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Let’s not conflate Open Data with Open Government

Let’s not conflate Open Data with Open Government | openten | Scoop.it
The first point has to do with the definition of Open Data. Since it is a broad term that describes a nascent and rapidly-evolving movement (sic) it lacks the structure and definition of more mature concepts, like e-Government. This makes Open Data easy to love and easy to criticize at the same time. In this regard, Tom’s post is helpful because it challenges the community of advocates, activists, volunteers, developers, entrepreneurs and government leaders who participate in shaping Open Data’s future to be crisper, more purposeful and grounded in our approach.

The first problematic assertion that Tom Slee makes: that is conflating Open Government with Open Data. The two are related, but not the same (See the opening graphic in Alex Howard’s article to visualize the distinction.) In our view. An open Government strategy needs to include Open Data as a component of enabling transparency and engaging citizens. However, Open Government is also about a commitment to open public meetings; releasing public information in all its forms, if not proactively at least in a timely fashion; engaging the public in decision making; and it is also a general mindset, backed up by clear policy, that citizens need to be empowered with information and a voice so they can hold their government accountable.

At the same time, a good Open Data strategy should support Open Government goals, by making structured data that relates to accountability and ethics like spending data, contracts, staff salaries, elections, political contributions, program effectiveness…etc. available in machine- and human-readable formats.

This brings us to the second incorrect statement that Tom Slee makes. He states that:

The Open Data movement is doing nothing for transparency and accountability in government

This is simply not true. Let’s take Ethics.gov, for example. It is a great government-led example of enabling the public to easily search 7 different sources of information on lobbying reports, ethics records, and campaign finance filings in the U.S. federal government. At a more local level, Chicago’s public performance management program provides every performance indicator about city services in easy-to-understand, interactive charts, in addition to raw data and programmatic access via APIs (more on APIs later). Here is one such example:

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Typical job spec > an big data be tackled without working knowledge of open source?

Big Data Architect
Company: UberMedia Location: CA - Pasadena
 
The Company
UberMedia, founded by Idealab, the inventor of paid internet search, is a new company formed to monetize the social media data stream.


...


Additional Skill Sets
Experience with Hadoop, Hbase, Cassandra, Lucene, or MongoDB projects highly desirable

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Seizing the opportunity to build a brighter, more competitive future for Europe > Microsoft Europe

Seizing the opportunity to build a brighter, more competitive future for Europe > Microsoft Europe | openten | Scoop.it
With economic headwinds buffeting Europe, governments are confronted by many difficult challenges. But in these unpredictable times, one thing is certain – that Europe has to embrace change, to do things in a better, more efficient and innovative way.

From healthcare and education, to energy and the environment, to entrepreneurship and job creation, government agencies need to focus on creating efficient and affordable ways to make a real impact for the people they serve. Innovation should be a catalyst to meet these goals as the public sector addresses expanding citizen needs (and demands) with constrained resources.

European governments need to collaborate, exchange knowledge, and keep an open mind in exploring the potential solutions to these difficult challenges. At the same time, we must also recognize that countries, regions and cities compete with each other: for foreign direct investment, in business and consumer markets, to attract new businesses and top talent.

This form of competition was a core topic at our recent Competitiveness Forum, attended by government and industry leaders from across the Central and Eastern European region.

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Protests demonstrate growing demand for open access to research | opensource.com

Protests demonstrate growing demand for open access to research | opensource.com | openten | Scoop.it
Academic publishing is complicated: Professors submit articles to academic journals in the hope that those journals will publish their work. Journals are typically managed by editorial boards, who ship submissions they receive to experts capable of anonymously evaluating the rigor and merit of these articles. Those experts—peers of the scholars who have submitted work for publication (hence the popular name for this process: "peer review")—do the work of reading, assessing, and responding to these manuscripts (work, called "refereeing," that is unpaid). Reviewers judge a manuscript's suitability for publication, and editors use these reviews to decide whether a they should publish a particular piece.

Editors collect manuscripts that pass the peer-review process into journal issues. These issues get sent to publishers, who copy edit, print, bind, and ship journals to research institutions and individual subscribers. Subscribers pay annual fees for the content. Publishers also make this content available online, often for a fee. But in exchange for doing so, publishers frequently ask authors to relinquish the copyrights those authors hold on their manuscripts. Many scholars—especially young academics just beginning their careers—do this, because they rely on peer-reviewed publications for achieving promotion and tenure at universities. They can't risk not complying with a publisher's terms.

So a good deal of newly-published, cutting-edge research is available only to those capable of paying for access to it. But criticism of the traditional publishing system has been growing, as has the intensity of demands for open access to scholarly materials.

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Open Source Ecology: Recruiting Documentation Team

Open Source Ecology: Recruiting Documentation Team | openten | Scoop.it
We are recruiting 6 documenters:  Videographer, Communications Director, Documentation Director, CAD Director, Documentation Community Manager, and Director of Learning .
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9 Open Source Big Data Technologies to Watch

9 Open Source Big Data Technologies to Watch | openten | Scoop.it
With more and more companies storing more and more data and hoping to leverage it for actionable insights, Big Data is making a big splash these days. Open source technology is at the core of most Big Data initiatives.
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Open access to research is inevitable, says Nature editor-in-chief

Open access to research is inevitable, says Nature editor-in-chief | openten | Scoop.it
Open access to scientific research articles will "happen in the long run", according to the editor-in-chief of Nature, one of the world's premier scientific journals.

Philip Campbell said that the experience for readers and researchers of having research freely available is "very compelling". But other academic publishers said that any large-scale transition to making research freely available had to take into account the value and investments they added to the scientific process.

"My personal belief is that that's what's going to happen in the long run," said Campbell. However, he added that the case for open access was stronger for some disciplines, such as climate research, than others.

Campbell, who was speaking on Friday at a briefing by academic publishers on open access at the Science Media Centre, related his recent experience of reading papers on psychology and psychiatric treatments. "It's been a delight to find how many of those papers are published open access. I've been able to dip around into papers, get what I want, not necessarily the whole paper, and immediately find what I need. As a reader experience and a researcher experience, that's very compelling."

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Nepal and the impact of open source | opensource.com

Nepal and the impact of open source | opensource.com | openten | Scoop.it
The direct impact of open source and digital technology may seem light years away to many, but the Nepal government and non-profit organizations (NPOs) are starting to make a difference in the lives of ordinary, rural, poor Nepali children, especially girls. Nepal's government educational plan, The School Sector Reform Plan, Open Learning Exchange (OLE) Nepal, the One Laptop Per Child (OLPC), and other initiatives are making great strides in bridging the digital divide--despite the World Economic Forum's recent report. The Nepal government, OLE Nepal, and other organizations are helping to bridge the existing digital divide by providing digital technology and open source materials that are absolutely necessary in order for Nepal to achieve significant progress, which the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) has addressed.

Since 2009, OLE Nepal has distributed more than 2,500 laptops to 26 schools in Nepal and has been working to create open source materials to educate and encourage Nepali children, especially girls. OLE Nepal's main goals are to improve public education and reduce the disparity in access to education. Distribution of hardware wasn't enough to solve the country's digital dilemma, according to OLE Nepal. Creating open educational materials--with the help of local Nepali developers and programmers--has been key to solving the country's digital dilemma. In 2011, OLE Nepal teamed up with the British Council to host ‘Learn English Kids,’ a program teaching the fundamentals of the English language to Nepali children and adults for free. Nearly 3,400 students in 34 schools across Nepal have used the Learn English Kids software. Previously, the ability and materials needed to learn English language skills were scarce.

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Phoenix project wants to rise from the ashes of webOS with open source wings

Phoenix project wants to rise from the ashes of webOS with open source wings | openten | Scoop.it

It looks like webOS isn't going quietly into the mobile OS retirement home. While its journey to open-source continues, an eager cabal of developers, fans and designers have decided to reignite the ill-fated operating system under the banner of Phoenix International Communications. Focusing its efforts on transporting open webOS to existing devices, both HP-made and otherwise, Phoenix also wants throw in some new features and fixes -- presumably throwing in some extra software gems and UI tweaks. If it all goes to plan, the organization even wants to bring new webOS devices to market -- a heady dream, but you've got to admire their pluck. Any webOS devotees out there can pledge their allegiance (and assistance) to the cause at the source below.

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CoDel active queue management is now ready for Linux #bufferbloat

The controlled delay management (CoDel) aggregate queue length (AQL) algorithm is the brainchild of Kathleen Nichols and Van Jacobson, who have been working on creating a workable active queue management (AQM) solution for modern broadband-rich networks for 14 years, according to Bell Labs programmer Jim Gettys (one of the creators of X Window), who has been vocal on the problem of bufferbloat that now plagues systems.
Gettys has written quite a bit about bufferbloat and has gotten a lot of people worked up about the continued health of the Internet. But if you’ve missed the discussion, here’s a quick review.
Buffer Backups
Operating systems and routers have large, scaling TCP network buffers that, by design, “trap” large numbers of packets to maintain maximum possible throughput (the number of packets that get from point A to point B). Throughput, it has been reasoned, is the best value for a network to have: the fewer lost packets, the better the integrity of the data coming in. And, as files have gotten larger – and larger files more numerous and traffic far more busy – more buffers have been added to hardware and software to handle the flow in a smoother manner (i.e., with less packet loss).
However, in the obsessive quest for reducing packet loss and smoothing out traffic, Gettys argues, another bad situation has been made worse.

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CityCamp Raleigh Announces Second annual CityCamp to foster local government and citizen collaboration. « CityCamp Raleigh

CityCamp Raleigh Announces Second annual CityCamp to foster local government and citizen collaboration. « CityCamp Raleigh | openten | Scoop.it

“Last year we proved that CityCamp is a worthwhile endeavor and saw first-hand how innovative ideas can come from anyone in our community. We advanced the open government movement in Raleigh by bringing together technology professionals, citizens and local government,” said planning committee co-chair Jason Hibbets. “Proof of our success is in the passionate involvement we have from so many volunteers, city advocates, local businesses and returning and new sponsors like Alfresco, Red Hat, WRAL, and Salesforce.com.”

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Benefits of the open source software market identified

A new article identifies the social-welfare benefits of open source software, despite the existence of free-riding that is inherent in the industry due to information-sharing. The market creates spillover benefits for both consumers and producers.


ScienceDaily (Aug. 16, 2011) — A forthcoming paper in Marketing Scienceby Columbia Business School Class of 1967 Associate Professor of Business, Brett Gordon, in collaboration with Vineet Kumar, Assistant Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School, and Kannan Srinivasan, Heinz College Professor of Management, Marketing and Information Systems at the Tepper School of Business at Carnegie Mellon University, finds that commercial open source software (COSS) results in high-quality products, and that despite the free-riding that is inherent in the industry due to information-sharing, the market creates spillover benefits for both consumers and producers.


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Hardware Innovation Workshop - Open source engineering

Hardware Innovation Workshop - Open source engineering | openten | Scoop.it
As open source software did for the rapid proliferation and growth of the Web economy, open source hardware has been the key accelerator inspiring innovations in design, products and devices from makers at the forefront of the maker movement.

Already, critical areas dependent on new technology—such as medical devices and scientific instrumentation—are deploying some of this early innovation. What's more, opportunities are rife for the integration of software and hardware devices to optimize processes and products.

Hosted by Dale Dougherty, founder and publisher of MAKE, the first magazine devoted to celebrating the community of individuals who create, build, design, tinker, hack and invent. Dale is also co-founder of O'Reilly Media.

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Cloud platform comparison: CloudStack, Eucalyptus, vCloud Director and OpenStack | Networks Asia

Cloud platform comparison: CloudStack, Eucalyptus, vCloud Director and OpenStack | Networks Asia | openten | Scoop.it

Cloud computing remains one of the hottest topics in IT today given the promise of greatly improved efficiencies, significant cost savings, scalable infrastructure and high performance and secured data storage.

Choosing the appropriate cloud platform, however, can be difficult. They all have pros and cons. So, when a customer asked me and my colleagues at Altoros Systems, a software product development company, what would be the best cloud platform for his project and why, we decided to take a deep look at the most notable systems available, compare their capabilities, and summarize the findings in a product-by-product table. We tested CloudStack, Eucalyptus, vCloud Director and OpenStack.

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Innovation in government: India and Estonia - McKinsey Quarterly - Public Sector - Management

Innovation in government: India and Estonia - McKinsey Quarterly - Public Sector - Management | openten | Scoop.it
A number of countries are creating digital identities for their citizens, in part to improve the delivery of public services. India and Estonia are leading the pack. A McKinsey Quarterly Public Sector article.
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Open-source media player VLC lands on Android in limited beta

Open-source media player VLC lands on Android in limited beta | openten | Scoop.it
One of the most beloved applciations on Windows, OSX, and Linux  is now making its home on Android. VLC, the open source project developed by the VideoLan Project, is now available as a beta on Google Play.
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Quintiles Deepens Investment in China - Quintiles

Quintiles Deepens Investment in China - Quintiles | openten | Scoop.it
SHANGHAI – June 18, 2012 – In a ceremony underscoring the growing importance of China to the global biopharmaceutical industry, Quintiles executives and local dignitaries today announced agreements to establish a Quintiles regional headquarters for China in Shanghai and to significantly expand lab testing capabilities in China.

Chenggang Zhu, Vice Mayor of the Shanghai Xuhui District People’s Government and executives from the Shanghai Clinical Research Centre (SCRC), Quintiles’ strategic partner in the China-based lab initiative, joined Quintiles’ executives at the ceremony.

“With its burgeoning economy and growing healthcare needs for its 1.3 billion citizens, China exemplifies the opportunities and challenges of the New Health,” said Quintiles Executive Chairman Dennis Gillings, CBE. “By broadening our investment and infrastructure here, Quintiles is ready to partner with our biopharma customers as they look to realize China’s potential.”

Under a joint venture agreement, Quintiles will engage SCRC to provide lab testing services to local customers.

To provide the infrastructure essential for its growth strategy in China, Quintiles is investing US$14 million to establish a new 4,000-square-meter (43,000 square feet) headquarters in Shanghai to serve China and nearby Asian countries. The office in Feng Lin Science Park is designed to achieve LEED Gold accreditation; it is expected to accommodate more than 450 employees in the next five years.

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Linus Torvalds reflects on Linux

Linus Torvalds reflects on Linux | openten | Scoop.it
Linus Torvalds explains why he think Linux has become so prevalent in the computing world.
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Computerworld Malaysia - Big Data problem plagues government agencies

Big Data has the potential to transform the work of government agencies, unlocking advancements in efficiency, the speed and accuracy of decisions and the capability to forecast. But despite the potential benefits, most federal government agencies are struggling to leverage Big Data.
These agencies lack the data storage/access, computational power and personnel they need to make use of Big Data, according to a recent report, "The Big Data Gap," by MeriTalk. MeriTalk is a community network for government IT developed as a partnership by the Federal Business Council, Federal Employee Defense Services, Federal Managers Association, GovLoop, National Treasury Employees Union, USO and WTOP/WFED radio.
"Government has a gold mine of data at its fingertips," says Mark Weber, president of U.S. Public Sector for NetApp, underwriter of MeriTalk's report. "The key is turning that data into high-quality information that can increase efficiencies and inform decisions. Agencies need to look at Big Data solutions that can help them efficiently process, analyze, manage and access data, enabling them to more effectively execute their missions."
The government is collecting data: 87 percent of government IT professionals say their stored data grew in the last two years and 96 percent expect their data to grow in the next two years (by an average of 64 percent). Unstructured data makes up 31 percent of data held by the government, and the percentage is on the rise

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What open source can teach government officials | opensource.com

What open source can teach government officials | opensource.com | openten | Scoop.it
Open source beyond technology. Explore how the principles behind open source--collaboration, transparency, and rapid prototyping--are proven catalysts for innovation.
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How Brazil is building a digital nation with open source and Python — EuroPython 2012: Florence, July 2–8

How Brazil is building a digital nation with open source and Python — EuroPython 2012: Florence, July 2–8 | openten | Scoop.it

Over the last decade Brazilian government embraced open source and Python for its online initiatives, but being a very decentralized organization with loose guidelines regarding technology definition, it is an example of how collaboration happens despite barriers lack of coordination.

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75% of top 10k websites served by open source software

75% of top 10k websites served by open source software | openten | Scoop.it
We have analyzed the top 10,000 websites in the world to find out what web server software they are running. Here is what we found out. First of all, it is clear that open source software rules the roster.
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GovHack, GovCamp, GovJam aim to advance Gov 2.0 in Australia | opensource.com

GovHack, GovCamp, GovJam aim to advance Gov 2.0 in Australia | opensource.com | openten | Scoop.it
Not one, but three upcoming events will bring more open government to Australia over the course of a week. GovHack, GovCamp, and GovJam will collectively allow citizens to interact with the public sector to collaborate, innovate, and share--advancing Gov 2.0 by using government data in new ways.

GovHack will bring together citizens and experts from government, industry, and academia to design new mashups with government data over 48-hours. GovCamp is a one-day unconference where participants can contribute to the stories around innovation in government through presentations, discussions, panels, and workshops. Wrapping up the week is GovJam, a chance for government and public sector professionals to exchange techniques, insights, and ideas with their colleagues.

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New CEO Success Buzzword: 'Openness'

New CEO Success Buzzword: 'Openness' | openten | Scoop.it
What's it take to succeed in business? How about openness, transparency and employee empowerment?

That's the consensus of more than 1,700 CEOs surveyed for the 2012 IBM Global CEO Study.

Corporations are catching up with how consumers and employees like to interact with companies. As a result, the pressure’s on for corporations and brands to digitalize and adapt -- instilling "engagement" as a primary tool throughout their operations.

After decades of top-down corporate management, this shift identifies increased use of social media as important to tapping into the intelligence of an organization and the wants and needs of customers. When properly managed, customers and employees alike can offer fresh solutions and ideas that directly affect profit and growth.

To achieve this open atmosphere, business leaders need to shift from a chain-of-command structure to one that embraces greater collaboration. More than half (52 percent) say that they'll be using social networking.

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Salesforce.com Unveils the Government Cloud

Salesforce.com Unveils the Government Cloud | openten | Scoop.it
New dedicated, multi-tenant government instance will allow U.S. federal, state, and local agencies to rapidly deploy the latest social and mobile technologies in compliance with FISMA requirements

New AppExchange for Government delivers the app marketplace where agencies can find, try and deploy cloud apps for the public sector

New Government Partner Accelerator Program will train an army of 1,000 integrators to transform government IT with salesforce.com cloud solutions

Two-thirds of U.S. federal Cabinet-level agencies and governments in more than 80 percent of U.S. states trust salesforce.com to power their social enterprises

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