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Rescooped by Scott Barber from Ayahuasca News!

A Brief Guide to Embodied Cognition: Why You Are Not Your Brain

A Brief Guide to Embodied Cognition: Why You Are Not Your Brain | Perception |

Embodied cognition, the idea that the mind is not only connected to the body but that the body influences the mind, is one of the more counter-intuitive ideas in cognitive science. In sharp contrast is dualism, a theory of mind famously put forth by Rene Descartes in the 17th century when he claimed that “there is a great difference between mind and body, inasmuch as body is by nature always divisible, and the mind is entirely indivisible… the mind or soul of man is entirely different from the body.” In the proceeding centuries, the notion of the disembodied mind flourished. From it, western thought developed two basic ideas: reason is disembodied because the mind is disembodied and reason is transcendent and universal. However, as George Lakoff and Rafeal Núñez explain:


Cognitive science calls this entire philosophical worldview into serious question on empirical grounds… [the mind] arises from the nature of our brains, bodies, and bodily experiences. This is not just the innocuous and obvious claim that we need a body to reason; rather, it is the striking claim that the very structure of reason itself comes from the details of our embodiment… Thus, to understand reason we must understand the details of our visual system, our motor system, and the general mechanism of neural binding.


What exactly does this mean? It means that our cognition isn’t confined to our cortices. That is, our cognition is influenced, perhaps determined by, our experiences in the physical world. This is why we say that something is “over our heads” to express the idea that we do not understand; we are drawing upon the physical inability to not see something over our heads and the mental feeling of uncertainty. Or why we understand warmth with affection; as infants and children the subjective judgment of affection almost always corresponded with the sensation of warmth, thus giving way to metaphors such as “I’m warming up to her.”

Via ddrrnt, Jerónimo M.M.
Claudia M. Reder's comment, May 19, 2013 8:28 PM
Alexander Vorobiev-Char's curator insight, February 4, 2014 2:14 AM

Соответствуют ли Ваши мысли возможностям Вашего тела? Что из них первично?

Eli Levine's comment, February 4, 2014 9:35 AM
This sounds like an analogy to a government sitting within a society. For example, while a government does technically control the body society through the production of laws (to a limited extent), the body society also influences and effects the government (brain) to produce different results. This is how government can be working independently of (and sometimes, contrary to) the rest of society, just as the society can also work independently of (and, sometimes, when the government isn't being cooperative with society's needs) contrary to the government.<br><br>Thanks for this! :)
Rescooped by Scott Barber from consumer psychology!

How Typefaces Influence Perception and Persuasion

How Typefaces Influence Perception and Persuasion | Perception |

"Words possess an extraordinary amount of power and the ones we choose can have a major impact on response and results..."


Via Leona Ungerer
Michael Rost's curator insight, August 17, 2013 4:22 PM

Fonts are like dialects...

Rescooped by Scott Barber from Science News!

5, 10, 11 or 17 Human Senses

5, 10, 11 or 17 Human Senses | Perception |

We have considerably more than five senses, but the actually number is a matter of some dispute. We settled on 10 senses for this post, but some scientists go all the way up to 17; and this doesn’t include seeing dead people or having common sense!

Via Sakis Koukouvis
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Rescooped by Scott Barber from The 21st Century!

ADHD As A Difference In Cognition, Not A Disorder: Stephen Tonti at TEDxCMU

Stephen is a Senior Directing major at Carnegie Mellon. He is also the current President of Carnegie Mellon's Film Club. He recently completed his Thesis Pro...

Via Dr. Susan Bainbridge
Alejandro Tortolini's curator insight, July 29, 2013 5:29 PM

Cuidado con trivializar el tema de la falta de atención o dispersión en los chicos. El TDAH no existe como trastorno, poco antes de morir su "descubridor", el Dr. León Eisenberg, reconoció que el TDAH era una enfermedad ficticia inventada por él. Pero hay una cultura de la distracción que es innegable y que no es un "nuevo modo cognitivo".