Phonetics and Phonology
451 views | +0 today
Follow
Phonetics and Phonology
Phonetics and Phonology
Curated by Mohamed Khamis
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Consonant - Alzakera Everything

Mohamed Khamis's insight:

All the letters in the alphabet are either consonants or vowels. A consonant is a speech sound in which the air is at least partly blocked, and any letter which represents this.<ref>Concise Oxford English Dictionary.</ref> Consonants may come singly or in clusters, but must be connected to a vowel to form a syllable.

 
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Phonology: Rhythm and Phonological Processes - Alzakera Everything

Phonology: Rhythm and Phonological Processes - Alzakera Everything | Phonetics and Phonology | Scoop.it

There is a theory that claims that English has stress-timed rhythm which implies that stressed syllables tend to occur at relatively regular intervals whether they are separated by unstressed syllables or not.

 
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Phonemes and Allophones - Alzakera Everything

Mohamed Khamis's insight:

The terms phonetics and phonology are both used in discussions of the sounds of English and of English pronunciation in general. There is an important and fundamental distinction, but there is an obvious and equally fundamental connection. Phonology can only be a satisfactorily defined in relation to phonology. Similarly, Phonetics can only be given a satisfactory definition in relation to Phonology.

 
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

The Grammar of Syllable: Patterns of acceptability - Alzakera Everything

The Grammar of Syllable: Patterns of acceptability - Alzakera Everything | Phonetics and Phonology | Scoop.it
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Free Variation

Free variation is an exception to the main criterion of allophony, invariance of meaning. When one sound is substituted for another for another and no meaning difference arises, we are dealing with two allophones of the same phoneme.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

The sounds of language

The sounds of spoken English do not match up, a lot of the time, with letters of written English.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Phonology: Stress in simple words

The nature of stress
A stressed syllabic in transcription is marked by placing a small vertical line (') high up, just before the syllable it relates to. Examples are "father" /'fa:ðə/, "reltion" /rɪ'leɪʃn/ and "about /ə'bəut/.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Sound [z]: (Voiced; Lingua-Alveolar Fricative; Continuant)

[z] of buzz [z] is the voiced member of the voiced and voiceless pair of lingua-alveolar fricatives [z-s]. In articulating [z] the lips are in a neutral position.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Why Improve Our Speech?

We live in a social order in which there are levels of
linguistic usage. Each level has distinguishing characteristics that may be
identified immediately as those of the educated, cultivated speaker; the less
well educated; or the uneducated.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Your Linguistic Environment: Summary

Pronunciation is a vital, ever-changing phenomenon that
helps to give language its resilience and vigor. These changes will be resisted
and tested by the forces of literacy generally.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Sound [i]: (High Front – Tense – Unrounded)

[i] of eat
The mandible is lowered only slightly from a
position of closure. This position results in the smallest vertical aperture of
the lips for that of any of the vowel sounds.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Diphtongs in Detail: Summary

The five English diphthongs are [eɪ-aɪ-aʊ-ɔɪ-oʊ]. The diphthong is a continuously changing sound gliding from one of two vowels to the other in the same syllable.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

The Study of Language - Alzakera Everything

Mohamed Khamis's insight:

The divine source; The natural sound source; The physical adaptation source; Teeth, lips, mouth, larynx and pharynx; The human brain; The genetic source; Study questions; Research tasks; Discussion topics/projects; Further reading

 
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Sounds in Combination - Alzakera Everything

Mohamed Khamis's insight:

The phonemes of language cannot be combined at random. For any given phoneme, certain positions are possible and certain others are not.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Rules and Constraints - Alzakera Everything

Mohamed Khamis's insight:

Most interactions of phonology with morphology, the part of linguistics which studies how words are made up of meaningful units like stems and suffixes, are extremely important in the development of phonological theory.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

The Grammar of Syllable: Patterns of acceptability

Patterns of permissibility vary in terms of filling these constituents of the syllable.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Rules and Constraints

Most interactions of phonology with morphology, the part of linguistics which studies how words are made up of meaningful units like stems and suffixes, are extremely important in the development of phonological theory.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Phonology: Complex word stress

Complex words
"Simple" words: are “not composed of more than one grammatical unit”, e.g. care.
"Complex" words: are composed of two or more morphological units; careful / careless.
Words made from a basic word form (stem) with an affix.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Your Linguistic Environment: Introduction

PRONUNCIATION IS A VITAL, EVER-CHANGING PHENOMENON. A given feature of pronunciation may live its allotted span and die with a single speaker, or with a single generation; another feature may survive indefinitely.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

How Can We Improve Speech?

Critical awareness. As a child learns to speak, he
of necessity acquires the speech of those around him. It the speech is
cultivated the child develops cultivated speech.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Front Vowels in Details: Introduction

THE SOUNDS OF ENGLISH ABE ROUGHLY DIVIDED INTO TWO GENERAL classification—vowels
and consonants.
The foregoing diagram of the vowels will help us to
understand the relationships of the vowels as well as the points of
articulation.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Mohamed Khamis
Scoop.it!

Sound [ɪ]: (High Front – Lax – Unrounded)

[ɪ] of it
The mandible, to accommodate the tongue, begins to drop on each successive
sound, going from the position of [ɪ] toward that of the lowest front vowel.
more...
No comment yet.