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Optometrists are the primary healthcare practitioners of the eye and visual system who provide comprehensive eye and vision care which includes refraction and dispensing, detection/diagnosis and management of disease in the eye, and the rehabilitation of conditions of the visual system.
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History of Optometry

History of Optometry | Optometry News | Scoop.it

1759
The word "optometer" first appeared in a book entitled "Treatise on the eye” by W Porterfield a Scottish physician who devised the first optometer to examine accommodation.

1865

The word “optometry” used by Verschoor in Holland in a dissertation on refraction.

1886

English translation of E. Landolt’s book, Refraction and Accommodation of the Eye and Their Anomalies published. Uses the term optometry to describe refractive procedures, although refracting opticians were slow to embrace the term.

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Origin of Optometry at Cardiff

UWIST 1975

Professor Millodot soon realized that although the profession used the term ophthalmic optics and ophthalmic opticians, very few people understood what it meant. There was confusion among the public as well as university colleagues in other disciplines. They did not know whether it was a branch of physics or medicine. They confused ophthalmic opticians with dispensing opticians, manufacturing opticians, technical opticians, or even oculist and ophthalmologists.
Before Professor Millodot decided to change the name of the Department he sought the advice of the professional bodies and colleagues. The response was almost entirely negative. Nevertheless he persisted in the genuine belief that a single term like optometry described the discipline more concisely and more clearly than a compound term and that some international standardization of terminology for the same profession would be beneficial. Thus on Wednesday 19th February 1975 Professor Millodot presented a request to the Senate of UWIST. The motion was passed without any difficulty whatsoever (the professor of physics remarked that the new term was much easier to spell!) and the minutes read:
“Resolved that it be recommended to the Academic Board that the title of the Department of Ophthalmic Optics be changed to the Department of Optometry that, if this change was approved, the new name come into use from 01/08/75 with any anticipatory action being taken when appropriate”.
Subsequently the Academic Board met on the 6th of March 1975 and the minutes note:
“The recommendation that the title of the Department of Ophthalmic Optics at UWIST be changed to Department of Optometry was approved”.

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Origin of Optometry in UK

Since the 17th century individuals involved in optical instruments, spectacles, lenses, optical science have been known as opticians. In the early part of the 20th century opticians in the UK who performed sight-testing and dispensing to correct errors of refraction became known as ophthalmic opticians. Courses of training for ophthalmic opticians were devised firstly by the associations and soon afterwards by training institutions. The first such course appears to be at Northampton Institute (now City University) in 1908. It was followed by Manchester College of Technology (now Manchester University) in 1920, then Bradford (1920), Herriot-Watt College, Edinburgh (1924), Birmingham Technical School (now Aston University) in (1926) and at Cardiff Technical College (now Cardiff University) in 1935. In all instances the course was provided within the Department of Physics as was suggested by the word optics in its title, except at Northampton where it was taught in a separate Department of Applied Optics.

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History of Optometry

History of Optometry | Optometry News | Scoop.it

1895

Charles F. Prentice threatened with jail for charging a fee for eye exam [regarded as the practice of medicine]. In 1896 he issued a treatise on the reasons why states should recognize the professional status of the optometrist.

1901

Passage of first state law recognizing and regulating the practice of optometry - Minnesota. (All states had optometry laws by 1921

1915
In the case of Martin v. Baldi the PA Supreme Court rules that optometry is a calling separate from medicine and cannot be regulated by the state board of medicine as a “minor branch” of that profession. Albert Fitch had convinced Pennsylvania optometrists to pursue legal action.

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About Optics and Optometry

About Optics and Optometry | Optometry News | Scoop.it

In general terms, optics is the science of vision and light. An optician is the person that assembles and dispenses eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct vision impairments, which are prescribed by ophthalmologists (a medical practitioner) and optometrists.

The optometry profession is defined by the World Council of Optometry (WCO) as follows:

“Optometry is a healthcare profession that is autonomous, educated, and regulated (licensed/registered), and optometrists are the primary healthcare practitioners of the eye and visual system who provide comprehensive eye and vision care, which includes refraction and dispensing, detection/diagnosis and management of disease in the eye, and the rehabilitation of conditions of the visual system.”

Generally optometry has emerged from optics, as the education of opticians has expanded to include clinical subjects and as their scope of practice has been enlarged as a consequence. Some opticians have become optometrists.

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Who is an optometrist?

Who is an optometrist? | Optometry News | Scoop.it

What is WCO's concept of optometry?
Optometry is a healthcare profession that is autonomous, educated, and regulated (licensed/registered), and optometrists are the primary healthcare practitioners of the eye and visual system who provide comprehensive eye and vision care, which includes refraction and dispensing, detection/diagnosis and management of disease in the eye, and the rehabilitation of conditions of the visual system.
Who can be called an optometrist?
The WCO Governing Board at the meeting in October 2011 agreed to adopt the broad competencies of dispensing, refracting, prescribing and the detection of disease/abnormality as being the minimum required for individuals to call themselves an optometrists. 

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Professor Michel Millodot - A gentle giant of optometry

Professor Michel Millodot  -  A gentle giant of optometry | Optometry News | Scoop.it

What can the up and coming academic learn from Michel's career and achievements about academic leadership? First, be an excellent researcher before you try to go further. Second, have a passion for your discipline. Third, have a strong vision for where you want to take your discipline. Fourth, it is better to persuade than bully—have people buy into your decisions rather than imposing them. Fifth, if you are charming and amusing, it helps immeasurably.

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History of Optometry

History of Optometry | Optometry News | Scoop.it

1910 First university courses in optometry, Columbia University (1910-1954), a big step toward recognition of the optometric profession.

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Charles F. Prentice, the father of American optometry

Charles F. Prentice, the father of American optometry | Optometry News | Scoop.it

In 1847 James Prentice, English optician, arrives in U.S. His son Charles F. Prentice, will become the "father of American optometry".

In 1895 Charles F. Prentice threatened with jail for charging a fee for eye exam [regarded as the practice of medicine]. In 1896 he issued a treatise on the reasons why states should recognize the professional status of the optometrist.

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