Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
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Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
Combining reports, research findings and topic reviews
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Scientists Learn to Detect Zika Virus Using Nuclear-Derived Technique

Scientists Learn to Detect Zika Virus Using Nuclear-Derived Technique | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it
More than thirty doctors, epidemiologists, microbiologists and laboratory technicians from Latin America, the Caribbean and Africa learned how to use a nuclear-derived technique to detect the Zika virus during IAEA training courses this month.

These courses are being run in order to assist with the scaling up of reliable laboratory testing which is now required in a number of countries in order to detect this particular virus in affected patients.
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An unexpected microbe is lethal for some organ transplant recipents - Science /AAAS

An unexpected microbe is lethal for some organ transplant recipents - Science /AAAS | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

A just released research study points the finger at a certain type of bacteria that can cause a lethal increase in the ammonia levels of lung transplant recipients which can then lead on to death.

 

For the first time as the result of scientific detective work the organisms concerned (Ureaplasma type bacteria), appear to become problematic for lung transplant recipients if they become infected with them.

Deborah Verran's insight:

A significant break through in determining a cause for some of the unexplained deaths in lung transplant recipients

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Two kidney transplant patients die after each receives a new organ harbouring an unusual parasite

Two kidney transplant patients die after each receives a new organ harbouring an unusual parasite | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Two adult males,Darren Hughes and Robert 'Jim' Stuart died less than three weeks after what they believed would be life-saving kidney transplant surgery.

 

Preliminary investigations have determined that the donor organs may have been harboring a rare form of parasite and that this parasite then led to severe illness in each of the two men.

Deborah Verran's insight:

The results of several investigations are now awaited. As outlined in the online report this is an extremely rare infection and has previously only been described in a small number of cases.

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Surgeons to study use of hepatitis C positive kidneys for transplantation

Surgeons to study use of hepatitis C positive kidneys for transplantation | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it
Transplant surgeons are about to do something long considered taboo: put kidneys from donors with hepatitis C into recipients without the infection in two centers within the United States.

Now that there are new antiviral drugs are available to treat hepatitis C this has led to a push to increase the rates of organ transplantation from donors who are hepatitis C positive. 

Up to now it was only possible to transplant the organs from hepatitis C positive organ donors into recipients who were also hepatitis C positive. However in these two proposed pilot studies carefully selected and consented potential kidney transplant recipients will be able to receive the kidneys from donors with hepatitis C if they also agree to be closely monitored post transplant and in addition receive a course of direct acting antiviral medication for the hepatitis C.
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Simple steps can safeguard against Ebola transmission through organ donation in the United States

Simple steps can safeguard against Ebola transmission through organ donation in the United States | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

While serious infections can be transmitted from donated organs, the risk of passing Ebola virus disease from an organ donor to a recipient is extremely small.

 

This is the conclusion reached by researchers in the United States in a recent editorial published in the American Journal of Transplantation.

 

As there is no readily available blood test available in all regions which could provide a rapid answer to whether or not a potential organ donor was harboring Ebola a safer strategy is to rely on the donors' recent history.

Deborah Verran's insight:

Steps are being taken within the United States to put safeguards in place across the organ donation system to prevent Ebola transmission occurring.

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Infective Endocarditis Involving Implanted Cardiac Devices Linked To More Complications

Infective Endocarditis Involving Implanted Cardiac Devices Linked To More Complications | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

An increasing number of patients are undergoing implantation of a range of artifical cardiac devices. One of the feared complications is infection.

 

The April 25 issue of JAMA reports that patients with infective endocarditis, an inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, who have implanted cardiac devices have a higher rate of complications (RT @mnt_healthnews: Infective Endocarditis Involving Implanted...

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