the environment and culture, as well as exploring spaces of social discrimination. Taslima's photo "Final Embrace" was selected as one of TIME Magazine’s top 10 photos of 2013.

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Bangladesh, ship business | Photojournalist | Shiho Fukada 深田 志穂

Bangladesh, ship business | Photojournalist | Shiho Fukada 深田 志穂 | PHOTOGRAPHERS | Scoop.it

Ship breaking yards are the last resting place for end of life ships. At these yards, ships are scrapped, primarily for their steel content.
Until 1980s, ship breaking took place in the developed countries such as the United States, UK, and Europe. Today, however, most ship breaking yards are in developing nations, principally Bangladesh, China, and India, due to lower labor costs and less stringent environmental regulations dealing with the disposal of lead paint and other toxic substances.


Every year 600-700 sea vessels are brought to the beaches of Asia for scrapping and 52% of large ships are scrapped in Bangladesh.
Workers have no unions, no safety equipment, and no training. About 50 are said to die in accidents each year; often in explosions set off by blowtorches deep inside the fume-filled holds.

Photo report's insight:

Shiho Fukada 深田 志穂 is a Japanese photojournalist currently working out of Beijing, China. Her clientele consists of The New York Times, MSNBC, Le Monde, the Chicago Tribune and the New York magazine, among others. She won the Grand Prize in Editor and Publisher Magazine’s Ninth Annual Photos of the Year contest in 2008. Fukada also won an Alicia Patterson Journalism Fellowship in 2010 to research and photograph Japan's disposable workers.

Fukada majored in English literature and first worked in fashion advertising as an account executive. She borrowed a 35 mm SLR camera and started making photos.

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Cyclone Aila hits Bangladesh || Photographer: GMB Akash

Cyclone Aila hits Bangladesh || Photographer: GMB Akash | PHOTOGRAPHERS | Scoop.it

"At least 275 people have been killed and millions have been displaced by cyclone Aila, which hit parts of coastal Bangladesh and eastern India on May 25th. Shyamnagar Upazila, an area of Bangladesh's Satkhira district that has seen some of the worst damage.

 

The cyclone triggered tidal surges and severe flooding. Several thousand homes in the area were washed away while agricultural land was swamped. More than 500 shrimp farms were flooded by five to seven feet high tidal surges in the affected area. Aid agencies are warning that a lack of food and clean drinking water could lead to many more deaths."

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Staged reality : Photographer: Sebastian Keitel

Staged reality : Photographer: Sebastian Keitel | PHOTOGRAPHERS | Scoop.it

For this series, Staged Reality, Keitel staged and photographed interiors of slum huts in Bangladesh’s capital Dhaka, where about 4 million people live in 5,000 informal settlements. The growing number of slums in developing countries is a global problem, the precise location therefore not so important. This work is rather an example for the living conditions of over one billion people worldwide. In addition, the photographs tell of man’s striving to create his home as comfortable as possible, even under such extreme conditions.

 

Sebastian Keitel is a recent graduate of University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Art and Design Bielefeld, Germany. He lives in Cologne, Germany and works everywhere.

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