Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
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Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources
Combining reports, research findings and topic reviews
Curated by Deborah Verran
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Lancet Commission: Stem cells and regenerative medicine

Lancet Commission: Stem cells and regenerative medicine | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it
A consensus document has just been published in The Lancet outlining exactly what is the status the current research endeavours into regenerative medicine.

This includes the use of stem cells for the purposes of either bioprinting and/or biofabricating tissues and organs.

This article dissects out the reality from the hype. In addition it summarises what are the current barriers to achieving more in the way of outcomes which may be of direct relevance to patient's. In addition there are challenges which will need to be faced at the level's of both organizations and regulatory agencies as this type of research progresses.
Deborah Verran's insight:
This is a must read for anyone interested in this type of research and what are the possible implications
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The truth about organ transport and transplantation in India

The truth about organ transport and transplantation in India | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

There continues to be unmet challenges with respect to increasing the numbers of both organ donors as well as organ transplants in India. With there having been only 350 heart transplants conducted in the last 24 years in the country, there is room for improvement.


The current barriers to increasing the number of organ transplants includes the lack of established transplant units, lack of access due to financial restrictions for many patients and a lack of established transport systems ensuring the rapid delivery of organs between hospitals.


This article will be of interest to healthcare professionals who have an interest in organ donation as well as transplantation.

Deborah Verran's insight:
Increasing the numbers of organ donors as well as the numbers of organ transplants in India will require that concentrated efforts are made to deal with the current barriers.
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Shameful organ-donation rates push Hong Kong to excel in transplant surgery

Shameful organ-donation rates push Hong Kong to excel in transplant surgery | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

The challenges posed by Hong Kong's shamefully low organ-donation rate has inspired groundbreaking surgery in the city, but still hundreds die on transplant waiting lists.

 

Journalist Stuart Heaver investigates the cultural reluctance to saving strangers and what this has meant for the local transplant programmes, particularly the liver transplant unit. This detailed article can be viewed by clicking on the banner headline.

Deborah Verran's insight:

This detailed article will be of interest both to transplant professionals as well as  professionals who have an interest in the challenges faced by organ donation systems around the world.

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Some hospitals in Bulgaria now have reasonable rates of organ donation

Some hospitals in Bulgaria now have reasonable rates of organ donation | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Dr Mariyana Simeonova, head of the Executive Agency for Transplantation in Bulgaria, recently held in an interview with the FOCUS News Agency.

 

Dr Simeonova outlined some of the current statistics for organ transplantation  in Bulgaria as well as the challenges with respect to increasing the rates of organ donation. In addition the top three hospitals for organ transplantation were also named.

Deborah Verran's insight:

Some interesting information from one of the Eastern European countries.

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The silent pandemic: Tackling hepatitis C with policy innovation

The silent pandemic: Tackling hepatitis C with policy innovation | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

This report on Hepatitis C has been released via the Economist Intelligence Unit http://www.managementthinking.eiu.com and was sponsored by Janssen.

 

Via the link access can be gained not only to the full report-which can be downloaded- but also to a useful infographic as well as a short factual video.

 

Hepatitis C is a major cause of chronic liver disease globally(evident in the statistics in the report on the incidence per country). This is now creating challenges for both the identification as well as the appropriate management of individuals harbouring the virus. Some examples of innovative strategies that are in the process of being implemented in a number of countries are outlined.

 

With more comprehensive and effective anti-viral regimens now becoming available there are implications for the appropriate treatment of patients. Allowing for the fact that chronic liver disease from hepatitis C is currently the most common indication for liver transplantation in many countries, this report makes for interesting reading.  

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3D bioprint me: a socioethical view of bioprinting human organs and tissues

3D bioprint me: a socioethical view of bioprinting human organs and tissues | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

In this article, the authors review the extant social science and ethical literature on three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting, also now known as biofabrication. 


3D bioprinting has the potential to be a ‘game-changer’, because the printing human organs on demand, may no longer necessitate the need for living or deceased human donation or perhaps even xenotransplantation. Although the technology is not yet at the level required to bioprint an entire organ, 3D bioprinting may have a variety of other mid-term and short-term benefits that also have positive ethical consequences, for example, creating alternatives to animal testing in the laboratory setting, filling a therapeutic need for minors and avoiding species boundary crossing. 


Despite a lack of current socioethical engagement with the consequences of the technology, the authors outline what theyThis see as some of the preliminary practical, ethical and regulatory issues that need tackling. These relate to managing public expectations and the continuing reliance on technoscientific solutions to diseases that affect high-income countries. 


Avoiding prescribing a course of action for the way forward in terms of research agendas, we do briefly outline one possible ethical framework ‘Responsible Research Innovation’ as an oversight model should 3D bioprinting promises are ever realised. 3D bioprinting has a lot to offer in the course of time should it move beyond being a conceptual therapy, but is an area that requires ethical oversight and regulation and debate, in the here and now. The purpose of this article is to begin that discussion.

Deborah Verran's insight:
This is a must read for anyone interested in the governance issues related to 3D bioprinting and/or the biofabrication of human tissues and/or organs. 
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Heart transplant infrastructure in India very poor: Health experts

Heart transplant infrastructure in India very poor: Health experts | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the number one cause of death globally, leading to more deaths annually than from any other cause.

In India the rates of heart transplantation currently lag behind other developed countries. The reasons for this fall into three main categories:, lack of infrastructure, logistical constraints (due to lack of established systems and processes), and myths surrounding organ donation.
Deborah Verran's insight:
This article provides some insights into the barriers to heart transplantation in India
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Organ donation: Faces at the front line - National - NZ Herald News

Organ donation: Faces at the front line - National - NZ Herald News | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

Dr Emma Merry an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Physician can still remember how nervous she felt the first time she spoke to a grieving family about the possibility of donating their loved one's organs. 

 

As Dr Merry explains in her interview for this story, there are a number of challenges faced by ICU physicians who are faced with dealing with the relatives of a potential organ donor who is in the ICU.

 

The article also delves into what are some of the possible contributory factors behind the relatively low rates of organ donation within New Zealand compared to many other Western countries.

Deborah Verran's insight:

Sound account from an ICU physician of the challenges that they face when dealing with a prospective organ donor. 

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How Social Media Is Changing Organ Donation

How Social Media Is Changing Organ Donation | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

In the age of social media, doctors, patients, and ethicists face new dilemmas over organ transplants.

 

With patients being able to make direct requests for a donor organ via social media platforms, this creates new challenges with respect to fairness and equity which are outlined and explored in the article.

Deborah Verran's insight:

More about the pro's and con's of the current use of social media in the field of organ donation, with a number of perspectives also outlined

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Organizing an Organ Donation System in China is Complicated Operation - Caixin Media

Organizing an Organ Donation System in China is Complicated Operation - Caixin Media | Organ Donation & Transplant Matters Resources | Scoop.it

In recent years there have been a number of concerning reports featuring news about organ donation practices within China. This report outlines attempts by the ministry of health in China to ensure that a properly structured and managed system for organ donation is established across the country. Many challenges are still faced.

 

Hence the title of the report: Organizing an Organ Donation System in China is a Complicated Operation. Huang Jiefu, the vice minister for health, said the creation of an ethical and sustainable organ donation system was imminent.

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