Open Rights Group International
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Open Rights Group International
Open Rights Group is a fast-growing Non-Government Organisation focused on raising awareness of issues such as internet freedoms, data protection, privacy and copyright reform. Founded in 2005 by a pledge from 1,000 members, the Open Rights Group is funded by small grants and donations from supporters. Our activities include organising campaigns, lobbying government, and helping journalists find experts and alternative voices for stories.
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Open Rights Group - Say no to the Nomitax!

Open Rights Group - Say no to the Nomitax! | Open Rights Group International |
Hephaestus Pantheon's insight:

ORG: Say no to the Nomitax!

This coming Monday, Nominet's consultation on a .uk domain ends. We are asking everyone to respond and say 'no'.


Nominet were told to stop creating new second level domains (like or because they are a monopoly, and instead an independent consultative group decides when new .uk domains are needed. This group also decides who controls them, to avoid Nominet simply inventing new second level domains (SLDs). This is important, as many people want to own all the domains potentially associated with their personal or company name. Only really new and non-confusing SLDs should be added, so that this problem is avoided.


Nominet have circumvented this attempt to stop them printing money and demanding new registrations from UK domain owners, by asking to allow anyone to own a top level .uk domain. This means you will now be faced with registering not just and but also, if you want to control the name, – resulting in a windfall for the cash-rich Nominet, but plenty of problems for everyone else.


For instance, in the future, how will you know if is a real University, or just another commercial outfit posing as an HE establishment? Will be a government body, or a private entity?


Aside from this confusion, Nominet's consultation makes an extraordinary attempt to argue that it needs more cash because it operates in the public interest, so more cash means more public interest activities for the public.


This is the standard argument for a tax, not a new round of domain registrations. Nominet are not entitled to make such a tautologous argument, their public purpose is to provide a secure and trusted domain registry service.


If their new registry policy does not serve that – and they don't manage to argue that it does – then they cannot simply say that more cash for Nominet is a great reason to charge UK domain owners for new domains.


You can respond using their online form. You can also read their full consultation page and our response.


Say no to the Nomitax!

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Open Rights Group - The security services are stripping us of basic Internet security

Open Rights Group - The security services are stripping us of basic Internet security | Open Rights Group International |
Hephaestus Pantheon's insight:

The security services are stripping us of basic Internet security

Open Rights Group International - The latest revelations from the Guardian give good evidence of why they have recently been the target of government harassment, and also why this is entirely unjustified.


Their reports of NSA and GCHQ attacks on fundamental Internet security really matter. These are the basics of trust on the Internet; they are the reason you trust your bank, your credit card payments or Virtual Private Networks not to leak this information to criminals, blackmailers or governments.


Thus the real impact will not just be about security, it is about economics.


Of course we all expect for NSA/GCHQ to try to break encryption systems from time to time, it's their job. The problems arise when they make us all vulnerable as a result.


From the Guardian article, it appears they use threats and secret orders given to commercial companies to insert backdoors that must now undermine our trust in very common software products. They covertly insert vulnerabilities that weaken security of technical systems for everyone, not just their targets.


The idea that this won't be abused by yet unknown parties can only be naïve optimism, plain stupidity or complete disregard for anything other than the NSA and GCHQ's mission.


How it works

This isn't about breaking the maths - at least not usually - it's about exploiting the 'joins' between the pieces of software, introducing flaws in the implementation of cryptology, and more general 'backdoors' to the communications, which don't rely on the cryptology. Schneier gives some good examples.


Basically, the NSA asks companies to subtly change their products in undetectable ways: making the random number generator less random, leaking the key somehow, adding a common exponent to a public-key exchange protocol, and so on. If the back door is discovered, it's explained away as a mistake

The agencies seem to be doing this directly with companies and standards bodies, on a very wide basis. Many of the exploits are better thought of as exploiting software vulnerabilities.

Thus their strategy relies on people trusting big companies, or not paying attention to the work of standards bodies choosing security protocols.



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Finlay & Associates: Accounting & Bookkeeping Services

Bookkeeping Services

Payroll, accounts receivable & accounts payable, and preparation of financial statements are just some of the day to day bookkeeping services that can be provided by Finlay & Associates.


Accounts Receivable Management

We will process invoices, handle cash receipts, prepare and mail monthly statements and provide you with monthly aging reports.  We will also reconcile your accounts receivable each month.


Accounts Payable Management

In addition to processing and prioritizing your payables, we will provide you with monthly aging reports and reconciliation of your payables.


Bank and Credit Card Reconciliation

All your bank and credit card statements will be reconciled each month.  If you have internet features with any of your accounts, we can save you time by downloading them directly into your accounting system before reconciliation.


Month End Closing

In addition to reconciling your accounts payable and accounts receivable each month, we will also reconcile your other balance sheet accounts and review the income and expense accounts for accuracy.  We will do any adjusting and recurring journal entries that need to be done.


Financial Statements and Management Reports

We will provide custom designed financial statements and management reports.  Do you want previous year comparison statements, or current period and year to date comparisons?  Tell us what bookkeeping reports you need and we will design them to your specifications.


Other day to day QuickBooks bookkeeping services include;


•        Payroll preparation

•        Monthly/quarterly payroll + HST filing

•        Miscellaneous bookkeeping and administrative work


Year End Accounting

We can simplify things at the end of the year for you by conducting a year end review of your books and gathering the information for the annual audit and/or tax returns.  This consists of, but is not limited to, analyzing the balance sheet and income and expense accounts, making any necessary adjustments and preparing schedules, with the appropriate backup, for all the balance sheet accounts.


Fixed Asset Management

Managing fixed assets can be a time-intensive process that you probably would like to forget about but can't afford to ignore. We can set up a fixed asset management system that is easy for you to use, or we can manage it for you. Fixed Asset Detail would include: purchase date, serial number, and manufacturer, as well as life of asset and depreciation method. Depreciation would be calculated monthly or annually.  We can also project the depreciation expense for future periods. Accumulated depreciation and book value will also be calculated.


Cash Flow Projections

Cash management is crucial.  When will your receivables come in?  Are you paying your bills too quickly?  Will you be able to meet next month's payroll?  How much cash will you have in 3 months?  Will you need a bank line of credit this year?  Cash flow projections work in conjunction with your financial statements to provide the answers to these questions. Working closely with you, we will prepare cash flow projections that will alert you to any cash shortages that may lie ahead, providing you with enough time to develop appropriate strategies.


Other Accounting Services Include:


•        Budgeting

•        Inventory control

•        Inventory analysis

•        Interacting with outside auditors

•        Overhaul existing accounting systems

•        Accounting system setup on new and existing companies

•        Implement record keeping and accounting procedures

•        Business Planning

•        Miscellaneous accounting and administration



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