Peer2Politics
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Peer2Politics
on peer-to-peer dynamics in politics, the economy and organizations
Curated by jean lievens
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Difference between revisions of "Open Source Architecture License" - P2P Foundation

Difference between revisions of "Open Source Architecture License" - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

A lot was written about open-source architecture by Kaspori (2003), Fuller & Haque (2008), Sallingaros (2011), Ratti (2011) and Ratti and Claudel (2015), but very was actually done, because the framework doesn't exists and the open-source architecture ideas have been related to "Architecture without architects", DIY architecture and Alexander's (1977) ideas. But open source isn't about the amateurs - it's about the professionals, delivering faster, inexpensive and better products."

 

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Policy Proposals for City as Commons - P2P Foundation

Policy Proposals for City as Commons - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

There are, I believe, four types of commons to distinguish ... The first type is the immaterial commons we inherit, such as language and culture. The second type is the immaterial commons we create. This is where the hugely important knowledge and digital commons come in (since it this digital commons that is currently exploding). The third type is the material commons we inherit, the oceans, the atmosphere, the forests, etc.; and the fourth type is the as yet underappreciated potential for the created material commons, i.e. productively manufactured resources.

 

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Policies for Commons Collaborative Economies at the European Level - P2P Foundation

Policies for Commons Collaborative Economies at the European Level - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Cooperation in achieving shared objectives and the provision of goods and services that meet the needs of the population and ensure a decent life is, or should be, the purpose of the economy. In this regard, the adoption of new information technologies and communication has greatly reduced transaction costs for coordination and collaboration. If in other historical moments the reduction of these costs explains the emergence of the "traditional" firm as we know it, during the last three decades it has generated an explosion of collaborative activity mediated by Internet through new models of organization, where citizens collaborate supported by digital platforms and other cutting­edge technologies for the achievement of common goals.

 

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City as a Commons - P2P Foundation

City as a Commons - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"As rapid urbanization intensifies around the world, so do contestations over how city space is utilized and for whose benefit urban revitalization is undertaken. The most prominent sites of this contestation are efforts by city residents to claim important urban goods — open squares, parks, abandoned or underutilized buildings, vacant lots, cultural institutions, streets and other urban infrastructure — as collective, or shared, resources of urban communities. The assertion of a common stake or interest in resources shared with others is a way of resisting the privatization and/or commodification of these resources. We situate these claims within an emerging “urban commons” framework embraced by progressive reformers and scholars across multiple disciplines. The urban commons framework has the potential to provide a discourse, and set of tools, for the development of revitalized and inclusive cities. Yet, scholars have failed to fully develop the concept of the “urban commons,” limiting its utility to policymakers.

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Monopoly for the people: three strange days at the urbanism 'idea camp'

Monopoly for the people: three strange days at the urbanism 'idea camp' | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
The common language at the European Cultural Foundation’s second annual Idea Camp was English. Unofficially, it was urbanese
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Social Theory for the Smart City and the Spectrum of Control - P2P Foundation

Social Theory for the Smart City and the Spectrum of Control - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"There is a certain allure to the idea that cities allow a person to both feel at home and like a stranger in the same place. That one can know the streets and shops, avenues and alleys, while also going days without being recognized. But as government and corporate actors, often in close partnership with each other, fill cities with “smart” [1] technologies — turning them into platforms for the “Internet of Things” (IoT): sensors and computation embedded within physical objects that then connect, communicate, and/or transmit information with or between each other through the Internet — there is little escape from a seamless web of surveillance (cf., Hollands, 2008; Townsend, 2014; Neirotti, et al., 2014). Soon, for example, shoppers and viewers will be as “known” by a store or gallery as they are able to know it (Arnsdorf, 2010). Facial recognition software, or smartphone emanations, can project your identity, likely spending habits, and reputation: shoplifter or big spender, “Mortgage Woes” or “Boomer Barons” (to use actual categories from marketers) (Castle Press, 2010).

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Paul Krugman | Preliminary Notes on Inequality and Urbanism - New York Times (blog)

Paul Krugman | Preliminary Notes on Inequality and Urbanism - New York Times (blog) | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
Not a one-sided story.
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Citizen's Parliament in Catalonia - P2P Foundation

Citizen's Parliament in Catalonia - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"The Citizens' Parliament has emerged because our representative institutions are demonstrably not working. They don't perform their basic functions; they don't engage with the public to think about what to do, and they don't ask questions. Rather than truly legislating, they bow to the will of lobbies. They don't promote political culture or public involvement. In fact, they encourage passivity. In the face of this situation, the Citizens' Parliament reflects the intuition that the power to legislate derives from the knowledge of the citizenry in many sectors. We can exercise executive capacity through civil disobedience, campaigns, social movements and actions, and spaces for learning and fostering political culture. Compared to lobbies, our strength lies in the fact that we're working for the common good in the hope of creating a collaborative world.

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Design for a Living Planet - P2P Foundation

Design for a Living Planet - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
"In this brief, accessible volume, the authors — an urban philosopher and a mathematician-physicist — explain the surprising new findings from the sciences that are beginning to transform environmental design in the modern era. Authors Michael Mehaffy and Nikos Salingaros explore fractals, networks, self-organization, dynamical systems and other revolutionary ideas, describing them to non-science readers in a direct and engaging way. The book also examines fascinating new topics of design, including Agile, Wiki, Design Patterns and other “open-source” approaches from the software world. The authors conclude that a profound transformation is under way in modern design — and today’s students and practitioners will need to be aware of its implications for our future."
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Tall Tower Debates Could Use Less Dogma, Better Design

Tall Tower Debates Could Use Less Dogma, Better Design | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
When it comes to tall buildings, there's a lot of dogma out there among urbanists, in both directions. Lets spend more time and attention on the quality of tower and neighbourhood design, rather than on how tall the buildings are.
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Rapid urbanisation collides with the sharing economy: meet the car of the future

Rapid urbanisation collides with the sharing economy: meet the car of the future | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

I see the megatrends, and more particularly the collisions between them, as major drivers for change and innovation across the entire global automotive sector. In particular, I think they will not only transform the lifestyle of individuals, but the culture of society as a whole.

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Barcelona 5.0 Plan - P2P Foundation

Barcelona 5.0 Plan - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
"As Tomás Diez, director of the Fab Lab Barcelona project, explains in interview at owni.eu held in November 2011, their idea is to make Barcelona a Fab City. The current urban layout of Barcelona can be seen as a product of major events like the 1992 Olympics and the Universal Forum of Cultures in 2004. For the future of Barcelona, Vincente Guallart (former director of the IAAC and chief architect of Barcelona), and Antoni Vives (deputy mayor in charge of urban planning and information and technology) aim to build Barcelona 5.0.
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Let's make suburbs into cities: New urbanism, car culture and the future of ... - Salon

Let's make suburbs into cities: New urbanism, car culture and the future of ... - Salon | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it


The communitarians offered a bracing critique of the nation's social ills, and they argued that a revived “community” would fill its void of values.

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Open Source Architecture License - P2P Foundation

Open Source Architecture License - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

A lot was written about open-source architecture by Kaspori (2003), Fuller & Haque (2008), Sallingaros (2011), Ratti (2011) and Ratti and Claudel (2015), but very was actually done, because the framework doesn't exists and the open-source architecture ideas have been related to "Architecture without architects", DIY architecture and Alexander's (1977) ideas. But open source isn't about the amateurs - it's about the professionals, delivering faster, inexpensive and better products."

 

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Distributing Power: Jeremy Till on the Complex Necessity of Participatory Urbanism

Distributing Power: Jeremy Till on the Complex Necessity of Participatory Urbanism | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

As a profession with the power to alter people's cities and neighborhoods - and indeed therefore their lives - architecture is often a controversial...

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Reflections on Sharing-Based Economic Alternatives in Thessaloniki as a City in Crisis - P2P Foundation

Reflections on Sharing-Based Economic Alternatives in Thessaloniki as a City in Crisis - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

"The dissertation focuses on emerging alternative economic networks within a city in crisis, trying to identify their particular socio-economic and techno-economic characteristics, evaluate their socioeconomic viability and compose a broader strategy in managing their expansion. The dissertation establishes the study area within the broader frame of ‘sharing cities’, referring to urban strategies that support the development of socioeconomic networks supported by the use of ICTs as means of enhancing local resilience, social cohesion and boost economic revitalization. The focus is made around three existing initiatives within the city of Thessaloniki, Greece – two Time-banks and a local community currency network that operate through digital platforms. Following qualitative research methods, the dissertation’s purpose is to outline weaknesses and potentials of various models to promote cooperative action within the city, enhance horizontal wealth distribution and community self-management, while providing a fertile ground for further research around sharing cities and alternative economic models as strategies towards combating poverty, enhancing social capital and creating resilient local networks within the cities.

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Publications ← P2P Lab

Publications ← P2P Lab | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

The P2P Lab is an independent media lab interested in interdisciplinary research on free/open source technologies and practices.

Our mission is to:

  • strive for integrative insights on the open technologies and the peer-to-peer practices.
  • provide consultancy support to organisations and institutions regarding open technologies and relevant socio-economic trends.
  • produce innovative, global techno-economic solutions to local problems.
  • write, edit and publish articles, reports and books in the diverse range of topics we investigate.
  • organise open events for reflection and action as well as to educate people about critical and creative tools for society-changing.

We are constantly on the look-out for co-operation on interesting projects.

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Streets and Permeable Paving and Extreme Weather Preparedness | Sustainable Cities Collective

Streets and Permeable Paving and Extreme Weather Preparedness | Sustainable Cities Collective | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

In the circles I travel, there is a lot of discussion about the importance of streets and their design to our communities. In short, for many decades there has been too little attention paid to the effect of streets on pedestrians, bicyclists, transit users, merchants and their customers, on children. Instead, the overwhelming thrust of thinking about these critically important public spaces has been placed upon their role as conveyances for motor vehicles.

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Mário Carmo's curator insight, June 13, 2015 4:47 AM

While the practice of greening our streets is in its infancy, policies and projects are emerging.

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Estimating the Economic Value of Green Infrastructure: Economic Valuation Models

Estimating the Economic Value of Green Infrastructure: Economic Valuation Models | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
A study has proposed a method to place monetary value on green infrastructure at both a project and regional scale, which illustrates the value of investing in green infrastructure to the public an...
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Bologna Regulation for the Care and Regeneration of Urban Commons - P2P Foundation

Bologna Regulation for the Care and Regeneration of Urban Commons - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
"This Regulation was drafted by a working group appointed by the City of Bologna within the project “The city as a Commons” supported by Fondazione del Monte di Bologna e Ravenna (www.fondazionedelmonte.it). The Italian version can be downloaded here. Translation into English was prepared and edited by LabGov - LABoratory for the GOVernance of commons (http://www.labgov.it) at LUISS Guido Carli. Through this acknowledgment note, LabGov would like to express its gratitude to all those who spent time and energies on this translation of what is now known as the Bologna Regulation on Public Collaboration for Urban Commons. Thus we extend our thanks to LabGov interns who translated single parts of this Regulation: Salvatore Borghese, Edoardo De Stefani, Elena de Nictolis, Alessandra Feola, Fabio Fioravanti, Rosaria Gimmelli, Lucia Mosca, Silvia Pianta, Gianluca Purpura, Marco Quaglia, Stefano Speranza, Margherita Sperduti. Also, LabGov expresses sincere gratitude to professors Sheila Foster and Giacinto della Cananea for commenting the regulation and its English version during the workshop on "Urban commons and the Bologna Regulation on public collaboration. An Inter-Atlantic dialogue" held at LUISS Guido Carli on October 31st, 2014." (http://www.labgov.it/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Bologna-Regulation-on-collaboration-between-citizens-and-the-city-for-the-cure-and-regeneration-of-urban-commons1.pdf)
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Bologna Regulation for the Care and Regeneration of Urban Commons - P2P Foundation

Bologna Regulation for the Care and Regeneration of Urban Commons - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
"This Regulation was drafted by a working group appointed by the City of Bologna within the project “The city as a Commons” supported by Fondazione del Monte di Bologna e Ravenna (www.fondazionedelmonte.it). The Italian version can be downloaded here. Translation into English was prepared and edited by LabGov - LABoratory for the GOVernance of commons (http://www.labgov.it) at LUISS Guido Carli. Through this acknowledgment note, LabGov would like to express its gratitude to all those who spent time and energies on this translation of what is now known as the Bologna Regulation on Public Collaboration for Urban Commons. Thus we extend our thanks to LabGov interns who translated single parts of this Regulation: Salvatore Borghese, Edoardo De Stefani, Elena de Nictolis, Alessandra Feola, Fabio Fioravanti, Rosaria Gimmelli, Lucia Mosca, Silvia Pianta, Gianluca Purpura, Marco Quaglia, Stefano Speranza, Margherita Sperduti. Also, LabGov expresses sincere gratitude to professors Sheila Foster and Giacinto della Cananea for commenting the regulation and its English version during the workshop on "Urban commons and the Bologna Regulation on public collaboration. An Inter-Atlantic dialogue" held at LUISS Guido Carli on October 31st, 2014." (http://www.labgov.it/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Bologna-Regulation-on-collaboration-between-citizens-and-the-city-for-the-cure-and-regeneration-of-urban-commons1.pdf)
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Capturing the Networked Society - Case 17 Zero Site - YouTube

Urbanization is a fact of life. City populations currently increase by 7,500 people every hour and mobile data traffic is expected to grow ten times in the next five years. Zero Site solution is designed to make streets safer and mobile communication easier by merging wireless connectivity with energy-efficient lighting.

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Co-Mantova - P2P Foundation

Co-Mantova - P2P Foundation | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it
"prof. Christian Iaione, presented to the public the idea emerged from the Lab: to create a new institutional prototype called CO-Mantova. This new subject will be based on the care and shared regeneration of cultural commons and will aims to make collaborative local governance for the community. CO-Mantova aspires to be the institutional mechanism that enable the collaboration among Public authorities, Businesses, Civil society organizations, Schools and Universities and Social innovators. This new subject will be a community business for innovation, collaboration and cultural commons and will have three policy areas: Making, Growing, Living." (http://www.labgov.it/in-mantua-at-work-for-the-governance-proposal/)
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Predictions for the Year 2514: Dystopia That Feels Like Utopia

Predictions for the Year 2514: Dystopia That Feels Like Utopia | Peer2Politics | Scoop.it

Humanists typically look toward the future with extreme pessimism, assuming conditions of technological oppressiveness: Surveillance is rampant, the human being has been shorn of dignity, the state is overpowering, and individuality is a lost cause before the powerful onslaught of the collective. Zamyatin and Orwell are prime examples of this kind of extrapolation. There are also instances of humanist utopias (beginning with Thomas Moore and continuing with the socialist utopias of William Morris and Edward Bellamy), but they tend to be curiously bloodless, lacking the conviction and richness of the dystopias.

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