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Farming & Agriculture: Pit planting can help in higher sugarcane yield

Farming & Agriculture: Pit planting can help in higher sugarcane yield | Organic Farming | Scoop.it

New cultivation method catching on; 10 ratoon harvest possible

A new method of sugarcane cultivation, called pit method or ring pit method, which is cost-effective and at the same time helps farmers get a higher yield is slowly catching on.

Several farm trials have proved that by adopting this method, the yield can be increased to two or three times compared to the normal row-to-row planting technique.

 Mr I. Varatharajan, a farmer in Somenahalli village of Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu, has got a yield of over 300 tonnes in a hectare by following this method.

Mr Varatharajan was awarded the best farmer award by the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore for getting the highest yield in sugarcane under pit method.

Under the conventional system, the setts are grown in rows of 90 cm spacing and are arranged in a series without adequate spacing. The germinated setts are very thin in appearance and ultimately affect the number of canes in each setts and its development.

In pit method, the crops are raised in pits at the spacing of 180 cm between rows and 150 cm between individual pits in a row.

According to Mr. Varatharajan,the pits are dug using specially designed tractor drawn power tillers. The pits are then filled with top soil, 5 kg of farmyard manure (FYM), 100 gms gypsum and 125 gms super phosphate and watered well before planting.

Treatment

About 16 double budded or 32 single budded setts were used for planting. The setts were collected from the eight-month-old plants and were treated with 0.1 per cent carbendazim for 10 minutes before planting. About 60,000 double budded setts were required for planting in one hectare.The pits were irrigated daily for an hour through drip fertigation.

"About 80 gms of urea and 30 gms of potash were applied once in five days starting from the 15th day after planting. Detrashing was done on fifth month after planting and the plants were tied without lodging by dried leaves, said Mr Varatharajan.

Vigorous growth

The growth of the crop was vigorous and they matured at the eighth month after planting.

Due to the equal spacing maintained on all the sides the plants grew steadily and the nutrition supplied through drip fertigation reduced the crop duration.

The continuous supply of nutrition and spacing induces the early physiological maturity that was the major benefit the farmer.

All the shoots are of the same age, so there is uniform growth and sugar accumulation in the canes.

Sufficient space between the clumps and row to row allows sufficient light and air circulation, which is important for good growth of the crop.

The most important factor was that the sugarcane setts were placed at a depth, which were always moist, hence, in case of drought, or non-availability of water the yield was not affected.

INCOME

IMr Varatharajan has spent about Rs 1,30,000 per hectare and has earned about Rs 2 lakh as net income in his first harvest.

"Under the conventional system, farmers in Tamil Nadu are at present harvesting about 130 tonnes a hectare which yields a net income of about Rs 1,43,000. In ratoon harvests, they may get a yield of 320 to 350 tonnes.

"But under pit method one can expect to harvest nearly 10 ratoon crops with a yield of about 60-70 tonnes during every ratoon harvest compared to the conventional method where only one or two ratoon harvest is possible," said Mr Varatharajan.

 

 

http://pakagri.blogspot.in/2012/04/pit-planting-can-help-in-higher.html

 

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Old Gypsy's comment, June 23, 2012 3:40 PM
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Sanatana Pages: Organic farming and the centrality of the cow

Sanatana Pages: Organic farming and the centrality of the cow | Organic Farming | Scoop.it

Subhash Palekar Raises Agriculture to Spiritual Levels

For over sixty years, Indian agriculture was in a slumber. Our lands were scandalized by an unknown thing called as synthetic fertlizer. This was done to help the farmer get a 'better' harvest.

As the farmer started using it, he immediately noticed that, his soil had become infertile and could no longer bear crops for the next season. He was advised to add more and more fertilizer to the soil to compensate for the nutrient loss. Soon he was faced with another threat. The plants that grew with fertilizer needed pesticides. Soon, he started using these pesticides, which are deadly poisons. He noticed that the pests had become resistant to these chemicals as time went by. He was puzzled.

Our farmer forgot the ancient lesson that the soil HAD LIFE. He forgot that there were natural laws that governed the soil which his ancestors had obeyed from time immemorial. By thus obeying the laws , they had taken bumper harvests and had kept the land well cared for and transferred the land intact for posterity.

Subhash Palekar

It was at this time that a great mind set out to work in this field. He himself was a graduate of Agricultural science from a 'modern university'. He set out to work in his field using the British devised ways of Fertlisers and Pesticides and became an utter failure. He also ruined his land.

Then he set out to research on how our ancestors did so well in Agriculture without any of these chemicals. He consulted the Vedas, and the ancient wisdom literature. The result is a revolutionary, path breaking method, which Sri Subhash calls as 'Zero Budget Natural Farming'. Sri Subhash tried his method in his own soil and replicated it in various other fields tasting success every time.

An inspired Sri Subhash set out to teach this method to his countrymen. He has so far conducted not less than 1000 workshops, all heavily attended, to spread this new way of life for farmers.

The fundamental concept in Sri Subhash's work is that
1. Soil does not need nutrients to be added.
2. The soil has micro organisms which GENERATE NUTRIENTS for the soil.
3. It is possible to revive a fertliser damaged soil back to the natural ways.
4. That the new method require no money to do Agriculture.

Fascinating, is it not ? Read on for some more.

Sri Subhash says the pivot of 'Zero Budget Natural Farming' is the desi cow. He says that the desi cow's Urine, Cow dung and Milk have all the qualities required to rejuvenate the soil. Just ONE desi cow, says Sri Subhash, is all that is required to maintain a 30 acre Farm. He laments that the Desi- Jersi hybrid cows are of no use in his scheme of things.

What a sad thing ? The desi (country) cow is now has such a dwindling population that we need to revive them on a war footing. I wondered why the hybrid Jersi cow is unfit. A publication of 'Govardan', a voluntary organisation for Cow protection, says that the high yield Jersi was produced by crossing a wild pig and an Australian cow breed !

Sri Subhash has some formulas to revive the soil. One is 'Jeevamrutam'. This is not a replacement for Fertlizer , he says. Jeevamrutam is only a catalyst for the soil to generate its nutrients. He says that the 'organic manure','earthworm manure' are fads and are another recipe for disaster.

Sri Subhash condemns the university taught concept of burning the leftover plants after harvest. He says that these are to be left over in the soil itself by turning them over into the soil. This process of 'Mulching' helps the soil prepare its own manure.

And what about pests ? Subhash maintains that a naturally grown plant fights pests. But the plants in transit in chemical ravaged field can be protected by simply prepared 'natural pesticides' which arwe usually buttermilk, pepper and such simple combinations.

The Government Sponsored Chemical Mafia

A govermental survey states that the fertliser subsidy alone was abot Rs 13,000.00 crores in the year 2000. Add to this the pesticide subsidy and the farmer's burden. A report says that the pesticide business in India is the fourth largest in the world! Imagine what would have happened if the money is spent on raising desi cows, strengthening ponds and lakes, and protecting the village fiorests !

There are some criminal agricultural scientists who sit and lord over every governmental commission on Agriculture. These are the very people who are in hand in glove with the synthetic mafia and have been the cause of so much decline in production. Sri Subhash has alleged that our country imports foodgrains of about 5 million tonnes every year. This fact is not known to many Indians. The governments cheats here also.

Recently, a central minister went on record stating that poor Indians are eating more and this is causing problems. It is no wonder with such people at the helm, our Agriculture remains without policy.

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Brandon Chesney's curator insight, May 27, 2015 8:25 AM

This farmer in India had been using synthetic fertilizer to grow his crops. Because he used this he noticed that the soil became Infertile and he couldn't grow new crops for the next season. Since he could not grow anymore crops he started using more and more fertilizers which in turn led to having to use Pesticides. He had forgot the whole kind of law set in place about how the soil has life and was better than any other fertilizers or pesticides.

Neohouse's comment, July 27, 2017 6:04 AM
Woa bài viết rấy hay . Mong nhận được nhiều bài viết từ bạn
Emilia Morales's curator insight, November 30, 2017 12:06 PM
soil is naturally full of rich nutrients that aid crops in growing. It doesn't need chemical fertilizers. 
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Move Over Cotton!! Say Hello to Hemp, the Forbidden Crop That is Taking the World by Storm

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Can organic crops compete with industrial agriculture?

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An analysis of 115 studies comparing organic and conventional farming finds that the crop yields of organic agriculture are higher than previously thought. Researchers also found that taking into a…
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People Thought I Was Crazy When I Became a Market Farmer at the Age of Twenty Five. Here Is Why They Are Wrong.

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When I look at the reasons I became an organic, market farmer at the age of twenty-five, it wasn't because I am an activist. Although I am. And it wasn't because I care about the environment. Although I do. It was because I had a conversation in the parking lot of Thrifty Foods Grocery store,…
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Small farms may be better for food security and biodiversity

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'understanding roots,' with robert kourik - A Way To Garden

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Why Your Urine Is Too Good to Waste

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Almost all of the nitrogen and phosphorous we ingest comes out of our bodies — what if we could return it to the soil?
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For 40 Years and With His Own Money, This Mandya Villager Has Kept Drought at Bay

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The secret to richer, carbon-capturing soil? Treat your microbes well

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Wonder of Creation: Soil: The Foundation of Life, Part I

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The Science of Composting - Composting for the Homeowner - University of Illinois Extension

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Pannirselvam's curator insight, September 6, 2017 3:15 PM
comosting can help biodigestao
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(With music) Capillary water and how it can help to fight desertification

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Grassroots innovation? A fertiliser made of curd is reducing farming costs in Bihar

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Most Common Seed Starting Problems And How To Fix Them - The Plant Guide

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Advanced Diploma in Farming

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This 700-Year-Old Farming Technique Can Make Super Fertile Soil - The Plant Guide

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Small-scale approaches to agriculture key to alleviating world hunger

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Emilia Morales's curator insight, November 30, 2017 12:11 PM
small scale farming is the key in ending world hunger in developing country's.
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How to create fertility without buying fertiliser.

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Can mushrooms and solar power fill Japan's vacant farmland? - Nikkei Asian Review

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How Does it Grow? Garlic

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Episode Two: Peeling back the layers of nature's most powerful superfood.

Via Seth Dixon
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Seth Dixon's curator insight, July 12, 2017 3:17 PM

This 5-minute video is a good introduction to garlic, it's production, environmental requirements, nutritional profile and diffusion.  Historically, garlic was far more important than I ever imagined.  The geography of food goes far beyond the kitchen and there are many more episodes in the "How Does it Grow?" series to show that.

 

Tags: foodeconomicfood production, agribusiness, industryvideo, agriculture.

Edward Russell's curator insight, September 12, 2017 5:15 AM
interesting little video
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How Trees Talk to Each Other

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One of the defining aspects of indigenous cultures around their world is their connection to specific territories where they have lived for hundreds and thousands of years. Compared to modern-day western societies which are more defined by migrations and mobility, indigenous cultures have their lives and livelihoods demarcated by the specific conditions and context of their places. While these sorts of territorial limitations may seem to us westerners as undesirable …
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