Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
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Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
Combining reports, research findings and topic reviews
Curated by Deborah Verran
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New strategy to lift organ donation rate in New Zealand

New strategy to lift organ donation rate in New Zealand | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

A new strategy has just been launched by the government to encourage more people to be organ donors in New Zealand.


The strategy includes placing trained healthcare professionals into intensive care units, raising community awareness about organ donation, making it easier for individuals to register and finally having all of this overseen by a national organization.



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First two government funded kidney transplants have been performed in Nepal

First two government funded kidney transplants have been performed in Nepal | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

It has been reported this last week that the first government funded kidney transplants have recently been performed in Nepal.

The full link to the story-
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The Chinese Claim That The World Accepts Its Organ Transplant System Are Rebutted

The Chinese Claim That The World Accepts Its Organ Transplant System Are Rebutted | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

After it was revealed in the media that delegates from China were speaking at the Transplantation Society meeting in HongKong, concern was raised as to the veracity of their claims that the use of organs from executed prisoners within China has largely subsided. This followed publication of an article in the American Journal of Transplantation where further concerns were raised about organ donation in China. The previous article from the New York Times can be viewed via this link-

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/18/world/asia/debate-flares-on-chinas-use-of-prisoners-organs-as-experts-meet-in-hong-kong.html


The head of the Transplantation Society Professor Philip O'Connell (pictured), stated that the decades-long practice of using the organs of executed prisoners, which China claims it has stopped, had horrified the rest of the world.


There now seems to be ongoing uncertainty over whether the claims being made by Chinese officials can actually be supported by accurate data. Whatever the outcome it is clear that the majority of transplant professionals around the world are not supportive of unscrupulous organ donation practices. 

Deborah Verran's insight:
Important issue which will not go away until the appropriate management and governance practices are both adopted and promulgated within China
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Overcoming the barriers to organ transplants in Bolivia

Overcoming the barriers to organ transplants in Bolivia | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

This report comes via the Associated Press in LA PAZ, Bolivia (AP).

and features the case of a woman who finally received a live donor kidney transplant towards the end of 2014 as part of a new government sponsored initiative. This involves promoting organ transplantation as well as working on overcoming pre-existing cultural barriers, some of which are explored in the article.

 

Prior to the transplant Maria Ramos battled bouts of depression for seven years as she underwent thrice-weekly dialysis treatments to keep her alive.  Her ambition of becoming a schoolteacher at times was previously an unattainable dream.

 

 

Deborah Verran's insight:

News from Bolivia of some of the measures being taken to improve the rates of organ transplantation

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Ministerio de Salud suspendió programa de trasplante renal in Venezuela

Ministerio de Salud suspendió programa de trasplante renal in Venezuela | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Ministerio de Salud suspendió programa de trasplante renal


It has been confirmed that the Ministry of Health in Venezuela has suspended deceased donor organ donation as well as renal transplantation effective the 1st of June 2017.


This follows on from months of critical shortages of pharmaceutical agents including in particular the immunosuppressive drugs Tacrolimus and Mycophenolate Mofetil which are two of the medications most commonly prescribed to transplant recipients.


This comes on top of an increasing number of reports of adverse health outcomes in Venezuela as the health care system struggles to deliver services in the face on increasing shortages of consumable items as well as medications.


The online article includes the forceful response from the Venezuelan society of Nephrology



Deborah Verran's insight:
Patients with end stage kidney disease in Venezuela are running out of options. Humanitarian assistance will be required to support the Venezuela healthcare system in the short to medium term.
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Does China still harvest organs of executed? Doctors divided (not really!)

Does China still harvest organs of executed? Doctors divided (not really!) | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

A Canadian patient's receipt of a kidney transplant recently after waiting just three days during a recent visit to China raised an immediate red flag among surgeons at the Montreal-based Transplantation Society. A turnaround that quick indicates the organ likely came from the body of an executed prisoner. 


The case adds to doubts among many doctors internationally about whether China has met its pledge to stop harvesting the organs of executed inmates. The practice is widely condemned by the World Health Organization and others because of concerns over coercive practices and fears it could encourage executions. China officially claims it ended the harvesting of executed inmates' organs in January 2015. 


China sought to use the Transplantation Society's decision to hold its annual meeting in Hong Kong this last month as validation of its organ donation system. 


But Dr. Philip O'Connell, the society's president, rejected that interpretation, even if it appeared some reforms had been successful. In a country that routinely suppresses discussions of human-rights issues and cracks down on lawyers and independent groups, government officials and state media have been relatively open about China's problems with organ donation. 


Dr. Huang Jiefu, head of the system that supervises transplants in Chinese hospitals, has been the public face of the country's attempts to change its transplant practices. Huang publicly admitted in 2005 that doctors used executed prisoners' organs. In 2011, Huang and other officials estimated that 65 percent of transplanted organs from the deceased came from executed prisoners. In an interview Friday with The Associated Press, Huang said he was confident hospitals under his purview were moving to donated organs, but that black-market surgeries still persist. "We still have a long way to go," Huang said. According to the government, Chinese doctors performed 10,057 organ transplants in 2015.  


To read the full story click on the banner headline

Deborah Verran's insight:
Nb the word harvest in the title of this story needs to be replaced by either organ recovery or organ retrieval in 2016. Nevertheless this latest online post provides some additional detail on the current issues with organ donation in China along with confirmation from a senior official that there are still unresolved problems,
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Sri Lanka Suspends Kidney Transplants for Foreigners After India Arrests

Sri Lanka Suspends Kidney Transplants for Foreigners After India Arrests | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

The Sri Lankan government last week suspended all kidney transplants for foreigners, after Indian police said they were investigating alleged organ sales.

 

This has come about following reports of organ trading involving individuals who then traveled from India to Sri Lanka in order to undergo the transplant surgery.

Deborah Verran's insight:

Results of the investigation are now awaited. Of note this pertains to live donor kidney transplantation.

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Government rejects presumed consent - swissinfo.ch

Government rejects presumed consent - swissinfo.ch | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

News that the Swiss Government has rejected presumed consent, the reasons for which are stated in the article including mainitaining community trust in organ donation.

 

This now positions Switzerland alongside Spain, the United States, Austria and Australia, who are all working on increasing organ donation as a result of a number of combined and targeted measures,...

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