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The Homebrew Industrial Revolution, Chapter One

The original technological revolution of the late Middle Ages, the eotechnic, was associated with the skilled craftsmen of the free towns, and eventually incorporated the fruits of investigation by the early scientists.  It began with agricultural innovations like the horse collar, horseshoe and crop rotation.  It achieved great advances in the use of wood and glass, masonry, and paper (the latter including the printing press).  The agricultural advances of the early second millennium were further built on by the innovations of market gardeners in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries—like, for example,  raised bed horticulture, composting and intensive soil development, and the hotbeds and greenhouses made possible by advances in cheap production of glass.

 
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Caroline Ivy's curator insight, March 24, 2015 10:32 AM

Unit 5-This article is about the transition from the Neolithic Revolution to the Second Agricultural Revolution.

 

The biggest change brought about by the Second Agricultural Revolution was the shift from many small subsistence farms to fewer, larger commercial farms. Improving technology (Steam power, the Mechanical Reaper, intelligent planting methods) meant that, to be cost efficient, agriculture had to be more localized. Harnessing the power of natural gas allowed for faster, more efficient harvesting and yields increased greatly. Thanks to the Second Agricultural Revolution, we are able to feed more people than would have been possible, as it was a stepping stone to even greater production.

Peer2Politics
on peer-to-peer dynamics in politics, the economy and organizations
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Can Self-Driving Cars Save Our Cities?

Can Self-Driving Cars Save Our Cities? | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Can autonomous cars give us a do-over with our cities, fossil fuel dependence, affordable housing, and also workers? Robin Chase, author of Peers, Inc and co-founder of Zipcar says yes. Or at least they have the potential to.
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ringacrux's comment, August 27, 2016 1:06 AM
This is so great!
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A Shareable Explainer: What is a Platform Co-op?

A Shareable Explainer: What is a Platform Co-op? | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
by Maira Sutton, Cat Johnson and Neal Gorenflo The sharing economy held great promise when it first emerged. It was seen as a way to help people build community, reduce unnecessary consumption, and generate extra income. It was based on the brilliantly simple notion that when we share, everybody has more.
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The EU wants to block Romania's 51% local food shift. Who cares? | Transition Network

The EU wants to block Romania's 51% local food shift. Who cares? | Transition Network | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Amid all the mayhem and turmoil of recent weeks, here's a news story you may have missed. The Romanian parliament unanimously passed an amendment to the country's "Law on the Sale of Food Products" bill which states that every large supermarket in the country must ensure that 51% of the fruit, vegetables, meat, eggs, honey, dairy products and baked goods they stock are "locally sourced". As a demonstration of how enlightened policymaking can unlock Transition, it's an eye-catching and paradigm-shifting piece of legislation. But is it legal, and, actually, does that matter anyway?

 

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Eric Snyder's comment, February 26, 8:43 AM
Interesting conundrum... Apparently we can't suck and blow at the same time.
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A challenge on autonomy in care?

A challenge on autonomy in care? | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
I came across a fantastic article, that, at least for me, could be a game changer. It deals with clinical practice in the Amish communities of America. The Amish faith dictates they vet very carefully any innovation for stuff that could introduce perverse incentives in their lives. They prize something they call "autonomy": electricity, for example, can be bad if it powers activities that will make people drift away from the community, but it's OK for, say, lighting your workplace.
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The rise and fall of Corbyn’s economics

The rise and fall of Corbyn’s economics | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

The three main ideas are summarised here. They were more progressive taxation to create greater equality both as a matter of fact and to deliver justice in the way that the deficit was tackled. Second, the tax gap was to be tackled to provide funding and to create a level playing field for business. And third, People’s Quantitative Easing was, in combination with a National Investment Bank, to be used to fund a new industrial strategy. What the document did not say was what the overall vision was: it focussed on policies not philosophies but it rattled the mainstream media and much of Labour nonetheless.

 

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Capital(ism) for the Commons?

Capital(ism) for the Commons? | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Michel Bauwens answered to the critique of Stefan Meretz on Peer Production License. Jakob Rigi from Hungary enters the debate commenting on both positions. They are documented in the following. My…
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Profit and Gift in the Digital Economy - P2P Foundation

Profit and Gift in the Digital Economy - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"Our economy is neither overwhelmingly capitalist, as Marxist political economists argue, nor overwhelmingly a market economy, as mainstream economists assume. Both approaches ignore vast swathes of the economy, including the gift, collaborative and hybrid forms that coexist with more conventional capitalism in the new digital economy. Drawing on economic sociology, anthropology of the gift and heterodox economics, this book proposes a groundbreaking framework for analysing diverse economic systems: a political economy of practices. The framework is used to analyse Apple, Wikipedia, Google, YouTube and Facebook, showing how different complexes of appropriative practices bring about radically different economic outcomes. Innovative and topical, Profit and Gift in the Digital Economy focusses on an area of rapid social change while developing a theoretically and politically radical framework that will be of continuing long-term relevance. It will appeal to students, activists and academics in the social sciences."

 

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Peter Thiel Is Very, Very Interested in Young People's Blood

Peter Thiel Is Very, Very Interested in Young People's Blood | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
The contrarian venture capitalist believes transfusions may hold the key to his dream of living forever.
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(Future 10) Three More ‘Must Read’ Books about our Future

(Future 10) Three More ‘Must Read’ Books about our Future | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Recommended reading if you want to know what is Changing Fast. I. "Exponential Organizations" Exponential Organizations: Why new organizations are ten times better, faster, and cheaper than yours (and what to do about it) Paperback – October 14, 2014 by Salim Ismail (Author), Michael S. Malone (Author), Yuri van Geest (Author), Peter H. Diamandis (Foreword)…
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Pools: A Proposal for One-Click Co-ops in Online Groups | P2P Foundation

Thinking about ways of mainstreaming the co-op model, the idea that keeps coming up is something like a co-op layer on top of a site like Meetup.
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C8 “THE LIST” of Booming City-Regions on the Corridoria Trade Route – Updated April, 2016

C8 “THE LIST” of Booming City-Regions on the Corridoria Trade Route – Updated April, 2016 | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
((updates: Bratislava, Köszeg and Kumport added; Leicester added)) Since 2008 we all are in an economic crisis. Fortunately, in certain cities and city area's recently business and industry is suddenly picking up speed. Examples are Rotterdam, Eindhoven and Bavaria in Germany ("Laptops und Lederhosen"). On closer inspection city area's are booming in a trail from…
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How to Start a Library of Things

How to Start a Library of Things | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
DeDeelkelder Library of Things in Utrect, Netherlands. Credit: Sanne van Vliet
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No new scoops for a while

No new scoops for a while | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Sorry, but I need to stop this scoop temporary due to ill health. 

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Rudy Cruysbergs's comment, November 15, 2016 1:10 PM
jean, we're missing you! how are you doing?
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Book of Peer Production

Book of Peer Production | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

The Book of Peer Production has been released as a special edition of Journal of Peer Production. It consists of papers written by presenters at the Peer Production-track at the Free Society Conference and Nordic Summit (FSCONS) in Göteborg 2014. It is cool, that all content in the book is in the public domain.

 

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The Opposite of Addiction is Connection

The Opposite of Addiction is Connection | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
If trauma and the subsequent lack of connection sets the stage for addiction, could restoring connection be the solution?
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What The Amish Can Teach Us About Modern Medicine

What The Amish Can Teach Us About Modern Medicine | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
When healthcare is expensive, the Amish culture of autonomy and thrift may be a way to balance communal support and individual responsibility. Sara Talpos finds out more.
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Startup Management » The Theory of a Blockchain Circular Economy and the Future of Work

Startup Management » The Theory of a Blockchain Circular Economy and the Future of Work | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
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The next step in complementary currency

The next step in complementary currency | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Complementary currencies like the Bristol Pound act as vouchers for national currency. You swap one Bristol Pound for a Bank of England pound at a  1:1 or 1:0,9 rate. The benefit of a currency like that is that it encourages money to stay in the local economy (jobs with it). The Bristol Pound is valid…
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Noomap: A Socio-Technological Innovation for Communications and Co-Creation

This video will be updated soon to reflect more recent developments in Noomap´s progress, and we still love sharing this because it expresses some core values,…
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Digital globalization: The new era of global flows | McKinsey & Company

Digital globalization: The new era of global flows | McKinsey & Company | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Soaring flows of data and information now generate more economic value than the global goods trade.
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How megacities are changing the map of the world | Parag Khanna

"I want you to reimagine how life is organized on earth," says global strategist Parag Khanna. As our expanding cities grow ever more connected throug
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